Corallus hortulana

Corallus hortulana is a non-venomous boa species found in South America. No subspecies are currently recognized.[3]

Corallus hortulana
Corallus hortulanus in Ecuador.jpg
Juvenile in Ecuador
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Serpentes
Family: Boidae
Genus: Corallus
C. hortulana
Binomial name
Corallus hortulana
  • Coluber hortulanus Linnaeus, 1754
  • [Boa] Hortulana Linnaeus, 1758
  • [Boa] Enydris Linnaeus, 1758
  • Boa hortulana Linnaeus, 1766
  • Vipera bitis Laurenti, 1768
  • Vipera madarensis Laurenti, 1768
  • [Coluber] madarensis Gmelin, 1788
  • [Coluber] Bitis Gmelin, 1788
  • Boa Merremii Sentzen, 1796
  • Boa Ambleocephala Donndorff, 1798
  • Boa Merremi Schneider, 1801
  • Boa obtusiceps Bechstein, 1802
  • Boa elegans Daudin, 1803
  • Corallus obtusirostris Daudin, 1803
  • Xiphostoma ornatum Wagler, 1824
  • Xiphostoma dorsuale - Wagler, 1824
  • X[iphosoma]. hortulanum Fitzinger, 1826
  • [Xiphosoma] Merremii Wagler, 1830
  • Boa modesta Reuss, 1830
  • Boa hortulana Schlegel, 1837
  • Corallus maculatus Gray, 1842
  • Corallus hortulanus Gray, 1842
  • Xiphosoma hortulanum A.M.C. Duméril & Bibron, 1844
  • Corallus hortulanus Boulenger, 1893
  • Boa hortulana Ihering, 1911
  • Boa hortulana Griffin, 1916
  • Boa enydris enydris Stull, 1935
  • Corallus enydris Forcart, 1951
  • Corallus enydris enydris Forcart, 1951
  • Corallus hortulanus hortulanus Roze, 1966
  • Corallus enydris Henderson, 1993
  • Corallus hortulanus McDiarmid, Touré & Savage, 1996[2]
Common names: Amazon tree boa, macabrel, Cook's tree boa, common tree boa,[3] garden tree boa.[4]


Adults grow to an average of 5 and 6.5 feet (1.5–2 m) in length.[5] This species exhibits an immense variety of colors and patterns. The basic color can be anywhere from black, brown, or gray, to any shade of red, orange, yellow, or many colors in between. Some are totally patternless, while others may be speckled, banded, or saddled with rhomboid or chevron shapes. Some reds will have yellow patterns, some yellows red or orange patterns. Generally, there are two color 'phases' that are genetically inherited, but are not ontogenic as with the emerald tree boa,C. caninus and the green tree python, Morelia viridis. The 'garden phase' refers to boas with drab coloration, mostly brown or olive, with varied patterning, while the 'colored phase' refers to animals with combinations of red, orange, and yellow coloring.

Geographic rangeEdit

Found in South America in southern Colombia east of the Andes, southern Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Amazonian Brazil, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia. The type locality given is "America."[2]

Typically found below 300 m elevation.


  1. ^ NatureServe (2013). "Garden Tree Boa Corallus hortulanus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2013. Retrieved 15 December 2014.
  2. ^ a b McDiarmid RW, Campbell JA, Touré T. 1999. Snake Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, vol. 1. Herpetologists' League. 511 pp. ISBN 1-893777-00-6 (series). ISBN 1-893777-01-4 (volume).
  3. ^ a b "Corallus hortulanus". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 14 July 2008.
  4. ^ Mehrtens JM. 1987. Living Snakes of the World in Color. New York: Sterling Publishers. 480 pp. ISBN 0-8069-6460-X.
  5. ^ Burnie D, Wilson DE. 2001. Animal. Dorling Kindersley. 624 pp. ISBN 0-7894-7764-5.

Further readingEdit

External linksEdit