Chirala (pronunciation (help·info)), is a town in Prakasam district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is a municipality and the headquarters of Chirala mandal in Ongole revenue division. As of 2011[update] census of India, it had a population of 92,942.
Clock Tower Centre in Chirala
|• Type||Municipal council|
|• Body||Chirala Municipality|
|• Total||13.30 km2 (5.14 sq mi)|
|Elevation||3 m (10 ft)|
|• Density||2,300/km2 (6,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
The town experiences tropical climate with the average annual temperature records at 28.5 °C (83.3 °F). Hot summers and cool winters are observed due to its proximity to the coast of Bay of Bengal. It receives both South west monsoon and North-east monsoon as well. The precipitation is very high with an annual rainfall of about 200 millimetres (8 in) and the month of October receives a maximum rainfall of 197 millimetres (8 in).
Chirala Municipality is the civic governing body of the town. It is a first grade municipality, constituted on 1 April 1948 and has a jurisdictional area of 13.57 km2 (5.24 sq mi) with 33 election wards. The present municipal commissioner of the town is P.Sreenivasa Rao. The constituents of Chirala urban agglomeration include, Chirala Municipality, census towns of Chirala, Vetapalem; out growths of Ipurupalem , and Kothapeta.
As of 2011[update] census of India, the town had a population of 172,826 with 23,070 households. It shows 2.04% growth in population, compared to 2001 Census of India which was recorded as 85,455. The total population constitute, 42,927 males and 44,273 females —a sex ratio of 1031 females per 1000 males, higher than the national average of 940 per 1000. 8,389 children are in the age group of 0–6 years, of which 4,253 are boys and 4,136 are girls —a ratio of 973 girls per 1000 boys. The average literacy rate stands at 78.80% with 62,099 literates, higher than the national average of 73.00%.
The town is also well connected with National and state highways. The National Highway 216 (India) passes through the town, which connects and Ongole with Kattipudi . State Highway 48, also referred as Guntur-Bapatla-Chirala Road connects the town with Guntur. State Highway 45 connects it with Piduguralla, which passes through Narasaraopet and Chilakaluripet. Public transport includes, the buses operated by state run APSRTC services. Chirala railway station is an A–Category station in Vijayawada Railway Division of South Central Railway zone. It is located on the Howrah-Chennai main line of Indian Railways.
The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided and private schools, under the School Education Department of the state. The medium of instruction followed by different schools are English, Telugu. VRS &YRN College is a famous college in Chirala. It's been providing education requirements for decades now.
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