Clichy-sous-Bois (French pronunciation: [kliʃi su bwa]; is a commune in the eastern suburbs of Paris, France. The vast majority of its population is made up of African heritage, and the BBC described it as one of France's "most notorious" immigrant banlieues (suburbs). It is in this city that the 2005 riots started. Clichy-sous-Bois is not served by any motorway, major road, or railway and therefore remains one of the most isolated of the inner suburbs of Paris.
The town hall of Clichy-sous-Bois
Paris and inner ring départements
|• Mayor (2001–2007)||Olivier Klein|
|3.95 km2 (1.53 sq mi)|
|• Density||7,600/km2 (20,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|Elevation||66–121 m (217–397 ft) |
(avg. 98 m or 322 ft)
|1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.|
The commune has an area of 3.95 km2 (1.53 sq mi) with 1.1 km2 (0.42 sq mi) of woods. The woods are remnants of the Bondy wood (Forêt Départementale de Bondy, Parc de la Fosse Maussoin, Parc de la Mairie).
The commune is 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) from central Paris.
The name of Clichy-sous-Bois comes from Roman Cleppius, seventh century Clippiacum superius, twelfth century Clichiacum.
Flint tools from the Neolithic have been found here. Clichy en Aulnois belonged to the lords of Livry in the early Middle Ages. Subject to the Knights Templar in the 13th century, Clichy subsequently passed into possession of the Knights Hospitaller order. Until the 16th century, it was a hunting resort of the French kings. In the 18th century, it belonged to the Duc d'Orléans. In 1820, the village had about 150 inhabitants.
On 20 May 1869, a part of the territory of Clichy-sous-Bois was detached and merged with a part of the territory of Livry-Gargan and a small part of the territory of Gagny to create the commune of Le Raincy.
In 1870, Clichy was affected by the Franco-Prussian war.
|The arms of Clichy-sous-Bois are blazoned :|
Per pale vert and argent, a cinqfoil counterchanged, and on a chief gules a latin cross voided between two bunches of grapes slipped and leaved argent.
Crime and civil unrestEdit
Clichy-sous-Bois has a high unemployment rate compared to the rest of the country, about 20% and 40% of the people under 25 years old (source : INSEE). The suburban riots of October 2005 originated in Clichy-sous-Bois after the death of two young boys who had been escaping a police control. Then the riots spread to other communes of the department, and then to virtually every major urban area in France.
Clichy-sous-Bois is not served directly by any station of the Paris Métro, RER, or suburban rail network. The closest station to Clichy-sous-Bois is Le Raincy – Villemomble – Montfermeil station on Paris RER line E. This station is located in the neighboring commune of Le Raincy, 3.2 km (2.0 mi) from the town center of Clichy-sous-Bois. There is also a T4 Tramway stop at Gargan which is 1.1 km from the town centre. The tramway terminates at the Bondy station for RER-E2, which is only 3 stops to Paris Gare du Nord ( via correspondence at Magenta station) The only direct transport in and out of Clichy-sous-bois is by bus (for example the 601AB bus if you are coming from "Le Raincy-Villemonble-Montfermeil" station).
Due to the lack of a rail link, it was claimed the time on public transport to the city centre can be 1.5 hours  but this predates the tramway opened November 2006. A branch of the T4 Tramway under construction and scheduled to open in 2017, will pass through the heart of Clichy-sous-Bois.
Government and infrastructureEdit
In 2007 the voting turnout for the presidential election in Clichy was 82%. The voter registration had increased by less than 20%.
- Collège Romain-Rolland
- Collège Louise-Michel
- Collège Robert-Doisneau
- The construction of this junior high relieved Louise-Michel, which saw its student population decline from about 1,200 in 2004 to over 500 in 2012.
The sole senior high school/sixth form college in Clichy is Lycée Alfred-Nobel. As of 2007[update] the lycée has 1,100 students. It has an agreement with the Institut d'études politiques de Paris (Sciences-Po) which allows applicants from the school to gain entrance to the university without taking the entrance examination. As of 2007 three students from the lycée had been admitted.
- "Populations légales 2016". INSEE. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
- "French police trial over 2005 Zyed and Bouna deaths". BBC News. Retrieved 16 March 2015.
- "France's suburbs: Two years on." The Economist. 8 November 2007. Retrieved on 3 March 2014.
- Viscusi, Gregory (18 March 2015). "Paris Ghetto With Views But No Jobs Shows Decades of Failures". Bloomberg.com. Retrieved 4 September 2016.
- Sanselm, Franck. "L'Ethnicisation des Rapports Sociaux à l'École." Sociétés contemporaines 2009/4 (n° 76). ISBN 9782724631630. doi:10.3917/soco.076.0121. Hosted at Cairn.info. p. 121-147. CITED: Circa p. 145 (PDF p. 15/16) - " [...]La ville de Clichy-sous-Bois, quant à elle, compte 33% d'habitants de nationalité étrangère contre 18,7% et 7,5% aux niveaux départamental et national (Source: Ville de Clichy-sous-Bois)"
- "Les ecoles maternelles." Clichy-sous-Bois. Retrieved on September 4, 2016.
- "Les ecoles elementaires." Clichy-sous-Bois. Retrieved on September 4, 2016.
- "Les collèges et le lycée." Clichy-sous-Bois. Retrieved on September 4, 2016. "Clichy-sous-Bois compte trois collèges et un lycée d’enseignement général et professionnel. Ces quatre établissements sont fréquentés chaque année par plus de 2500 élèves au total."
- "Mission d'information sur la carte scolaire". Senate of France. 4 October 2016. Retrieved 4 October 2016. "Le collège Louise Michel de Clichy-sous-Bois[...]En 2004, il comptait environ 1 200 élèves et constituait le plus gros collège de la commune. En 2012, il n'accueille plus que 550 élèves environ, y compris les SEGPA.[...] en construisant un nouveau collège Robert Doisneau et en modifiant la sectorisation."