Clayton, Missouri

Clayton is a city in and the seat of St. Louis County, Missouri.[5] It borders the city of St. Louis. The population was 15,939 at the 2010 census.[6] Organized in 1877, the city was named after Ralph Clayton,[7] who donated the land for the St. Louis County courthouse.

Clayton
Clayton, Missouri
Downtown Clayton.jpg
Location in Missouri
Location in Missouri
U.S. Census Map
U.S. Census Map
Coordinates: 38°38′43″N 90°19′55″W / 38.64528°N 90.33194°W / 38.64528; -90.33194Coordinates: 38°38′43″N 90°19′55″W / 38.64528°N 90.33194°W / 38.64528; -90.33194
CountryUnited States
StateMissouri
CountySt. Louis
Settled1877
Incorporated1913
Government
 • TypeMayor-council city
 • MayorMichelle Harris
Area
 • Total2.51 sq mi (6.50 km2)
 • Land2.51 sq mi (6.50 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation564 ft (172 m)
Population
 • Total17,355
 • Density6,914/sq mi (2,670/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (Central)
ZIP code
63105
Area code(s)314
FIPS code29-14572[4]
GNIS feature ID0755896[2]
WebsiteCity of Clayton

GeographyEdit

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.48 square miles (6.42 km2), all land.[8]

CityscapeEdit

The architecture of central Clayton reflects its economic activity and eras of growth. An impressive collection of mid-century Modernist low and high rise structures contrast with earlier mansions, stores and flats.

View of Clayton skyline from Brentwood, October 2014.

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890402
19203,028
19309,613217.5%
194013,06936.0%
195016,03522.7%
196015,245−4.9%
197016,1005.6%
198014,219−11.7%
199013,874−2.4%
200012,825−7.6%
201015,93924.3%
202017,3558.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]

In the St. Louis region, Clayton is well known for housing a wealthy and educated young professional, often dual-income population.

2020 censusEdit

As of 2020, there were 17,355 people living in the city.[3] The racial makeup of the city was 71.4% White, 8.1% African American, 0.2% Native American, 12.9% Asian, 1.0% from other races, and 6.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.0% of the population.[10]

2010 censusEdit

As of the census[11] of 2010, there were 15,939 people, 5,322 households, and 2,921 families living in the city. The population density was 6,427.0 inhabitants per square mile (2,481.5/km2). There were 6,321 housing units at an average density of 2,548.8 per square mile (984.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 78.0% White, 8.2% African American, 0.2% Native American, 10.8% Asian, 0.4% from other races, and 2.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.1% of the population.

There were 5,322 households, of which 26.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.3% were married couples living together, 6.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 1.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 45.1% were non-families. 37.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.12 and the average family size was 2.86.

The median age in the city was 29.2 years. 15.8% of residents were under the age of 18; 27.6% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.3% were from 25 to 44; 21.6% were from 45 to 64; and 11.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 50.9% male and 49.1% female.

2000 censusEdit

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 12,825 people, 5,370 households, and 2,797 families living in the city. The population density was 5,164.4 people per square mile (1,996.7/km2). There were 5,852 housing units at an average density of 2,356.5 per square mile (911.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 84.94% White, 7.77% Black or African American, 0.12% Native American, 5.62% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.29% from other races, and 1.22% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.49% of the population.

There were 5,370 households, out of which 25.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.4% were married couples living together, 6.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 47.9% were non-families. 40.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.09 and the average family size was 2.90.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 20.1% under the age of 18, 10.7% from 18 to 24, 32.3% from 25 to 44, 22.6% from 45 to 64, and 14.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 100.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $64,184, and the median income for a family was $107,346. Males had a median income of $64,737 versus $42,757 for females. The per capita income for the city was $48,055. About 5.0% of families and 7.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.5% of those under age 18 and 3.2% of those age 65 or over.

GovernmentEdit

Clayton is governed via a six-member board of aldermen and a mayor. Aldermen are elected from one of three wards with each electing two members. The mayor is elected in a citywide vote. A city clerk is appointed by the Mayor and Board of Aldermen.[citation needed]

The town has a police department headed by Kevin R. Murphy.[12]

St. Louis County Jail is located in downtown Clayton.

EconomyEdit

Armstrong Teasdale, Caleres (owner of Famous Footwear and Shoes.com),[13] Cassidy Turley, Centene, Enterprise Rent-a-Car,[14] Graybar, Olin,[15] and Straub's Markets are headquartered in Clayton.[16][17] The unemployment rate in 2020 was 2.2%.[18]

Top employersEdit

According to the city's 2020 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[18] the top employers in the city are:

# Employer # of Employees
1 Centene 2,441
2 St. Louis County 1,573
3 Enterprise Holdings 956
4 Washington University 723
5 Commerce Bank 562
6 Caleres (Brown Shoe Co.) 503
7 School District of Clayton 486
8 Husch Blackwell 389
9 Ernst & Young 348
10 RubinBrown 332

NeighborhoodsEdit

The city's neighborhoods include Claverach Park, Clayton Gardens, Clayshire, DeMun, Davis Place, Hillcrest, Moorlands, Old Town, Tanglewood, Downtown Clayton, Polo, Wydown Forest, Wydown Terrace, Forsyth and Washington University.

CultureEdit

Clayton's downtown business district has numerous art galleries, boutiques, fine restaurants, and cafes with outdoor seating.[19] The city hosts major cultural and culinary events such as the St. Louis Art Fair and the Taste of Clayton food festival.[20]

TransportationEdit

Public transportationEdit

 
A Blue Line MetroLink train bound for Shrewsbury-Lansdowne I-44 station passes by downtown Clayton. The train is travelling in the median of Forest Park Parkway.

Clayton is served by the MetroLink light rail system. The city has two stations along the Blue Line: Clayton, and Forsyth. Metro also operates bus services in Clayton.

Major roads and highwaysEdit

Major roads and highways in Clayton include Interstate 170, Brentwood Boulevard, Hanley Road, and Forest Park Parkway.[21] Old Bonhomme (renamed Forsythe Boulevard when it changes from north–south to east–west direction) in North Clayton is an ancient Native American trail. Wydown Boulevard in Clayton was called one of the nation's most dignified streets in the AIA Architecture Guide to St. Louis.

Transit centersEdit

EducationEdit

UniversitiesEdit

Washington University in St. Louis is partially located in Clayton.[17][22] The city is also home to Fontbonne University and Concordia Seminary of the Lutheran Church–Missouri Synod.

Primary and secondary schoolsEdit

The city's public schools are operated by the School District of Clayton. Its three public elementary schools are Glenridge Elementary School in the Moorlands neighborhood, Captain Elementary School in the DeMun neighborhood near Concordia Seminary, and Meramec Elementary School in Davis Place. These schools feed into Wydown Middle School on Wydown Boulevard, across from Washington University, which feeds into Clayton High School, next to Shaw Park near downtown Clayton.

Several of Clayton's elementary schools have been closed or repurposed. Gay School is now the Clayton Family Center; Maryland School has been leased to a series of daycare/elementary organizations;[23] DeMun School burned in a fire and was replaced by Ralph M. Captain Elementary; and, after Brown v. Board of Education abolished segregated schools, Crispus Attucks School in downtown Clayton was demolished and replaced with an office building.[24]

Public librariesEdit

St. Louis County Library operates the Mid-County Branch in Clayton, which was rebuilt and reopened on September 4, 2020.[17][25][26]

Parks and recreationEdit

The 30-acre Shaw Park is the largest park in Clayton. The park hosts an Olympic-sized swimming pool, a kiddie pool, a diving pool with three platforms, 11 tennis courts, an ice rink, a baseball and soccer field, volleyball courts, handball courts, a sensory garden, a trail, a playground, and multiple pavilions. Clayton has an Independence Day celebration at the park, which adjoins Clayton High School.

The city's second-largest park is the 14.5-acre Oak Knoll Park, once home to the St. Louis area's foremost science museum.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 26, 2020.
  2. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Clayton, Missouri
  3. ^ a b "CINYC Maps". Retrieved 2021-08-24.
  4. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  6. ^ "Race, Hispanic or Latino, Age, and Housing Occupancy: 2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File (QT-PL), Clayton city, Missouri". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 19, 2011.
  7. ^ Eaton, David Wolfe (1918). How Missouri Counties, Towns and Streams Were Named. The State Historical Society of Missouri. p. 359.
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 1, 2012. Retrieved 2012-07-08.
  9. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved November 26, 2014.
  10. ^ "United States Census Bureau". Retrieved 2022-01-30.
  11. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-08.
  12. ^ Moore, Doug (18 July 2018). "10 black Washington U. students stopped by Clayton police, falsely accused of leaving IHOP without paying". St Louis Post-Dispatch. Retrieved 18 July 2018.
  13. ^ "We're Brown Shoe." Brown Shoe Company. Retrieved on January 23, 2010.
  14. ^ "Frequently Asked Questions Archived 2010-04-21 at the Wayback Machine." Enterprise Rent-a-Car. Retrieved on June 14, 2009.
  15. ^ Van Der Werf, Martin. "Isle of Capri will move HQ to Creve Coeur.", St. Louis Post-Dispatch. January 28, 2006. Third Edition, Business A31. Retrieved on August 19, 2009.
  16. ^ "Employment Opportunities." Straub's Markets. Retrieved on July 12, 2010. Archived September 26, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
  17. ^ a b c "Clayton city, Missouri Archived 2009-09-06 at the Wayback Machine." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on June 13, 2009.
  18. ^ a b "City of Clayton CAFR". City of Clayton. 2020-09-30. p. 104. Archived from the original on 2021-04-15.
  19. ^ Saint Louis – Clayton Business District
  20. ^ St. Louis Art Galleries - Clayton Business District
  21. ^ Retrieved on November 12, 2009 Archived June 25, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  22. ^ "Danforth Campus Map." Washington University in St. Louis. Retrieved on June 13, 2009.
  23. ^ Maryland School to Host Wilson Students Displaced by Fire - Schools - Clayton-Richmond Heights, MO Patch
  24. ^ Clayton History Society | History Of Clayton Schools
  25. ^ "Mid-County Branch Archived 2009-07-29 at the Wayback Machine." St. Louis County Library. Retrieved on August 18, 2009.
  26. ^ Henderson, Jane. "New Mid-County library to open Sept. 4 in Clayton". STLtoday.com. Retrieved 2020-10-19.

External linksEdit