The Chevrolet Colorado and its counterpart, the GMC Canyon, is a series of compact and later mid-size pickup trucks marketed by American automaker General Motors. They were introduced in 2004 to replace the Chevrolet S-10 and GMC S-15/Sonoma compact pickups. It is named for the U.S. state of Colorado. Along with rival Ford Ranger, the GM twins were the last compact pickup trucks on sale until 2012.
|Chevrolet Colorado/GMC Canyon|
2018 Chevrolet Colorado (international version)
|Production||2003–2012, 2014–present (U.S.)|
|Assembly||Wentzville, Missouri, United States |
São José dos Campos, Brazil
|Body and chassis|
|Class||Compact pickup truck (first generation)|
Mid-size pickup truck (second generation)
|Body style||2-door regular cab |
4-door extended cab
4-door crew cab
|Layout||Front-engine, rear-wheel drive/four-wheel drive|
|Predecessor||Chevrolet S-10 / Isuzu Hombre / GMC Sonoma|
- 1 First generation (2003–2012)
- 2 Second generation (2012–present)
- 3 Sales
- 4 Awards and recognition
- 5 References
- 6 External links
First generation (2003–2012)Edit
|Assembly||United States: Shreveport, Louisiana (Shreveport Assembly)|
|Body and chassis|
|Related||Holden Rodeo |
|Engine||2.5 L (153 cu in) 4JK1 |
2.5 L (153 cu in) 4JK1 (Diesel/CNG; Colorado CNG)
2.8 L (171 cu in) LK5 I4
2.9 L (177 cu in) LLV I4
3.0 L (183 cu in) 4JJ1
3.5 L (214 cu in) L52 220hp I5
3.7 L (226 cu in) LLR I5
5.3 L (323 cu in) LH8 2009/LH9 2010+ V8
|Transmission||5-speed Aisin AR-5 manual |
4-speed 4L60-E automatic
|Wheelbase||Regular cab 111.2 in (2,824 mm) |
Extended cab 126 in (3,200 mm)
Crew cab 120 in (3,048 mm) (Thailand Ver.)
|Length||Regular cab 192 in (4,877 mm) |
Extended cab 207.1 in (5,260 mm)
Crew cab 194 in (4,928 mm) (Thailand Ver.)
|Width||68 in (1,727 mm) |
70.8 in (1,798 mm) (Thailand Ver.)
|Height||65 in (1,651 mm)|
69.1 in (1,755 mm) (4x4 Thailand Ver.)
The Chevrolet Colorado and its twin, the GMC Canyon were jointly designed by GM's North American operations, GM's Brazil operations, and Isuzu. Isuzu, which participated in the design process, began selling its own version worldwide in 2002. In late 2005, Isuzu offered a version in North America called the Isuzu i-series. This North American model Isuzu shared North American powertrains, styling, and equipment with the Colorado/Canyon twins and differed from Isuzu's worldwide offering. All Chevrolet, GMC, and Isuzu versions worldwide are based on the GMT355, itself the basis for the GMT 345-based Hummer H3. Most vehicles for markets outside North America are manufactured at a GM plant in Rayong, Thailand, as well as at a GM plant in São José dos Campos, Brazil. All North American-market vehicles were manufactured by Shreveport Operations.
The cooperation between GM and Isuzu to build a light-duty truck and offer it in North America returns to an original arrangement the two companies had in the 1970s with the Chevrolet LUV, a rebadged Isuzu Faster.
The Colorado/Canyon offer both manual and automatic transmissions. GM also offers either a rear-wheel drive or four-wheel drive drivetrain with standard, extended, and four-door crew cab body styles. Most models come with the 2.8 L (171 cu in) LK5 I4 engine as standard, but a more powerful 3.5 I5 comes with the Z71 package on four-door versions and is optional on all others. The 4-door Z71s also get the 4-speed automatic transmission standard. This package was later dropped in favor of LT2 and LT3.
A ZQ8 edition is available with a lower and more road-tuned "sport" suspension than the standard Z85 and comes with 17 inch wheels, color-matched bumper and grille, and low profile fender flares. There is also a Xtreme edition of the ZQ8 which has a different front bumper, rear bumper, side skirts, fender flares, grille, headlights, and 18 inch wheels. The Xtreme edition is basically a continuation of a trim package from its predecessor, the Chevrolet S-10.
For 2007, Colorado/Canyon was facelifted and offered new engines, which include the 2.9 L (177 cu in) LLV I4 and 3.7 L (226 cu in) LLR I5 which were both introduced due to numerous head problems, new colors — Deep Ruby (Sonoma Red for the Canyon), Pace Blue (Sport Blue for the Canyon) and Imperial Blue (Midnight Blue for the Canyon), and new tires and wheels. Minor changes to the grille and interior for the LT and LTZ models; the LS models kept the same pre-facelift look, similar to the facelift of the TrailBlazer in 2005 & 2006. In addition, the "Colorado" & "Canyon" badges were phased out from the doors in favour of GM's corporate logo. For model year 2009, the Colorado was facelifted again and a 5.3 L (323 cu in) LH8 V8 is offered, producing 300 hp (224 kW) and 320 lb⋅ft (434 N⋅m). For the 2010 model year the GM badges were phased out, although a few 2010 models had the GM logo on the doors.
In 2009, both trucks, as with most 2009 General Motors vehicles (and combined with OnStar), received a Bluetooth hands-free phone system for the first time as optional equipment. The six-disc in-dash CD changer was discontinued as well, leaving the single-disc CD/MP3 player, as well as a standard A/M-F/M only radio, with two, four, or six-speaker audio systems. Most later trucks received alloy wheels as standard equipment, with optional polished and chrome-plated wheels, in sixteen, seventeen, or eighteen-inch diameters. Only later base-model trucks, with the exception of the base received sixteen-inch steel wheels, and were a new wheel design. In addition, most newer trucks also featured standard SiriusXM Satellite Radio, when equipped with a CD/MP3 player.
Colorado/Canyon U.S. sales peaked in 2005 at 163,204 units, surpassing the perennial segment leader, the Ford Ranger, by almost 35% and just 3.3% behind the new best-seller, the Toyota Tacoma. In 2006, however, while still leading the Ford pickup by 27.5%, Colorado/Canyon's sales lagged their Toyota competitor's by almost 34%. One 2005 Canyon owned by successful U.S. Senate candidate Scott Brown became famous as it was widely featured in his TV advertisements.
SG Automotive manufactures a clone of the Colorado called the Huanghai Plutus in China
|2004–2012||2.5 L (153 cu in) 4JK1-TC I4||116 hp (87 kW)@3600 rpm||206 lb⋅ft (279 N⋅m)@1800-2200 rpm|
|2004–2012||3.0 L (183 cu in) 4JJ1-TC I4||146 hp (109 kW)@3600 rpm||216 lb⋅ft (293 N⋅m)@1400-3400 rpm|
|2012||3.0 L (183 cu in) 4JJ1-TCX I4||163 hp (122 kW)@3600 rpm||265.5 lb⋅ft (360 N⋅m)@1400-3400 rpm|
|2004–2006||2.8 L (173 cu in) LK5 I4||175 hp (130 kW) @ 5600 rpm||185 lb⋅ft (251 N⋅m) @ 2800 rpm|
|2007–2012||2.9 L (178 cu in) LLV I4||185 hp (138 kW) @ 5600 rpm||190 lb⋅ft (258 N⋅m) @ 2800 rpm|
|2004–2006||3.5 L (214 cu in) L52 I5||220 hp (164 kW) @ 5600 rpm||225 lb⋅ft (305 N⋅m) @ 2800 rpm|
|2007–2008||3.7 L (223 cu in) LLR I5||242 hp (180 kW) @ 5600 rpm||242 lb⋅ft (328 N⋅m) @ 2800 rpm|
|2009–2012||3.7 L (223 cu in) LLR I5||242 hp (180 kW) @ 5600 rpm||242 lb⋅ft (328 N⋅m) @ 4600 rpm|
|2009||5.3 L (325 cu in) LH8 V8||300 hp (224 kW) @ 5200 rpm||320 lb⋅ft (434 N⋅m) @ 4000 rpm|
|2010-2012||5.3 L (325 cu in) LH9 V8||300 hp (224 kW) @ 5200 rpm||320 lb⋅ft (434 N⋅m) @ 4000 rpm|
In the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety's frontal offset test the Colorado (extended version) is given a "Good" overall score, however the crew cab is rated "Acceptable". In the side impact test, the Colorado crew cab is rated "Poor" with or without side curtain airbags. Side curtain airbags were made standard on all 2010 models; side torso airbags are not offered.
The Isuzu i-series mid-size pickup truck line was manufactured from 2005 to 2008. Launched at the 2005 New York International Auto Show, for the 2006 model year, the i-series replaced the Isuzu Hombre, which had been out of production since 2000. Like the Hombre, which was based on the compact Chevrolet S-10 / GMC Sonoma, the i-series was based on the Chevrolet Colorado / GMC Canyon. Two models were offered: the i-290, powered by the 2.9 L I4 engine, and the i-370, powered by the 3.7 L I5 engine. The i-290 was available only with an extended cab, while the i-370 could be had with either an extended cab or crew cab.
The sales for the i-series were poor, with just 1,377 sold from the start of production through February 2006 according to Automotive News. As part of Isuzu's withdrawal from the United States market after the 2008 model year, the i-series was discontinued.
Second generation (2012–present)Edit
|Body and chassis|
|Wheelbase||3,258 mm (128.3 in)|
|Length||5,347 mm (210.5 in)|
|Width||1,882 mm (74.1 in)|
|Height||1,781 mm (70.1 in)|
The second-generation Chevrolet Colorado was shown at the 2011 Bangkok Motor Show. It is available in three different cab styles: regular cab (single cab), extended cab (space cab), and crew cab (double cab) and may either be rear-wheel drive or four-wheel drive.
The Holden was revealed at the 2011 Australian International Motor Show and went on sale in June 2012 in both Australia and New Zealand, sourced from the Rayong factory in Thailand. Only one engine is offered, the 2.8L turbo diesel, built by GM in the Rayong Factory. It is available in four trim levels: DX (single cab chassis only), LX (chassis only), LT and LTZ. Single cab and crew cab models are available as either two-wheel drive or four-wheel drive.
A Thunder Edition is available on 4x4 LX, LT and LTZ models. Among the features included with the pack are a nudge bar and towing kit, front carpet floor mats and a one-piece rear carpet floor mat, a bonnet protector, slimline weather shields and "Thunder" badging.
- DX: features a manual transmission, ESC, side-curtain airbags, Bluetooth capabilities, and 16" steel wheels.
- LX: features either a 6 speed manual or 6-speed automatic transmission, power mirrors, and cruise control.
- LT: features fog lamps
- LTZ: features 17" alloy wheels, optional leather seats, LED tail lamps, projector headlamps, sports bar, soft tonneau cover, and side steps.
- Z71: top trim, includes off-road gear and 18" wheels
North American and South Korean marketEdit
The US-spec model was revealed on November 20, 2013 at the Los Angeles Auto Show. Production began at Wentzville Assembly in 2014, and vehicles started arriving at dealerships nationwide by mid-late 2014, as an early 2015 model year vehicle. It competes with other midsized pickup truck offerings, such as the Nissan Frontier and Toyota Tacoma. The US spec model features a different front fascia, with its design being similar to the 2014 Chevrolet Silverado, and different engines. General Motors' Wentzville assembly plant received a $380 million expansion of 500,000 square feet that was constructed to support the new Colorado's assembly. On September 18, 2014, GM announced that it would add more workers to the Wentzville factory after it received early advanced orders of 30,000 Colorado/Canyons from its dealerships ahead of its release.
For the initial launch, the Colorado was available with either a 2.5 L Ecotec I4 engine or the 3.6 L LFX V6 engine. The 2.8 L Duramax LWN turbodiesel engine was added in 2016, and is a first for its class ever in the US market. It is also available in three cab configurations: extended cab with a 6.2 ft (1.9 m) bed, crew cab with a 5.2 ft (1.6 m) bed, or crew cab with a 6.2 ft (1.9 m) bed, with four-wheel drive being optional.
Sixteen-inch or seventeen-inch steel wheels or alloy wheels are available, as well as a decor package for the W/T model that adds a chrome front grille and body-colored door handles and side view mirrors.
- Base: Base trim level
- WT: Base trim level("Work Truck")
- LT: Mid trim level and most common
- Z71: Top trim, includes off-road equipment
- ZR2: Off-road Performance/Halo model
The base Colorado trim level includes the following standard equipment: sixteen-inch steel wheels, vinyl seating surfaces, an A/M-F/M stereo with auxiliary audio input and a six-speaker audio system, power windows and door locks (NO keyless entry), a 2.5L EcoTec Inline Four-Cylinder (I4) gasoline engine, a six-speed manual transmission, carpeted flooring, and a chrome front grille. This model is available exclusively as an Extended Cab.
The W/T includes the same standard equipment as the base Colorado trim level, but has more optional equipment, such as a seven-inch color touch-screen MyLink radio, cloth seating surfaces, keyless entry, sixteen-inch aluminum-alloy wheels, color-keyed door mirrors, an automatic transmission, and a 3.6L V6 gasoline engine. It is available as either an Extended Cab, or as a Crew Cab with either a Short Box or a Long Box.
The LT adds the following equipment to the base Colorado and W/T trim levels: seventeen-inch aluminum-alloy wheels, a 3.6L V6 gasoline engine, an automatic transmission, an eight-inch color touch-screen MyLink radio, SiriusXM Satellite Radio, OnStar with 4G LTE Wi-Fi Connectivity (later models only), cloth seating surfaces, and keyless entry. Optional equipment includes a 2.8L Duramax Inline Four-Cylinder (I4) Turbo Diesel engine, remote start, a rear-view backup camera system, a premium Bose seven-speaker audio system, a GPS navigational radio with MyLink, and chrome exterior accessories. It is available as either an Extended Cab, or as a Crew Cab with either a Short Box or a Long Box.
The Z/71 is the top-of-the-line trim level, and adds the following equipment to the LT trim level: unique aluminum-alloy wheels, vinyl and cloth combination seating surfaces, and a black front grille. Optional equipment is the same as the LT. It is available as either an Extended Cab, or as a Crew Cab with either a Short Box or a Long Box.
Later 2015 Colorado and Canyon models offered 4G LTE Wi-Fi capabilities through the OnStar system, standard on higher trim levels, and optional on lower trim levels. For 2016, trucks equipped with the eight-inch MyLink or GMC IntelliLink touchscreen infotainment system received standard Apple CarPlay and Android Auto smartphone integration.
Starting with the 2017 model year, base Colorado and Canyon models received a standard seven-inch Chevrolet MyLink (or GMC Intellilink) touchscreen infotainment system with Bluetooth for hands-free calling and wireless stereo audio streaming, Apple CarPlay and Android Auto smartphone integration, an A/M-F/M radio, and auxiliary and USB audio inputs, along with a six-speaker audio system. Most models also included a rear backup camera system. OnStar with 4G LTE Wi-Fi capabilities was optional on base Colorado and Canyon models.
Starting with the 2020 model year, both the 2WD Z71 Extended Cab and 2WD Z71 Crew Cab Long Box models will be removed from the lineup, along with the RST and Redline edition, as both will be combined with the Luxury edition.
The ZR-2 is the "Off-Road" trim level, and adds the following equipment to the Z/71 trim level: 2" taller suspension, 3.5" wider track, 31" off-road tires, unique aluminum-alloy wheels, and leather-trimmed seating surfaces, functional rock sliders, Multimatic DSSV position sensitive shock absorbers, full set of skid plates, locking front and rear differential, high approach angle front bumper. Optional equipment is the same as the LT and Z/71 trim levels, except for the availability of a rear bed-mounted light bar. It is available as either an Extended Cab with a long box, or as a Crew Cab with a Short Box.
In Mexico there are 3 available configurations: the WT Double Cab, 2.5L engine, 6 speed automatic transmission, rear wheel drive with a price of $584,200 MXN ($31,000 USD), the LT Double Cab, 2.5L engine, 6 speed automatic transmission, rear wheel drive with a price of $613,200 MXN (about $32,400 USD) and the LT Double Cab, 3.6L V6 engine, 8 speed automatic transmission, connectable four wheel drive transmission & 4Lo Mode with a price of $687,100 MXN (about $36,300 USD). Chevrolet Colorado Mexico
The all-new GMC Canyon was introduced on January 12, 2014. GMC introduced in an official press and video release and made its public debut the following day (January 13, 2014) at the North American International Auto Show in Detroit. Sales started at dealerships in the second quarter of 2014 as a 2015 model.
The Canyon offers the same features as its cousin, but will have a higher MSRP and more options. It also sports a front grille design that closely resembles its full-size sibling, the GMC Sierra. The 2015 Canyon comes in three trims and either two-wheel drive or four-wheel drive. The base model is only available with the 2.5 L Ecotec I4 engine, a 6-speed manual transmission, and two-wheel drive.
Optional features (based on trim) will include active aero grille shutters, available OnStar 4G LTE connectivity with on-board wifi, forward collision warning, lane departure warning, and an available Teen Driver feature that limits speed and audio volume.
On February 16, 2015, GMC posted spyshots of a Canyon with Denali styling, indicating plans to add the mid-size truck to the Denali lineup as a 2016 model.
Both the Canyon and Colorado are expected to get a facelift for the 2021 model year, prior to the debut of a third generation in either the 2023 or 2024 model years.
The ZR2 concept was shown at the 2014 LA Auto Show, and due to positive feedback a production ready version was announced 2 years later at the 2016 LA Auto Show to be a part of the 2017 lineup.
The Colorado ZR2 offers the same amenities as its brother the Z71, but is heavily tailored towards off-road performance. The ZR2 model will be available in 2 body configurations; crew cab with 5 ft bed or extended cab with 6 ft bed. Engine options are the 3.6 L LGZ V6 engine and the 2.8 L Duramax LWN turbodiesel engine.
Chevrolet designed many new parts specifically for the ZR2 to improve off-road performance. New features and parts standard or optional on the ZR2 include:
- 3.5" Wider Track
- 2" Lift
- Multimatic Dynamic Suspension Spool Valve (DSSV) Dampers
- Electronic Locking Front and Rear Differentials
- Longer, Cast Iron Control Arms
- Aggressive Front Bumper and Grille with Improved Approach Angle
- Redesigned Rear Bumper For Improved Departure Angle
- Cowl-Style Hood with Black Insert
- Wider Fender Flares
- Aluminum Skid Plates to protect radiator, oil pan, and front differential
- Rock Sliders
- New 17x8 Wheels with 31" (265/65R17) Goodyear Wrangler Duratrac tires
- "Off-road Mode" alters throttle progression, shift calibration, traction control, stability control, and ABS for different terrain.
- Optional Bed-Mounted Full Size Spare Tire
- Optional Carpet Delete
Colorado ZH2 (Military Truck)Edit
GM Defense and U.S. Army TARDEC partnered in 2016 to develop and successfully test the Chevrolet Colorado ZH2 fuel cell electric truck, with low acoustical and heat signatures as well as the advantages of on-board water production, exportable electric power and off-road capability.
|2012–2016||2.4 L Flexpower I4||Brazil|
|2012–2013||2.5 L Duramax I4||163 hp (122 kW)||280 lb⋅ft (380 N⋅m)||5-speed manual only|
|2012–present||2.8 L Duramax LWN I4||181 hp (135 kW)||369 lb⋅ft (500 N⋅m)||US 2016|
|2015–present||2.5 L Ecotec I4||200 hp (149 kW)||191 lb⋅ft (259 N⋅m)||US, Mexico & Brazil|
|2015–2016||3.6 L LFX V6||305 hp (227 kW)||269 lb⋅ft (365 N⋅m)||US|
|2017–present||3.6 L LGZ V6||308 hp (230 kW)||275 lb⋅ft (373 N⋅m)||US & Mexico|
|2016–present||2.8 L VM Motori I4 turbo-diesel||185–190 hp (138–142 kW)||347 lb⋅ft (470 N⋅m)||Thai production|
|2016–present||2.5 L Duramax LKH I4 Turbo||163 hp (122 kW)||280 lb⋅ft (380 N⋅m)||Thai production|
|2016–present||2.5 L Duramax XLDE25 LP2 I4 VG Turbo||180 hp (134 kW)||324 lb⋅ft (439 N⋅m)||Thai production|
|Calendar year||United States||Thailand|
Awards and recognitionEdit
- Motor Trend's 2015 Truck of the Year
- Motor Trend's 2016 Truck of the Year
- Newbury, Stephen. The Car Design Yearbook 2. Merrell. ISBN 978-1-85894-196-7.
- "Made From History - Isuzu UTEs, SUV's - Isuzu UTE Australia". www.isuzuute.com.au.
- "GM to drop corporate logo from vehicles -- Detroit News". The Detroit News. Retrieved 2010-10-10.
- "Scott Brown drives his GMC pickup to U.S. Senate victory". USA Today. 2010-01-20.
- Chevrolet Colorado Product Brochures. 2004–2012.
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- http://archives.media.gm.com/division/2005_prodinfo/chevrolet/trucks/colorado/index.html. Missing or empty
- http://archives.media.gm.com/us/chevrolet/en/product_services/r_trucks/r_c_colorado/06index.html#specs. Missing or empty
- http://archives.media.gm.com/us/chevrolet/en/product_services/r_trucks/r_c_colorado/07index.html#specs. Missing or empty
- http://archives.media.gm.com/us/chevrolet/en/product_services/r_trucks/r_c_colorado/08index.html#specs. Missing or empty
- "Chevrolet Pressroom - United States - Colorado". gm.com.
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- "IIHS-HLDI: Chevrolet Colorado". Iihs.org. 2008-07-30. Retrieved 2009-05-07.
- "IIHS-HLDI: Chevrolet Colorado crew cab". Iihs.org. 2010-02-04. Retrieved 2010-10-10.
- "Nueva Chevrolet S10, lanzamiento en Argentina" [Launching of the new Chevrolet S10 in Argentina]. 16valvulas.com.ar (in Spanish). July 12, 2016. Retrieved April 22, 2019.
- "2015 Chevrolet Colorado Specifications". GM. Retrieved 2014-10-14.
- "Chevrolet Pressroom - United States - Colorado". chevrolet.com.
- "Chevy confirms global Colorado pickup for U.S." Autoblog. October 10, 2011. Retrieved 2011-11-12.
- "Holden Colorado Pricing Revealed for 2012 generation ute". Car Advice. Retrieved 11 August 2013.
- "Holden Colorado Thunder Edition Debuts". The Motor Report. 2013-06-06. Retrieved 11 August 2013.
- "Product Information MY2014 RG Colorado". gm.com. 2013-10-21.
- "Holden Colorado - Official Site". GM Holden LTD. Retrieved 11 August 2013.
- i own a 6 peed manual and when bying spare parets from the deeler they ask 5 or 6 speed
- 2015 Chevrolet Colorado brings modern amenities, diesel power to midsize pickup set from Autoblog (November 20, 2013)
- Giegerich, Steve. "GM starts $380 million expansion in Wentzville". stltoday.com.
- "GM dealers have ordered 30k Colorado and Canyon pickups, 3rd shift added" from Autoblog (September 18, 2014)
- "Chevrolet Colorado - Official Site". Archived from the original on 28 March 2014. Retrieved 28 March 2014.
- “Here’s What New for the 2020 Chevrolet Colorado” from GM Authority (May 22, 2019)
- "2015 GMC Canyon is a Chevy Colorado in Sierra clothing (w/video)" from Autoblog (January 12, 2014)
- "Inevitable GMC Canyon Denali spotted testing" from Autoblog (February 16, 2015)
- "GM Reports 392,041 Deliveries In December". GM Communications. January 4, 2006. Archived from the original on March 1, 2009. Retrieved 2009-05-09.
- "GM Reports 341,327 Deliveries In December". GM Communications. January 3, 2007. Archived from the original on April 23, 2009. Retrieved 2009-05-09.
- "GM Reports 221,983 Deliveries In December; 2,980,688 Vehicles Sold In 2008". GM Communications. January 5, 2009. Archived from the original on April 23, 2009. Retrieved 2009-05-09.
- "December 2010 Sales: General Motors - Cheers & Gears Forums". Cheersandgears.com. Retrieved 2011-01-04.
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- "Thailand cars sales report 2014". HeadlightMag.com. Thailand. February 2015. Retrieved 24 Oct 2018.
- "Thailand cars sales report 2015". HeadlightMag.com. Thailand. 2016-06-10. Retrieved 24 Oct 2018.
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- GM’s U.S. Crossover Sales Topped 1 million in 2018
- "Chevy Pulls a Two-Fer, Takes Motor Trend Awards with New Camaro, Colorado Models". www.yahoo.com. Retrieved 2015-11-17.