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The Constitutional Court of Romania (Romanian: Curtea Constituţională a României) is the institution which rules on whether the laws, decrees or other bills enacted by Romanian authorities are in conformity with the Constitution.

Constitutional Court of Romania
Curtea Constituţionalǎ a României
Established1992
Country Romania
LocationPalace of the Parliament, Bucharest
Composition method-Senate selection (3 members)
-Chamber of Deputies selection (3 members)
-President selection (3 members)
Authorized byConstitution
Decisions are appealed to1992 - 2003: Parliament
2003 - present: none
Judge term length9 years
No. of positions9
Websitehttp://www.ccr.ro/
President of the Constitutional Court of Romania
CurrentlyValer Dorneanu
Since2016
Lead position ends2019
Jurist term ends2022

It consists of nine members serving nine-year terms which cannot be extended, with three members each appointed by the President, the Senate and the Chamber of Deputies. Three members are renewed every three years, with the latest renewal occurring in 2016.

Contents

PowersEdit

According to the Article 144 of the Constitution, the Constitutional Court exercises the following powers:

  • to adjudicate on the constitutionality of laws, before promulgation, upon notification by the President of Romania, by the President of either Chamber of Parliament, by the Government, the Supreme Court of Justice, by a number of at least 50 Deputies or at least 25 Senators, as well as, ex officio, on initiatives to revise the Constitution
  • to adjudicate on the constitutionality of the Standing Orders of Parliament, upon notification by the President of either Chamber, by a parliamentary group or a number of at least 50 Deputies or at least 25 Senators
  • to decide on exceptions brought to the Courts of law as to the unconstitutionality of laws and orders
  • to guard the observance of the procedure for the election of the President of Romania and to confirm the ballot returns
  • to ascertain the circumstances which justify the interim in the exercise of office of President of Romania, and to report its findings to Parliament and the Government
  • to give advisory opinion on the proposal to suspend the President of Romania from office
  • to guard the observance of the procedure for the organization and holding of a referendum, and to confirm its returns
  • to check on compliance with the conditions for the exercise of the legislative initiative by citizens
  • to decide on objections of unconstitutionality of a political party

MembersEdit

Current structureEdit

Appointer Name
(Office)
Term start Term end
Senate Mona Pivniceru [ro] 2013 2022
Marian Enache [ro] 2016 2025
Simona-Maya Teodoroiu
2015
2019
Chamber of Deputies Valer Dorneanu
(President)
2013
(2016)
2022
(2019)
Attila Varga [ro] 2016 2025
Ştefan Minea 2010 2019
President Daniel Morar 2013 2022
Livia Stanciu [ro] 2016 2025
Petre Lăzăroiu [ro] 2010 2019

HistoryEdit

Since it was created in 1992, the Constitutional Court had the following composition.[1][2][3]