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Comparison of Star Trek and Star Wars

A fan of Star Trek dressed in Starfleet uniform (left) and a fan of Star Wars dressed in Imperial Death Star gunner uniform (right) at a fan convention.

Star Trek and Star Wars are American media franchises which present alternative scenarios of space adventure. The two franchises are dominant in this setting of storytelling and have offered various forms of media productions for decades that manage billions of dollars of intellectual property, providing employment and entertainment for billions of people around the world.[1]

Contents

BackgroundEdit

Star Trek was introduced as a live-action television series in 1966 that lasted three years. Star Trek: The Animated Series commenced in 1973 (based directly on the original series) but lasted only two seasons with a combined total of 22 episodes.[2] With the subsequent publication of novels, comics, animated series, toys and feature films, Star Trek grew into a popular media franchise.[3] Star Trek debuted in television. The franchise was conceived in the style of the television Western Wagon Train and the adventure stories of Horatio Hornblower, but evolved into an idealistic, utopian prospect of future human society. Inspired by Gulliver's Travels,[4][5] Star Trek's main focus is of space exploration and a galactic society consisting of multiple planets and species, where conflict occasionally occurs. Star Trek occurs in the relatively distant future, specifically the 22nd through 24th centuries, with occasional time travel and interdimensional travel. The Earth of the Star Trek universe shares most of its history with the real world.

Eleven years after the former's debut, Star Wars was introduced as a feature film, A New Hope (1977). A novelization titled Star Wars: From the Adventures of Luke Skywalker, based on the original script of the film, was published about a year earlier. Upon the release of the first film, Star Wars quickly grew into a popular media franchise.[2] Star Wars debuted in film, despite the novel based on the film's original script having been published a year before the film itself. Star Wars mainly belongs to the space opera subgenre of science fiction that follows The Hero's Journey[6] and was inspired by works such as Beowulf, King Arthur[7] and other mythologies, world religions, as well as ancient and medieval history.[8] It depicts a galactic society in constant conflict. Though there are periods of peace, these are only documented in novels, comics, video games, non-feature films and other spin-off media. Star Wars is set "a long time ago, in a galaxy far, far away", although many characters are human, occasionally use Earth metaphors and exhibit human character traits.[citation needed]

RuntimeEdit

  • ~513 hours (Star Trek television) + ~25 hours (Star Trek films)
  • ~84 hours (Star Wars films) + Star Wars canon series + expanded universe films and TV productions.

Similarities and commonalitiesEdit

Aside from both having the word star in their titles, the two franchises share many similarities and commonalities. Both franchises have their origins in the space western subgenre.[9]

Plot comparisonEdit

Both stories depict societies consisting of multiple planets and species. The main galaxy in Star Trek consists of various planets, each inhabited by different species, united into a single state, the United Federation of Planets. Star Wars depicts a galaxy that is mostly part of a single state known as the Old Republic, inhabited by humans and countless other species, which later became the Galactic Empire and was again later reformed into a new society called the New Republic after a series of wars.

Message comparisonEdit

Both franchises promote philosophical and political messages. The primary philosophies of Star Trek convey the morals of exploration and interference and how to properly confront and ethically resolve a new situation. Creator Gene Roddenberry was inspired by morality tales such as Gulliver's Travels.[4][5]

The primary philosophical messages of Star Wars are the ethics of good against evil and how to distinguish them from one another.[10] Star Wars preaches against totalitarian systems and favors societies that offer equality.[11] In an interview on the Star Wars 20th Anniversary UK Programme aired in 1997 referring to the mythology of the original Star Wars trilogy, Patrick Stewart stated "A belief in one's own powers; especially one's own powers to do good because the underlying morality of Star Wars is a very very positive one."

Historical influences comparisonEdit

Both franchises also derive significantly from history and ancient mythology, including Greco-Roman mythology. Many planets and alien species in Star Trek, for instance, are named after ancient Roman deities. Several episodes from various Star Trek television series, such as "Who Mourns for Adonais", are directly based on ancient Greek-Roman themes and settings.[12] The series also make references to Ancient Babylon and its mythic folklore.[13] The Klingons and their warrior culture are a representation of the 12th-century Mongols.[14] Much of Star Wars' story plots and character developments are based on ancient history, including classical Greece and Rome, such as the fall of the Old Republic in Star Wars, followed by the rise of the Galactic Empire, which parallels the fall of the ancient Roman Republic followed by the rise of the Roman Empire.[8]

Television comparisonEdit

Although both Star Trek and Star Wars populate various forms of media, not all types have been produced that are mutual to both franchises. Star Wars has not produced any live-action television series while Star Trek has produced seven live-action television series. A new television series based in the original timeline, subtitled Discovery, serving as a prequel to the original series, debuted on CBS All Access, an online streaming platform, in 2017.[15]

Star Trek likewise has not produced any television films; whereas Star Wars has produced at least three live-action television films outside the Star Wars film saga. The Star Wars Holiday Special, Ewoks: Caravan of Courage and Ewoks: Battle for Endor are all live-action television spin-off films set in the Star Wars universe, but not considered part of the official Star Wars canon. Additionally, Star Wars has done animated series, such as The Clone Wars and Star Wars Rebels, set in between the Star Wars prequels, and before the original trilogy, respectively.[16]

Movies comparisonEdit

A 1983 documentary on the making of Star Wars Episode VI: Return of the Jedi was hosted by Leonard Nimoy, who also made mention of Lucas's original plan to do two other trilogies preceding and proceeding the original trilogy.[17] Star Trek: Nemesis (2002) was poorly received and Star Wars: Episode III – Revenge of the Sith (2005) had capped off the prequel trilogy, which overall had a mixed to positive reception.

Science fiction writer David Brin criticized Star Wars at the time of the release of The Phantom Menace, arguing that while the Star Wars movies provide special effects and action/adventure, audiences are not encouraged to engage with their overriding themes. Among his issues with Star Wars and George Lucas, whom he accused of "having an agenda", is that the Star Wars galaxy is too "elitist", with arbitrary rulers on both the evil and good sides, replacing one another without any involvement of the population. He criticizes both sides of the Galactic Civil War as part of the "same genetically superior royal family".[18] He finds the Star Wars universe flawed with additional forms of absolutism, such as justified emotions leading a good person to evil - for example citing the idea that Luke Skywalker killing Palpatine would somehow turn him to the dark side, despite the act potentially saving millions of lives.[18] Among the many other flaws he sees with Star Wars is that Anakin Skywalker becomes a hero in the ending of Return of the Jedi simply because he saved his son's life, while the atrocities he committed during his time in power go largely ignored. In contrast, he argues that, despite its flaws, Star Trek is "democratic" and follows genuine issues and strong questioning.[18]

Abrams directing both franchisesEdit

Star Trek was rebooted with a series of feature films starting with the Star Trek reboot (2009), which was followed by Star Trek Into Darkness (2013) and Star Trek Beyond (2016) and a number of sequels are set to follow.[19] J. J. Abrams, director and producer of Star Trek (2009) and Star Trek Into Darkness (2013) and producer of Star Trek Beyond (2016), directed and produced Star Wars: The Force Awakens (2015). Star Trek (2009) and Star Wars: The Force Awakens (2015) are each the first entries in expected trilogies. These films received favorable critical and commercial response and revived interest for both franchises. In addition to Abrams, actors such as Simon Pegg starred in both series. Despite J.J. Abrams Trek and Wars entries being financial and critical success with critics, the original filmmakers behind both franchises did not feel the same, and criticized J.J. Abrams for doing remakes instead of original plots. Star Trek Into Darkness ended being considered less original than its Abrams-directed predecessor, and more of a loose remake of Star Trek II: Wrath of Khan.[20] The director of Wrath of Khan, Nicholas Meyer, from which Into Darkness borrowed lines and plot elements, revealed in 2018, to have been disappointed with the film, saying: "In my sort of artistic worldview, if you’re going to do an homage, you have to add something. You have to put another layer on it, and they didn’t. Just by putting the same words in different characters’ mouths didn't add up to anything, and if you have someone dying in one scene and sort of being resurrected immediately after there's no real drama going on. It just becomes a gimmick or gimmicky, and that's what I found it to be ultimately."[21]

Star Wars picked up from where Return of the Jedi left off, with The Force Awakens the first in the new trilogy, and The Last Jedi following two years later. Similar to Meyer, Star Wars creator George Lucas shared a similar disappointment towards Abrams's Star Wars: The Force Awakens,[22][23] finding himself agreeing with the critics who found it too derivative of his own original Star Wars trilogy, particularly his original film. During an interview with talk show host and journalist Charlie Rose that aired on December 24, 2015, Lucas likened his decision to sell Lucasfilm to Disney to a divorce, and outlined the creative differences between him and the producers of The Force Awakens. He described the previous six Star Wars films as his "children" and defended his vision for them, while criticizing The Force Awakens for having a "retro feel", saying: "I worked very hard to make them completely different, with different planets, with different spaceships – you know, to make it new." Lucas also likened Disney to "white slavers", which drew some criticism, he later apologized for.[24][25] Lucas reacted more positively towards its sequel The Last Jedi, and Star Wars anthology film Rogue One, neither of which were directed or written by Abrams.[26][27][28] Anthology of stand-alone Star Wars films, starting with Rogue One, was released in December 2016, and Solo following in May 2018.[29]

The newer films of the two franchises filmed major scenes in the United Arab Emirates. The desert scenes on the planet Jakku in Star Wars: The Force Awakens (2015) were filmed in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi,[30] while scenes for cities in the film Star Trek Beyond (2016) were filmed in the Emirate of Dubai.[31]

A few references to Star Wars have been inserted into Star Trek films. For fleeting moments, one can see ships and droids from Star Wars in both Star Trek (2009) and Star Trek Into Darkness (2013).[32] Some Star Trek films and television episodes used the Star Wars animation shop, Industrial Light & Magic, for their special effects.[33]

Estimated financial comparisonsEdit

Despite the difference in the numbers of films, the profit made by the Star Wars film series exceed the profit of the Star Trek film series by almost five times, while the entire franchise outgrosses the other by four times. It is difficult to accurately judge the total worth of each franchise as television series, memorabilia and video games must be taken into account.

Star Trek films ($ million)
Year Title Budget Box Office Net
1979 The Motion Picture 35 139 104
1982 The Wrath of Khan 12 96 84
1984 The Search for Spock 18 87 69
1986 The Voyage Home 24 133 109
1989 The Final Frontier 30 70 40
1991 The Undiscovered Country 27 96.9 69.9
1994 Generations 38 120 82
1996 First Contact 46 150 104
1998 Insurrection 70 117 47
2002 Nemesis 60 67 7
2009 Star Trek (reboot) 140 386 246
2013 Into Darkness 190 467 277
2016 Beyond 185 343 158
Total 875 2,272 1,397
Star Wars films ($ million)
Year Title Budget Box Office Net
1977 A New Hope 11 786.6 775.6
1980 The Empire Strikes Back 23 534.1 511.1
1983 Return of the Jedi 32.5 572.7 540.2
1999 The Phantom Menace 115 1027 912
2002 Attack of the Clones 115 656.6 541.6
2005 Revenge of the Sith 115 848.9 733.9
2008 The Clone Wars 8.5 68.6 60.1
2015 The Force Awakens 306 2058 1752
2016 Rogue One 200 1056 856
2017 The Last Jedi 200 1321 1121
2018 Solo
Total 1,126 8,929.5 7,803.5
Franchise Year of inception Total Revenue
Star Trek 1966 $10 Billion (as of 2016)[34]
Star Wars 1977 $42 Billion (as of 2015)[35]

Other media comparisonEdit

The two franchises now offer almost all forms of media ranging from novels, television series, comic books, toys for younger audience, magazines, themed merchandise, board games and video games, as well as fan works. These include canonical and non-canonical works, including works made both by series producers and fans jointly.

Influences on each otherEdit

The two franchises have a "symbiotic relationship" stated Shatner, who credits Star Wars for launching the Star Trek films.[36] He repeated this sentiment at a 2016 Star Trek fan convention in Las Vegas by stating "Star Wars created Star Trek". He clarified this statement by explaining that at the time of the release of the first Star Wars film (A New Hope), Paramount, then under new management, was struggling to come up with something that could compete with it. A Star Trek relaunch was the choice. Since then, public interest has returned to Star Trek.[37] "It was Star Wars that thrust Star Trek into the people of Paramount's consciousness" Shatner stated.[38][39]

The documentary Trek Nation features interviews where both Lucas and Roddenberry praise each other's respective franchises, with the former stating that Star Trek was an influence while writing the original screenplay for Star Wars.[40] He explained that while both franchises were so "far out", Star Trek produced a fanbase that "softened up the entertainment arena" so that Star Wars could "come along and stand on its shoulders."[41] This is also acknowledged by Shatner, who went as far as to call Star Wars a "derivative" of Star Trek.[42]

Critique and commentariesEdit

William Shatner argues that Star Trek is superior to Star Wars. According to him, "Star Trek had relationships and conflict among the relationships and stories that involved humanity and philosophical questions."[42] Shatner believes that Star Wars was only better than Star Trek in terms of special effects, and that once J.J. Abrams became involved, Star Trek was able to "supersede Star Wars on every level".[42]

Tim Russ, who played Tuvok on Star Trek: Voyager, claims that it is difficult to find common enough elements to be able to compare the two. Among those common elements are their similar settings of unique characters and technologies. He echoed Shatner that Star Trek reflects common human issues, the morals of exploration and considers ethical questions. Star Wars in his view is a classic medieval tale dressed up as action-adventure, and that embraces the Eastern philosophy of inner-strength. Russ concludes that despite both their success and popularity, Star Trek comes out as the better of the two, as it is set in "our" galaxy and therefore people can relate better to it, whereas Star Wars takes place in another galaxy. He acknowledged that he could be biased.[2]

Jeremy Bulloch is best known for his role as Boba Fett in the original Star Wars trilogy. He is a huge fan of Star Trek: The Original Series. He argued that while both franchises are popular, Star Wars comes out as the superior, for its soundtracks and special effects.[2]

Contrasting the focus of the two franchises, contributor J.C. Herzthe of The New York Times argued, "Trek fandom revolves around technology because the Star Trek universe was founded on ham-fisted dialogue and Gong Show-caliber acting. But the fictional science has always been brilliant. The science in Star Wars is nonsense, and everyone knows it. But no one cares because Star Wars isn't about science. It's epic drama. It's about those incredibly well-developed characters and the moral decisions they face. People don't get into debates about how the second Death Star works. They get into debates about the ethics of blowing it up."[43]

John Wenzel of The Denver Post highlighted two differences in approach, noting the "swashbuckling" and "gunslinger" style of Star Wars compared with Star Trek's "broader themes of utopian living, justice and identity" and that the spiritual aspect of Star Wars contrasts with the balance of emotion and logic seen in Star Trek.[44]

Billionaire Peter Thiel told Dowd "I'm a capitalist. Star Wars is the capitalist show. Star Trek is the communist one". He further stated "There is no money in Star Trek because you just have the transporter machine that can make anything you need. The whole plot of Star Wars starts with Han Solo having this debt that he owes and so the plot in Star Wars is driven by money."[45]

Archived footage in Trek Nation showed Gene Roddenberry saying, "I like Star Wars. It was young King Arthur growing up, slaying the evil emperor finally. There's nothing wrong with that kind of entertainment - everything doesn't have to create a philosophy for you - for your whole life. You can also have fun."[40]

Interactions between crew and castEdit

When Roddenberry was honored at a Star Trek convention late in life, a congratulatory letter from Lucas was presented by an actor dressed as Darth Vader. A few years earlier, Roddenberry had contributed an entry in honor of Star Wars and Lucas at a convention honoring the latter.[citation needed]

William Shatner was a presenter at Lucas' American Film Institute Lifetime Achievement Award ceremony in 2007 and did a comical stage performance honoring Lucas.[46]

At a live concert, Shatner dressed as an imperial stormtrooper singing "Girl Crush" alongside Carrie Underwood and Brad Paisley.[47]

In 2011, Shatner and Carrie Fisher posted a series of humorous YouTube videos satirizing each other's franchises.

In a 2016 interview, Shatner commented that Captain Kirk and Princess Leia eloping and running off into the sunset would be the "perfect union" between Star Trek and Star Wars.[42]

Shatner has also posted a number of humorous tweets on his Twitter account mocking Star Wars. Amongst them were commemorating the 35th anniversary of the poorly received Star Wars Holiday Special. It was then that Star Wars actor Peter Mayhew posted a "retaliation" tweet congratulating Shatner for the directing of Star Trek V: The Final Frontier, another poorly received film.[48]

There have been actors from both franchises who have appeared on common television series such as The Outer Limits and Seaquest.

Cultural Impact and Fan worksEdit

Aside from official works by the producers of Star Trek and Star Wars, many fan films and webisodes set in the two universes of the franchises are also constantly produced and posted on the Internet by fans, but are not officially considered canon in relation to either franchise.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Ho, Richard (May 14, 1999). "Trekkers VS Lucasites". The Harvard Crimson.
  2. ^ a b c d Forbeck, Matt (April 18, 2011). Star Wars vs. Star Trek: Could the Empire kick the Federation's ass? And other galaxy-shaking enigmas. Adams Media. ISBN 978-1-4405-2577-3.
  3. ^ Robey, Tim (July 18, 2016). "Star Trek vs Star Wars: the space battle that will never end". The Telegraph.
  4. ^ a b Simon, Richard Keller (November 23, 1999). Trash Culture: Popular Culture and the Great Tradition. University of California Press. pp. 139–. ISBN 978-0-520-92442-0.
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  28. ^ Eddy, Cheryl (December 5, 2016). "George Lucas Likes Rogue One More Than Force Awakens, and Other Fun Facts We Learned This Weekend". io9.
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  38. ^ Pagliery, Jose (August 6, 2016). "Captain Kirk thanks Star Wars!". CNNMoney.
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  40. ^ a b Trek Nation [2010 documentary]
  41. ^ "George Lucas on how Star Trek helped Star Wars". Den of Geek.
  42. ^ a b c d Emami, Gazelle (September 15, 2011). "William Shatner: 'Star Wars Is Derivative Of Star Trek'". HuffPost.
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  47. ^ "William Shatner Dresses as 'Star Wars' Stormtrooper, Sings 'Girl Crush' at CMAs". Billboard.
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External linksEdit