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Aylesbury (UK Parliament constituency)

Coordinates: 51°48′58″N 0°49′01″W / 51.816°N 0.817°W / 51.816; -0.817

Aylesbury
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Aylesbury in Buckinghamshire.
Outline map
Location of Buckinghamshire within England.
CountyBuckinghamshire
Population108,027 (2011 census)[1]
Electorate82,448 (2018)[2]
Current constituency
Created1885
Member of ParliamentDavid Lidington (Conservative)
Number of membersOne
1553–1885
Number of membersTwo
Type of constituencyBorough constituency
Overlaps
European Parliament constituencySouth East England

Aylesbury is a constituency created in 1553 — created as a single-member seat in 1885 — represented in the House of Commons of the United Kingdom since 1992 by David Lidington, of the Conservative Party.[n 1]

Contents

Constituency profileEdit

Aylesbury expanded significantly after World War II, in a diverse way with a similar proportion of this recent development being social housing estates as private estates.

Workless claimants who were registered jobseekers were in November 2012 lower than the regional average of 2.4% and national average of 3.8%, at 2.2% of the population based on a statistical compilation by The Guardian.[3]

Whereas the average house price is higher than the national average, in the Aylesbury Vale authority (which largely overlaps) this in the first quarter of 2013 was £262,769, the lowest of the four authorities in Buckinghamshire and this compares to the highest county average of £549,046 in South Bucks District.

HistoryEdit

Early form

The seat was a much narrower, generally urban borough with two-member status at Westminster from its grant of a limited franchise in 1553 until the passing of the Great Reform Act 1832.[4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12][13] Unusually, the contents of the Parliamentary Borough were defined within the Act itself to include the "Three Hundreds of Aylesbury".[14] This extended the seat to include Wendover and Princes Risborough.[15] The Borough continued to elect two MPs until its abolition by the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 and transformation into a large county division, formally named the Mid or Aylesbury Division of Buckinghamshire. It was one of three divisions formed from the undivided three-member Parliamentary County of Buckinghamshire, the other two being the Northern or Buckingham Division and the Southern or Wycombe Division. As well as the areas previously represented by the abolished Borough, the reconstituted seat included Linslade to the north-east and Chesham to the south-east. Since then national boundary reviews have seen a gradual reduction in its physical size as its population has grown (see Boundaries Section below).

Political history

The Conservative Party has held the seat since 1924, and held it at the 2015 general election with a 50.7% share of the vote. The result made the seat the 133rd safest of the Conservative Party's 331 seats by percentage of majority.[16] The closest result since 1929 was in 1966 when the Labour Party candidate fell 7.4% short of a majority.

Frontbenchers

David Lidington, the current incumbent, was the Secretary of State for Justice in Theresa May's cabinet since succeeding Elizabeth Truss in the 2017 cabinet reshuffle, before becoming the effective First Secretary of State in the place of Damian Green in 2018's new year's reshuffle. During the premiership of David Cameron he served as Minister for Europe, campaigning unsuccessfully (in the constituency as well as the whole country) to remain in the EU. From 2007 to 2010 he had been his party's Shadow Secretary of State for Northern Ireland.

MPs who have received honours

Sir Stanley Reed edited The Times of India from 1907 until 1924 and received correspondence from the major figures of India such as Mahatma Gandhi. In all he lived in India for fifty years. He was respected in the United Kingdom as an expert on Indian current affairs. He devised the sobriquet for Jaipur, 'the Pink City of India'.

Boundaries and boundary changesEdit

1885-1918: The Sessional Divisions of Aylesbury, Chesham, and Linslade, and parts of the second Sessional Division of Desborough and the Sessional Division of Winslow.[17]

 
Aylesbury in Buckinghamshire, 1918–45

1918-1945: The Borough of Aylesbury, the Urban Districts of Beaconsfield and Chesham, the Rural District of Amersham, the part of the Rural District of Aylesbury not included in the Buckingham Division, in the Rural District of Long Crendon the parish of Towersey, and in the Rural District of Wycombe the parishes of Bledlow, Bradenham, Ellesborough, Great and Little Hampden, Great and Little Kimble, Horsenden, Hughenden, Ilmer, Monks Risborough, Princes Risborough, Radnage, Saunderton, and Wendover.[18]

Linslade was transferred to the Buckingham Division and Amersham and Beaconsfield were transferred from the Wycombe Division.

1945–1950: The House of Commons (Redistribution of Seats) Act 1944 set up Boundaries Commissions to carry out periodic reviews of the distribution of parliamentary constituencies. It also authorised an initial review to subdivide abnormally large constituencies in time for the 1945 election.[19] This was implemented by the Redistribution of Seats Order 1945 under which Buckinghamshire was allocated an additional seat. As a consequence, the parts of the (revised) Rural District of Wycombe in the Aylesbury Division, including Hughenden and Princes Risborough (but not Wendover which had been moved from the Rural District of Wycombe to that of Aylesbury by the reorganisation of local authorities in Buckinghamshire), were transferred to Wycombe.

There were no further changes and the revised composition of the constituency, after taking account of changes to local authorities, was: The Borough of Aylesbury, the Urban Districts of Beaconsfield and Chesham, the Rural District of Amersham, parts of the Rural Districts of Aylesbury and Wing, and the part of the Rural District of Bullingdon in Buckinghamshire.[20]

1950–1974: The Borough of Aylesbury, the Urban District of Chesham, the Rural District of Aylesbury, and in the Rural District of Amersham the parishes of Ashley Green, Chartridge, Cholesbury-cum-St Leonards, Great Missenden, Latimer, Lee, and Little Missenden.[21]

Beaconsfield and southern parts of the Rural District of Amersham (including Amersham itself) were transferred to the new County Constituency of South Buckinghamshire. The boundary with Buckingham was redrawn to align with the northern boundary of the Rural District of Aylesbury.

1974–1983: The Borough of Aylesbury, the Rural District of Aylesbury, and in the Rural District of Wycombe the parishes of Bledlow-cum-Saunderton, Bradenham, Ellesborough, Great and Little Hampden, Great and Little Kimble, Ibstone, Lacey Green, Longwick-cum-Ilmer, Princes Risborough, Radnage, and Stokenchurch.[22]

Parts of the Rural District of Wycombe, including Princes Risborough (but excluding Hughenden), transferred back from Wycombe.  Chesham and the northern part of the Rural District of Amersham included in the new County Constituency of Chesham and Amersham.

1983–1997: The District of Aylesbury Vale wards of Aston Clinton, Aylesbury Central, Bedgrove, Elmhurst, Gatehouse, Grange, Mandeville, Meadowcroft, Oakfield, Southcourt, Wendover, and Weston Turville, the District of Chiltern wards of Ballinger and South Heath, Great Missenden, and Prestwood and Heath End, and the District of Wycombe wards of Bledlow-cum-Saunderton, Icknield, Lacey Green and Hampden, Naphill-cum-Bradenham, Princes Risborough, and Stokenchurch.[23]

Great Missenden transferred from Chesham and Amersham.  Rural areas to the north and west of the town of Aylesbury transferred to Buckingham.

1997–2010: The District of Aylesbury Vale wards of Aylesbury Central, Bedgrove, Elmhurst, Gatehouse, Grange, Mandeville, Meadowcroft, Oakfield, Southcourt, Wendover, and Weston Turville, the District of Chiltern wards of Ballinger and South Heath, Great Missenden, and Prestwood and Heath End, and the District of Wycombe wards of Bledlow-cum-Saunderton, Icknield, Lacey Green and Hampden, Naphill-cum-Bradenham, Princes Risborough, and Stokenchurch.[24]

Minor changes, including the transfer of District of Aylesbury Vale ward of Aston Clinton to Buckingham.

2010–present: The District of Aylesbury Vale wards of Aston Clinton, Aylesbury Central, Bedgrove, Coldharbour, Elmhurst and Watermead, Gatehouse, Mandeville and Elm Farm, Oakfield, Quarrendon, Southcourt, Walton Court and Hawkslade, and Wendover, and the District of Wycombe wards of Bledlow and Bradenham, Greater Hughenden, Lacey Green, Speen and the Hampdens, Stokenchurch, and Radnage.[25]

Hughenden transferred from Wycombe.  Princes Risborough transferred to Buckingham, offset against return of Aston Clinton.  Great Missenden returned to Chesham and Amersham.

The constituency is based on the large town of Aylesbury and its suburbs as well as a small swathe of villages broken up by woods and cultivated land in the centre of the Chilterns which cover most of Buckinghamshire and parts of three other counties.

Changes proposed for 2022Edit

The Boundary Commission for England submitted their final proposals in respect of the Sixth Periodic Review of Westminster Constituencies (the 2018 review) in September 2018. If these proposals are approved by Parliament they will reduce the total number of MPs from 650 to 600 and come into effect at the next UK general election which is due to take place in May 2022 under the terms of the Fixed-term Parliaments Act 2011.

The Commission proposed that the constituency be moved northwards, gaining south-eastern parts of Buckingham, including Wing. South-eastern areas, including Stokenchurch, would be transferred to Wycombe and south-western areas, including Greater Hughenden, to Chesham and Amersham.[26]

Members of ParliamentEdit

MPs 1553-1659MPs 1659-1885MPs 1885-1982Elections

MPs 1553–1659Edit

  • Constituency created (1553)
Year First member Second member
1554 (Apr) Thomas Smith Humphrey Moseley
1554 (Nov) William Rice John Walwyn
1555 Anthony Restwold
1558 Names lost
1559 Arthur Porter Thomas Crawley
1563 Thomas Sackville Thomas Coleshill
1571 Thomas Lichfield Edmund Dockwra
1572 George Burden
1584 Thomas Tasburgh John Smith
1586 Thomas Scott
1589 Thomas Pigott Henry Fleetwood
1593 Sir Thomas West John Lyly
1597 Thomas Tasburgh Thomas Smythe
1601 John Lyly Richard More
1604 Sir William Borlase Sir William Smith
1614 Sir John Dormer Samuel Backhouse
1621 Henry Borlase
1624 Sir John Pakington, Bt Sir Thomas Crewe
1625 Sir Robert Carr
May 1625 Sir John Hare
1626 Clement Coke Arthur Goodwin
1628 Sir Edmund Verney
April 1640 Sir John Pakington, Bt Ralph Verney
1640 Thomas Fountaine
November 1640 Sir John Pakington, Bt
1645 Thomas Scot Simon Mayne
Year Member
1654 Henry Philips
1656 Thomas Scot

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MPs 1659–1885Edit

Year First member[27] First party Second member[27] Second party
1659 James Whitelocke Thomas Tyrrill
1660 Sir Thomas Lee, 1st Bt. Sir Richard Ingoldsby
1685 Sir William Egerton Richard Anderson
1689 Sir Thomas Lee, 2nd Bt. Richard Beke
1690 Sir Thomas Lee, 1st Bt
1691 Simon Mayne
1695 James Herbert
1699 Robert Dormer
1701 Sir Thomas Lee, 2nd Bt.
July 1702 Sir John Pakington, 4th Bt. Tory
December 1702 Simon Harcourt
1704 Sir Henry Parker, 2nd Bt.
1705 Sir John Wittewrong, 3rd Bt. Simon Mayne
1710 Simon Harcourt John Essington
January 1715 Nathaniel Meade John Deacle
April 1715 Trevor Hill
1722 Richard Abell Whig John Guise
1727 Sir William Stanhope Philip Lloyd
1728 by-election Edward Rudge
1730 by-election Thomas Ingoldsby
1734 George Champion Christopher Tower
1741 Charles Pilsworth Viscount Petersham
1747 The Earl of Inchiquin Whig Edward Willes
1754 Thomas Potter John Willes
1757 John Wilkes
1761 Welbore Ellis
1764 by-election Anthony Bacon Whig[28]
1768 John Durand
1774 John Aubrey Tory[28]
1780 Thomas Orde Tory[28]
1784 Sir Thomas Hallifax William Wrightson
1789 by-election Scrope Bernard
1790 Gerard Lake
1802 James Du Pre Whig[28] Robert Bent Whig[28]
1804 by-election William Cavendish Whig[28]
1806 George Nugent, 1st Bt. Tory[28] George Cavendish Whig[28]
1809 by-election Thomas Hussey Whig[28]
1812 George Nugent-Grenville Whig[28][29]
1814 by-election Charles Cavendish Whig[28]
1818 William Rickford Tory[28]
1832 Henry Hanmer Tory[28]
1834 Conservative[28] Conservative[28]
1837 Winthrop Mackworth Praed Conservative[28]
1839 by-election Charles Baillie-Hamilton Conservative[28]
1841 Rice Richard Clayton Conservative[28]
1847 John Peter Deering Conservative The Lord Nugent Whig[28][29]
1848 by-election Quintin Dick Conservative
1850 by-election Frederick Calvert Whig[30][31]
1851 by-election Richard Bethell Whig[32][33]
1852 Austen Henry Layard Radical[34][35]
1857 Thomas Bernard Conservative
1859 Samuel George Smith Conservative
1865 Nathan Rothschild Liberal
1880 George W. E. Russell Liberal
1885 by-election Ferdinand de Rothschild Liberal
1885 Parliamentary borough abolished

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MPs 1885–1992Edit

Under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, the parliamentary borough of Aylesbury was abolished. The name was transferred to a new, larger, county division of Buckinghamshire, which elected one Member of Parliament (MP).

Year Member[27] Party
1885 Ferdinand de Rothschild Liberal
1886 Liberal Unionist
1899 Walter Rothschild Liberal Unionist
1910 Lionel de Rothschild Liberal Unionist
1912 Unionist
1918 Coalition Unionist
1922 Unionist
1923 Thomas Keens Liberal
1924 Sir Alan Burgoyne Unionist
1929 Michael Beaumont Conservative
1938 Sir Stanley Reed Conservative
1950 Spencer Summers Conservative
1970 Timothy Raison Conservative
1992 David Lidington Conservative

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ElectionsEdit

2010s2000s1990s1980s1970s1960s1950s1940s1930s1920s1910s1900s1890s1880s1870s1860s1850s1840sNotes and references


Elections in the 2010sEdit

Next United Kingdom general election:
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Green Coral Simpson
Brexit Party Alison Wild
General election 2017: Aylesbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative David Lidington 32,313 55.0  4.3
Labour Mark Bateman 17,617 30.0  14.8
Liberal Democrat Steven Lambert 5,660 9.6  1.0
UKIP Vijay Singh Srao 1,296 2.2  17.5
Green Coral Simpson 1,237 2.1  1.7
Independent Kyle Michael 620 1.1  1.1
Majority 14,696 25.0  6.0
Turnout 58,743 71.4  2.4
Conservative hold Swing -5.25
General election 2015: Aylesbury[36][37]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative David Lidington 28,083 50.7 -1.5
UKIP Chris Adams 10,925 19.7 +12.9
Labour William Cass 8,391 15.1 +2.5
Liberal Democrat Steven Lambert 5,885 10.6 -17.8
Green David Lyons 2,135 3.9 +3.9
Majority 17,158 31.0 +7.3
Turnout 55,419 69.0 +0.8
Conservative hold Swing -7.2
General election 2010: Aylesbury[38][39]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative David Lidington 27,736 52.2 +3.1
Liberal Democrat Steven Lambert 15,118 28.4 +0.8
Labour Kathryn White 6,695 12.6 -5.9
UKIP Chris Adams 3,613 6.8 +2.0
Majority 12,618 23.7 +2.2
Turnout 53,162 68.2 +5.8
Conservative hold Swing +2.1

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Elections in the 2000sEdit

General election 2005: Aylesbury[40]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative David Lidington 25,252 49.1 +1.8
Liberal Democrat Peter Jones 14,187 27.6 +0.7
Labour Mohammed Khaliel 9,540 18.5 -4.7
UKIP Chris Adams 2,479 4.8 +2.3
Majority 11,066 21.5 +1.1
Turnout 51,458 62.4 +1.0
Conservative hold Swing +0.6
General election 2001: Aylesbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative David Lidington 23,230 47.3 +3.1
Liberal Democrat Peter M. Jones 13,221 26.9 -2.6
Labour Keith M. White 11,388 23.2 +1.0
UKIP Justin D. Harper 1,248 2.5 N/A
Majority 10,009 20.4 +5.8
Turnout 49,087 61.4 -11.4
Conservative hold Swing

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Elections in the 1990sEdit

General election 1997: Aylesbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative David Lidington 25,426 44.2 −13.2
Liberal Democrat Sharon Bowles 17,007 29.5 +1.8
Labour Robert Langridge 12,759 22.2 +8.8
Referendum Marc John 2,196 3.8 N/A
Natural Law Lawrence R. Sheaff 166 0.3 +0.1
Majority 8,419 14.6 −15.1
Turnout 57,554 72.8 −6.6
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1992: Aylesbury[41]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative David Lidington 36,500 57.4 −0.1
Liberal Democrat Sharon Bowles 17,640 27.7 −0.9
Labour Roger Priest 8,517 13.4 −0.5
Green Nigel A. Foster 702 1.1 +1.1
Natural Law Bruno H.M. D'Arcy 239 0.4 +0.4
Majority 18,860 29.7 +0.8
Turnout 63,598 80.4 +5.9
Conservative hold Swing +0.4

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Elections in the 1980sEdit

General election 1987: Aylesbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Timothy Raison 32,970 57.5
Social Democratic Michael Soole 16,412 28.6
Labour Julie Larner 7,936 13.9
Majority 16,558 28.9
Turnout 74.52
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1983: Aylesbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Timothy Raison 30,230 58.06
Social Democratic Michael Soole 15,310 29.40
Labour M.P. Moran 6,364 12.22
Independent T. Chapman 166 0.3
Majority 14,920 28.65
Turnout 71.53
Conservative hold Swing

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Elections in the 1970sEdit

General election 1979: Aylesbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Timothy Raison 33,953 58.25
Labour JG Power 14,091 24.17
Liberal MJ Cook 10,248 17.58
Majority 19,862 34.07
Turnout 77.99
Conservative hold Swing
General election October 1974: Aylesbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Timothy Raison 23,565 46.8
Labour Reginald Groves 14,592 29.0
Liberal M.J. Cook 12,219 24.36
Majority 8,973 17.8
Turnout 74.4
Conservative hold Swing
General election February 1974: Aylesbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Timothy Raison 25,764 47.0 −5.2
Liberal M.J. Cook 14,581 26.6 +14.6
Labour Reginald Groves 14,463 26.4 −8.9
Majority 11,183 20.4
Turnout 91.2
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1970: Aylesbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Timothy Raison 31,084 53.3 +8.4
Labour James E. Mitchell 20,441 35.0 −2.5
Liberal Philip S. Kinsey 6,849 11.7 −5.9
Majority 10,643 18.2
Turnout 58,374 75.5
Conservative hold Swing +5.5

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Elections in the 1960sEdit

General election 1966: Aylesbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Spencer Summers 23,673 44.9
Labour Peter Allison 19,766 37.5
Liberal Timothy Joyce 9,272 17.6
Majority 3,907 7.41
Turnout 52,711 79.90
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1964: Aylesbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Spencer Summers 23,856 47.1
Labour Gordon Western 16,467 32.53
Liberal Timothy Joyce 10,301 20.35
Majority 7,389 14.60
Turnout 50,624 80.02
Conservative hold Swing

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Elections in the 1950sEdit

General election 1959: Aylesbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Spencer Summers 22,504 51.20
Labour Hugh Gray 14,549 30.83
Liberal Howard Levett Fry 7,897 17.97
Majority 8,955 20.38
Turnout 43,950 81.25
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1955: Aylesbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Spencer Summers 20,330 49.87
Labour Tony Harman 14,569 35.74
Liberal Howard Levett Fry 5,869 14.40
Majority 5,761 14.13
Turnout 40,768 81.80
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1951: Aylesbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Spencer Summers 22,455 56.05
Labour Tony Harman 17,605 43.95
Majority 4,850 12.11
Turnout 83.14
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1950: Aylesbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Spencer Summers 17,623 44.69
Labour Tony Harman 14,262 36.17
Liberal Guthrie Moir 7,547 19.14
Majority 3,361 8.52
Turnout 83.43
Conservative hold Swing

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Elections in the 1940sEdit

General election 1945: Aylesbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Stanley Reed 24,537 47.85
Labour Reginald Groves 16,445 32.07
Liberal Guy Naylor 10,302 20.09
Majority 8,092 15.78
Turnout 69.55
Conservative hold Swing

General Election 1939/40:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1939 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected; *Conservative: Stanley Reed

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Elections in the 1930sEdit

1938 Aylesbury by-election
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Stanley Reed 21,695 54.1
Liberal T. Atholl Robertson 10,751 26.8
Labour Reginald Groves 7,666 19.1
Majority 10,994 27.3
Turnout 63.1
Conservative hold Swing
 
Wintringham
General election 1935: Aylesbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Michael Beaumont 24,728 57.42
Liberal Margaret Wintringham 13,622 31.63
Labour Eric W. Shearer 4,716 10.95
Majority 11,106 25.79
Turnout 70.24
Conservative hold Swing
 
C.B. Dallow
General election 1931: Aylesbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Michael Beaumont 29,368 68.34
Liberal Cyril Berkeley Dallow 8,927 20.77
Labour Dorothy Woodman 4,677 10.88
Majority 20,441 47.57
Turnout 75.61
Conservative hold Swing

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Elections in the 1920sEdit

General election 1929: Aylesbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Michael Beaumont 20,478 48.1 -7.9
Liberal Thomas Keens 17,594 41.3 +5.5
Labour F G Temple 4,509 10.6 +2.4
Majority 2,884 6.8 -13.4
Turnout 78.7 -3.3
Unionist hold Swing -6.7
General election 1924: Aylesbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Alan Hughes Burgoyne 18,132 56.0 +8.4
Liberal Thomas Keens 11,574 35.8 -12.1
Labour Fred Watkins 2,655 8.2 +3.7
Majority 6,558 20.2 n/a
Turnout 82.0 +7.3
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing +10.2
General election 1923: Aylesbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Thomas Keens 13,575 47.9 +1.0
Unionist Alan Hughes Burgoyne 13,504 47.6 -3.5
Labour Fred Watkins 1,275 4.5 n/a
Majority 71 0.3 n/a
Turnout 74.7 +3.3
Liberal gain from Unionist Swing +1.3
General election 1922: Aylesbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Lionel de Rothschild 13,406 51.1 n/a
Liberal Thomas Keens 12,835 48.9 n/a
Majority 571 2.2 n/a
Turnout 71.4 n/a
Unionist hold Swing n/a

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Elections in the 1910sEdit

General election 1918: Aylesbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±
C Unionist Lionel de Rothschild Unopposed
Unionist hold
C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.
General election Dec 1910: Aylesbury[42]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist Lionel de Rothschild Unopposed
Liberal Unionist hold
General election Jan 1910: Aylesbury[42]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist Lionel de Rothschild 6,037 56.9 +0.9
Liberal A.R.W. Atkins 4,574 43.1 −0.9
Majority 1,463 13.8 +1.8
Turnout 10,611 86.8 −0.1
Registered electors 12,218
Liberal Unionist hold Swing +0.9

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Elections in the 1900sEdit

General election 1906: Aylesbury[42]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist Walter Rothschild 5,675 56.0 N/A
Liberal Silas Hocking 4,463 44.0 N/A
Majority 1,212 12.0 N/A
Turnout 10,138 86.9 N/A
Registered electors 11,661
Liberal Unionist hold Swing N/A
General election 1900: Aylesbury[42]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist Walter Rothschild Unopposed
Liberal Unionist hold

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Elections in the 1890sEdit

By-election, 1899: Aylesbury [42]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist Walter Rothschild Unopposed
Liberal Unionist hold
General election 1895: Aylesbury [42]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist Ferdinand de Rothschild Unopposed
Liberal Unionist hold
General election 1892: Aylesbury [42]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist Ferdinand de Rothschild 5,515 64.8 −9.0
Liberal T.H. Dolbey 2,992 35.2 +9.0
Majority 2,523 29.6 −18.0
Turnout 8,507 77.8 +17.0
Registered electors 10,928
Liberal Unionist hold Swing −9.0

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Elections in the 1880sEdit

General election 1886: Aylesbury [42]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist Ferdinand de Rothschild 4,723 73.8 +42.5
Liberal Charles Durant Hodgson[43] 1,680 26.2 −39.0
Majority 3,043 47.6 N/A
Turnout 6,403 60.8 −18.9
Registered electors 10,535
Liberal Unionist gain from Liberal Swing +40.8
 
Rothschild
General election 1885: Aylesbury [42][44][45]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Ferdinand de Rothschild 5,476 65.2 −7.5
Conservative Frederick Charsley 2,624 31.3 +4.0
Independent Liberal Charles James Clarke 296 3.5 N/A
Majority 2,852 33.9 +26.5
Turnout 8,396 79.7 +14.1 (est)
Registered electors 10,535
Liberal hold Swing −5.8
By-election, 18 Jul 1885: Aylesbury [46]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Ferdinand de Rothschild 2,353 62.4 −10.3
Conservative William Graham[47] 1,416 37.6 +10.3
Majority 937 24.9 +17.5
Turnout 3,769 84.3 +18.7 (est)
Registered electors 4,473
Liberal hold Swing −10.3
  • Caused by Rothschild's elevation to the peerage, becoming Lord Rothschild.
General election 1880: Aylesbury (Two seats)[46]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Nathan Rothschild 2,111 38.1 −0.8
Liberal George W. E. Russell 1,919 34.6 +9.3
Conservative Samuel George Smith 1,511 27.3 −8.6
Majority 408 7.4 +4.4
Turnout 2,771 (est) 65.6 (est) +9.9
Registered electors 4,228
Liberal hold Swing +3.5
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +6.8

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Elections in the 1870sEdit

General election 1874: Aylesbury (Two seats)[46]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Nathan Rothschild 1,761 38.9 −3.5
Conservative Samuel George Smith 1,624 35.9 +0.8
Lib-Lab George Howell 1,144 25.3 +2.8
Turnout 2,265 (est) 55.7 (est) −2.4
Registered electors 4,064
Majority 137 3.0 −4.3
Liberal hold Swing −2.5
Majority 480 10.6 −2.0
Conservative hold Swing −0.3

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Elections in the 1860sEdit

General election 1868: Aylesbury (Two seats)[46]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Nathan Rothschild 1,772 42.4 N/A
Conservative Samuel George Smith 1,468 35.1 N/A
Lib-Lab George Howell 942 22.5 N/A
Turnout 2,091 (est) 58.1 (est) N/A
Registered electors 3,602
Majority 304 7.3 N/A
Liberal hold Swing N/A
Majority 526 12.6 N/A
Conservative hold Swing N/A
General election 1865: Aylesbury (Two seats)[46]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Nathan Rothschild Unopposed
Conservative Samuel George Smith Unopposed
Registered electors 1,225
Liberal gain from Conservative
Conservative hold

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Elections in the 1850sEdit

General election 1859: Aylesbury (Two seats)[46]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Thomas Bernard 552 34.0 +15.6
Conservative Samuel George Smith 535 33.0 +14.6
Liberal Thomas Wentworth[48] 534 33.0 −30.2
Majority 1 0.0 −3.0
Turnout 1,079 (est) 82.7 (est) +24.0
Registered electors 1,304
Conservative hold Swing +15.4
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +14.9
  • On the original count, both Smith and Wentworth received 535 votes, meaning there were three MPs elected. However, after scrutiny, Wentworth lost one vote and was declared unduly elected on 2 August 1859.[49]
General election 1857: Aylesbury (Two seats)[46]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Thomas Bernard 546 36.7 −8.1
Whig Richard Bethell 501 33.7 +7.0
Radical Austen Henry Layard 439 29.5 +1.1
Turnout 743 (est) 58.7 (est) −10.6
Registered electors 1,266
Majority 45 3.0 N/A
Conservative gain from Radical Swing −2.6
Majority 62 4.2 +0.2
Whig hold Swing +5.5
By-election, 9 February 1857: Aylesbury[46]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig Richard Bethell Unopposed
Whig hold
By-election, 6 January 1853: Aylesbury[46]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig Richard Bethell Unopposed
Whig hold
General election 1852: Aylesbury (Two seats)[46]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Radical Austen Henry Layard 558 28.4 N/A
Whig Richard Bethell 525 26.7 −6.8
Conservative Augustus Frederick Bayford 447 22.7 −14.4
Conservative John Temple West[50] 435 22.1 −7.4
Turnout 983 (est) 69.3 (est) +8.1
Registered electors 1,417
Majority 33 1.7 N/A
Radical gain from Conservative Swing +2.1
Majority 78 4.0
Whig hold Swing
By-election, 11 April 1851: Aylesbury[46]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig Richard Bethell 544 51.2 +17.7
Conservative William Ferrand[51] 518 48.8 −17.8
Majority 26 2.4 −1.6
Turnout 1,062 70.2 +9.0
Registered electors 1,512
Whig hold Swing +17.8
  • Caused by the 1850 by-election being declared void on petition due to treating and bribery.[52]
By-election, 27 December 1850: Aylesbury[46]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig Frederick Calvert 499 77.2 N/A
Whig John Houghton[53] 147 22.8 N/A
Majority 352 54.5 +51.5
Turnout 646 42.7 −18.5
Registered electors 1,512
Whig hold Swing N/A
  • Caused by Nugent-Grenville's death. Houghton retired before polling.[54]

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Elections in the 1840sEdit

By-election, 29 March 1848: Aylesbury[46]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Quintin Dick 614 64.0 −2.6
Whig John Houghton 345 36.0 +2.5
Majority 269 28.1 +24.5
Turnout 959 63.4 +2.2
Registered electors 1,513
Conservative hold Swing −2.6
  • Caused by Deering's election being declared void on petition due to treating by his agents.[55]
General election 1847: Aylesbury (Two seats)[46]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Peter Deering 687 37.1 N/A
Whig George Nugent-Grenville 620 33.5 N/A
Conservative Rice Richard Clayton 546 29.5 N/A
Turnout 927 (est) 61.2 (est) N/A
Registered electors 1,513
Majority 67 3.6 N/A
Conservative hold Swing N/A
Majority 74 4.0 N/A
Whig gain from Conservative Swing N/A
General election 1841: Aylesbury (Two seats)[46]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Charles Baillie-Hamilton Unopposed
Conservative Rice Richard Clayton Unopposed
Registered electors 1,624
Conservative hold
Conservative hold

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See alsoEdit

Notes and referencesEdit

Notes
  1. ^ This is currently still a county constituency, so-called for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer. Elections are held at least every five years.
References
  1. ^ "Usual Resident Population, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 26 January 2015.
  2. ^ "England Parliamentary electorates 2010-2018". Boundary Commission for England. Retrieved 23 March 2019.
  3. ^ Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
  4. ^ "Aylesbury". History of Parliament Online (1509-1558). Retrieved 27 March 2019.
  5. ^ "Aylesbury". History of Parliament Online (1558-1603). Retrieved 27 March 2019.
  6. ^ "Aylesbury". History of Parliament Online (1604-1629). Retrieved 27 March 2019.
  7. ^ "Aylesbury". History of Parliament Online (1640-1660). Retrieved 27 March 2019.(currently unavailable )
  8. ^ "Aylesbury". History of Parliament Online (1660-1690). Retrieved 27 March 2019.
  9. ^ "Aylesbury". History of Parliament Online (1690-1715). Retrieved 27 March 2019.
  10. ^ "Aylesbury". History of Parliament Online (1715-1754). Retrieved 27 March 2019.
  11. ^ "Aylesbury". History of Parliament Online (1754-1790). Retrieved 27 March 2019.
  12. ^ "Aylesbury". History of Parliament Online (1790-1820). Retrieved 27 March 2019.
  13. ^ "Aylesbury". History of Parliament Online (1820-1832). Retrieved 27 March 2019.
  14. ^ Britain, Great (1832). The Statutes of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland [1807-1868/69]. His Majesty's Statute and Law Printers.
  15. ^ "H.M.S.O. Boundary Commission Report 1868, Aylesbury". www.visionofbritain.org.uk. Retrieved 6 February 2019.
  16. ^ List of Conservative MPs elected in 2015 by % majority UK Political.info. Retrieved 2017-01-29
  17. ^ Great Britain, Incorporated Council of Law Reporting for England and Wales. The public general acts. unknown library. Proprietors of the Law Journal Reports, 1884.
  18. ^ Fraser, Hugh (1918). The Representation of the people act, 1918 : with explanatory notes. University of California Libraries. London : Sweet and Maxwell.
  19. ^ Gay, Oonagh (28 July 2010). "The Rules for the Redistribution of Seats- history and reform".
  20. ^ S., Craig, Fred W. (1972). Boundaries of parliamentary constituencies 1885-1972;. Chichester,: Political Reference Publications. ISBN 0900178094. OCLC 539011.
  21. ^ "Representation of the People Act, 1948". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 7 February 2019.
  22. ^ "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1970". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 7 February 2019.
  23. ^ "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1983". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 7 February 2019.
  24. ^ "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1995". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 7 February 2019.
  25. ^ "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 2007". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 7 February 2019.
  26. ^ Boundary Commission for England, 2018 Review, Associated consultation documents (September 2018). "Final recommendations report". Archived from the original on 15 February 2019.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
  27. ^ a b c Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "A" (part 3)
  28. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s Stooks Smith, Henry. (1973) [1844-1850]. Craig, F. W. S. (ed.). The Parliaments of England (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. pp. 15–17. ISBN 0-900178-13-2.
  29. ^ a b "Political". Norfolk News. 31 July 1847. p. 2. Retrieved 26 October 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  30. ^ "1850 Election". The Norfolk Chronicle. 21 December 1850. p. 2. Retrieved 7 April 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  31. ^ "The Aylesbury Election". Bucks Herald. 28 December 1850. p. 4. Retrieved 7 April 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  32. ^ Hawkins, Angus (2008). "War and Peace: 1855-1858". The Forgotten Prime Minister: The 14th Earl of Derby. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 156. ISBN 9780199204403. Retrieved 7 April 2018.
  33. ^ Marx, Karl. "The Paper Tax.—The Emperor's Letter". p. Aug 7, 1860. Retrieved 7 April 2018.
  34. ^ Bonakdarian, Ansour (2006). Britain and the Iranian Constitutional Revolution of 1906-1911: Foreign Policy, Imperialism, and Dissent (First ed.). Syracuse: Syracuse University Press. p. 8. ISBN 0815630425. Retrieved 7 April 2018.
  35. ^ Long, Renata Eley (2015). "Family and Foreign Office". In the Shadow of the Alabama: The British Foreign Office and the American Civil War. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press. p. 5. ISBN 9781612518374. Retrieved 7 April 2018.
  36. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  37. ^ "News – AVDC".
  38. ^ "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  39. ^ "BBC NEWS – Election 2010 – Aylesbury". BBC News.
  40. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 15 May 2010. Retrieved 2010-05-29.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  41. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Archived from the original on 24 July 2011. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
  42. ^ a b c d e f g h i Craig, FWS, ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results: 1885-1918. London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 9781349022984.
  43. ^ "The General Election". Reading Mercury. 17 July 1886. p. 4. Retrieved 23 November 2017.
  44. ^ The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  45. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1886
  46. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (e-book) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3.
  47. ^ "Forthcoming Aylesbury". The Globe. 27 June 1885. p. 5. Retrieved 23 November 2017.
  48. ^ "The Aylesbury Election". Bucks Herald. 16 April 1859. p. 5. Retrieved 7 April 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  49. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "A" (part 3)
  50. ^ "Election Intelligence". London Evening Standard. 19 April 1852. p. 3. Retrieved 7 April 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  51. ^ "Mr. Ferrand at Aylesbury". Bucks Herald. 5 April 1851. p. 4. Retrieved 7 April 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  52. ^ "Latest News". Leamington Spa Courier. 5 April 1851. p. 3. Retrieved 7 April 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  53. ^ "Aylesbury Election". London Daily News. 28 December 1850. p. 3. Retrieved 7 April 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  54. ^ "Aylesbury Election". Northampton Mercury. 14 December 1850. p. 3. Retrieved 7 April 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  55. ^ "England". Dumfries and Galloway Standard. 29 March 1848. p. 3. Retrieved 26 October 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.

SourcesEdit

  • Iain Dale, ed. (2003). The Times House of Commons 1929, 1931, 1935. Politico's (reprint). ISBN 1-84275-033-X.
  • The Times House of Commons 1945. The Times. 1945.
  • The Times House of Commons 1950. The Times. 1950.
  • The Times House of Commons 1955. The Times. 1955.
  • British Parliamentary Election Results 1885–1918, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Macmillan Press 1974)
  • British Parliamentary Election Results 1918–1949, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Macmillan Press, revised edition 1977)