Fadrique Álvarez de Toledo, 2nd Duke of Alba

Fadrique Álvarez de Toledo y Enríquez, 2nd Duke of Alva (in full, Spanish: Don Fadrique Álvarez de Toledo y Enríquez de Quiñones, segundo Duque de Alba de Tormes, segundo marqués de Coria, conde de Salvatierra, señor del estado de Valdecorneja y del estado de Huéscar) (c. 1460 – 19 October 1531) was a Spanish nobleman, military leader and politician.

Fadrique Álvarez de Toledo y Enríquez
2nd Duke of Alva
Cristofano dell'Altissimo - Fadrique Álvarez de Toledo y Enríquez.jpg
Bornc. 1460
Died(1531-10-19)19 October 1531
Noble familyHouse of Alba
Spouse(s)Isabel de Zúñiga
FatherGarcía Álvarez de Toledo, 1st Duke of Alba
MotherMaría Enríquez de Quiñones

Life and careerEdit

He was the eldest son of García Álvarez de Toledo, 1st Duke of Alba, and his wife, María Enríquez de Quiñones, daughter of Fadrique Enríquez de Mendoza and younger half-sister to Juana Enríquez, Queen of Aragon.

Fadrique was very close to the Catholic Monarchs. His father had fought in the War of the Castilian Succession on the side of the future Queen Isabella I of Castille against her niece Juana la Beltraneja, and his mother was the younger half-sister of Juana Enríquez y Fernandez de Cordoba, making him the first cousin of Ferdinand II of Aragon.

He participated in the conquest of Granada, and already as Duke, he led the Spanish army against the French in Roussillon in 1503. When Ferdinand II as regent of Castilla, decided to invade and conquer the Kingdom of Navarre, supported by a Papal bull, he put the Duke of Alva at the head of his army. Fadrique conquered Navarre in only two weeks time. As a reward, he was promoted to capitan general of Andalucía and Duke of Huescar in 1513.

He was also a member of the Consejo de Estado under Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor. He accompanied the Emperor to Germany, Flanders and Italy and was made in 1520 a grandee of Spain and a knight in the Order of the Golden Fleece.

He married Isabel de Zúñiga (1470-after 1520), Condesa de Sevilla, in 1480 and had five children. His eldest son García was destined to be his successor, but predeceased his father, passing the title of third Duke of Alva to Fadrique's grandson, the famous Iron Duke Fernando Álvarez de Toledo y Pimentel.

His offspring:

Additional informationEdit

See alsoEdit


  • Hobbs, Nicolas (2007). "Grandes de España" (in Spanish). Retrieved 15 October 2008.
  • Instituto de Salazar y Castro. Elenco de Grandezas y Titulos Nobiliarios Españoles (in Spanish). periodic publication.
Fadrique Álvarez de Toledo, 2nd Duke of Alba
Born: c. 1460 Died: 1531
Spanish nobility
Preceded by Duke of Alba
Succeeded by