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Clayton is a city in and the county seat of St. Louis County, Missouri, United States, and borders the city of St. Louis. The population was 15,939 at the 2010 census. The city was organized in 1877 and is named after Ralph Clayton, who donated the land for the courthouse. The city is known for its multiple skyscrapers in its business district.
Location in Missouri
U.S. Census Map
|• Type||Mayor-council city|
|• Total||2.48 sq mi (6.42 km2)|
|• Land||2.48 sq mi (6.42 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Elevation||568 ft (173 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||6,400/sq mi (2,500/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-6 (Central)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-5 (Central)|
|GNIS feature ID||0755896|
|Website||City of Clayton|
The architecture of central Clayton reflects its economic activity and eras of growth. An impressive collection of mid-century Modernist low and high rise structures contrast with earlier mansions, stores and flats.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
In the St. Louis region, Clayton is well known for housing a wealthy and educated young professional, often dual-income population.
As of the census of 2010, there were 15,939 people, 5,322 households, and 2,921 families residing in the city. The population density was 6,427.0 inhabitants per square mile (2,481.5/km2). There were 6,321 housing units at an average density of 2,548.8 per square mile (984.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 78.0% White, 8.2% African American, 0.2% Native American, 10.8% Asian, 0.4% from other races, and 2.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.1% of the population.
There were 5,322 households of which 26.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.3% were married couples living together, 6.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 1.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 45.1% were non-families. 37.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.12 and the average family size was 2.86.
The median age in the city was 29.2 years. 15.8% of residents were under the age of 18; 27.6% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.3% were from 25 to 44; 21.6% were from 45 to 64; and 11.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 50.9% male and 49.1% female.
In 2012, the median income per household was $87,756, up from $64,184 in 2010.
As of the census of 2000, there were 12,825 people, 5,370 households, and 2,797 families residing in the city. The population density was 5,164.4 people per square mile (1,996.7/km²). There were 5,852 housing units at an average density of 2,356.5 per square mile (911.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 84.94% White, 7.77% Black or African American, 0.12% Native American, 5.62% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.29% from other races, and 1.22% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.49% of the population.
There were 5,370 households out of which 25.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.4% were married couples living together, 6.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 47.9% were non-families. 40.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.09 and the average family size was 2.90.
In the city, the population was spread out with 20.1% under the age of 18, 10.7% from 18 to 24, 32.3% from 25 to 44, 22.6% from 45 to 64, and 14.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 100.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.0 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $64,184, and the median income for a family was $107,346. Males had a median income of $64,737 versus $42,757 for females. The per capita income for the city was $48,055. About 5.0% of families and 7.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.5% of those under age 18 and 3.2% of those age 65 or over.
Clayton is governed via six member board of aldermen and a mayor. Aldermen are elected from one of three wards with each electing two members. The mayor is elected in a citywide vote. A city clerk is appointed by the Mayor and Board of Aldermen.
The town has a police department headed by Kevin R. Murphy.
Armstrong Teasdale, Caleres (owner of Famous Footwear and Shoes.com), Centene, Enterprise Rent-a-Car, Cassidy Turley, Olin, and Straub's Markets are headquartered in Clayton. The unemployment rate in 2012 is 3.4%.
According to the City's 2015 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city are:
|#||Employer||# of Employees|
|1||St. Louis County||2,005|
|5||Caleres (Brown Shoe Co.)||715|
|7||School District of Clayton||438|
|9||Sheraton Clayton Plaza Hotel||414|
The city's neighborhoods include Claverach Park, Clayton Gardens, Clayshire, DeMun, Davis Place, Hillcrest, Moorlands, Old Town, Tanglewood, Downtown Clayton, Polo, Wydown Forest, Wydown Terrace, Forsyth and Washington University.
Clayton's downtown business district has numerous art galleries, boutiques, fine restaurants, and cafes with outdoor seating. The city hosts major cultural and culinary events such as the St. Louis Art Fair and the Taste of Clayton food festival.
Major roads and highwaysEdit
Major roads and highways in Clayton include Interstate 170, Brentwood Boulevard, Hanley Road, and Forest Park Parkway. Old Bonhomme (renamed Forsythe Boulevard when it changes from North-South to East-West direction) in North Clayton is an ancient Native American trail. Wydown Boulevard in Clayton was called one of the nation's most dignified streets in the AIA Architecture Guide to St. Louis.
Primary and secondary schoolsEdit
The School District of Clayton operates public schools. There are three public elementary schools in Clayton, each feeding into the middle and high schools. There is Glenridge Elementary School, located in the Moorlands neighborhood, Captain Elementary School in the DeMun neighborhood near Concordia Seminary, and Meramec Elementary School in Davis Place. All three of these schools feed into Wydown Middle School, located on Wydown Boulevard, across from Washington University. This, in turn, feeds into Clayton High School, which is located next to Shaw Park, near downtown Clayton. Several of Clayton's elementary schools have been closed and/or repurposed. Gay School is now the Clayton Family Center, Maryland School has been leased to a series of daycare/elementary organizations, DeMun School burned in a fire and was replaced by Ralph M. Captain Elementary, and in the wake of the Brown v. Board of Education case abolishing segregated schools, Crispus Attucks School was closed and demolished (an office building was constructed on its former grounds in downtown Clayton).
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