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Chingford and Woodford Green (UK Parliament constituency)

Coordinates: 51°37′01″N 0°00′11″E / 51.617°N 0.003°E / 51.617; 0.003

Chingford and Woodford Green is a marginal constituency[n 1] in Greater London represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since its 1997 creation by Iain Duncan Smith of the Conservative Party.[n 2]

Chingford and Woodford Green
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Chingford and Woodford Green in Greater London.
County Greater London
Population 88,149 (2011 census)[1]
Electorate 64,770 (December 2010)[2]
Current constituency
Created 1997
Member of parliament Iain Duncan Smith (Conservative)
Number of members One
Created from Chingford and Wanstead & Woodford
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency London

Contents

BoundariesEdit

The London Borough of Waltham Forest wards of Chingford Green, Endlebury, Hale End and Highams Park, Hatch Lane, Larkswood, and Valley, and the London Borough of Redbridge wards of Church End and Monkhams have been selected to form the seat since inception.

The boundaries of Chingford and Woodford Green take in a large slice of the London Borough of Waltham Forest. The constituency includes Chingford in the north bordering Enfield down through Highams Park and Hatch Lane into Woodford, and also takes in a part of the London Borough of Redbridge.

HistoryEdit

 
Wards of the constituency (not affected by 2010 boundary changes)

Before 1945, both Woodford and Chingford were part of Epping for general elections, for which wartime Conservative Prime Minister Winston Churchill was MP. The constituency was created in 1997 from parts of the former seats of Chingford and Wanstead & Woodford. Both seats previously had well-known MPs, Norman Tebbit and Winston Churchill respectively. Iain Duncan Smith had been MP for Chingford since 1992, then was elected MP for this constituency five years later in 1997.

Political history

Chingford and Woodford Green and its predecessors have been solid Conservative wards since the beginning of the Thatcher period in 1979. The closest contest was from Labour at the 1997 general election and the Conservatives retained the seat in 2001 with a majority little changed on a low turnout while Duncan Smith was Shadow Defence Secretary in almost complete peacetime. In 2005, the Conservative incumbent did better, getting twice as many votes as Labour with a swing to the party of 6.4% (over double that nationally) from Labour. The 2015 result gave the seat the 119th most marginal majority of the Conservative Party's 331 seats by percentage of majority.[3] At the 2017 snap election, Duncan Smith was re-elected with a greatly reduced majority on a 7% swing to Labour, slightly more than a sixth of his 2010 margin; while this was in keeping with the large swings to Labour throughout Greater London at that election, it seems to suggest an increasingly marginal seat, even though the Conservatives hold all the wards at local level, with the exception of Hale End and Highams Park, which has the only local Labour councillor in the seat.

Members of ParliamentEdit

ElectionsEdit

Elections in the 2010sEdit

General Election 2017: Chingford and Woodford Green[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Iain Duncan Smith 23,076 49.1 +1.2
Labour Bilal Mahmood 20,638 43.9 +15.2
Liberal Democrat Deborah Unger 2,043 4.4 -1.1
Green Sinead King 1,204 2.6 -1.7
Majority 2,438 5.2 -13.9
Turnout 46,961 71.1 +5.4
Conservative hold Swing -7.0
General Election 2015: Chingford and Woodford Green[7] [8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Iain Duncan Smith 20,999 47.9 -4.8
Labour Bilal Mahmood 12,613 28.8 +6.1
UKIP Freddy Vachha 5,644 12.9 +10.3
Liberal Democrat Anne Crook 2,400 5.5 -11.3
Green Rebecca Tully 1,854 4.2 +2.7
TUSC Len Hockey[9] 241 0.6 N/A
Class War Lisa Mckenzie 53 0.1 N/A
Majority 8,386 19.1 -11.0
Turnout 43,804 65.7 -0.8
Conservative hold Swing -5.4
General Election 2010: Chingford and Woodford Green[10][11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Iain Duncan Smith 22,743 52.8 -0.4
Labour Cath Arakelian 9,780 22.7 -3.0
Liberal Democrat Geoffrey Seeff 7,242 16.8 -0.9
BNP Julian Leppert 1,288 3.0 N/A
UKIP Nick Jones 1,133 2.6 -0.2
Green Lucy Craig 650 1.5 N/A
Independent None Of The Above[n 3] 202 0.5 N/A
Independent Barry White 68 0.2 N/A
Majority 12,963 30.1
Turnout 43,106 66.5 +3.5
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 2000sEdit

General Election 2005: Chingford and Woodford Green[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Iain Duncan Smith 20,555 53.2 +5.0
Labour Simon Wright 9,914 25.7 −7.7
Liberal Democrat John Beanse 6,832 17.7 +2.2
UKIP Michael McGough 1,078 2.8 N/A
Independent Barry White 269 0.7 N/A
Majority 10,641 27.5
Turnout 38,648 63.0 +4.5
Conservative hold Swing +6.4
General Election 2001: Chingford and Woodford Green[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Iain Duncan Smith 17,834 48.2 +0.7
Labour Jessica Webb 12,347 33.4 –1.2
Liberal Democrat John Beanse 5,739 15.5 0.0
BNP Jean Griffin 1,062 2.9 +0.5
Majority 5,487 14.8
Turnout 36,982 58.5 –12.2
Conservative hold Swing +1.0

Elections in the 1990sEdit

General Election 1997: Chingford and Woodford Green[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Iain Duncan Smith 21,109 47.5
Labour Tommy Hutchinson 15,395 34.6
Liberal Democrat Geoffrey Seeff 6,885 15.5
BNP Alan Gould 1,059 2.4
Majority 5,714 12.9
Turnout 44,448 70.7
Conservative win (new seat)

See alsoEdit

Notes and referencesEdit

Notes
  1. ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
  3. ^ Original name Adam Osen
References
  1. ^ "Chingford and Woodford Green: Usual Resident Population, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 23 February 2015. 
  2. ^ "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  3. ^ List of Conservative MPs elected in 2015 by % majority UK Political.info. Retrieved 2017-01-29
  4. ^ "Chingford and Woodford Green 1997–". Hansard 1803–2005. UK Parliament. Retrieved 2 February 2015. 
  5. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "C" (part 4)
  6. ^ "Chingford & Woodford Green parliamentary constituency". BBC News. 
  7. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  8. ^ "General Election results, 7 May 2015". Walthamforest.gov.uk. 2015-05-07. Archived from the original on 2 October 2015. Retrieved 2015-10-01. 
  9. ^ "Trade unionist chosen to stand at election (From East London and West Essex Guardian Series)". Guardian-series.co.uk. Retrieved 2015-10-01. 
  10. ^ "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  11. ^ (PDF) http://www.walthamforest.gov.uk/sopn-chingford.pdf. Retrieved April 20, 2010.  Missing or empty |title= (help)[dead link]
  12. ^ "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  13. ^ "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  14. ^ "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
Sources

External linksEdit

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Richmond, Yorks
Constituency represented by the Leader of the Opposition
2001–2003
Succeeded by
Folkestone and Hythe