Cori (ancient Cora) is a city and comune in the province of Latina, in the Lazio region of central Italy.

Cori
Città di Cori
Soliva&mura.jpg
Coat of arms of Cori
location of Cori in the Province of Latina
location of Cori in the Province of Latina
Location of Cori
Cori is located in Italy
Cori
Cori
Location of Cori in Lazio
Cori is located in Lazio
Cori
Cori
Cori (Lazio)
Coordinates: 41°39′N 12°55′E / 41.650°N 12.917°E / 41.650; 12.917
CountryItaly
RegionLazio
ProvinceLatina (LT)
FrazioniGiulianello
Government
 • MayorMauro Primio De Lillis (Democratic Party)
Area
 • Total86 km2 (33 sq mi)
Elevation
384 m (1,260 ft)
Population
 (28 February 2017)[2]
 • Total10,978
 • Density130/km2 (330/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Coresi
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
04010
Dialing code06
Patron saintMadonna del Soccorso
Saint daySecond Sunday in May
WebsiteOfficial website

HistoryEdit

Cora was well developed in the age of the expansion of Rome (7th-6th century BC). It is recorded as being part of the Latin League. According to Livy, in 503 BC it sought unsuccessfully to revolt against the Roman republic, together with Suessa Pometia, and with the assistance of the Aurunci.[3] By 495 BC Cora and Pometia are said by Livy to have been Volscian towns. Upon hearing of Volscian attempts to foment war, the Roman army marched against the Volsci, and in order to avoid war the Volsci offered three hundred children of the leading men of Cora and Suessa Pometia as hostages. War nevertheless broke out later in the year. It is unclear what happened to the hostages.[4]

Coins of Cora exist, belonging at latest to 350–250 BC. Cora became a Roman possession after the Social War (90–88 BC), maintaining some administrative and political autonomy, and before the end of the Republic it had become a municipium.[5]

Cori suffered a steep decline in the early centuries of the Middle Ages. It was often allied with its neighbour Velletri. It was a possession of the Annibaldi until 1234, when it went back to the Papal suzerainty, under which (apart from a short period under Ladislaus of Naples in 1400–10) it remained until the unification of Italy.

It has been part of the province of Latina since 1934.

ClimateEdit

Cori has a Mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification Csa) with mild winters and hot summers.

Climate data for Cori
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 13.4
(56.1)
14.2
(57.6)
17.1
(62.8)
20.9
(69.6)
25.1
(77.2)
30.1
(86.2)
33.0
(91.4)
32.7
(90.9)
27.3
(81.1)
23.1
(73.6)
18.0
(64.4)
15.2
(59.4)
22.5
(72.5)
Average low °C (°F) 3.2
(37.8)
3.5
(38.3)
7.2
(45.0)
10.3
(50.5)
14.8
(58.6)
17.1
(62.8)
19.1
(66.4)
19.3
(66.7)
16.9
(62.4)
12.1
(53.8)
7.7
(45.9)
4.4
(39.9)
11.3
(52.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 76.7
(3.02)
72.1
(2.84)
64.3
(2.53)
93.6
(3.69)
20.9
(0.82)
7.4
(0.29)
4.6
(0.18)
6.8
(0.27)
21.1
(0.83)
77.9
(3.07)
89.0
(3.50)
87.3
(3.44)
621.7
(24.48)
Source: Weatherbase[6]

Cori DOCEdit

The hilly region of Cori is permitted to produce both red and white Italian DOC wine, with the region producing more white wines. Grapes are limited to a harvest yield of 16 tonnes/ha with finished white wines needing a minimum alcohol level of 11% and finished reds needing 11.5%. The white wines are a blend of up to 70% Malvasia di Candia, up to 40% Trebbiano and up to 30% Bellone and Giallo. The reds are composed of 40-60% Montepulciano and 20-40% Nero Buono, 10-30% Cesanese.[7]

Main sightsEdit

  • The Temple of Hercules, early 1st century BC. It is a national monument of Italy.
  • Sanctuary of Madonna del Soccorso.
  • Santa Maria della Pietà, originally in Romanesque style, rebuilt in the 17th century
  • Church of St. Francis (1521–26).
  • Church of Santa Oliva, built in 1467–85 over a Roman temple dedicated to Janus. In the apse is a fresco of Pinturicchio's school. Annexed is a cloister from 1480. Nearby are the remains of the Temple of Castor and Pollux (a 1st-century BC restoration of the 5th-century BC sanctuary).
  • Polygonal walls
  • Ponte della Catena ("Chain Bridge"), of Roman origin.
  • Oratory of SS. Annunziata, with frescos.
  • Church of St. John the Baptist (16th century).

Cultural EventsEdit

Each year, international folk dance groups perform in Cori as part of the Latium World Folkloric Festival, a CIOFF event.[8]

International relationsEdit

Cori is twinned with:

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Italian National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  2. ^ "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Italian National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  3. ^ Livy, Ab urbe condita, 2.16
  4. ^ Livy, Ab urbe condita, 2.22-25
  5. ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Cori" . Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 7 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 146.
  6. ^ Historical weather for Cori, Italy
  7. ^ P. Saunders Wine Label Language pg 154 Firefly Books 2004 ISBN 1-55297-720-X
  8. ^ "CIOFF - International Council of Organizations of Folklore Festivals and Folk Arts - Latium World Folkloric Festival - Cori". www.cioff.org. Retrieved 2020-05-05.

Coordinates: 41°38′40″N 12°54′46″E / 41.64447°N 12.91267°E / 41.64447; 12.91267