Yorktown, New York

Yorktown is a town on the northern border of Westchester County, New York. A suburb of the New York City metropolitan area, it is approximately 38 miles (61 km) north of midtown Manhattan. The population was 36,081 at the 2010 U.S. Census.

Town of Yorktown, New York
Flag of Town of Yorktown, New York
Flag
Motto(s): 
Progress with Preservation
Location of Yorktown, New York
Location of Yorktown, New York
Coordinates: 41°16′56″N 73°48′33″W / 41.28222°N 73.80917°W / 41.28222; -73.80917
CountryUnited States
StateNew York
CountyWestchester
Government
 • TypeTown Council
 • Town SupervisorMatthew Slater (R)
 • Town CouncilTom Diana (R)

Ed Lachterman (R)
Vishnubhai V. Patel (D)

Alice E. Roker (D)
Area
 • Total39.26 sq mi (101.68 km2)
 • Land36.65 sq mi (94.91 km2)
 • Water2.61 sq mi (6.77 km2)
Elevation
459 ft (140 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total36,081
 • Estimate 
(2016)[2]
36,996
 • Density1,009.55/sq mi (389.79/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
10598
Area code(s)914
FIPS code36-84077[3]
GNIS feature ID0979663[4]
Websitewww.yorktownny.org

HistoryEdit

Yorktown has a rich historical heritage. It was originally inhabited by one or more bands of Wappinger people, including the Kitchawank. Most of Yorktown was part of the Manor of Cortlandt, a Royal Manor established by King William III for the Van Cortlandt family.[citation needed]

The Croton River, which runs through the southern part of Yorktown, was dammed by the New York City water supply system to provide the city with its first major source of clean and reliable water. The first Croton Dam was located in Yorktown and broke in 1842, causing significant damage to property and major loss of life.[citation needed]

 
First Presbyterian Church of Yorktown in Crompond on a vintage postcard

During the American Revolution, Yorktown saw limited action. The Pines Bridge crossing of the Croton River was guarded by a regiment of Rhode Island troops made up of White, African American, and Native Americans. Many were killed in the May 1781 Battle of Pine's Bridge in Croton Heights. A memorial was erected at the Presbyterian Church in Crompond, New York.[citation needed] Major John André, a British officer who communicated with Benedict Arnold, ate his final breakfast at the Underhill House at 370 Underhill Avenue |date=March 2019}} on Hanover Street just before his capture and eventual hanging as a spy.[citation needed]

In 1788, the township was officially incorporated as Yorktown, commemorating the Revolutionary War victory of the Franco-American siege of Yorktown, near Yorktown, Virginia, on October 19, 1781.

Moving north after the battle of Yorktown, the French army camped at the site of today's French Hill Elementary School, where cannonballs and other relics have been found.[citation needed] Although rumors claim that George Washington passed through Yorktown, no factual records confirm this.[citation needed]

A Bicentennial Committee in 1988 reviewed the town's remaining historic sites and determined which should be preserved.[citation needed]

GeographyEdit

The town's northern border is the Town of Putnam Valley in Putnam County. Its eastern border is the Town of Somers. Its southern border is the Town of New Castle. Its western border is the Town of Cortlandt.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 39.3 square miles (102 km2), of which 36.7 square miles (95 km2) is land and 2.6 square miles (6.7 km2), or 6.57%, is water.[citation needed]

DemographicsEdit

Census Pop.
17901,609
18201,991
18302,1417.5%
18402,81931.7%
18502,273−19.4%
18602,231−1.8%
18702,62517.7%
18802,481−5.5%
18902,378−4.2%
19002,4211.8%
19103,02024.7%
19201,441−52.3%
19302,72489.0%
19403,64233.7%
19504,73129.9%
196016,453247.8%
197028,06470.6%
198031,98814.0%
199033,4674.6%
200036,3188.5%
201036,081−0.7%
Est. 201636,996[2]2.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]

As of the United States Census[3] of 2000, there were 36,318 people, 12,556 households, and 9,831 families residing in the town. The population density was 989.7 people per square mile (382.1/km²). There were 12,852 housing units at an average density of 350.2 per square mile (135.2/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 90.64% White, 3.04% African American, 0.14% Native American, 3.44% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 1.30% from other races and 1.43% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.82% of the population.

There were 12,556 households out of which 40.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 69.1% were married couples living together, 7.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.7% were non-families. 19.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.83 and the average family size was 3.26.

In the town, the population was spread out with 27.6% under the age of 18, 5.4% from 18 to 24, 28.5% from 25 to 44, 25.2% from 45 to 64, and 13.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.9 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $133,819, and the median income for a family was $154,984 (these figures had risen to $137,253 and $159,413 respectively as of a 2014 estimate[6]). Males had a median income of $96,071 versus $75,899 for females. The per capita income for the town was $63,570. About 1.1% of families and 1.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.3% of those under age 18 and 4.3% of those age 65 or over.

For the 2010 census, the results showed 87.9% White, 3.3% African-American, 0.1% American Indian, 4.7% Asian, 9.4% Latino.[7]

GovernmentEdit

Yorktown is governed by a five member town board. It determines policy and is the branch of government that appropriates funds for governmental functions and services. The Board is composed of four Council members, who are elected for a four year term, and the Supervisor who is elected for a two year term. Terms are staggered. Two Council positions are elected at each biennial election.

Communities and locations in YorktownEdit

The town is made up of five business hamlets: Mohegan Lake, Shrub Oak, Jefferson Valley, Crompond, and Yorktown Heights, and twelve historical residential neighborhoods each with their own unique character and identity.

Hamlets
Historical Neighborhoods

EducationEdit

The Town of Yorktown is served by four school districts: the Yorktown Central School District, the Lakeland Central School District, the Croton-Harmon School District, and the Ossining Union Free School District.

The Yorktown School District emcompasses a large part of the Town of Yorktown and small sections of Cortlandt and New Castle. The district includes two, grade K-3 elementary schools; one, grade 4-5 elementary school; one, grade 6-8 middle school; and one grade 9-12 high school.

Lakeland is a suburban school district located in the Northwest corner of Westchester County and includes parts of six towns: Yorktown, Cortlandt, and Somers in Westchester County; Carmel, Philipstown, and Putnam Valley in Putnam County. Lakeland includes five grade K-5 elementary schools, one grade 6-8 middle school, and two grade 9-12 high schools, as well as the Lakeland Alternative High School.

The Croton-Harmon School District encompasses parts of the towns of Cortlandt, Yorktown, and Ossining and includes the village of Croton-on-Hudson. The district population is approximately 15,000 with some 1,700 students attending Croton schools this year. The district includes one, grade K-4 elementary school; one, grade 5-8 middle school; and one, grade 9-12 high school.

The Ossining Union Free School District encompasses parts of the towns of Yorktown, New Castle, Briarcliff Manor, Ossining, and the Village of Ossining. The district includes the Park Early childhood center, which houses three programs: First Steps for Ossining families with children ages 0 to 4, Pre-Kindergarten for four year-olds and Kindergarten, one grade 1-2 elementary school, one, grade 3-4 elementary school, one grade 5 elementary school, one grade 6-8 middle school, and one grade 9-12 high school.

BusinessEdit

The headquarters for Contractors Register is located in the Hamlet of Jefferson Valley. Contractors Register publishes The Blue Book for Building & Construction: www.thebluebook.com.[8]

The main site of the IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center is located in the Kitchawan part of Yorktown.

Regional bank PCSB Bank is headquartered in Yorktown Heights.[9]

CommerceEdit

Jefferson Valley Mall, the area's major shopping center, is located in Yorktown, in the hamlet of Jefferson Valley.[10]

ParksEdit

Parks in Yorktown includes several state parks: the Donald J. Trump State Park (with north and south sections), donated by Donald Trump, and Franklin D. Roosevelt State Park.[11] There are also many local parks: Downing Park, Granite Knolls Park, Kitchawan Preserve, part of the North County Trailway (now also known as the Empire State Trailway), Patriot Park, Railroad Park, Sylvan Glen Park Preserve, Teatown Lake Reservation (partially in the towns of Cortlandt and New Castle), Turkey Mountain Nature Preserve, and Woodlands Legacy Fields Park.

Rail stopsEdit

Yorktown once had five stations along the New York and Putnam Railroad — Kitchawan, Croton Lake, Croton Heights, Yorktown Heights, and Amawalk. The railroad was purchased by the New York Central Railroad, and ran into the early 1960s, when changes in vacation patterns impacting the numerous resort hotels further upline in Lake Mahopac and the prevalence of the two-car family made rail commute obsolete. The old right of way is now part of the North County Trailway, which runs north as far as Carmel, New York.[citation needed] There is currently no rail service in Yorktown, but there are multiple Metro-North Railroad stations nearby, in Katonah in the east on the Harlem Line and Peekskill on the Hudson Line.

One of the New York Central stations was restored and today serves as the centerpiece of a small town park.

EventsEdit

Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jul 5, 2017.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  3. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on February 16, 2020. Retrieved March 31, 2009.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  7. ^ 2010 Census summary, 'Race and Hispanic or Latino Origin' https://factfinder.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?src=CF [1]
  8. ^ http://www.thebluebook.com/ Retrieved February 10, 2015.
  9. ^ "PCSB Bank will sell shares, convert to stock savings bank". Westfair Business Publications. 15 December 2016. Retrieved 13 April 2017.
  10. ^ "WASHINGTON PRIME GROUP". washingtonprime.com. 2017-08-31. Retrieved 2017-08-31.
  11. ^ https://parks.ny.gov/parks/148/details.aspx
  12. ^ Norman, Jim. "Where There’s Never an Oil Shortage". New York Times. May 13, 2007.
  13. ^ Newman, Andy; Wang, Vivian; Ferré-Sadurní, Luis (June 27, 2018). "Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez Emerges as a Political Star". The New York Times. New York City. Archived from the original on June 28, 2018. Retrieved June 29, 2018.
  14. ^ "Happy Birthday To Yorktown's Nargis Fakhri". Yorktown Daily Voice. The Daily Voice. Retrieved 23 March 2019.
  15. ^ https://timesmachine.nytimes.com/timesmachine/1920/04/25/112657609.pdf Retrieved June 17, 2011.
  16. ^ http://findinglincolnillinois.com/ross-dyer-brummell.html Retrieved June 17, 2011.
  17. ^ Burkhardt, Barbara A. (2005). William Maxwell: A Literary Life. ISBN 9780252030185.
  18. ^ http://articles.sun-sentinel.com/1998-01-14/news/9801130339_1_mystery-writers-mystery-readers-novel Retrieved June 17, 2011.
  19. ^ "Halsey W. Wilson". Bulletin of the Medical Library Association. 42 (3): 402–403. 1954. PMC 199761.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 41°17′44″N 73°48′29″W / 41.29556°N 73.80806°W / 41.29556; -73.80806