Christophe Castaner (French pronunciation: [kʁistɔf kastanɛʁ]; born 3 January 1966) is a French lawyer and politician who has been serving as the Minister of the Interior since 16 October 2018 and as the Executive Officer of La République En Marche! since 2017. From 17 May 2017 to 16 October 2018, he was Secretary of State for Relations with Parliament (French: Secrétaire d'État chargé des Relations avec le Parlement) under Prime Minister Édouard Philippe; until 24 November 2017 he served as Spokesperson of the Government. He was also spokesperson for Emmanuel Macron during his campaign for the presidential election of 2017.
|Minister of the Interior|
|Assumed office |
16 October 2018
|Prime Minister||Édouard Philippe|
|Preceded by||Gérard Collomb|
Édouard Philippe (Acting)
|Executive Officer of La République En Marche!|
18 November 2017 – 16 October 2018
|Preceded by||Catherine Barbaroux (Acting)|
|Succeeded by||Stanislas Guerini|
|Secretary of State for Relations with Parliament|
17 May 2017 – 16 October 2018
|Prime Minister||Édouard Philippe|
|Preceded by||André Vallini|
|Succeeded by||Marc Fesneau|
|Spokesperson of the Government|
17 May 2017 – 24 November 2017
|Prime Minister||Édouard Philippe|
|Preceded by||Stéphane Le Foll|
|Succeeded by||Benjamin Griveaux|
|Member of the National Assembly|
for Alpes-de-Haute-Provence's 2nd constituency
21 June 2017 – 21 July 2017
|Preceded by||Esther Baron|
|Succeeded by||Emmanuelle Fontaine-Domeizel|
20 June 2012 – 17 June 2017
|Preceded by||Daniel Spagnou|
|Succeeded by||Esther Baron|
|Mayor of Forcalquier|
23 March 2001 – 22 July 2017
|Preceded by||Gérard Avril|
|Succeeded by||Pierre Delmar|
|Born||3 January 1966|
|Political party||Socialist Party (Before 2016)|
La République En Marche (2016–present)
Born in Ollioules in the Var department of the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region, he was a member of the National Assembly for the Alpes-de-Haute-Provence department from 2012 to 2017 and headed the Socialist Party list for the 2015 regional elections in Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur before joining Macron's En Marche! movement in 2016. He also served as Mayor of Forcalquier from 2001 to 2017 and Vice President of the Regional Council of Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur from 2004 to 2012. On 18 November 2017, Castaner became the Executive Officer of La République En Marche! before resigning as Spokesperson of the Government.
Early life and educationEdit
A poor student, he gained his baccalauréat independently (en candidat libre) at the age of 20 in 1986. A graduate of the Faculty of Law and Political Science of the University of Aix-Marseille, he holds a post-graduate diploma in International Business Law and a diploma in Criminal and Criminological Sciences.
After a work experience at the Banque National de Paris (BNP) in the legal department of the company, he was recruited to the management of local authorities in Avignon and Paris. In 1995 he became office manager for Tony Dreyfus, then mayor of the 10th arrondissement of Paris.
He was technical adviser to the Minister of Culture, Catherine Trautmann, in 1997 and became her principal private secretary in 1998. He was principal private secretary to Michel Sapin, then Minister of the Civil Service and the State Reform, from 2000 to 2002.
In 2001 Christophe Castaner stood for mayor of Forcalquier. He won against the incumbent mayor, Pierre Delmar (RPR), who had been mayor from 1983 to 1989 and again from 1995 to 2001 and was also both a national deputy and a departmental councillor.
Re-elected as mayor of Forcalquier and president of the district council of Forcalquier-Mount Lure (Communauté de communes Pays de Forcalquier - Montagne de Lure) in 2008, he was an active participant in the creation of the intercommunality of the Pays de Haute-Provence.
He was once again re-elected mayor of Forcalquier on 23 March 2014, standing against Sébastien Ginet (UMP). On 11 April 2014, his vice-president, Pierre Garcin, succeeded him as the president of the district council of Forcalquier-Mount Lure.
In 2004, after having been elected to the regional council of Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur (PACA), he found himself entrusted by the president Michel Vauzelle with responsibility for land use planning. It was the first time this important responsibility fell to an "Alpine" representative, who was also the youngest vice-president of the PACA region. He was re-elected in 2010 and given a new responsibility: employment, economy, higher education and innovation.
Christophe Castaner was named on 5 February 2015 as chief candidate for the 2015 PACA regional elections by members of the Socialist Party with 55% of the vote, ahead of Patrick Allemand (31%) and Elsa di Méo (14%). In the first round he obtained 17% of the vote, trailing the National Front (40.55%) and The Republicans (26.47%). Following the decision of the Socialist Party, Christophe Castaner decided not to stand in the second round in an act of unity against the National Front. This choice enabled the election of Christian Estrosi with 54.8% of the vote.
Deputy for Alpes-de-Haute-ProvenceEdit
On 17 June 2012, he was elected as a member of the National Assembly for the 2nd constituency of the Alpes de Haute-Provence in the 2012 legislative election, ahead of the UMP candidate, Jean-Claude Castel, mayor of Corbières.
A member of the National Assembly's Finance Committee, in July 2012 he was appointed Special Rapporteur of Work and Employment Budgets. On 20 June 2014, Prime Minister Manuel Valls entrusted Christophe Castaner with the vice-presidency of the Council for the Co-ordination of Profit-sharing, Employee Savings and Employee Shareholding (Conseil d'orientation de la participation, de l'intéressement, de l'épargne salariale et de l'actionnariat salarié — COPIESAS). This authority was in charge of bringing negotiations between unions and management on these measures to a successful conclusion.
He sponsored the Bill for Growth, Activity and Equality of Economic Opportunity (Loi pour la croissance, l'activité et l'égalité des chances économiques), known as the loi Macron (“Macron's law”). He was spokesperson for and a supporter of Emmanuel Macron during the campaign for the presidential election of 2017. During this campaign, he was repeatedly criticized for dishonesty and tactlessness.
He justified his joining with Emmanuel Macron by explaining that in politics one must be "at the right place at the right time, without necessarily knowing where you will end up". Described as ambitious, he reckons that "all politicians have an ego. Or they are liars. Recently, I downloaded La Provence at 5 a.m. to see if my picture was in that day's edition". He stood in the 2017 legislative elections on the La République En Marche! ticket for the 2nd constituency of the Alpes-de-Hautes-Provence and was reelected.
Government Spokesperson and Secretary of State for Relations with ParliamentEdit
In October 2017, as a result of some arrests, he was named among potential targets of attacks in preparation by far-right activists. Jean-Luc Mélenchon was also included among the targets. A risk whose seriousness was denied by the Minister of the Interior, Gérard Collomb, shortly after.
On 25 October 2017, a few days after Emmanuel Macron gave his support, he declared his candidacy for president of the party on RTL radio. It was voted on at the first party convention on 18 November 2017.[needs update]
Following Gerard Collomb's resignation as interior minister for the Édouard Philippe government in early October 2018, Castaner was appointed interior minister on 16 October 2018. A brief handover ceremony at the Interior Ministry was held the same day, and Castaner spoke to journalists citing the issue of security as the Ministry's greatest preoccupation, mentioning the "fight against terrorism".
In the evening, president Macron addressed the French nation in a televised broadcast, in which he announced the nomination of the new interior minister and agriculture minister over a 12 minute-long speech.
During the Spring of 2019, Castaner was criticized for his handling of the Gilet Jaune movement. During a weekend of unusually intense rioting on the Champs Elysee, Castaner was photographed in a nightclub with a young woman of indeterminate identity. The resulting scandal became a subject of intense embarrassment for the Phillipe government.
On 1st May 2019, during the Labour Day manifestations, he announced an attack of the Pitié-Salpêtrière Hospital by demonstrators, as well as aggression of the nursing staff and a policeman. Videos and testimonies published the next day revealed that what he presented as an attack was in fact peaceful demonstrators trying to escape from police charges. Criticized by journalists and part of the political class, and accused of lying, he recognized that he should not have used the term "attack".
Summary of elected positionsEdit
18 March 2001 – 22 July 2017: Mayor of Forcalquier.
18 March 2001 – Present: municipal councillor, Forcalquier.
1 January 2003 – 12 April 2014: President of the District Council of Forcalquier-Mount Lure.
28 March 2004 – 13 July 2012: Vice President of the Regional Council of Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur.
20 June 2012 – 17 June 2017, 21 June 2017 – 21 July 2017: Socialist member of the National Assembly for the 2nd constituency of the Alpes de Haute-Provence. Member of the Finance Committee — Special protractor of Work and Employment Budgets.
17 May 2017 – 24 November 2017: Government Spokesperson.
17 May 2017 – 16 October 2018: Secretary of State for Relations with Parliament.
18 November 2017 – 16 October 2018: Executive Officer of La République En Marche!
16 October 2018 – Present: Minister of the Interior.
- Pietralunga, Cédric (2016-11-16). "Macron : une annonce de candidature pour engranger de nouveaux soutiens". Le Monde.fr (in French). ISSN 1950-6244. Retrieved 2017-10-30.
- "Christophe Castaner : l'enjoliveur". Libération.fr (in French). Retrieved 2017-10-30.
- C8. "Emission C8: Salut les terriens". D8.tv (in French). Retrieved 2017-10-30.
- Christophe Castaner biography at the Socialist Party website
- "Forcalquier : Christophe Castaner réélu à l'arraché - Haute Provence Info". www.hauteprovenceinfo.com (in French). Retrieved 2017-10-30.
- "En Paca, la "décision lourde et difficile" de Castaner". Libération.fr (in French). Retrieved 2017-10-30.
- "Macron, "faux moderne" ou "briseur de lignes"". Libération.fr (in French). Retrieved 2017-10-30.
- "Sur Twitter, Castaner envoie Sarkozy en prison, avant de se rétracter - Haute Provence Info". www.hauteprovenceinfo.com (in French). Retrieved 2017-10-30.
- "Passe d'armes entre Fakir et un soutien de Macron". @rrêt sur images (in French). Retrieved 2017-10-30.
- "Primaire à droite: un député PS imagine Sarkozy en prison, avant de s'excuser". LExpress.fr (in French). 2016-11-21. Retrieved 2017-10-30.
- "Le macroniste Castaner déforme totalement la phrase de Peillon sur Macron, "l'UMPS" et les chambres à gaz - Le Lab Europe 1" (in French). Retrieved 2017-10-30.
- "Vu par Castaner : si Edouard Philippe détestait tant la transparence... c'était par simple discipline de groupe !". Marianne (in French). 2017-05-17. Retrieved 2017-10-30.
- "Projet d'attentat de l'ultradroite: Mélenchon et Castaner ignoraient la menace". LExpress.fr (in French). 2017-10-18. Retrieved 2017-10-30.
- "Ultra-droite : Collomb minimise les menaces contre Mélenchon et Castaner". leparisien.fr. 2017-10-19. Retrieved 2017-10-30.
- "Collomb minimise le "sérieux" de la "bande" d'extrême droite arrêtée mardi". FIGARO. 2017-10-19. Retrieved 2017-10-30.
- "Des photos de Christophe Castaner en boîte de nuit suscitent la polémique". Le Figaro. Retrieved 20 March 2019.
- "Critiqué, Castaner reconnaît qu'il n'aurait pas dû employer le terme d'« attaque » de la Pitié-Salpêtrière". Le Monde. 2019-05-03. Retrieved 2019-05-04.
- "Christophe Castaner démissionne du Conseil régional - Haute Provence Info". www.hauteprovenceinfo.com (in French). Retrieved 2017-10-30.