Counts and dukes of Valois

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The Valois (UK: /ˈvælwɑː/ VAL-wah, also US: /vælˈwɑː, vɑːlˈwɑː/ va(h)l-WAH,[1][2] French: [valwa]; originally Pagus Valensis) was a region in the valley of the Oise river in Picardy in the north of France. It was a fief in West Francia and subsequently the Kingdom of France until its counts furnished a line of kings, the House of Valois, to succeed the House of Capet in 1328. It was, along with the counties of Beauvais, the Vexin, Vermandois, and Laon, part of the "Oise line" of fiefdoms which were held often by one individual or an individual family as a string of defences against Viking assault on Paris.

Coat of arms of the counts and dukes of Valois.

The medieval county and duchy of Valois was located in northern France. It was included in the northerneastern part of the government of Île-de-France, while being part of the province of Picardy.[3] Its capital was Crépy-en-Valois.[4]

Counts of ValoisEdit

Carolingian countsEdit

Counts of disputed originEdit

Vermandois Carolingian countsEdit

  • Herbert IV (−1080), Count of Vermandois, a descendant of Pepin II, became count of Valois by marriage with Adele, daughter of Ralph IV
  • Odo I the Insane (1080–1085), Count of Vermandois and of Valois, son of previous, he was disinheredited by the council of Barons of France and then he was lord of Saint-Simon by marriage.
  • Adelaide – sister of previous, countess of Vermandois and Valois, wife of Hugh.

Capetian countsEdit

To the royal domain by king Philip II

Valois countsEdit

In royal domain
in royal domain

Dukes of ValoisEdit

in royal domain
  • François (Duke 1498–1515, King of France as Francis I, 1515–1547)
in royal domain but granted to several ladies of the royal house[5]
in royal domain

Thus the house of Valois is descended from Charles I, and has been divided into several lines, three of which have reigned in France. These are:

  1. the direct line, beginning with Philip VI, which reigned from 1328 to 1498
  2. the Orléans branch, descended from Louis XII, from 1498 to 1515
  3. the Angoulême branch, descendants of John, Count of Angoulême, from 1515 to 1589.

Other Valois branches are: the dukes of Alençon, descendants of Charles, a younger son of Charles I, count of Valois; the Dukes of Anjou, descendants of Louis, the second son of King John II; and the dukes of Burgundy, descendants of Philip, the fourth son of the same king.[6]


  1. ^ Wells, John C. (2008). Longman Pronunciation Dictionary (3rd ed.). Longman. ISBN 978-1-4058-8118-0.
  2. ^ Jones, Daniel (2011). Roach, Peter; Setter, Jane; Esling, John (eds.). Cambridge English Pronouncing Dictionary (18th ed.). Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-15255-6.
  3. ^ de Hesseln, Robert (1771). "Dictionnaire universel de la France". p. 481.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  4. ^ Mish, Frederick C., Editor in Chief. "Valois". Webster’s Ninth New Collegiate Dictionary. 9th ed. Springfield, MA: Merriam-Webster Inc., 1985. ISBN 0-87779-508-8, ISBN 0-87779-509-6 (indexed), and ISBN 0-87779-510-X (deluxe).
  5. ^ Chisholm 1911, p. 864.
  6. ^ Chisholm 1911, pp. 864–865.


  • Anselme, (Père), Histoire généalogique et chronologique de la Maison Royale de France, des pairs, grands officiers de la couronne & de la maison du Roy, 1726.
  • Fouquier-Cholet, Eloi, Q.A. Histoire des comtes héréditaires de Vermandois, Saint-Quentin, 1832.
  • Mabillon, Jean, Annales ord. Sancti Benedicti. Ticinense. Lucae, 1739.
  • Moreri, Louis, Le Grand Dictionnaire Historique, Paris, 1743–1749.
  •   This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Valois, Counts and Dukes of". Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 27 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 864–865.