History and profileEdit
Circoli was started in Genoa in 1931. Adriano Grande, an Italian poet, was the founder of the magazine, which intended to be the successor of Solaria, a literary magazine published in Turin and Florentine. Circoli was subtitled Rivista di Poesi (Poetry Magazine) and was published on a bimonthly basis.
Grande was also the director of the magazine, which published translations of the work by international authors, among the others. Attilio Bertolucci and Salvatore Quasimodo were some of the contributors to the magazine. During its existence the magazine was supported by the press office. In 1936 the magazine was closed down.
- "Recent Magazines". Poetry. 43 (6): 43. March 1934. JSTOR 20579392.
- "Adriano Grande". Oxford Reference.
- Massimiliano Manganelli (2002). "Grande, Adriano". Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani. 58.
- Simone Castaldi (2010). Drawn and Dangerous: Italian Comics of the 1970s and 1980s. Univ. Press of Mississippi. p. 55. ISBN 978-1-60473-777-6.
- Ruth Ben-Ghiat (September 1995). "Fascism, Writing, and Memory: The Realist Aesthetic in Italy, 1930-1950" (PDF). The Journal of Modern History. 67 (3): 627–665. doi:10.1086/245175.
- "Book presentation and readings". Italian Cultural Institute in New York. 27 October 2014. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 2 May 2015.