Chunarughat Upazila

  (Redirected from Chunarughat)

Chunarughat (Bengali: চুনারুঘাট) is an Upazila of Habiganj District[1] in the Division of Sylhet, Bangladesh.

Chunarughat
চুনারুঘাট
Chunarughat is located in Bangladesh
Chunarughat
Chunarughat
Location in Bangladesh
Coordinates: 24°12.5′N 91°31.3′E / 24.2083°N 91.5217°E / 24.2083; 91.5217Coordinates: 24°12.5′N 91°31.3′E / 24.2083°N 91.5217°E / 24.2083; 91.5217
Country Bangladesh
DivisionSylhet Division
DistrictHabiganj District
Area
 • Total495.52 km2 (191.32 sq mi)
Population
 (1991)
 • Total233,752
 • Density470/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Chunarughati
Time zoneUTC+6 (BST)
Websitechunarughat.habiganj.gov.bd

GeographyEdit

Chunarughat is located at 24°12′30″N 91°31′20″E / 24.2083°N 91.5222°E / 24.2083; 91.5222. It has 43660 households and total area 495.52 km2.

HistoryEdit

 
Mazar Sharif of Syed Nasiruddin in Murarband Darbar Sharif.
 
Road Map of Murarband Darbar Sharif

Rajapur (Tekarghat) in Chunarughat was the capital of the Hindu kingdom of Tungachal. Raja Achak Narayan was its final Hindu ruler who was defeated in the Capture of Taraf in 1304. Tungachal was renamed Taraf and its first Muslim ruler was Syed Nasiruddin, who is buried in the famous Murarband Dargah Sharif.[2][3] Syed Shah Israil wrote the Persian book Ma'dan al-Fawaid in 1534, is considered to be Sylhet's first author.[4] The Battle of Jilkua took place in Chunarughat in 1581 between the Taraf and Twipra kingdoms. The Khowai River was the only mode of transport and communication with other places. A ghat was situated in the river's western bank in the Borail mauza. A famous lime (known as chun in Bengali) trader had a business at the ghat which was famed throughout Taraf. Thus, the name came to be known as Chunarughat. In 1914, the Chunarughat thana was established. During the Bangladesh Liberation War of 1971, a mass killing was orchestrated in Nalua Tea Garden. Chunarughat Thana was upgraded to an upazila in 1983. There is now a memorial monument in Chunarughat.[1]

DemographicsEdit

As of the 1991 Bangladesh census, Chunarughat has a population of 233752. Males constitute 50.2% of the population, and females 49.8%. This Upazila's eighteen up population is 119571. Chunarughat has an average literacy rate of 49.2% (7+ years), and the national average of 32.4% literate.[5]

AdministrationEdit

Chunarughat Upazila is divided into Chunarughat Municipality and ten union parishads: Ahmadabad, Chunarughat, Deorgachh, Gazipur, Mirashi, Paikpara, Ranigaon, Shankhala, Shatiajuri, and Ubahata. The union parishads are subdivided into 165 mauzas and 373 villages.[6]

Notable peopleEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Jayanta Singh Roy (2012). "Chunarughat Upazila". In Islam, Sirajul; Miah, Sajahan; Khanam, Mahfuza; Ahmed, Sabbir (eds.). Banglapedia: the National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Online ed.). Dhaka, Bangladesh: Banglapedia Trust, Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. ISBN 984-32-0576-6. OCLC 52727562. Retrieved 2 July 2022.
  2. ^ Songbad, Daily Sylheter (17 November 2015). প্রাচীন তরফ রাজ্যের সংক্ষিপ্ত ইতিবৃত্ত (in Bengali).
  3. ^ মুড়ারবন্দ তরফ রাজ্যের প্রথম রাজধানী ও সৈয়দ বংশের উৎসস্থল (in Bengali).
  4. ^ Maulana Abdullah ibn Saeed Jalalabadi (May 2010). জীবন-গাঙের বাঁকে বাঁকে-(২) [Curling through the River of Life (2)] (in Bengali). Al Kawsar. Retrieved 1 May 2019.
  5. ^ "Population Census Wing, BBS". Archived from the original on 2005-03-27. Retrieved November 10, 2006.
  6. ^ "District Statistics 2011: Habiganj" (PDF). Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 November 2014. Retrieved 14 July 2014.