Chaudhry Mohammad Sarwar
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Mohammad Sarwar (Urdu: محمد سرور; born 18 August 1952) is a Pakistani politician who currently serves as the 33rd Governor of Punjab,[n 1] in office since 5 September 2018. He is affiliated with the Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) party and was a member of the Senate of Pakistan from March 2018 until September 2018. From 1997 to 2010 Sarwar was a Member of Parliament in the United Kingdom, representing a constituency in Glasgow, Scotland.
Sarwar in 2003
|31st and 33rd Governor of Punjab|
|Assumed office |
5 September 2018
|Prime Minister||Imran Khan|
|Preceded by||Chaudhry Pervaiz Elahi|
15 August 2013 – 29 January 2015
|Prime Minister||Nawaz Sharif|
|Preceded by||Makhdoom Ahmed Mehmood|
|Succeeded by||Rafique Rajwana|
|Pakistani Senator from Punjab|
12 March 2018 – 4 September 2018
|Member of Parliament|
for Glasgow Central
Glasgow Govan (1997–2005)
1 May 1997 – 12 April 2010
|Preceded by||Ian Davidson|
|Succeeded by||Anas Sarwar|
|Born||18 August 1952|
Pirmahal, Punjab, Pakistan
British (until 2013)
|Political party||Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (2015–present)|
|Pakistan Muslim League (N) (2012–2015)|
Labour (UK) (until 2010)
|Children||3 sons, 1 daughter including Anas Sarwar|
|Alma mater||University of Faisalabad|
Born in Faisalabad, Sarwar moved to Scotland in 1976 and built up a chain of cash and carry stores. Sarwar served as the Scottish Labour Member of Parliament for Glasgow Central from 1997 to 2010 and retired from UK politics in 2010. During his tenure at Westminster, Sarwar served on the Scottish Affairs Select Committee, and his youngest son Anas Sarwar served as MP for the same constituency from 2010 to 2015. He was the country's first Muslim Member of Parliament.
He relinquished UK citizenship in July 2013 and became Governor of the Punjab, representing the Pakistan Muslim League (N). He resigned from the position on 29 January 2015 after disagreeing with government foreign policy. He joined the Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf party (PTI) on 10 February 2015.
Early and family lifeEdit
Chaudhry Mohammad Sarwar was born to an Arain family in Sain De Khuie, a village near Faisalabad, Pakistan. The Arain tribe is ancient and traces its roots back to Arabian tribes who arrived in the Indian subcontinent in the year 711A.D-712A.D with the invading army of ‘Muhammad bin qasim’ hence arain people are offspring of Arab soldiers. In 1976 Sarwar moved to Scotland. That year he married Perveen Sarwar, with whom he has three sons and one daughter.
In 1982 Sarwar and his brother founded United Wholesale Grocers, a wholesale cash and carry business. In 2002 the brothers split the business, with Sarwar renaming his part as United Wholesale (Scotland) while his brother retained the previous name.
His eldest son was accused of an £850,000 missing trader fraud in United Wholesale (Scotland) while he was managing director in 2003. In 2011 the Court of Criminal Appeal overturned his earlier conviction in 2007 for the fraud. Mohammad Sarwar was a remunerated director of the company, but never accused of involvement in the alleged fraud.
British political careerEdit
Sarwar was elected as MP for Glasgow Govan at the 1997 general election, becoming the first Muslim MP in the United Kingdom and the first Asian MP elected to represent a Scottish constituency. He was the first MP to swear the Oath of Allegiance on the Qur'an, using the method laid out by the Oaths Act 1978. Sarwar was suspended from holding office within the Labour Party in 1997 when he was charged with electoral offences, but he was acquitted in 1999 and the suspension was lifted.
He was re-elected in Glasgow Govan at the 2001 general election. The 2005 general election saw boundary changes in Scotland, so he stood at and won the new constituency of Glasgow Central. He faced an opponent from the far-right British National Party, with whom he refused to share a platform, and he persuaded other candidates to do the same. The returning officer announced the result from a platform with no candidates, and Sarwar later made a speech from the floor of the hall.
Sarwar played a crucial role in bringing to justice the killers of fifteen-year-old Glasgow schoolboy, Kriss Donald. The killers fled to Pakistan, which has no extradition treaty with the UK. Through his political connections, Sarwar was able to agree a one-off, no conditions attached, extradition treaty. They then faced trial and were convicted for the murder.
On 21 June 2007, Sarwar announced he would not stand for re-election at the 2010 general election. His son, Anas Sarwar, succeeded him as Labour MP for the Glasgow Central seat until the election of 2015 when it was taken by Alison Thewliss for the SNP.
In November 2008, Sarwar was one of 18 MPs who signed a Commons motion backing a Team GB football team at the 2012 Olympic Games, saying football "should not be any different from other competing sports and our young talent should be allowed to show their skills on the world stage". The football governing bodies of Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland are all opposed to a Great Britain team, fearing it would stop them competing as individual nations in future tournaments.
His nomination by outgoing Prime Minister, Gordon Brown for a life peerage in the 2010 Dissolution Honours was blocked by the House of Lords Appointments Commission on the advice of HM Revenue and Customs.
Pakistani political careerEdit
He played an important role in campaigning and fundraising in Britain for the centre-right conservative party Pakistan Muslim League (N) during the 2013 General election in Pakistan. Soon after Pakistan Muslim League (N) chief Nawaz Sharif was sworn in as prime minister, he showed his intentions for becoming governor of Pakistan's most populous province Punjab.
On 5 August 2013, he was sworn in as the 31st Governor of Punjab. As governor he criticised the government on a number of occasions. He fought the case of overseas Pakistanis whose houses and flats were confiscated by the land mafia in Pakistan but unable to redress their grievances successfully. On the occasion of Barack Obama's visit to India, he termed it as a failure of the government of Nawaz Sharif. These anti-government remarks led to his resignation.
- Ignoring the five Caretaker Governors of Punjab
- 11, Mukhtar Chaudhry-February; Said, 2015. "Sarwar eyes top slot after joining Khan's team". Pakistan Today. Nawa Media.CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
- Abdul, Manan. "Governor Punjab M Sarwar resigns after making anti-govt remarks". The Express Tribune. Lakson Group. Retrieved 29 January 2015.
- Andrew Buncombe (5 August 2013). "UK's first Muslim MP Mohammad Sarwar becomes governor of Pakistan's". The Independent. ESI Media.
- "SARWAR, Mohammad". Who's Who 2010 Online Edition. Oxford University Press. November 2009. Retrieved 26 April 2010.
- "Sarwar rejects reports about his dual nationality". Pakistan Today. Nawa Media. 5 March 2018. Retrieved 29 March 2019.
- Boone, Jon (14 October 2013). "From Glasgow MP to state governor". The Guardian. Guardian News & Media. Retrieved 29 March 2019.
- "Former governor Punjab muhammad Sarwar joins PTI". The Express Tribune. 10 February 2015.
- Sardar Sikander (4 March 2018). "Muhammad Sarwar's victory catches PML-N off guard". The Express Tribune. Retrieved 6 March 2018.
- "Senate elections: PML-N bags lion's share; PPP outperforms, PTI meets expectations". Dawn.com. 3 March 2018. Retrieved 6 March 2018.
- Pakistan (10 August 2018). "Asad Qaiser NA Speaker, M Sarwar nominated as Governor Punjab | Pakistan". The News International. Retrieved 26 August 2018.
- "Profile – Chaudhry Muhammad Sarwar". Pakistan Herald. Retrieved 11 November 2013.
- "Biography – Mohammad Sarwar". FatBuzz. Archived from the original on 11 November 2013. Retrieved 11 November 2013.
- "MP's son guilty of huge cash scam". BBC News. 24 May 2007. Retrieved 5 June 2007.
- "Bank Raises A Glass After Signing-Up United Wholesale Grocers". Clydesdale Bank. 21 February 2005. Archived from the original on 4 July 2007. Retrieved 5 June 2007. Cite journal requires
- "Former MP Sarwar's son cleared of £850,000 fraud". BBC News. 10 February 2011. Retrieved 10 February 2011.
- Kelly Fiveash (24 May 2007). "MP's son guilty of VAT carousel fraud". The Register. Retrieved 5 June 2007.
- "Register of Members' Interests". UK Parliament. 4 December 2003. Cite journal requires
- "Changes to the Register of Members' Interests – Mohammad Sarwar". TheyWorkForYou. MySociety. Retrieved 16 August 2007.
- "The Parliamentary Oath" (PDF). House of Commons Library. 14 February 2000: 10. Research paper 00/17. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 August 2000. Retrieved 5 June 2007. Cite journal requires
- "Mohammad Sarwar MP indicted". Scottish Office. 1 October 1998. Retrieved 5 June 2007.
- ""Internal Exile" for Sarwar". Politics 97. BBC News. 1997. Retrieved 5 June 2007.
- "MP cleared of bribery". BBC News. 25 March 1999.
- "Voting Record — Mohammad Sarwar". The Public Whip. Retrieved 23 January 2010.
- "Minister criticises Muslim letter". BBC News. 12 August 2006.
- Wylie, Bob (8 November 2006). "Gangsters, murder and extradition". BBC News. Retrieved 23 December 2009.
- "Sarwar plans to stand down as MP". BBC News. 21 June 2007.
- Johnson, Simon (26 September 2010). "Muslim MP's peerage blocked by the taxman". The Telegraph.
- "Sarwar takes oath as 35th Punjab governor". Dawn.com. Dawn Media Group. 5 August 2013. Retrieved 23 September 2013.
- Kashif Imran (8 February 2015). "Sarwar agrees to join PTI: sources". ARY News. ARY Communications.
- "Chaudhry Sarwar wins senate seat". Samaa TV. 3 March 2018.
- "Chaudhry Sarwar, Shah Farman sworn in as Punjab, KP governors". Pakistan Today.
- "Sarwar sworn in as 37th governor of Punjab". Dawn.com. Dawn Media Group. 6 September 2018.
- "Sarwar takes oath as Punjab governor". The Express Tribune. Lakson Group. 6 September 2018.
- Ferguson, John (3 May 2008). "Rangers' celebrity supporters out in force for UEFA Cup final". Daily Record. Retrieved 3 May 2008.
- Official website
- Mohammad Sarwar TheyWorkForYou.com
- MP to quit over race case death threats The Guardian, 22 June 2007
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Mohammad Sarwar
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
| Member of Parliament for Glasgow Govan
|New constituency|| Member of Parliament for Glasgow Central
2005 – 2010
Syed Ahmed Mahmud
| Governor of Punjab
2 August 2013 – 29 January 2015
Malik Muhammad Rafique Rajwana