Sarah Bowdich Lee
Sarah Bowdich Lee (née Wallis) (10 Sep 1791–22 Sep 1866) was an English author, illustrator, traveller, zoologist, botanist, and pteridologist.
Sarah Lee was born on 10 September 1791, the only daughter of John Eglinton Wallis of Colchester.
In 1819, they went to Paris to visit Baron Cuvier; Thomas had previously visited him in 1818 with a letter of introduction obtained from Dr. William Elford Leach of the British Museum. They spent most of the next four years in Paris studying his collections.
Left with three children, she struggled to support her family as an author. Early in her widowhood, Mrs Bowdich often visited Baron Cuvier in Paris, where he treated her almost like a daughter; upon his death in 1832, she wrote a memoir of his life.
In 1826, she married Robert Lee and in subsequent years published under the name Mrs. Robert Lee. In 1864, she was granted a civil list pension of £60.
She died at Erith on 22 September 1866.
Of her numerous works, perhaps the four most important are Taxidermy (1820) an exhaustive treatment which came to a sixth edition in 1843; Excursions in Madeira and Porto Santo (1825), a work of natural history; The Fresh-Water Fishes of Great Britain (1825), illustrated by the author; and Memoirs of Baron Cuvier (1833).
- 1844. Elements of Natural History, for the use of schools and young persons: comprising the principles of classification, interspersed with ... account of the most remarkable animals ... Illustrated
- 1850. Elements of Natural History, for the use of schools and young persons: comprising the principles of classification, interspersed with ... account of the most remarkable animals ... Illustrated
- 1851. Adventures in Australia: or, the Wanderings of Captain Spencer in the bush and the wilds ... With illustrations by J.S. Prout. xi, , 364 pp., 18 pl.
- 1852a. British Birds, with descriptions by Mrs. R. Lee ... and seven pictures from drawings by Harrison Weir
- 1852b The Farm and its Scenes, with descriptions by Mrs. R. Lee ... and six pictures from drawings by Harrison Weir
- 1853a. Foreign Animals, with descriptions by Mrs. R. Lee ... and seven pictures from drawings by Harrison Weir
- 1853b. Anecdotes of the Habits and Instincts of Birds, Reptiles, and Fishes ... With illustrations by Harrison Weir
- 1853c. Familiar Natural History, with descriptions by Mrs. R. Lee ... and ... illustrations from drawings by Harrison Weir
- 1854. Trees, Plants, and Flowers: their beauties, uses, and influences ... The illustrations ... by James Andrews
- 1867. The African wanderers ... Fourth edition
- Foreign Birds, with descriptions by Mrs. R. Lee ... and seven pictures from drawings by Harrison Weir
- Taxidermy: or, the art of collecting, preparing, and mounting objects of natural history
- British Animals, with descriptions by Mrs. R. Lee ... and seven pictures from drawings by Harrison Weir
- Watkins 1892.
- Beaver DB (1999). "Writing natural history for survival - 1820-1856: the case of Sarah Bowdich, later Sarah Lee". Archives of Natural History. 26 (1): 19–31. doi:10.3366/anh.1918.104.22.168. ISSN 0260-9541.
- Creese, Mary R. S. (2004), Ladies in the Laboratory II: Western European Women in Science, 1800-1900, Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow Press, pp. 225–227
- Gates, Barbara T. (1998). Kindred nature: Victorian and Edwardian women embrace the living world. Chicago: U. of Chicago Press. ISBN 0-226-28443-3. (pbk). ISBN 0-226-28442-5 (cloth).
- IPNI. Bowdich.
- Ogilvie, M. B.; Harvey, J. D., eds. (2000), Biographical Dictionary of Women in Science, L-Z, New York: Routledge, p. 764, ISBN 0-415-92040-X
- Desmond, R. 1994. Dictionary of British & Irish Botanists & Horticulturists includins Plant Collectors, Flower Painters & Garden Designers. Taylor & Francis & The Natural History Museum, London.
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