Circuit intendant of Shanghai
The circuit intendant or daotai of Shanghai, also formerly romanized as taotai or tao tai, was an imperial Chinese official who oversaw the circuit of Shanghai, then part of Jiangsu Province, in the Qing Empire. He oversaw the area's courts, law enforcement, civic defense, canals, and customs collection. As well as areas within modern Shanghai, his remit also included Qidong in present-day Jiangsu.
|Circuit intendant of Shanghai|
The original seat of the circuit was at Taicang. It was moved to Shanghai in the 18th century. The first foreign settlement in Shanghai, the British Concession, was established by the Land Regulations (土地章程) undertaken on the initiative of the intendant Gong Mujiu. His was the one who signed it on behalf of the Qing government on 29 November 1845. Lin Gui approved the British consul Rutherford Alcock's proposal to extend the British boundary west from Barrier Road (界路, today's Henan Rd.) to Thibet Road (泥城浜, now Xizang Rd.) on 27 November 1848. On 6 April 1849, he signed the agreement with Charles de Montigny formalizing and delineating the city's French Concession. An intendant was also involved with the establishment of the Shanghai International Settlement upon the merging of the British and American settlements in 1863.
The intendants of the 1870s and '80s resisted French plans to expand their concession southwest, particularly the construction of a road through Shanghai's Ningbo Cemetery to connect the French Concession with Xujiahui (then "Siccawei"). One of the intendants in the 1890s finally yielded upon an agreement by the French to pay the duly assessed value of the land condemned, but the demolition of the cemetery walls in July 1898 prompted riots which killed twelve and the landing of French troops to protect the construction workers.
|1735||Li Shan||礼山||Manchu army|
|1748||Zhu Lin||朱霖||Manchu army||Acting|
|1843||Gong Mujiu||宫慕久||Dongping in Shandong|
|March 1847||Xian Ling||咸龄|
|April 1848||Wu Jianzhang||吴健彰||Xiangshan in Guangdong||Acting|
|August 1851||Wu Jianzhang||吴健彰||Xiangshan in Guangdong||Acting|
|August 1854||Lan Weiwen||蓝蔚雯||Acting|
|October 1857||Xue Huan||薛焕|
|July 1864||Ding Richang||丁日昌|
|September 1865||Ying Baoshi||应宝时|
|May 1877||Liu Ruifen||刘瑞芬|
|April 1882||Shao Youlian||邵友濂|
|October 1896||Lü Haihuan||吕海寰|
|July 1897||Cai Jun||蔡钧|
|April 1899||Li Guangjiu||李光久|
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