Chelon is a genus of mullets found in coastal marine waters, estuaries and rivers in the Atlantic Ocean and Arabian Sea.

Mavri kefalb.jpg
Thicklip Grey Mullet (C. labrosus)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Mugiliformes
Family: Mugilidae
Genus: Chelon
Artedi, 1793[1]
Type species
Mugil chelo
Cuvier, 1829[2]


Chelon possesses the elongated body and dorsal fins typical of the order Mugiliformes, with frontal fins defined by four spines and anal fins with soft rays. The maximum sizes described vary between 15 cm for the Cape Verde mullet and 32 cm for the thicklip grey mullet.[3]


They are catadromous fishes, meaning that they can be found in lagoons and rivers as well as the sea during the reproductive season, fundamentally feeding on algae and diatoms.[4]


Recent cladistic analysis recovered Chelon as paraphyletic with respect to Liza, so some species of Liza were reassigned to Chelon and Liza synonymized with Chelon.[5][6]


The following species are classified in the genus Chelon:[7]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Artedi P. (1793). Ichth., syn., 118.
  2. ^ Eschmeyer, William N.; Fricke, Ron & van der Laan, Richard (eds.). "Chelon". Catalog of Fishes. California Academy of Sciences. Retrieved 27 October 2018.
  3. ^ Thomson, J.M., 1990. "Mugilidae". p. 855-859. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post & L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2.
  4. ^ Ben-Tuvia, A., 1986. "Mugilidae", pp. 1197-1204. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen & E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and Mediterranean. Volume 3. UNESCO, Paris.
  5. ^ Durand, J.-D., Shen, K.-N., Chen, W.-J., Jamandre, B.-W., Blel, H., Diop, K., et al. 2012. Systematics of the grey mullets (Teleostei: Mugiliformes: Mugilidae): molecular phylogenetic evidence challenges two centuries of morphology-based taxonomy. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 64, 73–92. doi: 10.1016/j.ympev.2012.03.006
  6. ^ Durand, J.-D., W.-J. Chen, K.-N. Shen, C. Fu, & P. Borsa. 2012. Genus-level taxonomic changes implied b mitochondrial phylogeny of grey mullets (Teleostei: Mugilidae). Comptes Rendus Biologies, 335: 687-697.
  7. ^ Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2018). Species of Chelon in FishBase. June 2018 version.