Chung Chao-cheng

Chung Chao-cheng (Chinese: 鍾肇政; 20 January 1925 – 16 May 2020) was a Taiwanese Hakka writer.

Chung was born on 20 January 1925,[1] in Longtan District, Taoyuan.[2][3] Under Japanese rule, the subdivision was classified as a village by the name of Ryūtan, itself a part of Daikei, in Shinchiku Prefecture. His father was a schoolteacher and principal.[2] Chung was sixth of ten siblings, and the only son.[3] He enrolled successively at the Tamkang Middle School [zh] and then the Changhua Normal School, and later studied at National Taiwan University, but did not complete a degree in the Department of Chinese Language and Literature, due to a bout of malaria.[2] He learned to speak Taiwanese Hokkien at an early age, and was educated in the Japanese language.[4] Chung taught at Longtan Elementary School until 1979,[1][5] switching from Hakka to teaching in Mandarin at the request of the Kuomintang-led government.[4] His knowledge of languages made Chung a member of the translingual generation.[4] His first work was published in 1951, within the pages of the magazine Rambler.[6] His first novel appeared as a serial within United Daily News,[6] and over the course of his career, Chung published over thirty novels.[2] His literary output also includes many essays, over 150 short stories, and more than forty works translated from Japanese.[7] Together with his contemporary Yeh Shih-tao, the pair is known as "North Chung South Yeh."[3] He promoted Taiwan nativist literature. Known as the doyen of Taiwanese literature,[8] Chung's novel The Dull Ice Flower was adapted into a Golden Horse-winning film released in 1989. He was a recipient of both the Wu San-lien Literary Award [zh] and the National Literary Award [zh], among others.[1][5] Chung fell the week before his death, and subsequently lapsed in and out of consciousness.[1] He died on 16 May 2020 at home in Taoyuan.[9][10]

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  1. ^ a b c d 許, 倬勛 (16 May 2020). "獨家》「客家文學之母」鍾肇政辭世 享壽96歲". Liberty Times (in Chinese). Retrieved 16 May 2020.
  2. ^ a b c d "The River Runs Wide: The Literary Carreer [sic] of Chung Chao-cheng". Taiwan e-Learning and Digital Archives Program. Retrieved 16 May 2020.
  3. ^ a b c "Chung Chao-cheng: the author who launched Taiwan's roman-fleuve". Hakka Affairs Council. Retrieved 16 May 2020.
  4. ^ a b c Han Cheung (24 May 2020). "Taiwan in Time: A great loss for Taiwanese literature". Taipei Times. Retrieved 24 May 2020.
  5. ^ a b "Writer | Chung Chao-cheng". Ministry of Culture. 7 January 2016. Retrieved 16 May 2020.
  6. ^ a b "Chung Chao-cheng". Paper Republic. Retrieved 16 May 2020.
  7. ^ Tu, Kuo-ch'ing (2014). "Foreword to the Special Issue on Chung Chao-cheng" (PDF). Taiwan Literature: English Translation Series (33). Institute of Taiwan History, Academia Sinica. Retrieved 16 May 2020. Record of publication held at the Institute of Taiwan History
  8. ^ Chin, Jonathan (16 August 2018). "Novelist, son 'dumbstruck' by restoration of old home". Retrieved 16 August 2018.
  9. ^ Chiu, Chun-chin; Su, Lung-chi; Chen, Ping-hung; Wu, Hsin-yun; Yeh, Joseph (17 May 2020). "Doyen of Taiwan's nativist literature movement passes away at 96". Central News Agency. Retrieved 17 May 2020.
  10. ^ "Novelist who told stories of post-war life in Taiwan passes away aged 95". Taipei Times. 18 May 2020. Retrieved 18 May 2020.

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