Circoli was an Italian language bimonthly literary magazine published in Genoa, Italy, between 1931 and 1936. It was described as one of the most distinguished European magazines in 1934.[1]

CategoriesLiterary magazine
FounderAdriano Grande
Year founded1931
Final issue1936
Based inGenoa

History and profileEdit

Circoli was started in Genoa in 1931.[2][3] Adriano Grande, an Italian poet, was the founder of the magazine,[2] which intended to be the successor of Solaria, a literary magazine published in Turin and Florentine.[3] Circoli was subtitled Rivista di Poesi (Poetry Magazine) and was published on a bimonthly basis.[1]

Grande was also the director of the magazine, which published translations of the work by international authors, among the others.[4][5] Attilio Bertolucci and Salvatore Quasimodo were some of the contributors to the magazine.[6] During its existence the magazine was supported by the press office.[5] In 1936 the magazine was closed down.[2]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b "Recent Magazines". Poetry. 43 (6): 43. March 1934. JSTOR 20579392.
  2. ^ a b c "Adriano Grande". Oxford Reference.
  3. ^ a b Massimiliano Manganelli (2002). "Grande, Adriano". Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani. 58.
  4. ^ Simone Castaldi (2010). Drawn and Dangerous: Italian Comics of the 1970s and 1980s. Univ. Press of Mississippi. p. 55. ISBN 978-1-60473-777-6.
  5. ^ a b Ruth Ben-Ghiat (September 1995). "Fascism, Writing, and Memory: The Realist Aesthetic in Italy, 1930-1950" (PDF). The Journal of Modern History. 67 (3): 627–665. doi:10.1086/245175.
  6. ^ "Book presentation and readings". Italian Cultural Institute in New York. 27 October 2014. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 2 May 2015.