Open main menu

Cleveland County is a county in the central part of the U.S. state of Oklahoma. The population was 255,755 at the 2010 census,[1] making it the third-most populous county in Oklahoma. Its county seat is Norman.[2] The county was named after U.S. President Grover Cleveland.[3]

Cleveland County
Cleveland County Courthouse
Cleveland County Courthouse
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Cleveland County
Location within the U.S. state of Oklahoma
Map of the United States highlighting Oklahoma
Oklahoma's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 35°12′N 97°20′W / 35.2°N 97.33°W / 35.2; -97.33
Country United States
State Oklahoma
Founded1890
Named forGrover Cleveland
SeatNorman
Largest cityNorman
Area
 • Total558 sq mi (1,450 km2)
 • Land539 sq mi (1,400 km2)
 • Water19 sq mi (50 km2)  3.5%%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2015)
274,458
 • Density509.2/sq mi (196.6/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district4th
Websitewww.clevelandcountyok.com

Cleveland County is part of the Oklahoma City, OK Metropolitan Statistical Area.

HistoryEdit

Originally occupied by the Quapaw tribe, the Quapaw ceded the area to the U.S. Government soon after the Louisiana Purchase in 1818. During the late 1820s and 1830s, the area was given to the Creek and Seminole tribes after their forced removal from the southeastern United States. An agreement between the two tribes resulted in this area being part of the Seminole Nation, located west of the Creek Nation.

In 1866, these tribes were forced to cede the area to the Federal Government for siding with the Confederacy during the American Civil War[citation needed]. The area became part of the Unassigned Lands and was opened for white settlement on April 22, 1889.

After the passage of the Organic Act in 1890, Cleveland County was organized as County 3 and Norman became the county seat. For a short time, Cleveland County was known as Little River County, until an election in 1890. The voters selected the name Cleveland in honor of President Grover Cleveland over the name Lincoln.[3]

GeographyEdit

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 558 square miles (1,450 km2), of which 539 square miles (1,400 km2) is land and 19 square miles (49 km2) (3.5%) is water.[4] It is the seventh smallest county in the state.

Cleveland County contains the reservoir Lake Thunderbird 5,349 acres (21.65 km2), constructed between 1962 and 1965.

Cleveland County is the origin of the Little River, a tributary of the Canadian River, 90 miles (140 km) long. The Canadian River defines the southern border of Cleveland County.

Adjacent countiesEdit

DemographicsEdit

Census Pop.
18906,605
190016,388148.1%
191018,84315.0%
192019,3892.9%
193024,94828.7%
194027,72811.1%
195041,44349.5%
196047,60014.9%
197081,83971.9%
1980133,17362.7%
1990174,25330.8%
2000208,01619.4%
2010255,75522.9%
Est. 2018281,669[5]10.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2013[1]
 
Age pyramid for Cleveland County, Oklahoma, based on census 2000 data.

As of the census of 2010,[10] there were 255,755 people, 98,306 households, and 64,182 families residing in the county. The population density was 458 people per square mile (177/km²). There were 104,821 housing units at an average density of 188 per square mile (72.5/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 79.3% white, 4.2% black or African American, 4.7% Native American, 3.8% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 2.3% from other races, and 5.6% from two or more races. 7.0% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 98,306 households, of which almost half (49.9%) included married couples living together and more than a third (34.7%) were non-families. Almost a third (32.9%) included children under the age of 18, 10.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 4.7% had a male householder with no wife present. More than a fourth (25.9%) of households consisted of a sole individual and 6.9% were individuals 65 years of age or older living alone. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.02.

In the county, the population was spread out with 23.1% under the age of 18, 14.2% from 18 to 24, 28.1% from 25 to 44, 24.4% from 45 to 64, and 10.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32.7 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.1 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $53,759, and the median income for a family was $67,412. Males had a median income of $45,580 versus $34,801 for females. The per capita income for the county was $26,640. About 7.2% of families and 12.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.7% of those under age 18 and 5.8% of those age 65 or over.

PoliticsEdit

Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of January 15, 2019[11]
Party Number of voters Percentage
Democratic 53,233 33.59%
Republican 76,067 48.00%
Others 29,184 18.42%
Total 158,484 100%
Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results[12]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 57.1% 62,538 35.5% 38,829 7.4% 8,083
2012 63.0% 59,116 37.0% 34,771
2008 62.0% 64,749 38.0% 39,681
2004 65.9% 65,720 34.1% 34,007
2000 62.2% 47,393 36.5% 27,792 1.3% 986
1996 52.2% 36,457 37.3% 26,038 10.4% 7,288
1992 44.1% 35,561 30.3% 24,404 25.6% 20,664
1988 61.6% 36,313 37.4% 22,067 0.9% 553
1984 71.7% 42,806 27.7% 16,512 0.7% 387
1980 61.9% 31,178 28.8% 14,536 9.3% 4,687
1976 51.1% 22,098 46.3% 20,054 2.6% 1,129
1972 68.7% 25,777 29.7% 11,126 1.6% 615
1968 48.3% 12,446 33.4% 8,617 18.3% 4,711
1964 45.4% 9,656 54.6% 11,599
1960 59.2% 9,292 40.8% 6,397
1956 56.5% 7,766 43.5% 5,987
1952 56.8% 8,149 43.2% 6,190
1948 35.9% 3,671 64.1% 6,556
1944 40.9% 3,642 58.9% 5,240 0.2% 21
1940 37.9% 3,660 61.5% 5,933 0.6% 57
1936 29.3% 2,643 69.9% 6,304 0.8% 75
1932 23.8% 1,868 76.2% 5,969
1928 61.4% 3,738 37.6% 2,291 1.1% 64
1924 33.4% 1,672 56.7% 2,841 9.9% 495
1920 45.8% 2,283 48.1% 2,397 6.1% 305
1916 27.4% 885 54.2% 1,753 18.5% 597
1912 32.7% 938 51.3% 1,471 15.9% 456

EducationEdit

The University of Oklahoma is located in Norman. It is the largest university in Oklahoma with approximately 30,000 students.

LibrariesEdit

Pioneer Library System operates branch libraries in ten cities in Cleveland, McClain and Pottawatomie counties.[13]

TransportationEdit

AirportsEdit

The University of Oklahoma Westheimer Airport is owned by the University of Oklahoma and located 3 nautical miles (5.6 km) northwest of Norman.

Major highwaysEdit

US 77 James C. Nance Bridge between Lexington and PurcellEdit

The US 77 Purcell/Lexington James C. Nance Bridge was originally built as a circa 1938 deck truss 2-lane bridge and in 2019 rebuilt as a concrete pier 4-lane bridge [14] crossing the Canadian River between Purcell and Lexington, Oklahoma. The bridge carries U.S. Route 77 (US-77) and Oklahoma State Highway 39 (SH-39) from McClain County to Cleveland County. The bridge is named for James C. Nance, longtime community newspaper chain publisher and Speaker of the Oklahoma House of Representatives, President Pro Tem of Oklahoma State Senate and Uniform Law Commissioner.

The Nance bridge allows travel time from Purcell (west side of the Canadian river) to Lexingon (East side of the river) to be only 3 minutes by car, according to google maps. When the bridge was closed for emergency repairs, the same trip was 43 minutes when re-routed North to the nearest bridge, or 1 hour and 4 minutes when re-routed Southeast to the nearest bridge.

The 1938 construction of this bridge enabled communities from West and Southwest (Byars, Cole, Dibble, Paoli, Pauls Valley, Purcell, Rosedale, and Wayne) side of the river to reach the communities on the East side of the river (Lexington, Slaughterville, and Wanette). Traffic using the bridge allows trade and commerce to freely flow in this retail trade area of southern McClain County, southern Cleveland County, Southern Pottawatomie County, and northern area of Garvin County, and eastern portion of Grady county. The 2019 rebuilt bridge features the same design elements with concrete post and wrought iron railings with protected turn lane and sidewalks.[14]

According to the Oklahoma Department of Transportation, "History was made Friday July 26,2019 in Purcell and Lexington, just as it was more than 80 years ago when the two cities celebrated the grand opening of a new bridge connecting their communities. The new US 77 Purcell/Lexington James C. Nance Bridge that links the twin cities, located less than one mile apart, fully opened to traffic with much fanfare on Friday, July 26 2019, the culmination of a major two-year, expedited reconstruction project." [14]

CommunitiesEdit

NRHP sitesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 8, 2013.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. ^ a b Wilson, Linda D. "Cleveland County," Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture, 2009. Accessed March 28, 2015.
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved February 18, 2015.
  5. ^ "County Population Totals and Components of Change: 2010-2018". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 2, 2019.
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved February 18, 2016.
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved February 18, 2015.
  8. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 18, 2015.
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved February 18, 2015.
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  11. ^ "Oklahoma Registration Statistics by County" (PDF). OK.gov. January 15, 2019. Retrieved 2019-02-21.
  12. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-03-28.
  13. ^ "Pioneer Library System to buy Borders bookstore building in Norman". NewsOK. The Oklahoman. September 27, 2011. Retrieved 2011-10-25.
  14. ^ a b c Department of Transportation, website. [1]. “US-77 James C. Nance Bridge between Purcell and Lexington”. Accessed 26 July 2019.

External linksEdit