The Valois (UK: // VAL-wah, also US: / /, va(h)l-WAH, French: [valwa]; originally Pagus Valensis) was a region in the valley of the Oise river in Picardy in the north of France. It was a fief in West Francia and subsequently the Kingdom of France until its counts furnished a line of kings, House of Valois, to succeed the House of Capet in 1328. It was, along with the counties of Beauvais, the Vexin, Vermandois, and Laon, part of the "Oise line" of fiefdom which were held often by one individual or by an individual family as a string of defences against Viking assault on Paris.
Counts of ValoisEdit
- Pepin, Count of Vermandois and Valois (Pepin II), son of Bernard, King of Italy.
- ca. 886–893 Pepin III – son of previous, count of Vermandois and Valois.
- ca. 893–895 Herbert I, Count of Vermandois – brother of previous, count of Vermandois.
Counts of disputed originEdit
- about 895–919 Ermenfroi, also count of Amiens and the Vexin
- 915–926 Ralph I of Ostrevent, also count of Amiens and the Vexin, married daughter, Eldegarde, of preceding
- 926–943 Ralph II, also count of Amiens and the Vexin, son of preceding
- 943-after 992 Walter I, also count of Amiens and the Vexin, apparently brother or son of preceding
- about 998-after 1017 Walter II the White, also count of Amiens and the Vexin, son of preceding
- 1017/24–1038 Ralph III of Valois
- 1025–1074 Ralph IV, also count of the Vexin and Amiens after 1063, whose third wife was Anne of Kiev, dowager queen of France (that marriage was childless)
- 1074–1077 Simon de Crépy, also count of the Vexin and Amiens, he became a monk, and his lands were dispersed, Valois going to his sister's husband
- Adele of Valois – the sister of Simon
Vermandois Carolingian countsEdit
- Herbert IV (−1080), Count of Vermandois, a descendant of Pepin II, became count of Valois by marriage with Adele, daughter of Ralph IV
- Odo I the Insane (1080–1085), Count of Vermandois and of Valois, son of previous, he was disinheredited by the council of Barons of France and then he was lord of Saint-Simon by marriage.
- Adelaide – sister of previous, countess of Vermandois and Valois, wife of Hugh.
- Hugh I Magnus (the Great) (1085–1101), Count of Vermandois and of Valois, son of Henry I and Anne of Kiev.
- Raoul I the Valiant (1102–1152), also known as Le Borgne, Count of Vermandois and of Valois, son of previous.
- Hugh II (1152–1160), Count of Vermandois and of Valois, son of Raoul I and Eléonore of Blois.
- Raoul II (1160–1167), Count of Vermandois and of Valois, son of Raoul I and of Petronilla of Aquitaine.
- Philip of Alsace (1167–1185), Count of Flanders (1168–1191), Count of Vermandois and of Valois by marriage
- Jean-Tristan (1269–1270)
Dukes of ValoisEdit
- in royal domain
- François (Duke 1498–1515, King of France as Francis I, 1515–1547)
- in royal domain
- Marguerite de Valois (died 1615)
- in royal domain
- Gaston (1626–1660)
- Jean Gaston d'Orléans (1650–1652)
- Philippe de France (1660–1701)
- Philippe d'Orléans (1701–1723)
- Louis d'Orléans (1723–1752)
- Louis Philippe d'Orléans (1752–1785)
- 1773–1785 Louis Philippe d'Orléans (1773–1850)
- Philippe d'Orléans (1785–1793)
- Louis Philippe d'Orléans (1773–1850)
- Wells, John C. (2008). Longman Pronunciation Dictionary (3rd ed.). Longman. ISBN 978-1-4058-8118-0.
- Jones, Daniel (2011). Roach, Peter; Setter, Jane; Esling, John (eds.). Cambridge English Pronouncing Dictionary (18th ed.). Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-15255-6.
- Mish, Frederick C., Editor in Chief. "Valois". Webster’s Ninth New Collegiate Dictionary. 9th ed. Springfield, MA: Merriam-Webster Inc., 1985. ISBN 0-87779-508-8, ISBN 0-87779-509-6 (indexed), and ISBN 0-87779-510-X (deluxe).
- Anselme, (Père), Histoire généalogique et chronologique de la Maison Royale de France, des pairs, grands officiers de la couronne & de la maison du Roy, 1726.
- Fouquier-Cholet, Eloi, Q.A. Histoire des comtes héréditaires de Vermandois, Saint-Quentin, 1832.
- Mabillon, Jean, Annales ord. Sancti Benedicti. Ticinense. Lucae, 1739.
- Moreri, Louis, Le Grand Dictionnaire Historique, Paris, 1743–1749.
- Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica. 27 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. .