Chess boxing, or chessboxing, is a hybrid sport that combines two traditional disciplines: chess and boxing.[1][2] Two combatants play alternating rounds of blitz chess and boxing until one wins by checkmate or knockout. It is also possible to win by time penalty as in normal chess, and by boxing decision if there is a draw in the chess round.[3]

A chess boxing match in Berlin, 2008

Typically, events are held in a standard boxing ring using standard amateur boxing equipment and rules. The chess round is also played in the ring with the table, board, and seating on a platform being lifted in and out of the ring from the ceiling for each round.

The governing bodies of chessboxing are the World Chessboxing Association and the World Chess Boxing Organisation.[4]

Chessboxing was invented by French comic book artist Enki Bilal and adapted by Dutch performance artist Iepe Rubingh as an art performance[5][6] and has subsequently grown into a competitive sport.[7][8][9] Chessboxing is particularly popular in the United Kingdom, India, Finland, France,[10] and Russia.[11]



An earlier version of combining chess and boxing took place in a boxing club outside London in the late 1970s. The Robinson brothers were in the habit of playing a round of chess against one another after a training session at their boxing club.[12][13] The concept of chessboxing was first coined in the 1979 kung fu film Mystery of Chessboxing made by Joseph Kuo, where it referred to the Chinese variant of chess, xiangqi. In homage to the film of the same name, the band Wu-Tang Clan brought chessboxing into popular consciousness for the first time in 1993, when they released the song "Da Mystery of Chessboxin'".

The first chessboxing event was put on by Dutch performance artist Iepe Rubingh.[5][6] Rubingh's idea to create a new sport fusing the two disciplines, chess and boxing,[14] originates from the 1992 comic Froid Équateur, written by French comic book artist Enki Bilal, that portrays a chessboxing world championship. In the comic book version, however, the opponents fight an entire boxing match before they face each other in a game of chess. Finding this to be impractical, Rubingh developed the idea further until it turned into the competitive sport that chessboxing is today, with alternating rounds of chess and boxing and a detailed set of rules and regulations.[15]

Early years


The first chessboxing competition took place in Berlin in 2003.[16] That same year, the first world championship fight was held in Amsterdam,[17] in cooperation with the Dutch Boxing Association as well as the Dutch Chess Federation and under the auspices of the World Chess Boxing Organization (WCBO) that had been founded in Berlin shortly before.[18] Dutch middleweight fighters Iepe Rubingh and Jean Louis Veenstra faced each other in the ring. After his opponent exceeded the chess time limit, Rubingh won the fight in the eleventh round, going down in the history books as the first-ever World Chess Boxing Champion.[19]



By 2012, Rubingh in Berlin and Tim Woolgar in London had become the two shining lights of the chessboxing scene. Rubingh's events tended to have a more serious tone, while Woolgar's brought a party atmosphere and larger crowds. These two champions of the new sport were unable to agree on forming a unified style, which eventually left the sport with two governing bodies: the World Chessboxing Association (WCBA) and the WCBO. This period in chessboxing history was immortalised in the film By Rook or Left Hook – The Story of Chessboxing.[20]

2005–2008: First champions

A chess round in a chess boxing match in 2008

The first European Chess Boxing Championship took place in Berlin on 1 October 2005.[21][22] Present-day chessboxing commentator Andreas Dilschneider was defeated by Tihomir Dovramadjiev (FIDE Master[23][24]) when he resigned in the ninth round of chess,[25] crowning the latter by being the first European Chess Boxing Champion.[26][27] A video report by German television channel RBB presented the event in detail.[28][29] In 2006, more than 800 spectators filled the Gloria Theatre in Cologne for the world championship qualification fight between Zoran Mijatovic and Frank Stoldt. The 36-year-old Frank Stoldt, who was a former UN peacekeeper in Kosovo and Afghanistan, won when his opponent resigned in chess in the seventh round. After qualifying to fight for the title in 2006, Frank Stoldt went up against American David Depto in November 2007 in Berlin to fight for the first world championship title in the light heavyweight division. More than 800 tickets were sold for the event at the Tape Club in Berlin, making it the biggest chessboxing title fight to that date. Frank Stoldt defeated Depto in the seventh round and thereby cemented Berlin's status as the leading city in the chessboxing world and becoming the first German world champion.[30]

2008–2011: Growth


Chessboxing first received credit from the International Chess Federation FIDE, in April 2008; its president, Kirsan Ilyumzhinov, took part in a chessboxing demo fight in Elista.[31] In 2008, chessboxing clubs were founded in London and Krasnoyarsk.[32] Created in 2009, the Los Angeles Chessboxing Club was the first of its kind in the United States and was directly followed by the New York Chessboxing Club in 2010. The Boxer in Munich also opened in 2010 and offers chessboxing training. In addition to the WCBO's initially European and later world championships taking place, the scene at the London Chessboxing Club grew as well. In 2011, the first international club matchup took place, with Berlin and London in the ring.[33]

2011–2014: Global expansion


In 2011, the WCBO and with it, the global chessboxing community, made the biggest leap forward in its development to date with the foundation of the Chessboxing Organisation of India and its expansion in Asia, including Chessboxing China and the Chessboxing Organisation of Iran, which was founded in 2012. Furthermore, the third chessboxing organization in the United States, USA Chessboxing, was founded in 2011 and the European movement was being reinforced by the foundation of the Italian Chessboxing Federation in 2012. In addition to the WCBO becoming a registered association under German law in 2014, the Chess Boxing Global Marketing CBGM GmbH – called Chess Boxing Global (CBG) – was founded; it as of May 2013 is responsible for organizing all professional chessboxing fights worldwide and above all, for the organization of the Chess Boxing World Championships.

The Chess Boxing Organisation India was founded in 2011 by kickboxing official and former Indian kickboxing and karate champion Montu Das. With this, the growth of chessboxing in Asia gained momentum, with the first Chess Boxing Organisation in Western Asia already being built in the following year by another experienced official in the kickboxing world, Fereydoun Pouya, who started the Chess Boxing Organisation Iran.

At the same time, the process of making chessboxing a professional discipline reached a milestone: The 2013 World Championship in Moscow was the first chessboxing event organized and marketed by Chess Boxing Global. With three world championship fights in one night, more than 1,200 spectators, and a standard of fighting never seen before, the first CBG event set new standards in the history of chessboxing, with Leonid Chernobaev leading the way. He has been able to make a name for himself with more than fifteen years of chess-playing experience, and in the boxing world as Marco Huck's and Yoan Pablo Hernández's sparring partner, and having fought over 200 amateur bouts. He won the light heavyweight title against Indian fighter Shailesh Tripathi after a technical knockout in the eighth round (boxing). Sven Rooch secured his title in the middleweight class division—winning against Jonatan Rodriguez Vega after the Spaniard resigned in the seventh round (chess), and Russian Nikolay Sazhin won the heavyweight title against Gianluca Sirci by checkmate. Thus, Sazhin (heavyweight), Chernobaev (light heavyweight), and Rooch (middleweight) would all go down in chessboxing history as the first Chess Boxing Global World Champions.[34]

In terms of its development into a mass sport, there was much success in 2013 and early 2014 for the chessboxing world. There were more competitors in the second and third Indian Championships in the summer of 2013 and early 2014 than in any chessboxing events ever before, with more than 245 fighters of varying age and weight class, taking place in Salem and Jodhpur, respectively.[35] Furthermore, the chessboxing community in London—under the command of London Chessboxing and the WCBA—has continued to grow constantly since 2011 and by now stages chessboxing events for 800 or more spectators regularly four to five times a year at the Scala, King's Cross.

Late 2014 also saw the Finnish Chessboxing Club being founded in Helsinki by five members. Since 2013, there has also been a Moscow Chess Boxing club.



Chessboxing events in 2015 were produced by London Chessboxing under the WCBA—two events at Scala, Kings Cross. The second event, in June 2015, The Grandmaster Bash!, saw the British, European, and IBF light-welterweight world champion Terry Marsh fight and defeat Dymer Agasaryan. Terry Marsh is the first professional boxer to compete in chessboxing[36][37] and has competed in three fights since June 2014 in London and still remains unbeaten in his career.

Chessboxing has also become more popular among young, poor women in India, where the sport has been seen as an alternative to traditional roles.[38]

Actual numbers of local federations are officially registered in some countries, such as: China,[39] Costa Rica,[40] Czech Republic,[41] Finland,[42] France,[43] Germany,[44] Great Britain,[45] India,[46] Iran,[47] Italy,[48][49] Madagascar,[50] Mexico, Netherlands, Philippines,[51] Russia,[52][53] South Africa,[54] Spain, Turkey,[55][56] Ukraine,[57] USA,[58][59][60][61][62] and others.

In 2016, then-FIDE president, Kirsan Ilyumzhinov, publicly announced to Top Sport his desire to include chessboxing in the Olympic games.[63]

On 11 December 2022, content creator and YouTuber Ludwig Ahgren held a chess boxing event, called the Mogul Chessboxing Championship, at the Galen Center in Los Angeles. The competition's bouts featured other content creators.[64] The event's live viewership peaked at over 315,000 viewers on YouTube.[65]



A match consists of eleven alternating rounds of chess and boxing, starting and ending with chess. Each boxing round lasts three minutes, followed by a one-minute break. The chess rounds are played under time control, with a total of nine minutes allotted to each player and no increment added to either player's clock after a move is made.[66]



A chessboxing match can end by any of the following:

  • Victory by knockout or technical knockout in boxing
  • Victory by checkmate in chess
  • Loss due to exceeding the chess game's time control; see fast chess
  • Loss by resignation in either discipline
  • Disqualification of one fighter by the referee in either discipline following multiple warnings (for extended inactivity, overextended playing time, rule infractions, etc.)
    • This rule prevents a fighter who is in an unwinnable position in one discipline from stalling to attempt to win in the other.

If the chess game ends in a draw before the final round, one more round of boxing is held. If this round also ends without a clear victory, the fighter who is ahead on boxing points wins the overall bout. If the chess draw occurs in the final round, the fighter ahead on points is immediately declared the winner. In either case, if the bout ends with both fighters tied on points, the one playing the black chess pieces wins the bout, due to not having the first-move advantage in chess. This scenario has not yet occurred in practice as of 2022.

Weight classes


Like boxing, chessboxers are divided into weight classes. Currently, the following apply to professional chessboxing events of Chess Boxing Global (as of October 2014):

Men (17 years+)

  • Lightweight: max. 70 kg (154.3 lbs)
  • Middleweight: max. 80 kg (176.4 lbs)
  • Light heavyweight: max. 90 kg (198.4 lbs)
  • Heavyweight: over 90 kg (198.4 lbs)[67]

Women (17 years+)

  • Lightweight: max. 55 kg (121.3 lbs)
  • Middleweight: max. 65 kg (143.3 lbs)
  • Light heavyweight: max. 75 kg (165.3 lbs)
  • Heavyweight: over 75 kg (165.3 lbs)

For amateur and youth chessboxing bouts under the flag of the WCBO, weight classes are graduated in 6-kilo steps. Exceptionally, event hosts can classify into 10-kilo steps.

Particular requirements and training


A chessboxer must have strong skills in both chess and boxing to be permitted to compete in a professional chessboxing fight. The current minimum requirements to fight in a Chess Boxing Global event include an Elo rating of 1,600 and a record of at least fifty amateur bouts fought in boxing or another similar martial art. One deciding factor in chessboxing is that the fighters have to mainly train in speed chess; the skills required by speed chess are different from those for chess using classical time controls. However, chessboxing is not only the ability to master both sports but above all, to be able to withstand the constant switch from a full-contact sport to a thinking game, round after round. After three minutes of boxing, opponents have to face each other at the chessboard barely having taken a break, and have to then perform calmly and think tactically. This switch becomes increasingly hard for the athletes as the contest progresses.

To practice these skills, specialized chessboxing training is used, in which physical interval training forms are combined with blitz or speed chess games. Thereby, the fighters adopt the rhythm of a chessboxing bout. They will use exercises like "track chess" and "stair chess", in which training partners will play an 18-minute game of speed chess over six rounds, with intensive running exercises in between, such as 400-meter sprints or stair sprints. Other common methods of training combine speed chess games with strength exercises such as push-ups. The classic chessboxing training is box sparring combined with a game of speed chess.

Major tournaments


Below is a partial list of chess boxing tournaments held in recent years:[68]

# Name Date Venue Fights
1 CBN – St Patricks Day Bash 2023 25 March 2023 The Dome, London, England 5
2 CBP – Intellectual Fight Club 3 3 February 2023 Cabaret Sauvage, Paris, France 4
3 Mogul Chessboxing Championship 11 December 2022 Galen Center, Los Angeles, United States 7
4 CBN – Seasons Beatings 2022 10 December 2022 The Dome, London, England 4
5 WCBO – World Chessboxing Championships 2022 16 November 2022 Palmet Beach Resort Hotel, Antalya, Turkey 41
6 CBP – Intellectual Fight Club – Chessboxing Night 1 October 2022 Cabaret Sauvage, Paris, France 4
7 FISP International Chessboxing Show 3 June 2022 Piazza Ducale, Vigevano, Italy 4
8 CBN – Chessboxing Mayhem 28 May 2022 The Dome, London, England 4
9 FSHB Champion Belt of Russia 6 March 2022 Unknown venue, St Petersburg, Russia 1
10 Alpari Cup Chessboxing Tournament 10 February 2022 5 Element gym, Moscow, Russia 2
11 CB Iran – 6th National Chessboxing Championships 21 January 2022 Kish Island, Iran 0
12 CBN – Seasons Beatings 2021 11 December 2021 The Dome, London, England 4
13 CBOI – 4th Federation Cup, Jitendra Sharma Memorial 27 October 2021 Digha Sea Beach, West Bengal, India 0
14 CBCB – Schachboxen im Goldenen Haus 9 October 2021 Das Goldenen Haus, Germany 3
15 CBOI – National Ranking Chessboxing Tournament 3 October 2021 Digha Sea Beach, West Bengal, India 0
16 FCC – Nordic Chessboxing Fight Night 2 October 2021 Paasitorni Main Hall, Helsinki, Finland 4
17 First Lithuanian Open Chess Boxing Championship 21 August 2021 Geležinės pirštinės, Kaunas, Lithuania 4
18 CBOI – 9th National Chessboxing Championship 2021 17 August 2021 The Circle Club, Kolkata, India 0
19 CBOI – 9th West Bengal State Chessboxing Championship 7 February 2021 Das School of Martial Arts complex, Kolkata, India 0
20 LCB – 36 Clash of Kings 2020 14 March 2020 The Dome, London, England 4
21 Ignition Amsterdam 8 January 2020 Paradiso, Amsterdam, Netherlands 2
22 WCBO – World Chessboxing Championships 2019 15 December 2019 Palmet Beach Resort Hotel, Antalya, Turkey 43
23 LCB – Seasons Beatings 2019 7 December 2019 The Dome, London, England 5
24 CBP – Chessboxing Fights Paris #1 9 November 2019 Cabaret Sauvage, Paris, France 3



Between 2003 and 2013, the chessboxing world championships were organized by the WCBO. As of 2013, they take the form of professional events under the auspices of Chess Boxing Global.

WCBA/WCBO (2003–2012)


World champions


European champions


CBG (starting 2013)

  • 2013: Nikolay Sazhin   Russia – heavyweight, in Moscow against Gianluca Sirci   Italy
  • 2013: Leonid Chernobaev   Belarus – light heavyweight, in Moscow against Shaliesh Tripathi   India
  • 2013: Sven Rooch   Germany – middleweight, in Moscow against Jonathan Rodriguez Vega   Spain

Major organizations


World Chess Boxing Association


The World Chessboxing Association (WCBA) is a legally recognized umbrella organization for chessboxing. It was founded in 2013 and is based in London, England. English heavyweight chessboxing champion Tim Woolgar is its current president. The WCBA originated from the London Chessboxing Club after having separated from the WCBO. It was founded by Woolgar in 2013 to accelerate the development of chessboxing. WCBO champions are also managed and recognized by the WCBA.[citation needed]

World Chess Boxing Organisation


The World Chess Boxing Organisation (WCBO) is the leading umbrella organization for international amateur chessboxing. It is based in Berlin, Germany, and legally recognized as a nonprofit organization by the German government. Iepe Rubingh founded the WCBO directly after the first chessboxing fight in 2003. Its goal is to establish the WCBO as the worldwide organization for the sport of chessboxing. The WCBO aims to collect and link all active chessboxing clubs worldwide under one roof. It was legally recognized as a registered association by Berlin's district court in 2014. The WCBO was the official organizer of the chessboxing world championships until it recognized Chess Boxing Global, following its statute, as the exclusive marketing agent for professional chessboxing fights, in 2013. Chessboxing inventor and WCBO founder Iepe Rubingh is also the current chairman. The first honorary member is comic book artist Enki Bilal, whose comic inspired the invention of chessboxing.

WCBO member associations

  • Chess Boxing Club Berlin (CBCB)
  • Chess Boxing Organisation of India (CBOI)
  • Chess Boxing Organisation of Iran (CBOIR)
  • Italian Chess Boxing Federation (FISP)
  • China Chessboxing (CBCN)
  • Russian Chess Boxing Organisation

Chessboxing Nation


London Chessboxing is a brand under which the sport of chessboxing has been promoted since 2008[75] in London, England. Although the sport has been practised in London since 1978,[76][77] the home of chessboxing in London today is Islington Boxing Club, where London Chessboxing hosts regular training sessions.[78][79]

The first-ever chessboxing event hosted in the UK under the brand was at Bethnal Green Working Men's club in Hackney by Tim Woolgar on 15 August 2008. Other notable venues include Chelsea Old Town Hall,[80][81] The Grange Hotel in St Pauls,[82] and the Royal Albert Hall.[83][84] Their events are hosted at Scala, King's Cross,[85] York Hall, and The Dome, in Tuffnell Park. The events are also broadcast on the livestreaming service Twitch.

In 2021 London Chessboxing rebranded as Chessboxing Nation in order to compete with Chessboxing Global; however, Chessboxing Global collapsed following the death of Iepe Rubingh.[citation needed]



In July 2021, a documentary titled By Rook or Left Hook – The Story of Chessboxing premiered at the Doc Edge documentary festival in New Zealand, to positive reviews.[86] The film was produced and directed by Canadian filmmaker David Bitton and executive-produced by Ed Cunningham, producer of the gaming documentary The King of Kong. By Rook or Left Hook tracks the early years of chessboxing, primarily focusing on the tensions that formed between the sport's inventor, Iepe Rubingh, and London Chessboxing founder, Tim Woolgar, and the formation of the two rival governing bodies, the WCBO and the WCBA. Although the documentary was filmed over an eight-year period, (November 2010 to January 2018), the story spans over 21 years—from Rubingh's early years as an artist, all the way up to his death in May 2020.[citation needed]

Chess boxing and science


In parallel with the development of chessboxing as a sport, the discipline has found an increasing place in several works by leading scientists who study the potential application of the concept in various fields.[87][88][89]

  • The concept of chessboxing is of great interest to science seeking to optimize and increase the physical and psychological characteristics of athletes through the application of new methods and approaches, in order to increase human strength, biomechanical and intellectual abilities, and others.[90]
  • The concept of the sport of chessboxing occupies a leading place in the research of scientists looking for new integrated methods and approaches applicable in the educational process to improve the general condition of adolescents, young people, and disadvantaged individuals.[91]
  • In general, the main conclusions show the positive impact of the diversity of the sport of chessboxing, characterized by certain dynamics in a diverse environment.[92][93][94]

Chess boxing and mass media

  • In 2012, Judit, Susan, and Sofia Polgar hosted a chess festival in Hungary during which the WBF / IBO middleweight world boxing champion Mihaly Kotai played a chessboxing match, the first in Hungary.[95]
  • In 2013, the information and educational television channel Moscow 24[96] presented a report on the popularity of chessboxing.[97]
  • In 2018, the official promo video SHAHBOX PROMO was presented.[98] The video shows the preparation of the Russian national chess team for an international tournament in Moscow (28 March 2018) under the auspices of the Chess Federation (Moscow, Russia) and the World Chess Federation (WCBO). The tournament was held and supported by the Ministry of Sports of the Russian Federation. Among the participants in the cup were five candidates for master of sports in boxing, two masters of sports in kickboxing, one professional boxer (with a score of 3 - 0), two masters, three candidates for master of chess, three world champions in chessboxing, one European champion, and one silver medalist from the World Chess Championship.[99][100]
  • In 2019, the book Chessboxer by Stephen Davies[101] was published.[102][103]
  • In 2019, the St. Petersburg TV[104] channel presented a report on how chessboxing attracts chess players and boxers.[105]
  • In 2019, Red Bull TV[106] officially presented a documentary on chessboxing.[107]
  • In 2020, at an international chessboxing tournament held in the Netherlands, K1 multiple world kickboxing champion Remy Bonjasky[108] supported the event as a commentator.[109] The tournament was especially important because after seventeen years, chessboxing returned to the country where the first world championship was held.[110]
  • In early 2021, Russian channel RT publicly promoted chessboxing in a presentation video, focusing attention on the sport's popularity around the world and its prospects for inclusion in the Olympic Games.[111]
  • On 11 December 2022, YouTube personality Ludwig Ahgren hosted a Chess Boxing Competition called Mogul Chess Boxing, featuring other YouTube and twitch celebrities, as well as Super Smash Bros players and chess grandmasters. The stream peaked at 317k viewers, making it the largest premier of Chess Boxing in the history of the sport.[112]

See also



  1. ^ "List of Sports – Every sport from around the world". Retrieved 12 June 2023.
  2. ^ Hawkes, Chris (5 May 2020). My Encyclopedia of Very Important Sports. Published in the United States by DK Publishing. ISBN 978-1-4654-9151-0. ISBN 978-1465491510.
  3. ^ "chess-boxing". Retrieved 12 June 2023.
  4. ^ "fighting is done in the ring and wars are waged on the board – Deutsch-Übersetzung – Linguee Wörterbuch". Retrieved 12 June 2023.
  5. ^ a b " - E-Ticket: By Hook Or By Rook". Retrieved 12 June 2015.
  6. ^ a b Stephen Moss (9 November 2005). "Wanna piece of this?". the Guardian. Retrieved 12 June 2015.
  7. ^ Justus Bender: Königsdisziplin, In: Die Zeit. Nr. 39, 22. September 2005, ISSN 0044-2070
  8. ^ "Chess Boxing | Awakening Fighters". Retrieved 12 June 2023.
  9. ^ "The Pioneer. Eirik Bjorno. Staff Writer. Chessboxing. SPORTS The Pioneer. Volume 62, Issue 6, March 6, 2013, p.26" (PDF).
  10. ^ "Chessboxing France". Retrieved 12 August 2023.
  11. ^ "Academic-Chess". Archived from the original on 17 April 2021. Retrieved 25 August 2020.
  12. ^ Mark Chandler: Robinson Brothers
  13. ^ Pathade, Mahesh. "Chess Boxing : what is chessboxing- Part- 1". Kheliyad. Archived from the original on 23 October 2020. Retrieved 10 March 2020.
  14. ^ Pathade, Mahesh. "Chess Boxing : Who brought chess boxing to India?". Kheliyad. Archived from the original on 19 December 2021. Retrieved 10 March 2020.
  15. ^ Ada Calhoun: Chess-Boxing Hits It Big, Time, 13 July 2008
  16. ^ "UCOLOURS. (2021). Supporting and Promoting Every Sport Worldwide. WORLD CHESS BOXING ORGANIZATION". Archived from the original on 26 November 2020.
  17. ^ "Chess-Boxing: un connubio speciale". Archived from the original on 25 October 2020. Retrieved 27 August 2020.
  18. ^ "BBC. Reportage: Knocking out knights with chessboxing". BBC News.
  19. ^ "First Chess Boxing World Champion". Guinness World Records. Retrieved 12 June 2023.
  20. ^ "MDFF 2021 - by Rook or Left Hook - the Story of Chessboxing". 24 July 2021.
  21. ^ "Chess boxing – Netherlands. a. History/origin of the Chess Boxing; b. Weapon used in Chess Boxing; c. Technique involved in Chess Boxing and training availability". 23 December 2017.
  22. ^ "RPP Noticias. Boxeo y ajedrez se unen en el Chess boxing". 4 May 2011.
  23. ^ Felice, Gino Di (22 November 2017). Di Felice, Gino (2017). "Chess International Titleholders, 1950-2016,". Amazon. ISBN 978-1476671321. ISBN 978-1476671321.
  24. ^ GmbH, ChessBase. "Tihomir Dovramadjiev player profile". ChessBase Players. Retrieved 12 June 2023.
  25. ^ Andreas Dilschneider: "Was war da Los Herr Dilschneider?", In Der Spiegel, 42/2005
  26. ^ "Chessboxing requires brain and brawn –". UPI. Retrieved 12 June 2023.
  27. ^ "Caanhub. Sports Social Network for Athletes, Teams, Coaches & Competitions". Archived from the original on 27 October 2020. Retrieved 25 August 2020.
  28. ^ "RBB TV Berlin, Germany (Reportage 1.October.2005). 1st European Chess Boxing Championship". YouTube. Archived from the original on 21 December 2021.
  29. ^ "RBB Fernsehen". 12 June 2023.
  30. ^ Berliner Morgenpost: Frank Stoldt – Weltmeister in Schachboxen
  31. ^ FIDE: Kirsan as a Chessboxer Archived 28 October 2020 at the Wayback Machine
  32. ^ "THE IRISH TIME about Chessboxing". The Irish Times.
  33. ^ Arno Nickel: London schlägt Berlin
  34. ^ Nik Afanasjew: Knockout odor Matt
  35. ^ Shamik Bag: Chess boxing catching on in India
  36. ^ "Marsh happy to roll with the punches". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on 12 January 2022. Retrieved 19 June 2015.
  37. ^ "Ex-world champ boxer is back in the ring for new sport of chessboxing". The Standard. 12 March 2015. Retrieved 19 June 2015.
  38. ^ Tarafdar, Swati (10 May 2018). "Chess Boxing Offers a Way Out of Poverty for Young Women in India". News Deeply: Women's Advancement Deeply. Retrieved 11 May 2018.
  39. ^ "China Chess Boxing". 15 September 2018.
  40. ^ "Costa Rica Chessboxing". Facebook.
  41. ^ "Šachbox Česká republika / Chessboxing Czech Republic". Facebook.
  42. ^ "Finland Chess Boxing". Archived from the original on 12 August 2020. Retrieved 25 August 2020.
  43. ^ "ChessBoxing Federation of France".
  44. ^ "Chess Boxing Club Berlin". Retrieved 12 June 2023.
  45. ^ "LONDON CHESSBOXING". Archived from the original on 1 August 2020. Retrieved 25 August 2020.
  46. ^ "Chess Boxing Organisation of India – Chess Boxing – hybrid sport of mind & physic". Retrieved 12 June 2023.
  47. ^ "Iran Chessboxing". Facebook.
  48. ^ "Italy Chess Boxing Federation. Federazione Italiana ScacchiPugilato".
  49. ^ "Milan ChessBoxing". Facebook.
  50. ^ "Madagascar Chess Boxing Association MCBA". Facebook.
  51. ^ "Philippine ChessBoxing Institute". Facebook.
  52. ^ "МОСКОВСКАЯ ФЕДЕРАЦИЯ ШАХБОКСА". Archived from the original on 5 August 2020. Retrieved 4 August 2016.
  53. ^ "Moscow ChessBoxing Federation - Team Russia". Facebook.
  54. ^ "Chess Boxing South Africa". Facebook.
  55. ^ "Türkiye Chessboxing Federasyonu". Facebook.
  56. ^ "Satranç Boksu Federasyonu". Facebook.
  57. ^ "Федерація шахбоксу України". Chess-English. Archived from the original on 21 September 2020. Retrieved 12 June 2023.
  58. ^ "Chess Boxing USA". Facebook.
  59. ^ "Los Angeles Chessboxing Club". Facebook.
  60. ^ "NYC ChessBoxing". Facebook.
  61. ^ "LA Chessboxing – Win by Checkmate or Knockout!". Retrieved 12 June 2023.
  62. ^ "Team USA Chessboxing". Facebook.
  63. ^ "Президент ФИДЕ допускает объединение шахмат и бокса". Retrieved 12 June 2023.
  64. ^ "Mogul Chessboxing Championship". Galen Center. Archived from the original on 11 December 2022. Retrieved 12 December 2022.
  65. ^ "Ludwig's Mogul Chessboxing Championship breaks all-time viewership record on his channel". EsportsGG. 11 December 2022. Retrieved 11 December 2022.
  66. ^ Linville (raync910), Ray (28 October 2020). "Are You Ready For Chess Boxing?".{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  67. ^ Chess Boxing Global: CBG Rules Archived 5 September 2016 at the Wayback Machine
  68. ^ "Chessboxing Database – Events". Retrieved 29 May 2023.
  69. ^ Chessbase: Chessboxing Amsterdam
  70. ^ Chessbase: Stoldt vs. Depto
  71. ^ Chessbase: Stoldt vs. Sazhin
  72. ^ "Leo "Granit" Kraft is the youngest World Champion in Chessboxing history!". IEPE. 3 December 2009. Archived from the original on 21 October 2014. Retrieved 9 December 2021.
  73. ^ "Chessboxing Krasnoyarsk November 2009". World Chess Boxing Organisation. Archived from the original on 18 October 2010. Retrieved 9 December 2021.
  74. ^ Spiegel: Dilschneider Teasertext
  75. ^ "Chessboxing at Bethnal Green Working Man's Club 2008". 19 November 2008. Retrieved 12 June 2015.
  76. ^ "The Guardian on London Chessboxing". 13 September 2014.
  77. ^ "BBC Radio 4 – Saturday Live, Ade Adepitan". BBC. Retrieved 12 June 2023.
  78. ^ "Financial Times: Across ring and board with chessboxing". Financial Times. 17 September 2010. Retrieved 22 June 2015.
  79. ^ "Islington Boxing Club Host to Chessboxing". Islington Boxing Club. Retrieved 22 June 2015.
  80. ^ "Chesboxing Charity Fundraiser at Chelsea Old Town Hall". Yellobric. 29 August 2014. Retrieved 22 June 2015.
  81. ^ "Yellobric Chessboxing Ball, Chelsea Old Town Hall". London Randon. Archived from the original on 22 June 2015. Retrieved 22 June 2015.
  82. ^ "Oracle Cancer Trust Chessboxing Gala". Square Mile. Retrieved 22 June 2015.
  83. ^ "Chess: boxing clever. From Prada to the Royal Albert Hall". The Evening Standard. 28 August 2012.
  84. ^ "International Chessboxing at the Royal Albert Hall". The Nudge. 21 March 2019.
  85. ^ "International Chessboxing London - International Chessboxing at Scala". 2015. Retrieved 12 June 2015.
  86. ^ "Melbourne Documentary Film Festival 2021 Review: 'By Rook or Left Hook: The Story of Chessboxing'". 20 July 2021.
  87. ^ "Associate Professor Ovchinnikov Yu.D., student Khorkova LV and teacher Sycheva NM Physical culture, sports, and health. MENTAL DEVELOPMENT OF SCHOOLCHILDREN ON THE LESSONS OF PHYSICAL CULTURE AT COMPREHENSIVE SCHOOL. 2017. ISSN 2312-072X" (PDF). 2017. Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 October 2020. Retrieved 5 August 2020.
  88. ^ "Tsaryova G.A., Scientific adviser - Voronin A.V., senior. teacher. FGBOU VO Ulyanovsk GAU, HYBRID SPORTS. Physical culture and sports, health improvement of students. UDC 796. 2018" (PDF). 2018.
  89. ^ "Ovchinnikov Yuri Dmitrievich, Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor; Khorkova Lyubov Vladimirovna, student. Chess plus boxing - resulting in Chessboxing, Kuban State University of Physical Culture, Sports and Tourism. Preschool pedagogy issues. 2016. ISSN 2410-7344". Вопросы Дошкольной Педагогики (1): 46–50. 2016.
  90. ^ "Associate Professor Ovchinnikov Jurij Dmitrievich and student Horkova Ljubov Vladimirovna. BIOMECHANICS IN PROJECT TECHNOLOGIES - POPULARIZATION OF NEW SPORTS. PEDAGOGICAL SCIENCES. Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of the Higher Education Kuban State University of Physical Culture, Sports and Tourism, Krasnodar city. MODERN INNOVATION No. 3 (5). 2016". Современные Инновации. 3 (5): 47–49. 2016.
  91. ^ "O. G. Lazar. Candidate of Pedagogy Science, Associate Professor, Dean of the Faculty of Adaptive and Health-Improving Physical Culture, Kuban State University of Physical Culture, Sports and Tourism, Krasnodar, Russia. PEDAGOGICAL DIRECTION OF THE COURSE "BIOMECHANICS OF MOTOR ACTIVITIES" IN THE EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS OF THE SPORTS PROFILE. SCIENTIFIC-METHODOLOGICAL AND SOCIAL ASPECTS OF PSYCHOLOGY AND PEDAGOGY. Digest of articles. International Scientific and Practical Conference on April 10, 2016, Part 2. UDC37, ISBN 978-5-906869-06-7 Part 2, ISBN 978-5-906869-07-4, p. 25-26." (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 October 2020. Retrieved 24 August 2020.
  92. ^ "Kishibaev I.Ya., Ivanov M.A. (2018). Chessboxing is a way of realizing the child's right to physical and intellectual development and the formation of healthy lifestyle skills. Almanac of World Science. 2018 No. 5 (25). Science, education, society: modern challenges and perspectives" (PDF). 2018. pp. 147–148. ISSN 2412-8597" (PDF). 2018.
  93. ^ "Kamenev V.S., Katrenko M.V., NCFU, Stavropol, Russia. COMBINED SPORTS IN THE HARMONIOUS DEVELOPMENT OF A SPECIALIST. pp.222-226". Archived from the original on 13 October 2020. Retrieved 27 August 2020.
  94. ^ "Vitalii I. Lukashchuk. Doctor of Sociological Sciences, Associate Professor. The Study of Sport Industry: System Theory. The Department of State and Corporate Management Academy of Marketing and Social Information Technologies (Krasnodar). UDK 316.334:796" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 February 2020. Retrieved 3 September 2020.
  95. ^ "European Chess Union (ECU). NEWSLETTER 99 (November 26, 2012). p.10" (PDF). Retrieved 12 June 2023.
  96. ^ "Прямой эфир – Москва 24". Retrieved 12 June 2023.
  97. ^ "Moscow 24. Chessboxing is gaining popularity in the capital. (Report 2013)". YouTube. Archived from the original on 21 December 2021.
  98. ^ "Shakh-Man of Boxing. ШАХБОКС ПРОМО (2018)". YouTube. Archived from the original on 21 December 2021.
  99. ^ "Moscow ChessBoxing Federation – Team Russia. Chess Boxing International Cup – 2018". Facebook.
  100. ^ "CHESSBOXING preview". YouTube. Archived from the original on 21 December 2021.
  101. ^ "Stephen Davies official website". Archived from the original on 25 September 2015.
  102. ^ Amazon. Chessboxer Paperback – 3 Oct. 2019 by Stephen Davies (Author). ISBN 9781783448401. ASIN 1783448407.
  103. ^ "THENATASHAREADS. (August 9, 2019). Book review on Chessboxer by Stephen Davies". 9 August 2019. Archived from the original on 1 February 2021.
  104. ^ "Телеканал Санкт-Петербург". Retrieved 12 June 2023.
  105. ^ "TV channel St. Petersburg. About chessboxing (Report on AUGUST 23, 2019) ". 23 August 2019.
  106. ^ "RedBull TV web site". Red Bull.
  107. ^ "Red Bull TV on Chessboxing | Documentary HD". YouTube.
  108. ^ "K-1 WORLD CHAMPIONS. //". Archived from the original on 13 September 2017. Retrieved 29 August 2020.
  109. ^ "Archive. Iepe Rubingh (January 14, 2020)". Facebook.
  110. ^ "Schaakboksen na 17 jaar terug in Paradiso". YouTube. Archived from the original on 21 December 2021.
  111. ^ "RT (4 януари 2021 г.). THIS IS CHESSBOXING!". Facebook. Archived from the original on 11 January 2021.
  112. ^ "Ludwig's Mogul Chessboxing Championship event: Full results, fight card, more". Dexerto. Retrieved 27 December 2022.