Oklahoma County, Oklahoma

Oklahoma County is a county located in the central part of the U.S. state of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 718,633,[1] making it the most populous county in Oklahoma. The county seat is Oklahoma City,[2] the state capital and largest city.

Oklahoma County
Oklahoma County Courthouse
Official seal of Oklahoma County
Seal
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Oklahoma County
Location within the U.S. state of Oklahoma
Map of the United States highlighting Oklahoma
Oklahoma's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 35°29′N 97°32′W / 35.48°N 97.53°W / 35.48; -97.53
Country United States
State Oklahoma
Founded1890
SeatOklahoma City
Largest cityOklahoma City
Area
 • Total718 sq mi (1,860 km2)
 • Land708.82 sq mi (1,835.8 km2)
 • Water9.6 sq mi (25 km2)  1.3%%
Population
 (2010)
 • Total718,633
 • Estimate 
(2019)
797,434
 • Density1,111.6/sq mi (429.2/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional districts4th, 5th
Websitewww.oklahomacounty.org

Oklahoma County is at the heart of the Oklahoma City Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Oklahoma County is one of seven counties in the United States to share the same name as the state it is located in (the other six counties are Arkansas County, Hawaii County, Idaho County, Iowa County, New York County (known commonly as Manhattan), and Utah County), and the only one of the seven to contain the state capital.[3]

HistoryEdit

Oklahoma County was originally called County Two and was one of seven counties established by the Organic Act of 1890.[4]

County business initially took place in a building at the intersection of California Avenue and Robinson Street until the construction of the first Oklahoma County Courthouse at 520 West Main Street in the 1900s. In 1937, the county government was moved to a building at 321 Park Avenue, which now serves only as the county courthouse.[5]

GeographyEdit

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 718 square miles (1,860 km2), of which 709 square miles (1,840 km2) is land and 9.6 square miles (25 km2) (1.3%) is water.[6]

Major highwaysEdit

Adjacent countiesEdit

National protected areaEdit

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
Census Pop.
189011,742
190025,915120.7%
191085,232228.9%
1920116,30736.5%
1930221,73890.6%
1940244,15910.1%
1950325,35233.3%
1960439,50635.1%
1970526,80519.9%
1980568,9338.0%
1990599,6115.4%
2000660,44810.1%
2010718,6338.8%
2019 (est.)797,434[7]11.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790-1960[9] 1900-1990[10]
1990-2000[11] 2010-2019[1]
 
Age pyramid for Oklahoma County, Oklahoma, based on census 2000 data.

As of the Census of 2010, there were 718,633 people, 277,615 households, and 172,572 families residing in the county. The population density was 1,013 people per square mile (391/km2). There were 319,828 housing units at an average density of 416 per square mile (161/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 64.6% White, 15.4% Black or African American, 3.5% Native American, 3% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 8.1% from other races, and 5.3% from two or more races. 15.1% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.[12] 12.4% were of German, 12.3% Mexican, 10.1% Irish, 7.9% English, and 7.7% American ancestries according to the Census 2010. 84.4% spoke English and 11.5% Spanish as their first language.[13]

There were 277,615 households, out of which 28.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.1% were married couples living together, 15.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.8% were non-families. 31.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.26.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 25.60% under the age of 18, 10.90% from 18 to 24, 30.00% from 25 to 44, 21.40% from 45 to 64, and 12.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $42,916, and the median income for a family was $54,721. The per capita income for the county was $25,723. About 11.70% of families and 15.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.70% of those under age 18 and 8.60% of those age 65 or over.[14]

PoliticsEdit

Since the second half of the 20th century, Oklahoma County has been quite conservative for an urban county. It swung from a 20-point victory for Harry Truman in 1948 to a 15-point victory for Dwight Eisenhower in 1952. It has gone Republican in all but one presidential election since then; it narrowly voted for Lyndon Johnson in 1964. This mirrors the growing Republican trend in Oklahoma since the end of World War II.

However, the Republican share of votes for President has decreased in every election since the 2004 election. In the 2018 Oklahoma gubernatorial election, Oklahoma County gave Democratic candidate Drew Edmondson the largest vote share of any county, with 54.2% of the vote, whereas Republican Mary Fallin won the county with 51.3% of the vote four years prior.[15] Also, in the 2018 United States House of Representatives elections in Oklahoma, Democrat Kendra Horn received 52.3% of the vote in Oklahoma County, which was the only county in the state to vote for a Democratic House candidate.[16]. In the 2020 United States Presidential election Republican nominee Donald Trump only carried it by slightly over 1 percentage point, by a razor thin margin of 3,326 votes down from his 10-point win in 2016. This was also the best a Democrat performed in Oklahoma County, as eventual winner Joe Biden won over 48% of the county, as it shows the county slowly shifting towards the Democrats.

County CommissionersEdit

District Name Party Took office
1 Carrie Blumert Democratic 2019
2 Brian Maughan Republican 2009
3 Kevin Calvey Republican 2019

County OfficesEdit

Office Name Party Took office
Assessor Larry Stein Republican 2019
County Clerk David B. Hooten Republican 2017
Court Clerk Rick Warren Republican 2017
District Attorney David Prater Democratic 2007
Sheriff P.D. Taylor Republican 2017
Treasurer Forrest Freeman Republican 1993

Oklahoma House of RepresentativesEdit

District Name Party Took office
31 Gary Mize Republican 2019
39 Ryan Martinez Republican 2016
41 Denise Crosswhite-Hader Republican 2019
54 Kevin West Republican 2016
82 Nicole Miller Republican 2019
83 Chelsey Branham Democratic 2019
84 Tammy West Republican 2016
85 Cyndi Muson Democratic 2015
87 Collin Walke Democratic 2016
88 Jason Dunnington Democratic 2014
89 Vacant - -
90 Jon Echols Republican 2013
92 Forrest Bennett Democratic 2016
93 Mickey Dollens Democratic 2016
94 Andy Fugate Democratic 2019
95 Kelley Albright Democratic 2019
96 Lewis Moore Republican 2009
97 Jason Lowe Democratic 2016
99 Ajay Pittman Democratic 2019
100 Marilyn Stark Republican 2019
101 Robert Manger Republican 2019

Oklahoma SenateEdit

District Name Party Took office
15 Rob Standridge Republican 2012
17 Ron Sharp Republican 2012
22 Stephanie Bice Republican 2014
30 Julia Kirt Democratic 2018
40 Carrie Hicks Democratic 2018
41 Adam Pugh Republican 2016
42 Brenda Stanley Republican 2018
44 Michael Brooks Democratic 2017
45 Paul Rosino Republican 2017
46 Kay Floyd Democratic 2014
47 Greg Treat Republican 2011
48 George Young Democratic 2018

CongressionalEdit

District Name Party Took office
OK-4 Tom Cole Republican 2003
OK-5 Kendra Horn Democratic 2019
Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of November 1, 2019[17]
Party Number of Voters Percentage
Democratic 150,459 37.21%
Republican 177,392 43.87%
Libertarian 2,577 0.64%
Unaffiliated 73,930 18.28%
Total 404,358 100%
Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results[18]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2020 49.2% 145,050 48.1% 141,724 2.7% 7,966
2016 51.7% 141,569 41.2% 112,813 7.1% 19,560
2012 58.3% 149,728 41.7% 106,982
2008 58.4% 163,172 41.6% 116,182
2004 64.2% 174,741 35.8% 97,298
2000 62.3% 139,078 36.6% 81,590 1.1% 2,443
1996 54.7% 120,429 36.5% 80,438 8.8% 19,386
1992 48.8% 126,788 29.3% 76,271 21.9% 56,864
1988 63.6% 135,376 35.6% 75,812 0.8% 1,703
1984 71.7% 159,974 27.0% 60,235 1.4% 3,052
1980 66.1% 139,538 27.8% 58,765 6.1% 12,970
1976 56.7% 119,120 41.5% 87,185 1.8% 3,808
1972 75.2% 156,437 22.6% 46,986 2.2% 4,502
1968 49.7% 93,212 32.2% 60,395 18.1% 33,834
1964 48.0% 83,660 52.0% 90,641
1960 61.4% 102,992 38.6% 64,648
1956 59.8% 85,395 40.2% 57,512
1952 57.6% 95,492 42.4% 70,199
1948 40.1% 40,161 59.9% 59,954
1944 42.3% 42,464 57.6% 57,812 0.1% 116
1940 39.8% 35,639 59.9% 53,649 0.4% 329
1936 32.2% 24,312 67.4% 50,946 0.5% 373
1932 34.1% 21,238 66.0% 41,130
1928 69.1% 36,608 30.4% 16,073 0.5% 272
1924 40.6% 17,504 50.4% 21,708 9.0% 3,873
1920 44.7% 15,350 51.9% 17,820 3.5% 1,189
1916 36.3% 5,291 54.7% 7,971 8.9% 1,302
1912 42.0% 5,706 51.3% 6,963 6.7% 910
1908 50.0% 5,401 45.2% 4,876 4.8% 518

CommunitiesEdit

CitiesEdit

TownsEdit

Unincorporated communitiesEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 6, 2011. Retrieved November 12, 2013.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ Joseph Nathan Kane; Charles Curry Aiken (2005). The American Counties: Origins of County Names, Dates of Creation, and Population Data, 1950-2000. Scarecrow Press. ISBN 978-0-8108-5036-1.
  4. ^ Wilson, Linda D. "Oklahoma County," Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture, Oklahoma Historical Society, 2009. Accessed April 4, 2015.
  5. ^ "A Brief History of Oklahoma County Government." OklahomaCounty.org. Accessed September 17, 2009.
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved February 21, 2015.
  7. ^ "County Population Totals and Components of Change: 2010-2019". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 26, 2020.
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 21, 2015.
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved February 21, 2015.
  10. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 21, 2015.
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved February 21, 2016.
  12. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on March 5, 2014. Retrieved November 25, 2012.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  13. ^ [1][dead link]
  14. ^ "Oklahoma City, Oklahoma (OK) income map, earnings map, and wages data". www.city-data.com. Retrieved March 29, 2018.
  15. ^ https://www.nytimes.com/elections/2014/oklahoma-elections
  16. ^ https://results.okelections.us/OKER/?elecDate=20181106
  17. ^ "Oklahoma Registration Statistics by County" (PDF). OK.gov (PDF). November 1, 2019. Retrieved June 13, 2020.
  18. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved March 29, 2018.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 35°29′N 97°32′W / 35.48°N 97.53°W / 35.48; -97.53