Claremorris (//; Irish: Clár Chlainne Mhuiris) is a town in County Mayo in the west of Ireland, at the junction of the N17 and the N60 national routes. Claremorris is the fastest growing town in County Mayo. There was a 31% increase in the town's population between 2006 and 2011 and a 23% increase between 2002 and 2006. The population of Claremorris in the 2016 Census was 3,687, rising from 3,412 in the 2011 Census.
Clár Chlainne Mhuiris
|Country||Republic of Ireland|
|Elevation||73 m (240 ft)|
|Time zone||UTC±0 (WET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+1 (IST)|
|Eircode routing key|
|Telephone area code||+353(0)94|
|Irish Grid Reference|
The town sits at the bottom of a valley, all roads leading to the town follow hills, in particular the old Knock road (known as the Knock hill) and Courthouse road. Although low-lying, the town does not experience flooding. There is no major river through the town although there are two lakes in the town centre: Clare Lake where the 'Land of the Giants' amenity is located and Mayfield Lake.
The town derived its name from Maurice de Prendergast, a Norman who came to Ireland in 1169.
The town was established during the 18th century. In 1822 the Roman Catholic Chapel was built, which was later demolished to make way for the town hall. The present Roman Catholic Church St Colman's Church, was built in 1911. St. John's Anglican Church, now the town library, was built in 1828.
The main landlord family in Claremorris was the Browne family, one of whom, the Hon. Denis Browne (1760-1828), was High Sheriff of Mayo during the Irish Rebellion of 1798 and acquired the nickname of "Donnchadha an Ropa" (Denis the Rope) as a result of his treatment of captured Irish patriots.
In April 2011, Claremorris had a total population of 3,412 people, consisting of 1,577 males and 1,835 females. 23.1% percent of the population were non-Irish nationals and 96.1% of the resident population had lived at the same address the year before. There were 2,945 Roman Catholics in the area at the time of census making it the largest religion in the area.
Genealogical records for Claremorris consist of Roman Catholic church records of marriage which commenced in 1805 and baptisms which commenced in 1825. Church of Ireland records consist of baptisms from 1834 onwards, marriages from 1846 onwards and burials from 1878 onwards. These are held at the South Mayo Family Research Centre in Ballinrobe.
Retail outlets in the area include the Silverbridge Shopping Centre. Supermarkets in the town include Aldi, Supervalu and Tesco.
There are three hotels including the four-star McWilliam Park Hotel, which opened in 2006. The town also has several restaurants and many pubs. The town has two nightclubs; Rumours and Diceys.
A swimming pool and leisure centre opened on 1 September 2009. A Garda Station opened in 2008.
There are two secondary schools: St. Colman's College for boys and Mount St. Michaels for girls. There are also two primary schools; Scoil Mhuire Gan Smál and Claremorris Boys N.S.. Gaelscoil Uileog de Búrca, in nearby Loughanamon, provides primary education through the Irish language.
Local events include Claremorris Open Exhibition (an annual arts exhibition in the town held since 1978), and the Claremorris Drama Festival (an annual drama festival held since 1970).
McMahon Park - Clare Lake is located just beside the town. It has tree-lined walks, angling platforms and areas suitable for picnicking. It's also home to Land of the Giants, a children's attraction.
There is a number of sporting clubs including:
- Claremorris GAA, compete at levels from under-10s up to senior in both men's and ladies' competitions. The club have been Mayo senior hurling champions twice (1968 and 1971) and senior county Gaelic football champions four times (1961, 1964, 1965 and 1971).
- A swimming club trains at the Claremorris Leisure Centre, and incorporates water polo. The club was the first from Connacht to win the all-Ireland under 16 & under 19 boys championships, as well as being the first club to win the inaugural girls under-16 and under-19 championships.
- The Claremorris Leisure Centre opened in 2009 and has a 25-metre, 6 lane, short course competition pool. It also has a gymnasium and fitness studio.
- A soccer club trains and plays matches at Concannon park.
- There is a local 18-hole golf course outside Claremorris on the Galway Road.
- An athletics club trains on a newly developed mondo athletics track.
- Claremorris Colts RFC was established in 2009 and meets at the Mount St Michael Convent Girls School pitch. The club has teams in underage grades. In April 2012 Claremorris Colts RFC was awarded the title of 'Club of the Year 2012' by the Connacht Branch of the IRFU.
The town was once a major traffic bottleneck.
Claremorris ground to a halt every afternoon, (particularly Fridays), when the busy N17 slowly negotiated the old bank corner which consisted of a sharp right hand bend. By the late 1990s, over 13,000 vehicles were trundling through the town daily.
In 1994 a design for the bypass was completed by Mayo County Council, the CPO went ahead in 1995. Followed by a 3-year wait for funding allocation for the scheme. Eventually in 1998 the go ahead was given and construction of the bypass commenced. The N17 bypass opened in July 2001 to the relief of thousands of motorists. Journey times at peak periods were reduced by 30 minutes on the Galway/Sligo route after the opening. The project was built as a grade separated single carriageway (motorway style interchanges) which is unusual for single carriageway bypasses in Ireland. The new 16 km road bypassed one of Irelands most treacherous national routes, the original 7 mile stretch between Claremorris and Knock had a very high accident rate due to its poor alignment. The busy N60 still passes through the town via an inner relief road. A second bypass for the town is included in the proposed new N60 road to Castlebar, in 2011 the NRA suspended this road development due to government cutbacks.
Claremorris railway station is served by the Dublin Galway/Westport line as well as the Ballina Branch Line to Ballina. There is currently a campaign underway to open the Western Railway Corridor through Claremorris linking Limerick to Sligo. The Claremorris-Tuam phase was due to open in 2014 but is indefinitely postponed.
Claremorris is home to one of Ireland's eight inland weather observing stations, located 2 kilometres from the town centre. It began recording weather in November 1943 and was run and staffed by a local family. During WWII Ireland provided detailed weather reports to the Allies. Weather reports from Claremorris and Blacksod Lighthouse (located on the west coast of Mayo) played a significant factor in selecting the date of launch for the invasion of France (D Day) on 6 June 1944. Many will remember the weather expert in the film "The Longest Day", imparting this information to Gen. Eisenhower and the Joint Chiefs of Staff. In 1949 it was decided that the Irish Meteorological Service needed observations on an hourly basis from inland stations like Claremorris. It was decided to staff the station with full-time permanent personnel. In 1996 staff were relocated to Ireland West Airport Knock and it now operates automatically with data uploaded to Dublin .
Claremorris has a temperate oceanic climate with cold winters and warm damp summers. The coldest months being January and February and the wettest being December and October. Claremorris received roughly 1,500 hours of sunshine in 2010. Climate in this area has mild differences between highs and lows, and there is adequate rainfall year-round. The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Cfb" (Marine West Coast Climate/Oceanic climate).
|Climate data for Claremorris (1971-2000, extremes 1943–present)|
|Record high °C (°F)||15.7
|Average high °C (°F)||7.5
|Daily mean °C (°F)||4.6
|Average low °C (°F)||1.7
|Record low °C (°F)||−15.7
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||127.9
|Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm)||21||18||21||16||16||15||17||18||18||21||21||22||224|
|Average snowy days||5.7||4.4||3.8||1.6||0.2||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.1||1.2||3.1||20.0|
|Average relative humidity (%) (at 15:00 LST)||85.6||79.8||75.7||67.9||68.0||71.1||73.2||73.4||74.7||80.2||84.4||88.1||76.8|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||40.3||53.7||80.6||129.0||155.0||132.0||114.7||117.8||96.0||74.4||51.0||27.9||1,072.4|
|Mean daily sunshine hours||1.3||1.9||2.6||4.3||5.0||4.4||3.7||3.8||3.2||2.4||1.7||0.9||2.9|
|Source: Met Éireann|
Claremorris is the birthplace of:
- John Cardinal D'Alton, Primate of All Ireland and Archbishop of Armagh, 1946–1963
- Sir John Gray, physician, surgeon, journalist, newspaper proprietor, and MP for Kilkenny City
- Conor Maguire, lawyer, revolutionary, Sinn Féin and Fianna Fáil politician, Attorney General, Chief Justice of Ireland, Judge at the European Court of Human Rights, Chairman Irish Red Cross.
- Delia Murphy, Singer and collector of Irish Ballads. Known as the "Queen Of Connemara".
- Edward Delaney, Sculptor
- Professor John Hegarty, 44th Provost of Trinity College, Dublin
- Patrick Cassidy, orchestral, choral, and film score composer
- Lucinda Creighton, formerly a T.D. and formerly Minister of State for European Affairs
- Catherine Noone, formerly a Fine Gael Senator
- Pat Rabbitte, formerly a T.D. who formerly served as a Cabinet minister in the Irish Government. He is also a former Leader of the Labour Party of Ireland.
- Greg Maher
- "Sapmap Area - Settlements - Claremorris". Census 2016. Central Statistics Office. April 2016. Retrieved 8 September 2019.
- "Claremorris Area Profile" (PDF). Central Statistics Office. Retrieved 25 January 2020.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 17 February 2012. Retrieved 2013-03-24.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Lee, JJ (1981). "On the accuracy of the Pre-famine Irish censuses". In Goldstrom, J. M.; Clarkson, L. A. (eds.). Irish Population, Economy, and Society: Essays in Honour of the Late K. H. Connell. Oxford, England: Clarendon Press.
- Mokyr, Joel; O Grada, Cormac (November 1984). "New Developments in Irish Population History, 1700-1850". The Economic History Review. 37 (4): 473–488. doi:10.1111/j.1468-0289.1984.tb00344.x. hdl:10197/1406. Archived from the original on 4 December 2012.
- "Land of the Giants". Sport Ireland. Retrieved 29 March 2021.
- "Land of the Giants". Mayo Walks. Retrieved 29 March 2021.
- "A walk in McMahon Park, Claremorris". MAYO.ME. 11 August 2017. Retrieved 29 March 2021.
- Claremorris Leisure Centre
- "Met Éireann". Claremorris History. Archived from the original on 20 October 2006. Retrieved 4 March 2007.
- Climate Summary for Claremorris
- "Claremorris 1971–2000 averages". Met Éireann. Retrieved 27 May 2015.
- "Absolute Maximum Air Temperatures for each Month at Selected Stations" (PDF). Met Éireann. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 27 May 2015.
- "Absolute Minimum Air Temperatures for each Month at Selected Stations" (PDF). Met Éireann. Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 January 2017. Retrieved 27 May 2015.
- "Dictionary of Irish Biography - Cambridge University Press". dib.cambridge.org. Retrieved 29 March 2021.
- The Gray Family of Claremorris, Co. Mayo, Thomas Ormsby Ruttledge, in The Irish Genealogist 7, 1989
- "Murphy, Delia | Dictionary of Irish Biography". www.dib.ie. Retrieved 29 March 2021.
- "Dictionary of Irish Biography - Cambridge University Press". dib.cambridge.org. Retrieved 30 March 2021.
- "JOHN HEGARTY THE CV". independent. Retrieved 29 March 2021.
- "Patrick Cassidy". Contemporary Music Centre. 20 September 2018. Retrieved 29 March 2021.
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