Aylesbury (UK Parliament constituency)
Aylesbury is a constituency created in 1553 — created as a single-member seat in 1885 — represented in the House of Commons of the United Kingdom since 2019 by Rob Butler of the Conservative Party.[n 1]
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Aylesbury in Buckinghamshire
Location of Buckinghamshire within England
|Population||108,027 (2011 census)|
|Major settlements||Aylesbury, Saunderton, Stoke Mandeville, Wendover|
|Member of Parliament||Rob Butler (Conservative Party)|
|Number of members||One|
|Number of members||Two|
|Type of constituency||Borough constituency|
Workless claimants who were registered jobseekers were in November 2012 lower than the regional average of 2.4% and national average of 3.8%, at 2.2% of the population based on a statistical compilation by The Guardian.
Whereas the average house price is higher than the national average, in the Aylesbury Vale authority (which largely overlaps) this in the first quarter of 2013 was £262,769, the lowest of the four authorities in Buckinghamshire and this compares to the highest county average of £549,046 in South Bucks District.
The seat was a much narrower, generally urban borough with two-member status at Westminster from its grant of a limited franchise in 1553 until the passing of the Great Reform Act 1832. Unusually, the contents of the Parliamentary Borough were defined within the Act itself to include the "Three Hundreds of Aylesbury". This extended the seat to include Wendover and Princes Risborough. The Borough continued to elect two MPs until its abolition by the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 and transformation into a large county division, formally named the Mid or Aylesbury Division of Buckinghamshire. It was one of three divisions formed from the undivided three-member Parliamentary County of Buckinghamshire, the other two being the Northern or Buckingham Division and the Southern or Wycombe Division. As well as the areas previously represented by the abolished Borough, the reconstituted seat included Linslade to the north-east and Chesham to the south-east. Since then national boundary reviews have seen a gradual reduction in its physical size as its population has grown (see Boundaries Section below).
The Conservative Party has held the seat since 1924, and held it at the 2015 general election with a 50.7% share of the vote. The result made the seat the 133rd safest of the Conservative Party's 331 seats by percentage of majority. The closest result since 1929 was in 1966 when the Labour Party candidate fell 7.4% short of a majority.
In June 2016, an estimated 51.8% of local adults voting in the EU membership referendum chose to leave the European Union instead of to remain. This was matched in two January 2018 votes in Parliament by its MP.
David Lidington, the current incumbent, was the Secretary of State for Justice in Theresa May's cabinet since succeeding Elizabeth Truss in the 2017 cabinet reshuffle, before becoming the effective First Secretary of State in the place of Damian Green in 2018's new year's reshuffle. During the premiership of David Cameron he served as Minister for Europe, campaigning unsuccessfully (in the constituency as well as the whole country) to remain in the EU. From 2007 to 2010 he had been his party's Shadow Secretary of State for Northern Ireland.
MPs who have received honoursEdit
Sir Stanley Reed edited The Times of India from 1907 until 1924 and received correspondence from the major figures of India such as Mahatma Gandhi. In all he lived in India for fifty years. He was respected in the United Kingdom as an expert on Indian current affairs. He devised the sobriquet for Jaipur, 'the Pink City of India'.
Boundaries and boundary changesEdit
1885–1918: The Sessional Divisions of Aylesbury, Chesham, and Linslade, and parts of the second Sessional Division of Desborough and the Sessional Division of Winslow.
1918–1945: The Borough of Aylesbury, the Urban Districts of Beaconsfield and Chesham, the Rural District of Amersham, the part of the Rural District of Aylesbury not included in the Buckingham Division, in the Rural District of Long Crendon the parish of Towersey, and in the Rural District of Wycombe the parishes of Bledlow, Bradenham, Ellesborough, Great and Little Hampden, Great and Little Kimble, Horsenden, Hughenden, Ilmer, Monks Risborough, Princes Risborough, Radnage, Saunderton, and Wendover.
1945–1950: The House of Commons (Redistribution of Seats) Act 1944 set up Boundaries Commissions to carry out periodic reviews of the distribution of parliamentary constituencies. It also authorised an initial review to subdivide abnormally large constituencies in time for the 1945 election. This was implemented by the Redistribution of Seats Order 1945 under which Buckinghamshire was allocated an additional seat. As a consequence, the parts of the (revised) Rural District of Wycombe in the Aylesbury Division, including Hughenden and Princes Risborough (but not Wendover which had been moved from the Rural District of Wycombe to that of Aylesbury by the reorganisation of local authorities in Buckinghamshire), were transferred to Wycombe.
There were no further changes and the revised composition of the constituency, after taking account of changes to local authorities, was: The Borough of Aylesbury, the Urban Districts of Beaconsfield and Chesham, the Rural District of Amersham, parts of the Rural Districts of Aylesbury and Wing, and the part of the Rural District of Bullingdon in Buckinghamshire.
1950–1974: The Borough of Aylesbury, the Urban District of Chesham, the Rural District of Aylesbury, and in the Rural District of Amersham the parishes of Ashley Green, Chartridge, Cholesbury-cum-St Leonards, Great Missenden, Latimer, Lee, and Little Missenden.
Beaconsfield and southern parts of the Rural District of Amersham (including Amersham itself) were transferred to the new County Constituency of South Buckinghamshire. The boundary with Buckingham was redrawn to align with the northern boundary of the Rural District of Aylesbury.
1974–1983: The Borough of Aylesbury, the Rural District of Aylesbury, and in the Rural District of Wycombe the parishes of Bledlow-cum-Saunderton, Bradenham, Ellesborough, Great and Little Hampden, Great and Little Kimble, Ibstone, Lacey Green, Longwick-cum-Ilmer, Princes Risborough, Radnage, and Stokenchurch.
Parts of the Rural District of Wycombe, including Princes Risborough (but excluding Hughenden), transferred back from Wycombe. Chesham and the northern part of the Rural District of Amersham included in the new County Constituency of Chesham and Amersham.
1983–1997: The District of Aylesbury Vale wards of Aston Clinton, Aylesbury Central, Bedgrove, Elmhurst, Gatehouse, Grange, Mandeville, Meadowcroft, Oakfield, Southcourt, Wendover, and Weston Turville, the District of Chiltern wards of Ballinger and South Heath, Great Missenden, and Prestwood and Heath End, and the District of Wycombe wards of Bledlow-cum-Saunderton, Icknield, Lacey Green and Hampden, Naphill-cum-Bradenham, Princes Risborough, and Stokenchurch.
Great Missenden transferred from Chesham and Amersham. Rural areas to the north and west of the town of Aylesbury transferred to Buckingham.
1997–2010: The District of Aylesbury Vale wards of Aylesbury Central, Bedgrove, Elmhurst, Gatehouse, Grange, Mandeville, Meadowcroft, Oakfield, Southcourt, Wendover, and Weston Turville, the District of Chiltern wards of Ballinger and South Heath, Great Missenden, and Prestwood and Heath End, and the District of Wycombe wards of Bledlow-cum-Saunderton, Icknield, Lacey Green and Hampden, Naphill-cum-Bradenham, Princes Risborough, and Stokenchurch.
Minor changes, including the transfer of District of Aylesbury Vale ward of Aston Clinton to Buckingham.
2010–present: The District of Aylesbury Vale wards of Aston Clinton, Aylesbury Central, Bedgrove, Coldharbour, Elmhurst and Watermead, Gatehouse, Mandeville and Elm Farm, Oakfield, Quarrendon, Southcourt, Walton Court and Hawkslade, and Wendover, and the District of Wycombe wards of Bledlow and Bradenham, Greater Hughenden, Lacey Green, Speen and the Hampdens, Stokenchurch, and Radnage.
Hughenden transferred from Wycombe. Princes Risborough transferred to Buckingham, offset against return of Aston Clinton. Great Missenden returned to Chesham and Amersham.
The constituency is based on the large town of Aylesbury and its suburbs as well as a small swathe of villages broken up by woods and cultivated land in the centre of the Chilterns which cover most of Buckinghamshire and parts of three other counties.
Members of ParliamentEdit
- Constituency created (1553)
|Year||First member||Second member|
|1554 (Apr)||Thomas Smith||Humphrey Moseley|
|1554 (Nov)||William Rice||John Walwyn|
|1559||Arthur Porter||Thomas Crawley|
|1563||Thomas Sackville||Thomas Coleshill|
|1571||Thomas Lichfield||Edmund Dockwra|
|1584||Thomas Tasburgh||John Smith|
|1589||Thomas Pigott||Henry Fleetwood|
|1593||Sir Thomas West||John Lyly|
|1597||Thomas Tasburgh||Thomas Smythe|
|1601||John Lyly||Richard More|
|1604||Sir William Borlase||Sir William Smith|
|1614||Sir John Dormer||Samuel Backhouse|
|1624||Sir John Pakington, Bt||Sir Thomas Crewe|
|1625||Sir Robert Carr|
|May 1625||Sir John Hare|
|1626||Clement Coke||Arthur Goodwin|
|1628||Sir Edmund Verney|
|April 1640||Sir John Pakington, Bt||Ralph Verney|
|November 1640||Sir John Pakington, Bt|
|1645||Thomas Scot||Simon Mayne|
- Returned two members to the Third Protectorate Parliament and thereafter
Under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, the parliamentary borough of Aylesbury was abolished. The name was transferred to a new, larger, county division of Buckinghamshire, which elected one Member of Parliament (MP).
Elections in the 2010sEdit
|Liberal Democrats||Steven Lambert||10,081||16.6||+7.0|
|Liberal Democrats||Steven Lambert||5,660||9.6||−1.0|
|UKIP||Vijay Singh Srao||1,296||2.2||−17.5|
|Liberal Democrats||Steven Lambert||5,885||10.6||−17.8|
|Liberal Democrats||Steven Lambert||15,118||28.4||+0.8|
Elections in the 2000sEdit
|Liberal Democrats||Peter Jones||14,187||27.6||+0.7|
|Liberal Democrats||Peter M. Jones||13,221||26.9||−2.6|
|Labour||Keith M. White||11,388||23.2||+1.0|
|UKIP||Justin D. Harper||1,248||2.5||N/A|
Elections in the 1990sEdit
|Liberal Democrats||Sharon Bowles||17,007||29.5||+1.8|
|Natural Law||Lawrence R. Sheaff||166||0.3||+0.1|
|Liberal Democrats||Sharon Bowles||17,640||27.7||−0.9|
|Green||Nigel A. Foster||702||1.1||+1.1|
|Natural Law||Bruno H.M. D'Arcy||239||0.4||+0.4|
Elections in the 1980sEdit
Elections in the 1970sEdit
|Labour||James E. Mitchell||20,441||35.0||−2.5|
|Liberal||Philip S. Kinsey||6,849||11.7||−5.9|
Elections in the 1960sEdit
Elections in the 1950sEdit
|Liberal||Howard Levett Fry||7,897||17.97|
|Liberal||Howard Levett Fry||5,869||14.40|
Elections in the 1940sEdit
General Election 1939/40:
Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1939 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected; *Conservative: Stanley Reed
- Liberal: Atholl Robertson
- Labour: Reginald Groves
Elections in the 1930sEdit
|Liberal||T. Atholl Robertson||10,751||26.8|
|Labour||Eric W. Shearer||4,716||10.95|
|Liberal||Cyril Berkeley Dallow||8,927||20.77|
Elections in the 1920sEdit
|Labour||F G Temple||4,509||10.6||+2.4|
|Unionist||Alan Hughes Burgoyne||18,132||56.0||+8.4|
|Unionist gain from Liberal||Swing||+10.2|
|Unionist||Alan Hughes Burgoyne||13,504||47.6||−3.5|
|Liberal gain from Unionist||Swing||+1.3|
|Unionist||Lionel de Rothschild||13,406||51.1||n/a|
Elections in the 1910sEdit
|C||Unionist||Lionel de Rothschild||Unopposed|
|C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.|
|Liberal Unionist||Lionel de Rothschild||Unopposed|
|Liberal Unionist hold|
|Liberal Unionist||Lionel de Rothschild||6,037||56.9||+0.9|
|Liberal Unionist hold||Swing||+0.9|
Elections in the 1900sEdit
|Liberal Unionist||Walter Rothschild||5,675||56.0||N/A|
|Liberal Unionist hold||Swing||N/A|
|Liberal Unionist||Walter Rothschild||Unopposed|
|Liberal Unionist hold|
Elections in the 1890sEdit
|Liberal Unionist||Walter Rothschild||Unopposed|
|Liberal Unionist hold|
|Liberal Unionist||Ferdinand de Rothschild||Unopposed|
|Liberal Unionist hold|
|Liberal Unionist||Ferdinand de Rothschild||5,515||64.8||−9.0|
|Liberal Unionist hold||Swing||−9.0|
Elections in the 1880sEdit
|Liberal Unionist||Ferdinand de Rothschild||4,723||73.8||+42.5|
|Liberal||Charles Durant Hodgson||1,680||26.2||−39.0|
|Liberal Unionist gain from Liberal||Swing||+40.8|
|Liberal||Ferdinand de Rothschild||5,476||65.2||−7.5|
|Independent Liberal||Charles James Clarke||296||3.5||N/A|
|Liberal||Ferdinand de Rothschild||2,353||62.4||−10.3|
- Caused by Rothschild's elevation to the peerage, becoming Lord Rothschild.
|Liberal||George W. E. Russell||1,919||34.6||+9.3|
|Conservative||Samuel George Smith||1,511||27.3||−8.6|
|Turnout||2,771 (est)||65.6 (est)||+9.9|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||+6.8|
Elections in the 1870sEdit
|Conservative||Samuel George Smith||1,624||35.9||+0.8|
|Turnout||2,265 (est)||55.7 (est)||−2.4|
Elections in the 1860sEdit
|Conservative||Samuel George Smith||1,468||35.1||N/A|
|Turnout||2,091 (est)||58.1 (est)||N/A|
|Conservative||Samuel George Smith||Unopposed|
|Liberal gain from Conservative|
Elections in the 1850sEdit
|Conservative||Samuel George Smith||535||33.0||+14.6|
|Turnout||1,079 (est)||82.7 (est)||+24.0|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+14.9|
- On the original count, both Smith and Wentworth received 535 votes, meaning there were three MPs elected. However, after scrutiny, Wentworth lost one vote and was declared unduly elected on 2 August 1859.
|Radical||Austen Henry Layard||439||29.5||+1.1|
|Turnout||743 (est)||58.7 (est)||−10.6|
|Conservative gain from Radical||Swing||−2.6|
- Caused by Bethell's appointment as Attorney General for England and Wales
- Caused by Bethell's appointment as Solicitor General for England and Wales
|Radical||Austen Henry Layard||558||28.4||N/A|
|Conservative||Augustus Frederick Bayford||447||22.7||−14.4|
|Conservative||John Temple West||435||22.1||−7.4|
|Turnout||983 (est)||69.3 (est)||+8.1|
|Radical gain from Conservative||Swing||+2.1|
- Caused by the 1850 by-election being declared void on petition due to treating and bribery.
- Caused by Nugent-Grenville's death. Houghton retired before polling.
Elections in the 1840sEdit
- Caused by Deering's election being declared void on petition due to treating by his agents.
|Conservative||John Peter Deering||687||37.1||N/A|
|Conservative||Rice Richard Clayton||546||29.5||N/A|
|Turnout||927 (est)||61.2 (est)||N/A|
|Whig gain from Conservative||Swing||N/A|
|Conservative||Rice Richard Clayton||Unopposed|
Elections in the 1830sEdit
|Radical||John Ingram Lockhart||72||10.4||N/A|
- Caused by Praed's death
|Conservative||Winthrop Mackworth Praed||657||31.9||+5.5|
|Tory gain from Whig||Swing||N/A|
- Caused by Nugent-Grenville's appointment as a Lord Commissioner of the Treasury
Notes and referencesEdit
- This is currently still a county constituency, so-called for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer. Elections are held at least every five years.
- "Usual Resident Population, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 26 January 2015.
- "England Parliamentary electorates 2010-2018". Boundary Commission for England. Retrieved 23 March 2019.
- Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
- "Aylesbury". History of Parliament Online (1509-1558). Retrieved 27 March 2019.
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- "Aylesbury". History of Parliament Online (1690-1715). Retrieved 27 March 2019.
- "Aylesbury". History of Parliament Online (1715-1754). Retrieved 27 March 2019.
- "Aylesbury". History of Parliament Online (1754-1790). Retrieved 27 March 2019.
- "Aylesbury". History of Parliament Online (1790-1820). Retrieved 27 March 2019.
- "Aylesbury". History of Parliament Online (1820-1832). Retrieved 27 March 2019.
- Britain, Great (1832). The Statutes of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland [1807-1868/69]. His Majesty's Statute and Law Printers. p. 154.
- "H.M.S.O. Boundary Commission Report 1868, Aylesbury". www.visionofbritain.org.uk. Retrieved 6 February 2019.
- List of Conservative MPs elected in 2015 by % majority UK Political.info. Retrieved 2017-01-29
- Great Britain, Incorporated Council of Law Reporting for England and Wales. The public general acts. unknown library. Proprietors of the Law Journal Reports, 1884.
- Fraser, Hugh (1918). The Representation of the people act, 1918 : with explanatory notes. University of California Libraries. London : Sweet and Maxwell.
- Gay, Oonagh (28 July 2010). "The Rules for the Redistribution of Seats- history and reform". Cite journal requires
- S., Craig, Fred W. (1972). Boundaries of parliamentary constituencies 1885-1972;. Chichester: Political Reference Publications. ISBN 0900178094. OCLC 539011.
- "Representation of the People Act, 1948". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 7 February 2019.
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1970". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 7 February 2019.
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- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1995". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 7 February 2019.
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- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "A" (part 3)
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- "1850 Election". The Norfolk Chronicle. 21 December 1850. p. 2. Retrieved 7 April 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
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- Hawkins, Angus (2008). "War and Peace: 1855-1858". The Forgotten Prime Minister: The 14th Earl of Derby. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 156. ISBN 9780199204403. Retrieved 7 April 2018.
- Marx, Karl. "The Paper Tax.—The Emperor's Letter". p. Aug 7, 1860. Retrieved 7 April 2018.
- Bonakdarian, Ansour (2006). Britain and the Iranian Constitutional Revolution of 1906-1911: Foreign Policy, Imperialism, and Dissent (First ed.). Syracuse: Syracuse University Press. p. 8. ISBN 0815630425. Retrieved 7 April 2018.
- Long, Renata Eley (2015). "Family and Foreign Office". In the Shadow of the Alabama: The British Foreign Office and the American Civil War. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press. p. 5. ISBN 9781612518374. Retrieved 7 April 2018.
- "Ashford Parliamentary constituency". BBC News. BBC. Retrieved 26 November 2019.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "News – AVDC".
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "BBC NEWS – Election 2010 – Aylesbury". BBC News.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 15 May 2010. Retrieved 2010-05-29.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Archived from the original on 24 July 2011. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
- Craig, FWS, ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results: 1885-1918. London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 9781349022984.
- "The General Election". Reading Mercury. 17 July 1886. p. 4. Retrieved 23 November 2017.
- The Liberal Year Book, 1907
- Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1886
- Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (e-book) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3.
- "Forthcoming Aylesbury". The Globe. 27 June 1885. p. 5. Retrieved 23 November 2017.
- "The Aylesbury Election". Bucks Herald. 16 April 1859. p. 5. Retrieved 7 April 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "A" (part 3)
- "Election Intelligence". London Evening Standard. 19 April 1852. p. 3. Retrieved 7 April 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Mr. Ferrand at Aylesbury". Bucks Herald. 5 April 1851. p. 4. Retrieved 7 April 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Latest News". Leamington Spa Courier. 5 April 1851. p. 3. Retrieved 7 April 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Aylesbury Election". London Daily News. 28 December 1850. p. 3. Retrieved 7 April 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Aylesbury Election". Northampton Mercury. 14 December 1850. p. 3. Retrieved 7 April 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "England". Dumfries and Galloway Standard. 29 March 1848. p. 3. Retrieved 26 October 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- Perthshire Courier, 15 January 1835, p. 2, retrieved 6 September 2019 – via British Newspaper Archive
- Fisher, David R. (2009). "Aylesbury". The History of Parliament. Retrieved 6 September 2019.
- Iain Dale, ed. (2003). The Times House of Commons 1929, 1931, 1935. Politico's (reprint). ISBN 1-84275-033-X.
- The Times House of Commons 1945. The Times. 1945.
- The Times House of Commons 1950. The Times. 1950.
- The Times House of Commons 1955. The Times. 1955.
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1885–1918, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Macmillan Press 1974)
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1918–1949, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Macmillan Press, revised edition 1977)