Open main menu

L'Ancienne-Lorette is a city in central Quebec, Canada. It is a suburb of and an enclave within Quebec City. It was merged with Quebec City on January 1, 2002 as part of a 2000–2006 municipal reorganization in Quebec, but after a 2004 referendum it was reconstituted as a separate city on January 1, 2006.

L'Ancienne-Lorette
Ancienne Lorette church 1.jpg
Location within Quebec TE.
Location within Quebec TE.
L'Ancienne-Lorette is located in Southern Quebec
L'Ancienne-Lorette
L'Ancienne-Lorette
Location in province of Quebec.
Coordinates: 46°48′N 71°21′W / 46.800°N 71.350°W / 46.800; -71.350Coordinates: 46°48′N 71°21′W / 46.800°N 71.350°W / 46.800; -71.350[1]
Country Canada
Province Quebec
RegionCapitale-Nationale
RCMNone
AgglomerationQuebec City
Settled1674
ConstitutedJanuary 1, 2006
Government
 • MayorÉmile Loranger
 • Federal ridingLouis-Saint-Laurent
 • Prov. ridingLa Peltrie
Area
 • Total7.70 km2 (2.97 sq mi)
 • Land7.63 km2 (2.95 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)[3]
 • Total16,745
 • Density2,193.6/km2 (5,681/sq mi)
 • Pop 2006-2011
Increase 1.4%
 • Dwellings
7,183
Time zoneUTC−5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Postal code(s)
Area code(s)418 and 581
Highways Route 138
Websitewww.lancienne-lorette.org

Its history dates back to 1674 when a group of Hurons fleeing war with the Iroquois settled there under the protection of the French. They left after a few decades and French settlers took over the land.

Contents

HistoryEdit

A colony started when the Jesuit Pierre Chaumonot in 1674 when he built a chapel for the Hurons. Following his third and final trip to the shrine of Loreto in Italy, Chaumonot was cured of a terrible headache. In gratitude, he placed the colony under the patronage of Our Lady of the Annunciation, but it is still commonly called Lorette.[1]

In 1697, the Hurons left in search of better land for hunting and fishing. Afterwards the site became known as Vieille-Lorette ("Old Loreto") or Ancienne-Lorette ("Former Loreto"). A new location became known as Nouvelle-Lorette ("New Loreto") or Jeune-Lorette ("Young Loreto"), and roughly corresponds to the Loretteville of today. A year later in 1698, the Parish of Notre-Dame-de-l'Annonciation was established.[1]

In 1948, the place was incorporated as the village municipality of Notre-Dame-de-Lorette. In 1967, it gained town status and was took back its original name, L'Ancienne-Lorette, to distinguish itself from a Notre-Dame-de-Lorette Lac-Saint-Jean region.[1]

Until 1971, L'Ancienne-Lorette was the gateway to Quebec's International Airport, which therefore used to be known as L'Ancienne-Lorette Airport. In 1971 the rural section of the town that included the airport was annexed by Sainte-Foy.

On January 1, 2002, L'Ancienne-Lorette was merged with Quebec City as part of a province-wide municipal reorganization and became part of the Laurentien borough of that city. After a 2004 referendum it again became an independent city on January 1, 2006.

DemographicsEdit

According to the Canada 2006 Census:[4]

  • Population: 16,516
  • % Change (2001–2006): +3.7
  • Private dwellings occupied by usual residents: 7075 (total dwellings: 7183)
  • Area (km²): 7.63 km²
  • Density (persons per km²): 2,163.7
  • Mother tongue:
    • English as first language: 1.5%
    • French as first language: 97.4%
    • English and French as first language: 0.2%
    • Other as first language: 0.9%

Population trend:[5]

  • Population in 2011: 16745 (2006 to 2011 population change: 1.4%)
  • Population in 2006: 16,516
  • Population in 2001: 15,929
  • Population in 1996: 15,895
  • Population in 1991: 15,242

In 2006, L'Ancienne-Lorette was 98.9% White, 0.3% Aboriginal, and 0.8% Visible Minorities.

EconomyEdit

Quebecair Express, prior to its disestablishment, had its headquarters in the city.[6]

Notable people born in L'Ancienne-LoretteEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d "L'Ancienne-Lorette (ville)" (in French). Commission de toponymie du Québec. Retrieved 2010-04-09.
  2. ^ a b Ministère des Affaires municipales, des Régions et de l'Occupation du territoire - Répertoire des municipalités: L'Ancienne-Lorette
  3. ^ a b Statistics Canada 2011 Census - L'Ancienne-Lorette census profile
  4. ^ Statistics Canada 2006 Census - L'Ancienne-Lorette community profile
  5. ^ Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census
  6. ^ "World Airline Directory." Flight International. 30 March - 5 April 2004. 58.

External linksEdit