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Chesham and Amersham (UK Parliament constituency)

Coordinates: 51°41′38″N 0°36′36″W / 51.694°N 0.610°W / 51.694; -0.610

Chesham and Amersham
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Chesham and Amersham in Buckinghamshire.
Outline map
Location of Buckinghamshire within England.
CountyBuckinghamshire
Population92,635 (2011 UK Census)[1]
Electorate71,259 (2018)[2]
Major settlementsChesham and Amersham
Current constituency
Created1974 (1974)
Member of ParliamentDame Cheryl Gillan (Conservative)
Number of membersOne
Created fromSouth Buckinghamshire and Aylesbury
Overlaps
European Parliament constituencySouth East England

Chesham and Amersham (/ˈɛʃəm ... ˈæmərʃəm/) is a parliamentary constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament. The seat has been represented by Dame Cheryl Gillan of the Conservative Party since the 1992 general election.

Contents

HistoryEdit

Formed as a new county constituency for the February 1974 general election, comprising the southern part of the Rural District of Amersham, including Amersham and the Chalfonts, previously part of the abolished constituency of South Buckinghamshire, and Chesham and the northern part of the Rural District of Amersham, transferred from Aylesbury.

The constituency vote has been solidly Conservative since the seat's creation and at the 2010 election the party won with a large majority. The next largest party at that election was the Liberal Democrats, with 28% of the vote. However, in 2017, Labour moved into second place for the first time in the seat’s history, gaining a fifth of the vote.

Boundaries and boundary changesEdit

1974-1983: The Urban District of Chesham, and the Rural District of Amersham.[3]

1983-1997: The District of Chiltern wards of Amersham Common, Amersham-on-the-Hill, Amersham Town, Asheridge Vale, Ashley Green and Latimer, Austenwood, Chalfont Common, Chalfont St Giles, Chalfont St Peter Central, Chartridge, Chenies, Chesham Bois and Weedon Hill, Cholesbury and The Lee, Coleshill and Penn Street, Gold Hill, Hilltop, Holmer Green, Little Chalfont, Little Missenden, Lowndes, Newtown, Penn, Pond Park, St Mary's, Seer Green and Jordans, Townsend, and Waterside, and the District of Wycombe wards of Hazlemere North and Hazlemere South.[4]

Hazlemere transferred from Wycombe.  Great Missenden transferred to Aylesbury.

1997-2010: All the wards of the District of Chiltern except the wards of Ballinger and South Heath, Great Missenden, and Prestwood and Heath End, and the District of Wycombe wards of Hazlemere Central, Hazlemere East and Hazlemere West.[5]

Minor changes.

2010–present: The District of Chiltern wards of Amersham Common, Amersham-on-the-Hill, Amersham Town, Asheridge Vale and Lowndes, Ashley Green, Latimer and Chenies, Austenwood, Ballinger, South Heath and Chartridge, Central, Chalfont Common, Chalfont St Giles, Chesham Bois and Weedon Hill, Cholesbury, The Lee and Bellingdon, Gold Hill, Great Missenden, Hilltop and Townsend, Holmer Green, Little Chalfont, Little Missenden, Newtown, Penn and Coleshill, Prestwood and Heath End, Ridgeway, St Mary’s and Waterside, Seer Green, and Vale.[6]

Great Missenden transferred back from Aylesbury and Hazlemere returned to Wycombe.

The constituency is in Buckinghamshire and coincides with the Chiltern Local Government District. It includes the towns of Chesham and Amersham and outlying rural village settlements within the Metropolitan Green Belt and partly also within the Chilterns AONB. The area is connected with central London by the Metropolitan line of London Underground and the London to Aylesbury Line operated by Chiltern Railways. The constituency is also close to the M40 motorway and is one the Conservatives' safest seats, home to many affluent professionals and commuters to London.

Changes proposed for 2022Edit

The Boundary Commission for England submitted their final proposals in respect of the Sixth Periodic Review of Westminster Constituencies (the 2018 review) in September 2018. If these proposals are approved by Parliament they will reduce the total number of MPs from 650 to 600 and come into effect at the next UK general election which is due to take place in May 2022 under the terms of the Fixed-term Parliaments Act 2011.

The Commission proposed transferring in the south-eastern parts of the Aylesbury constituency, including Greater Hughenden.[7]

Members of ParliamentEdit

The current Member of Parliament for Chesham and Amersham is the Conservative Cheryl Gillan. She has been in this position since 1992.

Election Member[8][9] Party
Feb 1974 Sir Ian Gilmour Conservative
1992 Dame Cheryl Gillan Conservative

ElectionsEdit

Elections in the 2010sEdit

General election 2017: Chesham and Amersham [10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Cheryl Gillan 33,514 60.7 1.6  
Labour Nina Dluzewska 11,374 20.6 7.9  
Liberal Democrat Peter Jones 7,179 13.0 4.0  
Green Alan Booth 1,660 3.0 2.5  
UKIP David Meacock 1,525 2.8 10.9  
Majority 22,140 40.1 5.3  
Turnout 55,252 77.1 4.4  
Conservative hold Swing   3.1
General election 2015: Chesham and Amersham[11][12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Cheryl Gillan 31,138 59.1 -1.3
UKIP Alan Stevens 7,218 13.7 +9.6
Labour Ben Davies[13] 6,712 12.7 +7.1
Liberal Democrat Kirsten Johnson[14] 4,761 9.0 -19.5
Green Gill Walker[15] 2,902 5.5 +4.0
Majority 23,920 45.4 +13.5
Turnout 52,731 72.7 -1.9
Conservative hold Swing -5.5
General election 2010: Chesham and Amersham[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Cheryl Gillan 31,658 60.4 +6.8
Liberal Democrat Tim Starkey 14,948 28.5 +2.3
Labour Anthony Gajadharsingh 2,942 5.6 -8.0
UKIP Alan Stevens 2,129 4.1 +0.9
Green Nick Wilkins 767 1.5 -2.0
Majority 16,710 31.9 +2.6
Turnout 52,444 74.6 +6.6
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 2000sEdit

General election 2005: Chesham and Amersham[17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Cheryl Gillan 25,619 54.4 +3.9
Liberal Democrat John Ford 11,821 25.1 +0.8
Labour Rupa Huq 6,610 14.0 -4.8
Green Nick Wilkins 1,656 3.5 +1.0
UKIP David Samuel-Camps 1,391 3.0 0.0
Majority 13,798 29.3 +3.1
Turnout 47,097 68.0 +3.3
Conservative hold Swing
General election 2001: Chesham and Amersham[18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Cheryl Gillan 22,867 50.5 +0.1
Liberal Democrat John Ford 10,985 24.3 +0.4
Labour Kenneth Hulme 8,497 18.8 -0.9
UKIP Ian Harvey 1,367 3.0 +1.8
Green Nick Wilkins 1,114 2.5 N/A
ProLife Alliance Gillian Duval 453 1.0 N/A
Majority 11,882 26.2 -0.35
Turnout 45,283 64.7 -9.9
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1990sEdit

General election 1997: Chesham and Amersham[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Cheryl Gillan 26,298 50.38 -12.92
Liberal Democrat Michael Brand 12,439 23.83 -0.67
Labour Paul Farrelly 10,240 19.62 +9.22
Referendum Paul Andrews 2,528 4.84 n/a
UKIP C Shilson 618 1.18 n/a
Natural Law Hugh Godfrey 74 0.14 -0.26
Majority 13,859 26.55 -12.25
Turnout 52,197 74.54 -7.36
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1992: Chesham and Amersham[20][21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Cheryl Gillan 36,273 63.3 +1.2
Liberal Democrat Andrew Ketteringham 14,053 24.5 −2.6
Labour Candy Atherton 5,931 10.4 +1.0
Green CL Strickland 753 1.3 −0.1
Natural Law MTL Griffith-Jones 255 0.4 N/A
Majority 22,220 38.8 +3.8
Turnout 57,265 81.9 +4.6
Conservative hold Swing +1.9

Elections in the 1980sEdit

General election 1987: Chesham and Amersham[22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Ian Gilmour 34,504 62.17
Liberal Andrew Ketteringham 15,064 27.14
Labour Paul Goulding 5,170 9.32
Green Ann Darnbrough 760 1.37
Majority 19,440 35.03
Turnout 77.35
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1983: Chesham and Amersham[23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Ian Gilmour 32,435 61.04
Liberal R Bradnock 16,556 31.15
Labour C Duncan 4,150 7.81
Majority 15,879 29.88
Turnout 75.94
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1970sEdit

General election 1979: Chesham and Amersham
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Ian Gilmour 32,924 61.43
Liberal R Bradnock 12,328 23.00
Labour Elizabeth M. Barratt 7,645 14.26
National Front S Clinch 697 1.30
Majority 20,596 38.43
Turnout 79.72
Conservative hold Swing
General election October 1974: Chesham and Amersham
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Ian Gilmour 25,078 50.67
Liberal DA Stoddart 14,091 28.47
Labour JR Poston 10,325 20.86
Majority 10,987 22.20
Turnout 78.08
Conservative hold Swing
General election February 1974: Chesham and Amersham
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Ian Gilmour 27,035 50.67
Liberal DA Stoddart 16,619 31.15
Labour BM Warshaw 9,700 18.18
Majority 10,416 19.52
Turnout 85.03
Conservative hold Swing

See alsoEdit

Notes and referencesEdit

Notes
References
  1. ^ "Chesham and Amersham: Usual Resident Population, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 21 February 2015.
  2. ^ "England Parliamentary electorates 2010-2018". Boundary Commission for England. Retrieved 23 March 2019.
  3. ^ "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1970". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 2019-02-08.
  4. ^ "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1983". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 2019-02-08.
  5. ^ "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1995". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 2019-02-08.
  6. ^ "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 2007". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 2019-02-08.
  7. ^ Boundary Commission for England, 2018 Review, Associated consultation documents (September 2018). "Final recommendations report". Archived from the original on 2019-02-15.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
  8. ^ "Chesham and Amersham 1974-". Hansard 1803-2005. UK Parliament. Retrieved 2 February 2015.
  9. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "C" (part 3)
  10. ^ https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/politics/constituencies/E14000631>
  11. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  12. ^ http://www.chiltern.gov.uk/article/4945/Chesham--Amersham-Constituency
  13. ^ http://www.cheshamamershamlabour.org.uk/2014/12/chesham-and-amersham-labour-party-choose-ex-political-journalist-as-candidate-for-2015-general-election/
  14. ^ http://www.libdems.org.uk/kirsten_johnson
  15. ^ http://www.chilterngreenparty.org.uk/get-involved.html
  16. ^ "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  17. ^ "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  18. ^ "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  19. ^ "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  20. ^ "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  21. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Archived from the original on 24 July 2011. Retrieved 2010-12-06.
  22. ^ "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  23. ^ "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.

External linksEdit