Cortlandt, New York

Cortlandt is a town in Westchester County, New York located at the northwest edge of the county, at the eastern terminus of the Bear Mountain Bridge. The town includes the villages of Buchanan and Croton-on-Hudson.

Cortlandt, New York
Location of Cortlandt, New York
Location of Cortlandt, New York
Coordinates: 41°15′41″N 73°54′9″W / 41.26139°N 73.90250°W / 41.26139; -73.90250Coordinates: 41°15′41″N 73°54′9″W / 41.26139°N 73.90250°W / 41.26139; -73.90250
CountryUnited States
StateNew York
CountyWestchester
Founded1788[1]
Government
 • TypeManager-Council
 • Town SupervisorLinda Puglisi (D)
 • Town Board
Members
Area
 • Total50.02 sq mi (129.54 km2)
 • Land39.26 sq mi (101.68 km2)
 • Water10.76 sq mi (27.86 km2)
Elevation
318 ft (97 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total41,592
 • Estimate 
(2016)[3]
42,821
 • Density1,090.76/sq mi (421.15/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
FIPS code36-18410
GNIS feature ID0978871
Websitetownofcortlandt.com

HistoryEdit

The Bear Mountain Bridge Road and Toll House and the Old Croton Dam are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[4]

Cortlandt is also known for its Revolutionary War history, specifically the location of the strategic Kings Ferry between Stony Point and Verplanck's Point, which George Washington's army used to cross the Hudson on its march to Yorktown, Virginia, in 1781. John Trumbull's full-length oil portrait of Washington at Verplanck's Point exists in two versions.

GeographyEdit

The town's western borders are the Hudson River and the city of Peekskill. Its northern borders are the towns of Philipstown and Putnam Valley in Putnam County. Its eastern border is the town of Yorktown. Its southern borders are the towns of New Castle and Ossining.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 50.0 square miles (129.5 km2), of which 39.3 square miles (101.7 km2) is land and 10.8 square miles (27.9 km2), or 21.51%, is water.[5]

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
Census Pop.
17901,932
18203,421
18303,84012.2%
18405,59245.6%
18507,75838.7%
186010,07429.9%
187011,69416.1%
188012,6648.3%
189015,13919.5%
190018,70323.5%
191022,25519.0%
192021,023−5.5%
193026,49226.0%
194011,016−58.4%
195014,14628.4%
196026,33686.2%
197034,39330.6%
198035,7053.8%
199037,3574.6%
200038,4673.0%
201041,5928.1%
2016 (est.)42,821[3]3.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]

At the 2000 census there were 38,467 people in 13,517 households, including 10,137 families, in the town. The population density was 969.7 people per square mile (374.4/km2). There were 14,065 housing units at an average density of 354.5 per square mile (136.9/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 88.60% White, 4.59% African American, 0.21% Native American, 2.57% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 2.35% from other races, and 1.68% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.19%.[7]

Of the 13,517 households 39.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.3% were married couples living together, 7.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.0% were non-families. 21.3% of households were one person and 8.8% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.75 and the average family size was 3.22.

The age distribution was 26.5% under the age of 18, 5.3% from 18 to 24, 30.1% from 25 to 44, 25.3% from 45 to 64, and 12.8% 65 or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.7 males.

The median household income was $75,442 and the median family income was $89,053. Males had a median income of $59,949 versus $41,115 for females. The per capita income for the town was $33,432. About 2.9% of families and 4.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.1% of those under age 18 and 5.1% of those age 65 or over.

TransportationEdit

Commuter service to New York City is available via the Cortlandt train station and the Croton-Harmon train station, served by Metro-North Railroad.

U.S. Route 9 passes through the town along the Hudson River side.

GovernmentEdit

Cortlandt is governed by a town board. Law enforcement services in Cortlandt are provided by the New York State Police and the Westchester County Department of Public Safety. The villages of Buchanan and Croton-on-Hudson also have their own police departments.

Communities and locations in CortlandtEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-05-11. Retrieved 2016-05-31.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jul 5, 2017.
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  4. ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. March 13, 2009.
  5. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Cortlandt town, Westchester County, New York". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved January 29, 2013.
  6. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  7. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.

External linksEdit