The Boinae are a subfamily of boas found in Central and South America as well as the West Indies.[1] Six genera are currently recognized.[2]

Temporal range: Paleocene to recent
Boa constrictor (2).jpg
Boa constrictor, Boa constrictor
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Serpentes
Family: Boidae
Subfamily: Boinae
Gray, 1825
  • Boina - Gray, 1825
  • Aproterodontes - A.M.C. Duméril & Bibron, 1844
  • Boaeides - A.M.C. Duméril & Bibron, 1844
  • Boinae - Boulenger, 1890[1]


Subfamily Boinae -- 5 genera
Genus[2] Taxon author[2] Species[2] Subsp.*[2] Common name[2] Geographic range[1]
BoaT Linnaeus, 1758 2 9 Boa constrictors Mexico, Central America and South America
Chilabothrus Duméril & Bibron, 1844 13 Greater Antillean boas the West Indies
Corallus Daudin, 1803 9 2 Neotropical tree boas Central America, South America and the West Indies: In Central America, they occur in Honduras, eastern Guatemala through Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and Panama. Its range in South America includes Pacific Colombia and Ecuador, as well as the Amazon Basin from Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and northern Bolivia through Brazil to Venezuela, Isla Margarita, Trinidad, Tobago, Guyana, Suriname, and French Guiana. In the West Indies, it is found on St. Vincent, the Grenadines (Bequia Island, Ile Quatre, Baliceaux, Mustique, Canouan, Maryeau, Union Island, Petit Martinique and Carriacou), Grenada, and the Windward Islands (Lesser Antilles).
Epicrates Wagler, 1830 5 Rainbow boas Lower Central America through South America as far south as Argentina
Eunectes Wagler, 1830 4 1 Anacondas Tropical South America from Colombia and Venezuela south to Argentina
Titanoboa Head et al., 2009 1 0 N/A Fossils of 28 individuals were found in the Cerrejón Formation in Colombia, dating back to the Paleocene epoch of the Paleogene period, 60-58 Mya

*) Not including the nominate subspecies.
T) Type genus.[1]


The genera Acrantophis and Sanzinia were erroneously synonymized with the genus Boa by Kluge in 1991.[3] These have now been transferred to the resurrected subfamily Sanziniinae.[4][5] The genus Candoia has similarly been transferred to its own subfamily, Candoiinae.[5]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b c d McDiarmid RW, Campbell JA, Touré T. 1999. Snake Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, vol. 1. Herpetologists' League. 511 pp. ISBN 1-893777-00-6 (series). ISBN 1-893777-01-4 (volume).
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Boinae". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 8 July 2008.
  3. ^ Kluge, A.G. (1991). "Boine Snake Phylogeny and Research Cycles". Miscellaneous Publications of the Museum of Zoology, Univ. Of Michigan. 178.
  4. ^ Reynolds, R.G.; Niemiller, M.L.; Revell, L.J. (2014). "Toward a Tree-of-Life for the boas and pythons: Multilocus species-level phylogeny with unprecedented taxon sampling". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 71: 201–213. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2013.11.011. PMID 24315866.
  5. ^ a b Pyron, R.A.; Burbrink, F.T.; Wiens, J.J. (2013). "A phylogeny and revised classification of Squamata, including 4161 species of lizards and snakes". BMC Evolutionary Biology. 13 (1): 1–53. doi:10.1186/1471-2148-13-93. PMC 3682911. PMID 23627680.

Further readingEdit

  • Kluge AG. 1991. Boine Snake Phylogeny and Research Cycles. Misc. Pub. Museum of Zoology, Univ. of Michigan No. 178. PDF at University of Michigan Library. Accessed 8 July 2008.

External linksEdit