Commentry (French pronunciation: ​[kɔmɑ̃tʁi]; Auvergnat: Comentriac) is a commune in the department of Allier in central France. It lies 42 miles (68 km) southwest of Moulins in the valley of the Œil. It is within 8 km of one of the geographic centres of France. The film actress Yvonne Rozille (1900–1985) was born in Commentry.

Commentry
Town hall
Town hall
Coat of arms of Commentry
Location of Commentry
Commentry is located in France
Commentry
Commentry
Commentry is located in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
Commentry
Commentry
Coordinates: 46°17′23″N 2°44′32″E / 46.2897°N 2.7422°E / 46.2897; 2.7422Coordinates: 46°17′23″N 2°44′32″E / 46.2897°N 2.7422°E / 46.2897; 2.7422
CountryFrance
RegionAuvergne-Rhône-Alpes
DepartmentAllier
ArrondissementMontluçon
CantonCommentry
IntercommunalityCommentry Montmarault Néris Communauté
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Sylvain Bourdier[1]
Area
1
20.96 km2 (8.09 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2019)[2]
6,132
 • Density290/km2 (760/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
03082 /03600
Elevation332–462 m (1,089–1,516 ft)
(avg. 385 m or 1,263 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

PopulationEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1793600—    
1800498−17.0%
1806565+13.5%
1821601+6.4%
18311,277+112.5%
18361,126−11.8%
18411,424+26.5%
18463,015+111.7%
18515,465+81.3%
18568,484+55.2%
18618,582+1.2%
18669,978+16.3%
187211,698+17.2%
187612,978+10.9%
188112,416−4.3%
188612,515+0.8%
189112,618+0.8%
189612,632+0.1%
YearPop.±%
190111,169−11.6%
190610,205−8.6%
191110,112−0.9%
192110,256+1.4%
192610,089−1.6%
193110,136+0.5%
19368,827−12.9%
19469,119+3.3%
19549,259+1.5%
19629,711+4.9%
196810,026+3.2%
197510,043+0.2%
19829,195−8.4%
19908,021−12.8%
19997,204−10.2%
20066,857−4.8%
20116,580−4.0%

HistoryEdit

Commentry was home to Compagnie de Commentry-Fourchambault-Decazeville, thanks to an important coal deposit. The coal mine fueled a huge growth in population, from under 1,000 to more than 12,000, while Stéphane Mony was its CEO (1840–1884).[3] Commentry was the first commune ever to elect a socialist mayor: Christophe Thivrier was elected the 6th of June 1882.[4] The Socialist Party of France was founded in Commentry in September 1902.

EconomyEdit

Commentry gave its name to a coal field over 21 square kilometres in extent, and historically had important foundries and forges.[5]

ScienceEdit

Charles Brongniart discovered many fossils near Commentry, including Meganeura in the Stephanian stage coal measures in 1880.

PersonalitiesEdit

  • Jean Bayet (1882–1969) Professor of Latin Language and Literature at the Sorbonne, whose grandfather Gilbert Bayet was mayor of Commentry 1871–1873.
  • Henri Fayol (1841–1925) mining engineer, developed Fayolism, an approach to management and administration.
  • Abel Gance (1889–1981) film director and producer, raised by maternal grandparents in Commentry until the age of eight.
  • Jacques Hillairet (1886-1984) historian specializing in the history of Paris, officer of the Legion of Honour.
  • Émile Mâle (1862–1954) art historian and member of the Académie française.
  • Stéphane Mony (1800–1884) Engineer, director of the colliery at Commentry; mayor from 1854 to 1883; deputy from 1868 to 1871.
  • Christophe Thivrier (1841–1895) first elected Socialist mayor in France.
  • Roger Vergé (1930–2015) Celebrated chef and restaurateur.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Liste nominative des communes de l'Allier" [Nominative list of communes of Allier] (PDF) (in French). Association of Mayors and Presidents of Communities of Allier. 8 July 2020. Retrieved 22 November 2020.
  2. ^ "Populations légales 2019". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 29 December 2021.
  3. ^ (in French) L'Administration industrielle et générale par Henri Fayol ISBN 978-2-903628-09-3 https://f-origin.hypotheses.org/wp-content/blogs.dir/1931/files/2016/09/Fayol-1916.pdf
  4. ^ (in French) Election of the first socialist mayor Archived 2016-03-03 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^   One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Commentry". Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 6 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 766.