Quebec City metropolitan community

The Communauté métropolitaine de Québec (CMQ), or Quebec Metropolitan Community, is an administrative division of the province of Quebec, comprising the metropolitan area of Quebec City and Lévis. The CMQ is one of the two metropolitan communities of Quebec.

Québec Metropolitan Community
Communauté métropolitaine de Québec  (French)
Satellite image of the Communauté métropolitaine de Québec
Satellite image of the Communauté métropolitaine de Québec
Official logo of Québec Metropolitan Community
Québec Metropolitan Community is located in Central Quebec
Québec Metropolitan Community
Québec Metropolitan Community
Capital National
Coordinates: 46°49′N 71°13′W / 46.817°N 71.217°W / 46.817; -71.217Coordinates: 46°49′N 71°13′W / 46.817°N 71.217°W / 46.817; -71.217
Country Canada
Province Quebec
Area
 • Total3,349.12 km2 (1,293.10 sq mi)
Population
 (2016)[2]
 • Total800,296
 • Density234.8/km2 (608/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
Postal code prefixes
Area code(s)418, 581

PredecessorEdit

Effective January 1, 1970, the Québec Urban Community (French: Communauté urbaine de Québec) ("CUQ") was established,[3] which governed the area surrounding Quebec City on the north shore of the St. Lawrence River. Together with the CUQ, the Québec Urban Community Transit Commission (French: Commission de transport de la Communauté urbaine de Québec) ("CTCUQ") and the Greater Québec Water Purification Board (French: Bureau d'assainissement des eaux du Québec Métropolitain) ("BAEQM") were also established. Each of the three covered different groups of municipalities:

Québec area municipalities served by new agencies (1970)
Historical county Municipality CUQ[4] CTCUQ[5] BAEQM[6]
Quebec County Town of L'Ancienne-Lorette  Y  Y  Y
Beauport  Y  Y  Y
Bélair  Y  Y
Charlesbourg  Y  Y  Y
Charlesbourg-Est  Y  Y  Y
Charlesbourg-Ouest  Y  Y  Y
Courville  Y  Y  Y
Duberger  Y  Y  Y
Giffard  Y  Y  Y
Lac-Saint-Charles  Y  Y  Y
Parish of L'Ancienne-Lorette  Y  Y  Y
Loretteville  Y  Y  Y
Montmorency  Y  Y  Y
Neufchâtel  Y  Y  Y
Notre-Dame-des-Laurentides  Y  Y  Y
Orsainville  Y  Y  Y
Quebec  Y  Y  Y
Saint-Dunstan-du-Lac-Beauport  Y
Sainte-Foy  Y  Y  Y
Saint-Émile  Y  Y  Y
Sainte-Thérèse-de-Lisieux  Y  Y  Y
Saint-Félix-du-Cap-Rouge  Y  Y
Sillery  Y  Y
Val-St-Michel  Y  Y
Vanier  Y  Y  Y
Villeneuve  Y  Y  Y
Portneuf County Saint-Augustin-de-Desmaures  Y
Montmorency No 1 County Saint-Jean-de-Boischatel  Y

FormationEdit

 
Boundaries of constituent municipalities of the Communauté urbaine de Québec in 2001, with overlay of Quebec city borough boundaries in 2012

The CUQ was replaced by the CMQ on January 1, 2002.[7] The CMQ exercised jurisdiction over a wider geographical area.

Quebec was amalgamated with the cities of Beauport, Cap-Rouge, Charlesbourg, L'Ancienne-Lorette, Lac-Saint-Charles, Loretteville, Saint-Émile, Sainte-Foy, Sillery, Val-Bélair, Vanier and Saint-Augustin-de-Desmaures. In the 2006 demerger, L'Ancienne-Lorette and Saint-Augustin-de-Desmaures regained separate status.

Lévis was amalgamated with Charny, Saint-Jean-Chrysostome, Saint-Nicolas, Saint-Rédempteur, Saint-Romuald, Pintendre, Saint-Étienne-de-Lauzon, Sainte-Hélène-de-Breakeyville and Saint-Joseph-de-la-Pointe-de-Lévy.

Municipalities in the Quebec Metropolitan Community and Quebec Census Metropolitan Area (CMA)[8][9]
Regional county municipality or urban agglomeration(where applicable) In Metropolitan Community In CMA only
Urban agglomeration of Quebec City
Lévis (Equivalent territory)[a 4]
Bellechasse Regional County Municipality
La Côte-de-Beaupré Regional County Municipality
L'Île-d'Orléans Regional County Municipality
La Jacques-Cartier Regional County Municipality
La Nouvelle-Beauce Regional County Municipality
Portneuf Regional County Municipality
  1. ^ subdivided into the boroughs of Beauport, Charlesbourg, La Cité-Limoilou, La Haute-Saint-Charles, Les Rivières and Sainte-Foy–Sillery–Cap-Rouge
  2. ^ enclave within the borough of La Cité-Limoilou, not part of the urban agglomeration
  3. ^ Huron-Wendat reserve, an enclave within the borough of La Haute-Saint-Charles, not part of the urban agglomeration
  4. ^ subdivided into the boroughs of Desjardins, Les Chutes-de-la-Chaudière-Ouest and Les Chutes-de-la-Chaudière-Est
  5. ^ a b c d e f not part of the CMA

GalleryEdit

Canada Census Mother Tongue – Quebec city, Quebec[10]
Census Total
French
English
French & English
Other
Year Responses Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop %
2016
800,296
741,010   3.24%% 92.62% 10,965   1.06% 1.41% 3,775   14.56% 0.49% 29,900   35.41% 5.04%
2011
765,706
717,770   6.94%% 93,74% 10,850   5.85% 1.42% 3,295   55.06% 0.43% 22,080   6.87% 2.88%
2006
704,185
671,145   3.59% 95.31% 10,250   5.13% 1.46% 2,125   21.73% 0.3% 20,660   77.18% 2.93%
2001
673,100
647,920   1.7% 96,14% 9,750   18.31% 1.44% 2,715   6.6% 0.40% 11,665   5.19% 1.73%
1996
671,889
637,150 n/a 94,83% 11,935 n/a 1.77% 2,545 n/a 0.37% 11,080 n/a 1.64%

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Census Profile - Quebec Census Metropolitan Area". Canada 2011 Census. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 5 April 2014.
  2. ^ "Census Profile, 2016 Census, Québec [Census metropolitan area]". Statistics Canada. 2016. Retrieved 2021-02-22.
  3. ^ Québec Urban Community Act, S.Q. 1969, c. 83
  4. ^ S.Q. 1969, c. 83, Sch. A
  5. ^ S.Q. 1969, c. 83, Sch. B
  6. ^ S.Q. 1969, c. 83, Sch. D
  7. ^ An Act to reform the municipal territorial organization of the metropolitan regions of Montréal, Québec and the Outaouais, L.Q. 2000, c. 56, Sch. VI
  8. ^ "Territoire de la CMQ et de la RMR de Québec" (in French). Communauté métropolitaine de Québec. Archived from the original on March 8, 2014. Retrieved March 8, 2014.
  9. ^ "Geographic hierarchy: Québec (Census metropolitan area)". Statistics Canada. Retrieved March 8, 2014.
  10. ^ Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011, 2016 census.

External linksEdit