Claudia de' Medici

Claudia de' Medici (4 June 1604 – 25 December 1648) was Regent of the Austrian County of Tyrol during the minority of her son from 1632 until 1646. She was a daughter of Ferdinando I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany and Christina of Lorraine.[1] She was born in Florence, and was named after her grandmother Claude of Valois, herself granddaughter of Claude, Duchess of Brittany, consort to King Francis I of France.

Claudia de' Medici
Archduchess of Austria & Countess of Tyrol
Duchess of Urbino
Justus Sustermans - Claudia de' Medici, 1626, Appartamenti reali, Pitti.jpg
Born(1604-06-04)4 June 1604
Palazzo Pitti, Florence, Tuscany
Died25 December 1648(1648-12-25) (aged 44)
Palace of Innsbruck, HRE
SpouseFederico della Rovere, Duke of Urbino
Leopold V, Archduke of Austria
IssueVittoria, Grand Duchess of Tuscany
Archduke Ferdinand Charles
Isabella Clara, Duchess of Mantua
Archduke Sigismund Francis
Maria Leopoldine, Holy Roman Empress
Claudia de' Medici
HouseHouse of Medici
FatherFerdinando I de' Medici
MotherChristina of Lorraine


Duchess of UrbinoEdit

In 1620, she married Federico Ubaldo della Rovere, the only son of Francesco Maria II della Rovere, Duke of Urbino.[2] Their only child, Vittoria, went on to marry the Grand Duke of Tuscany.[2] Federico Ubaldo della Rovere died suddenly on 29 June 1623.[3]

Archduchess of TyrolEdit

After her husband's premature death, she was married, on 19 April 1626, to Leopold V, Archduke of Austria, and thus became Archduchess consort of Austria.[4]

Regent of TyrolEdit

On the death of her husband in 1632, she assumed a regency in the name of her son Ferdinand Charles who was the ruler of the Princely County of Tyrol. Claudia, along with five directors, held the post until 1646. She died at Innsbruck in 1648.[5]


She had one child by Federico Ubaldo della Rovere:

  1. Vittoria della Rovere (1622–1694) married Ferdinando II de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany,[2]

She had five children by Leopold V:

  1. Maria Eleonora of Austria (1627–1629) died in infancy.
  2. Ferdinand Charles of Austria (1628–1662) married Anna de' Medici[1]
  3. Isabella Clara of Austria (1629–1685), who married Charles III, Duke of Mantua and had issue.
  4. Sigismund Francis of Austria (1630–1665), Count of Tyrol and Regent of Further Austria, who married Countess Palatine Maria Hedwig Auguste of Sulzbach (1650–1681) and had no issue.
  5. Maria Leopoldine of Austria (1632–1649),[6] who married Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand III (1608–1657)[7]



  1. ^ a b Ward, Prothero & Leathes 1911, p. table 69.
  2. ^ a b c Sarti 2016, p. 54.
  3. ^ Clough 1981, p. 185.
  4. ^ Sandbichler 2017, p. 258.
  5. ^ Crinò 1976, p. 410.
  6. ^ Polleross 2012, p. 360-361.
  7. ^ Bireley 2014, p. 315.


  • Bireley, Robert (2014). Ferdinand II, Counter-Reformation Emperor, 1578-1637. Cambridge University Press.
  • Clough, Cecil H. (1981). The Duchy of Urbino in the Renaissance. Variorum Reprints.
  • Crinò, Anna Maria (1976). "Un quadro incompiuto di Guido Reni". Mitteilungen des Kunsthistorischen Institutes in Florenz. 20. Bd., H. 3: 410-411.
  • Polleross, Friedrich (2012). "Portraiture at the Imperial Court in the First Half of the 17th Century". In Evans, R.J.W.; Wilson, Peter H. (eds.). The Holy Roman Empire, 1495-1806: A European Perspective. Brill. p. 349-366.
  • Sandbichler, Veronika (2017). "Permanent places for festivals at the Habsburg court in Innsbruck: the 'comedy houses' of 1628 and 1654". In Mulryne, J.R.; De Jonge, Krista; Martens, Pieter; Morris, R.L.M. (eds.). Architectures of Festival in Early Modern Europe: Fashioning and Re-fashioning Urban and Courtly Space. Routledge. p. 257-298.
  • Sarti, Raffaella (2016). "Renaissance graffiti: the case of the Ducal Palace of Urbino". In Cavallo, Sandra; Evangelisti, Silvia (eds.). Domestic Institutional Interiors in Early Modern Europe. Routledge. p. 51-82.
  • Ward, A.W.; Prothero, G.W.; Leathes, Stanley, eds. (1911). The Cambridge Modern History. Vol. XIII. Cambridge at the University Press. |volume= has extra text (help)

External linksEdit

  Media related to Claudia de' Medici at Wikimedia Commons