Francis I, Duke of Lorraine

Francis I (French: François Ier de Lorraine) (23 August 1517 – 12 June 1545) was Duke of Lorraine from 1544–1545.

Francis I
Duke of Lorraine and Bar
François Ier duc de Lorraine.jpg
Duke of Lorraine
Reign1544 – 1545
PredecessorAntoine
SuccessorCharles III
Born(1517-08-23)23 August 1517
Nancy, France
Died12 June 1545(1545-06-12) (aged 27)
Remiremont, France
Spouse
(m. 1541)
Issue
HouseLorraine
FatherAntoine, Duke of Lorraine
MotherRenée de Bourbon-Montpensier

HistoryEdit

Born in Nancy, Francis was the eldest son of Antoine, Duke of Lorraine and Renée de Bourbon,[1] daughter of Gilbert de Bourbon, Count of Montpensier. He was briefly engaged in the mid-1530s to Anne of Cleves,[2] who in 1540 would become the fourth wife of King Henry VIII of England. Their betrothal would be used by Henry to break his marriage to Anne after six short months.

On 10 July 1541, Francis married Princess Christina of Denmark in Brussels.[1] Princess Christina was a daughter of King Christian II and Isabella of Burgundy (who had herself been a potential bride of Henry VIII). Francis died at Remiremont in 1545, leaving Christina as the Regent of Lorraine and as the guardian of their young children.

ChildrenEdit

By Christina of Denmark (c.1521 – 1590; married in 1541)

Name Birth Death Notes
Charles 1543 1608 married Claude of Valois and had issue.[1]
Renata 1544 1602 married William V, Duke of Bavaria and had issue.[3]
Dorothea 1545 1621 married in 1575, Eric II, Duke of Calenberg[4]

AncestryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Carroll 2009, p. 310.
  2. ^ Warnicke 2017, p. 34.
  3. ^ Thomas 2010, p. 148.
  4. ^ Sidney 2012, p. 513.

SourcesEdit

  • Carroll, Stuart (2009). Martyrs and Murderers: The Guise Family and the Making of Europe. Oxford University Press.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Sidney, Philip (2012). Kuin, Roger (ed.). The Correspondence of Sir Philip Sidney. Vol. 1. Oxford University Press.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Thomas, Andrew L. (2010). A House Divided: Wittelsbach Confessional Court Cultures in the Holy Roman Empire, c.1550-1650. Brill.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Warnicke, Retha M. (2017). Elizabeth of York and Her Six Daughters-in-Law: Fashioning Tudor Queenship, 1485-1547. Palgrave Macmillan.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)

See alsoEdit

Francis I, Duke of Lorraine
Born: 23 August 1517 Died: 12 June 1545
Preceded by
Anthony
Duke of Lorraine and Bar and Marquis of Pont-à-Mousson
1544–1545
Succeeded by
Charles III