Codex Laudianus, designated by Ea or 08 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), α 1001 (von Soden), called Laudianus after the former owner, Archbishop William Laud. It is a diglot Latin — Greek uncial manuscript of the New Testament, palaeographically assigned to the 6th century. The manuscript contains the Acts of the Apostles.
|New Testament manuscript|
Page from Codex Laudianus (Acts 15:22-24)
|Text||Book of Acts|
|Script||Latin - Greek diglot|
|Now at||Bodleian Library, Oxford|
|Size||27 × 22 cm (10.6 × 8.7 in)|
|Note||It contains Acts 8:37|
The manuscript is a diglot, with Greek and Latin in parallel columns on the same page, with the Latin in the left-hand column. The codex contains 227 parchment leaves, sized 27 × 22 cm (10.6 × 8.7 in), with almost the complete text of the Book of Acts (lacuna in 26:29-28:26). It is the earliest known manuscript to contain Acts 8:37.
The Greek text of this codex exhibits a mixture of text-types, usually the Byzantine, but there are many Western and some Alexandrian readings. According to Kurt Aland it agrees with the Byzantine text-type 36 times, and 21 times with the Byzantine when it has the same reading as the Alexandrian text. It agrees 22 times with the Alexandrian text against the Byzantine. It has 22 independent or distinctive readings (Sonderlesarten). Aland placed it in Category II.
In Acts 16:10, it reads θεος along with P74, Sinaiticus, Alexandrinus, Vaticanus, Ephraemi, 044, 33, 81, 181, 326, 630, 945, 1739, ar, e, l, vg, copbo, geo; other manuscripts read κυριος - D, P, 049, 056, 0142, 88, 104, 330, 436, 451, 614, 629, 1241, 1505, 1877, 2127, 2412, 2492, 2495, Byz, c, d, gig, syrp,h, copsa.
In Acts 18:26, it reads την οδον του κυριου along with manuscripts 1505, 2495, and lectionary 598.
It was probably written in Sardinia, during the Byzantine occupation, and therefore after 534 (terminus a quo). It was written before 716 (terminus ad quem), as it was used by Beda Venerabilis in his Expositio Actuum Apostolorum Retractata.
"It was brought to England probably by Theodore of Tarsus, Archbishop of Canterbury, in 668, or by Ceolfrid, Abbot of Wearmouth and Jarrow, in the early part of the eighth century. It was probably deposited in one of the great monasteries in the north of England."
The manuscript was examined by Johann Jakob Griesbach, Ropes, Motzo, Poole, Clark, Lagrange, and Walther.
- Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 110. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1.
- Metzger, Bruce M.; Ehrman, Bart D. (2005). The Text of the New Testament: Its Transmission, Corruption and Restoration (4 ed.). New York – Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 74. ISBN 978-0-19-516122-9.
- Nestle-Aland, Novum Testamentum Graece, 26th edition, p. 345.
- Bruce M. Metzger (2001). A Textual Commentary on the Greek New Testament. Stuttgart: Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft. p. 316.
- UBS3, p. 464.
- NA26, p. 480
- UBS3, p. 491.
- NA26, p. 384.
- Frederic Kenyon, "Chapter VII: The Manuscripts of the New Testament", Our Bible and the ancient manuscripts (1939).
- "Liste Handschriften". Münster: Institute for New Testament Textual Research. Retrieved 16 March 2013.
- C. R. Gregory, "Canon and Text of the New Testament" (T. & T. Clark: Edinburgh 1907), p. 363
- C. v. Tischendorf, Monumenta sacra IX, (Leipzig, 1870).
- J. H. Ropes, The Greek Text of Codex Laudianus, Harvard Theological Review XVI (Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1923), pp. 175–186.
- Samuel Berger, Un ancien texte latin des Actes des Apôtres retrouvé dans un manuscrit provenant de Perpignan (Paris 1895), pp. 11–12.
- Manuscripts given by Archbishop William Laud (1573-1645)
- R. Waltz, Codex Laudianus E (08), Encyclopedia of Textual Criticism (2007)
- Image from Codex Laudianus
- "Liste Handschriften". Münster: Institute for New Testament Textual Research. Retrieved 8 March 2011.
- MS Laud Gr. 35 Images available on Digital Bodleian
- MS Laud Gr. 35 In the Bodleian Libraries Catalogue of Medieval Manuscripts