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Clinton Bowen Fisk (December 8, 1828 – July 9, 1890) was a senior officer during Reconstruction in the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned Lands and the Prohibition Party candidate for president in the 1888 election. Fisk University was named in his honor after he endowed Fisk University with $30,000.[1] In addition, he helped establish the first free public schools in the South for European-American and African-American children.

Clinton Fisk
CBFisk.jpg
Personal details
Born
Clinton Bowen Fisk

(1828-12-08)December 8, 1828
York, New York, U.S.
DiedJuly 9, 1890(1890-07-09) (aged 61)
New York City, New York, U.S.
Political partyProhibition
EducationHillsdale College
Military service
Allegiance United States
Union
Branch/service United States Army
Union Army
Years of service1862–1865
RankUnion Army brigadier general rank insignia.svg Brigadier General
Union Army major general rank insignia.svg Brevet Major General
CommandsDistrict of Southeast Missouri
Department of North Missouri
Battles/warsAmerican Civil War

Early lifeEdit

Fisk was born in York, Livingston County, New York, the son of Benjamin and Lydia Fisk.[1] As part of the 19th-century westward migration, his family soon moved to Coldwater, Michigan.[2] He studied in the preliminary course at Albion Seminary before becoming one of the five students to matriculate on the opening day of Michigan Central College (now Hillsdale College) in 1844.[3] Fisk later became a merchant, miller, and banker in Coldwater. He suffered financial disaster in the Panic of 1857. He moved to St. Louis, Missouri where he started working in the insurance business.

Civil WarEdit

An abolitionist, Fisk was appointed colonel of the 33rd Missouri Volunteer Infantry of the Union Army on September 5, 1862. He organized a brigade and was commissioned brigadier general November 24, 1862.[4] He served most of the American Civil War in Missouri and Arkansas, commanding first the District of Southeast Missouri and later the Department of North Missouri. The primary duty of these commands was opposing raids into Missouri by Confederate cavalry and guerrillas.

Freedmen's Bureau and Fisk UniversityEdit

After the Civil War, Fisk was appointed assistant commissioner of the Freedmen's Bureau for Kentucky and Tennessee.[5] He worked through the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned Lands and the American Missionary Association to establish the first free schools in the Southern United States for both African-American and European-American children.

He made the abandoned barracks in Nashville, Tennessee available to the American Missionary Association for the creation of the Fisk School, and endowed it with a total of $30,000.[1][5]

Prohibition PartyEdit

After authorizing legislation expired for the Freedmen's Bureau, Fisk returned to his native New York. He became successful in banking. In 1874 President Ulysses S. Grant appointed him to the Board of Indian Commissioners.[5]

Fisk was a leader in the temperance movement and became the presidential candidate for the Prohibition Party in the 1888 election. He came in third with 249,506 votes. The election was won by Benjamin Harrison of the Republican Party. Fisk was also surpassed by the incumbent President of the United States Grover Cleveland of the Democratic Party. But, Fisk did receive one of the highest results of any Prohibition Party candidate in history. The Party has run candidates in every presidential election since 1872.

Fisk died in New York City on July 9, 1890, and was buried in Coldwater, Michigan.[5]

Legacy and honorsEdit

  • Fisk University was named after him; his work and funds contributed to education for generations of young people.
  • In 2001 he was the first to be inducted into the new Hillsdale County, Michigan Veterans' Hall of Fame, for his distinguished service in the American Civil War. (Hall of Fame inductee 001, Civil War inductee 001.)
  • Prohibition Park, a planned community on Staten Island, New York, named one of its major streets Clinton B. Fisk Avenue in his honor. The name remains, although the community changed its name to Westerleigh.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Reavis L. Mitchell, Jr., "Clinton Bowen Fisk" Archived 2007-09-30 at the Wayback Machine, The Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture, 1998, accessed 3 Mar 2009
  2. ^ Warner, Ezra J, Generals in Blue, LSU Press, 1964, p. 154
  3. ^ Patterson, John C. (1907). "History of Hillsdale College" in Collections of the Pioneer Society of the State of Michigan, Vol. VI. Lansing, MI: Wynkoop Hallenbeck Crawford Co. p. 144.
  4. ^ Warner, Ezra J, "Generals in Blue", LSU Press, 1964, p. 154
  5. ^ a b c d Warner, Ezra J, "Generals in Blue", LSU Press, 1964, p. 155

Further readingEdit

  • Alphonso A. Hopkins, The Life of Clinton Bowen Fisk (1882)
  • Reavis L. Mitchell Jr., Fisk University Since 1866: Thy Loyal Children Make Their Way (1995).

External linksEdit

Party political offices
Preceded by
John St. John
Prohibition nominee for President of the United States
1888
Succeeded by
John Bidwell