Church of Quinchao

The Iglesia de Quinchao (Church of Quinchao) is located in the village of Quinchao, in the Chiloé Province, Los Lagos Region, Chile. It is one of the main stops on a pilgrimage path on Chiloé.

Church of Quinchao
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Iglesia de Quinchao restaurada.jpg
Church of Quinchao in mid-2011, following its restoration
LocationQuinchao Island, Quinchao, Chiloé Province, Los Lagos Region, Chile
Part ofChurches of Chiloé
CriteriaCultural: (ii), (iii)
Reference971-002
Inscription2000 (24th Session)
Area1.286 ha (3.18 acres)
Coordinates42°32′06″S 73°25′38″W / 42.53502°S 73.42725°W / -42.53502; -73.42725Coordinates: 42°32′06″S 73°25′38″W / 42.53502°S 73.42725°W / -42.53502; -73.42725
Church of Quinchao is located in Chiloé
Church of Quinchao
Location of Church of Quinchao in Chiloé
Church of Quinchao is located in Los Lagos
Church of Quinchao
Church of Quinchao (Los Lagos)
Church of Quinchao is located in Chile
Church of Quinchao
Church of Quinchao (Chile)

It is one of the 16 Churches of Chiloé, a UNESCO World Heritage Site (since 30 November 2000) and was declared one of the National Monuments of Chile 26 July 1971.[1]

The patron saint of the church is Our Lady of Grace, whose feast day is celebrated on December 8. On this day hundreds of people flock to the village of Quinchao to participate in the Our Lady of Grace Festival, one of the most important religious festivals on the archipelago of Chiloé.[2] This is the main religious festival on the archipelago after that of Jesus of Nazareth in Caguach.

This church leads one of the 24 parishes that form the Diocese of Ancud.[3]

LocationEdit

The Church boasts a front esplanade that serves as an ample atrium. It runs parallel to the sea, about one block from the coast.[4]

ConstructionEdit

Construction of the church as it originally stood concluded in 1880, using wood from cypress, canelo and avellano trees.[5] The church has subsequently undergone numerous restorations, particularly in the years 1906, 1960, 1993 and most recently in 2010.[6] This church and the Church of Santa María de Loreto, Achao are the only churches that remain of those built by the Jesuits.[7]

It is the largest churches in Chiloé, measuring 52.8 meters long and 18.4 meters wide. The tower reaches 18.3 meters high.[5]

 
Iglesia-Quinchao

HistoryEdit

The church site was established in 1605 and referred to before 1767.[8] In 1906 the exterior corridors of the Church were eliminated. In the 1960s an area in the rear was eliminated. Restoration of the Church was carried out in 1993.[9]

It was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in December 2000.[9]

ReconstructionEdit

The Church had deteriorated to such an extent that it was closed in 2006. No one could enter for fear it would totally collapse. It was the first among the churches of Chiloé to be completely restored. The restoration included putting in a concrete foundation. Beams of coigüe wood and a new structural framework for the wooden floor were installed. More than 80% of the structurally significant wood had to be changed, but 95% of the extant wood was reused. 90,000 larch shingles were installed.[10]

In its previous incarnations, the Church was made principally from coigüe, ulm, and cypress woods. Restored, there is much more larch and mañío wood. The restoration took place between 1995 and 1997. In 2006 there was a significant investment for more restoration, so the tower was taken down for meticulous reconstruction.[11]

In 2012 the community of the Church and the Fundación Amigos de las iglesias de Chiloé (Friends of the Churches of Chiloé) were awarded a conservation prize for their work restoring the church from the National Monuments Council for the two stages of restoration that took place in 2007–2008 and 2009–2010. Patricia Mondaca was the chief architect of the project.[12][13]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ World Heritage Committee Inscribes 61 New Sites on World Heritage List. whc.unesco.org. November 30, 2000. Retrieved 6 January 2013.
  2. ^ "Iglesias de Chiloé - Quinchao". Chiloeweb.com. Retrieved 2013-05-01.
  3. ^ Diócesis de San Carlos de Ancud. Iglesia.cl. In Spanish. Retrieved 6 January 2013.
  4. ^ "Iglesias de Chiloé, Chile: Iglesia de Quinchao". Interpatagonia.com. 2002-08-01. Retrieved 2013-05-01.
  5. ^ a b Iglesia de Quinchao Archived 2012-05-10 at the Wayback Machine. Turismochile.cl. Retrieved 28 January 2013.
  6. ^ Inauguraron obras de restaurada iglesia chilota Archived 2013-02-19 at archive.today. Elinsular.cl. 4 December 2010. Retrieved 28 January 2013.
  7. ^ Bailey, Gauvin Alexander (2006). "Cultural Convergence in the Chiloé Archipiélago". In O'Malley, John W.; Bailey, Gauvin Alexander; Harris, Steven J.; Kennedy, Frank (eds.). The Jesuits II: cultures, sciences, and the arts, 1540-1773, Volume 2. Toronto: University of Toronto Press. p. 905. ISBN 978-0-8020-3861-6.
  8. ^ ":: Portal islaQuinchao.cl ::. - El Portal de la isla Quinchao, Chiloe, Chile - Iglesias Patrimonio de la Humanidad en la isla Quinchao". Islaquinchao.cl. Archived from the original on 2012-08-26. Retrieved 2013-05-01.
  9. ^ a b "Iglesia de Quinchao". Turismo Chile. 2003-11-05. Archived from the original on 2012-05-10. Retrieved 2013-05-01.
  10. ^ "Patrimonio de la Humanidad: Completa reparación de iglesia de Quinchao a cuatro años de su cierre | Plataforma Urbana". Plataformaurbana.cl. 2013-04-21. Retrieved 2013-05-01.
  11. ^ "Nuestro.cl/ Iglesia Quinchao". Nuestro.cl. 2000-06-15. Retrieved 2013-05-01.
  12. ^ http://www.cronicasdelsur.cl/Detalle.65+M5e91cf155c2.0.html?&tx_ttnews[tt_news]=4604[permanent dead link]
  13. ^ "Consejo asesor de Monumentos Nacionales premia restauración de Iglesia de Quinchao | Chiloé al día". Chiloealdia.cl. 2012-05-29. Archived from the original on 2013-04-07. Retrieved 2013-05-01.

External linksEdit