Met Éireann (Irish pronunciation: [mʲɛtʲ ˈeːɾʲən̪ˠ]; meaning "Met of Ireland") is the national meteorological service in Ireland, part of the Department of Housing, Planning, Community and Local Government.
|Headquarters||Meteorological Centre, 65–67 Glasnevin Hill, Dublin 9, D09 Y921|
|Parent department||Department of the Environment, Community and Local Government|
The history of modern meteorology in Ireland dates back to 8 October 1860, when the first weather observations were transmitted from Valentia Observatory on Valentia Island in County Kerry to the British Meteorological Office. A network of weather stations was established around the coasts of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
Following Irish independence in 1922, the Irish Free State continued to rely on the British Met Office for weather services, and the Met Office continued to administer the weather stations around Ireland. With the advent of transatlantic air services in the 1930s, it was decided that Ireland needed its own weather service to provide detailed aviation weather reports.
In 1936, the Irish Meteorological Service was set up with its headquarters in St. Andrew's Street, Dublin. In 1937 it took over the network of weather stations from the British Met Office. On the date of transfer, the Irish weather observation network consisted of the following stations:
- Valentia Observatory, then the only permanently manned weather station
- 4 telegraphic stations (at Malin Head, Blacksod Point, Roches Point and Birr)
- 18 climatological stations
- 172 rainfall stations
At first, the new weather service was bolstered by Met Office employees seconded from London, but by 1941 they were able to depend on their own resources. During the Emergency (as the Second World War was referred to in neutral Ireland), the Irish Meteorological Service supplied the Allies with weather information despite Ireland's neutrality. The decision to go ahead with the D-day landings was made following a favourable weather report from the Blacksod Point weather station in County Mayo.
The service expanded rapidly in the post-war years, with its headquarters relocating to O'Connell Street, opposite the Gresham Hotel in Dublin. The service began supplying forecasts to Radio Éireann from 1948, to daily newspapers from 1952, to television from shortly after the first Raidió Teilifís Éireann television broadcasts in 1962, and recorded telephone forecasts in the 1960s. Ireland joined the World Meteorological Organisation in the 1950s, and was a founder member of the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts in 1975 and EUMETSAT in 1983.
In 1979, the service moved to new purpose-built premises in Glasnevin, Dublin, designed by Liam McCormick (primarily known for his ecclesiastical buildings in Northern Ireland). In 1996 the service was renamed to Met Éireann.
Met Éireann uses the HIRLAM weather model for short-term forecasts (up to 48 hours). This model is developed cooperatively by multiple European weather services. Met Éireann runs a 10 km resolution HIRLAM model four times daily. The operational running of this model has been managed by the Irish Centre for High-End Computing (ICHEC) since 2005. Met Éireann and ICHEC are working on bring a 5 km resolution HIRLAM model into production by the end of 2010.[needs update]
For medium-term forecasts (between 48 hours and approximately two weeks), Ireland, along with 17 other European countries, relies on forecasts provided by the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts in the United Kingdom.
- Belmullet, County Mayo
- Ballyhaise, County Cavan
- Gurteen, County Tipperary
- Claremorris, County Mayo
- Roches Point, County Cork
- Sherkin Island, County Cork
- Mace Head, County Galway
- Ballyhaise, Co. Cavan
- Oak Park, Carlow, Co. Carlow
- Malin Head, County Donegal
- Mullingar, County Westmeath
- Johnstown Castle, Co. Wexford
- Valentia Observatory, Cahirciveen, County Kerry
The service also runs many more automated observation stations around the country, including –
- Moorepark, Fermoy, County Cork
- Grange, Dunsany, County Meath
- Mount Dillon, County Longford
- Markree Castle, County Sligo
- Finner Camp, County Donegal
- Athenry, County Galway
As Ireland is strategically located on the busy air routes between North America and Europe, aviation forecasting is an important part of Met Éireann's work. In 2005, the service received payments of €7.8 million from the Eurocontrol air traffic control authority. Aviation weather offices are located at Casement Aerodrome, Cork Airport, Dublin Airport, Ireland West Airport Knock and Shannon Airport.
- Our History – About Us – Met Éireann — Met Éireann website, retrieved 29 November 2006.
- page 180, Duggan, John P. "Herr Hempel at the German Legation in Dublin 1937 – 1945" (Irish Academic Press) 2003 ISBN 0-7165-2746-4. (Review)
- Sticks to satellites RTÉ. Retrieved: 2014-03-31.
- ICHEC Testimonial Archived 13 June 2010 at the Wayback Machine page 3, Ray McGrath, Head of Research and Applications Division, Met Éireann, retrieved 22 July 2010.
- "Met Éireann Annual Report 2005" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 May 2012. Retrieved 31 December 2006.
- Named for its original location on Valentia Island, County Kerry. Moved to its current location on the mainland in 1892. .