Chioggia (Italian: [ˈkjɔddʒa]; Venetian: Cióxa [ˈtʃɔza], locally [ˈtʃoza]; Latin: Clodia) is a coastal town and comune of the Metropolitan City of Venice in the Veneto region of northern Italy.

Cióxa (Venetian)
Città di Chioggia
Coat of arms of Chioggia
Chioggia within the Metropolitan City of Venice
Chioggia within the Metropolitan City of Venice
Location of Chioggia
Chioggia is located in Italy
Location of Chioggia in Italy
Chioggia is located in Veneto
Chioggia (Veneto)
Coordinates: 45°13′11″N 12°16′44″E / 45.219643°N 12.278885°E / 45.219643; 12.278885
Metropolitan cityVenice (VE)
FrazioniBorgo San Giovanni, Brondolo, Cà Bianca, Cà Lino, Cavanella d'Adige, Isolaverde, Sant'Anna, Sottomarina,[1] Valli Di Chioggia
 • MayorMauro Armelao
 • Total185 km2 (71 sq mi)
2 m (7 ft)
 (31 July 2015)[3]
 • Total49,744
 • Density270/km2 (700/sq mi)
DemonymChioggiotti or Clodiensi
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
Dialing code041
Patron saintSan Felice and San Fortunato
Saint dayJune 11
WebsiteOfficial website
Town Hall (Palazzo Municipale)
Santa Maria or Garibaldi Gate
Canal Vena
Canal scene in late 19th-century Chioggia, by Gustav Bauernfeind



The town is situated on a small island at the southern entrance to the Lagoon of Venice about 25 kilometres (16 miles) south of Venice[4] (50 km (31 mi) by road); causeways connect it to the mainland and to its frazione, nowadays a quarter, of Sottomarina. The population of the comune is around 50,000, with the town proper accounting for about half of that and Sottomarina for most of the rest.

The municipality, located in south of the province, close to the provinces of Padua and Rovigo, borders with Campagna Lupia, Cavarzere, Codevigo, Cona, Correzzola, Loreo, Rosolina and Venice.



Chioggia and Sottomarina were not prominent in antiquity, although they are first mentioned in Pliny[5] as the fossa Clodia. Local legend attributes this name to its founding by a Clodius, but the origin of this belief is not known.

The name of the town has changed often, being Clodia, Cluza, Clugia, Chiozza, Chiozzo,[6] Chioggio,[6] and Chioggia.[7] The most ancient documents naming Chioggia date from the 6th century AD, when it was part of the Byzantine Empire. Chioggia was destroyed by King Pippin of Italy in the 9th century, but rebuilt around a new industry based on salt pans. In the Middle Ages, Chioggia proper was known as Clugia major, whereas Clugia minor was a sand bar about 600 m further into the Adriatic. A free commune and an episcopal see from 1110, it had later an important role in the so-called War of Chioggia between Genoa and Venice, being conquered by Genoa in 1378 and finally by Venice in June 1380. Although the town remained largely autonomous, it was always thereafter subordinate to Venice. On 14 March 1381, Chioggia concluded an alliance with Zadar and Trogir against Venice, and finally Chioggia became better protected by Venice in 1412, because Šibenik became in 1412 the seat of the main customs office and the seat of the salt consumers office with a monopoly on the salt trade in Chioggia and on the whole Adriatic Sea.



Until the 19th century, women in Chioggia wore an outfit based on an apron which could be raised to serve as a veil. Chioggia is also known for lace-making; like Pellestrina, but unlike Burano, this lace is made using bobbins.

Chioggia served Carlo Goldoni as the setting of his play Le baruffe chiozzotte, one of the classics of Italian literature: a baruffa was a loud brawl, and chiozzotto (today more frequently chioggiotto in Italian, or cioxoto in Venetian) is the demonym for Chioggia. Goldoni took his setting seriously: the play is replete with lacemaking, fishermen, and other local color.

Main sights


Chioggia is often called "Little Venice", with a few canals, chief among them the Canale Vena, and the characteristic narrow streets known as calli. Chioggia has several medieval churches, much reworked in the period of its greatest prosperity in the 16th and 17th centuries.

The church dedicated to St. Mary of the Assumption, founded in the eleventh century, became a cathedral in 1110, then was rebuilt as Chioggia Cathedral from 1623 by Baldassarre Longhena.

The church of St. Andrew (18th century) has a bell tower from the 11th-12th centuries, the most ancient tower watch in the world. The interior has a Crucifixion by Palma the Elder.



Fishing is historically the livelihood of the port, and remains a significant economic sector. Other important modern industries include textiles, brick-making and steel; and Sottomarina, with 60 hotels and 17 campgrounds, is almost entirely given over to seafront tourism.



Traditions and folklore


During the third week end of June, the festival of Palio della Marciliana takes place.

Catholic churches

  • Chiesa di Santa Caterina , the current structure developed in the 17th century under the project of Baldassarre Longhena; [13]
  • Chiesa della Santissima Trinità, through the church you can access to Rossi's oratory with its ceiling decorated with frames;[14]
  • Chiesa del Patrocinio della Beata Vergine Maria e di San Filippo Neri, built thanks to Ludovico Alvise Manin in the 18th century;
  • Chiesa di Sant'Andrea Apostolo, it has a bell tower from the 10th century watchtower which houses the oldest functioning tower clock in the world; [15]
  • Chiesa di San Domenico, it contains a fourteenth-century Crucifix much venerated by the local citizens; [16]

Particularity of surnames


Chioggia represents an almost unique demographic case in Italy: the most common surname among the inhabitants of Chioggia is Zennaro, while the most common surnames of Sottomarina are Boscolo and Tiozzo.

Because of the large number of people with the same surname, the comune officialized what is known as "detto" (popular nicknames used to distinguish the various branches of the same family). These "third names" are inserted in every official document, including the driving license and the identity card.

Notable people


International relations


Twin towns — Sister cities


Chioggia is twinned with:



Chioggia gives its name to a variety of beetroot, radicchio (Italian chicory), and pumpkin (Marina di Chioggia).

See also



  1. ^ Nowadays a quarter
  2. ^ "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Italian National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  3. ^ "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Italian National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  4. ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Chioggia" . Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 6 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 235–236.
  5. ^ "NH III.xvi.121". Archived from the original on 23 September 2023. Retrieved 19 February 2021.
  6. ^ a b "Chiozzo", Encyclopaedia Britannica, vol. II (1st ed.), Edinburgh: Colin Macfarquhar, 1771.
  7. ^ "History of Chioggia". Archived from the original on 20 September 2017. Retrieved 9 January 2008.
  8. ^ Marangon, Giuliano. La cattedrale di Chioggia 1992.
  9. ^ Marangon, Giuliano. La chiesa di S.GIACOMO APOSTOLO 200 anni nella storia 1990.
  10. ^ Marangon, Giuliano. Chiesa dei santi apostoli Pietro e Paolo 1431 2013.
  11. ^ Marangon, Giuliano. Chiesa di San Martino 2009.
  12. ^ Tosello , Vincenzo . La Chiesa di S. Francesco "Dentro le mura" a Chioggia 2007.
  13. ^ Ravagnan, Sergio . Chiesa e comunità monastica di santa Caterina in Chioggia" a Chioggia 2019.
  14. ^ Marangon, Giuliano. Chiesa della Santissima Trinità: Pinacoteca 2008.
  15. ^ Tosello , Vincenzo . Sant'Andrea in Chioggia 2015.
  16. ^ Tosello , Vincenzo . Il Cristo e la Chiesa di San Domenico 2006.
  17. ^ Beazley, Charles Raymond (1911). "Conti, Nicolo de'. Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 7 (11th ed.). pp. 28–29.
  18. ^ Biggar, Henry Percival (1911). "Cabot, John" . Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 4 (11th ed.). pp. 921–923.
  19. ^ "Zarlino, Gioseffo" . Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 28 (11th ed.). 1911. pp. 960–961.