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Chairman of the NATO Military Committee

The Chairman of the NATO Military Committee (CMC) is the head of the NATO Military Committee, which advises the North Atlantic Council (NAC) on military policy and strategy. He is the senior military spokesman of the 29-nation alliance and principal advisor to the Secretary General. The Chairman is one of the foremost officials of NATO, next to the Secretary General and the Supreme Allied Commander Europe. He is assisted by the Deputy Chairman, who advises the Deputy Secretary General and serves as the principal agent for coordination of nuclear, biological, and chemical matters for the Military Committee.[1]

Chairman of the NATO Military Committee
Coat of arms of the Chairman of the NATO Military Committee.svg
Coat of arms
Stuart Peach in dress uniform.jpg
Incumbent
Air Chief Marshal Sir Stuart Peach

since 29 June 2018
NAC
Member of  NATO
Reports to Secretary General of NATO
Term length 3 years
Formation 1949
First holder General Omar Bradley
Deputy Deputy Chairman of the NATO Military Committee
Website NATO

The current Chairman of the NATO Military Committee is Air Chief Marshal Stuart Peach, former Chief of Defence Staff of the British Armed Forces, who took office on 29 June 2018. [2]

Contents

OriginsEdit

In accordance with Article 9 of the North Atlantic Treaty and the guidance given by the Working Group on the North Atlantic Treaty Organization during the first Council session in Washington in 1949, the Defence Committee rapidly established the Military Committee.[3] During its few sessions held behind closed doors in Washington, the Military Committee gave policy guidance on military matters to the Standing Group, and advice on military questions to the Defence Committee and other bodies, and it recommended military measures for the unified defence of the North Atlantic region to the Defence Committee. The Military Committee was directly subordinate to the Defence Committee, and each member nation was represented by its chief of staff or a deputy. Iceland, which had no military forces, was represented by a civilian. Each member state in turn held the Chair of the Military Committee for one year (C1 D-1/2,[4] DC 1/2[5]).

 
General Knud Bartels in 2014

Two other groups which also sat in Washington came directly under the Military Committee:

  • the Standing Group, the executive body, set up at the beginning, responsible for Military Committee everyday business;
  • the Military Representatives Committee (MRC), created at the end of 1950, to ensure communication of information and points of view between the Standing Group and Alliance member states not represented on it.

AppointmentEdit

The Chairman of the Military Committee is elected from among the NATO Chiefs of Defence and appointed for a three-year term of office. He must have served as Chief of defence – or an equivalent capacity – in his own country and is traditionally a non-US officer of four-star rank or national equivalent.[6]

The Chairman of the Military Committee chairs all meetings and acts in an international capacity. In his absence, the Deputy Chairman of the Military Committee takes the chair. The current Chairman is United Kingdom Air Chief Marshal Stuart Peach.

ListEdit

Since the formation of NATO, its Military Chairmen have been:[7]

NATO Military Committee in Chiefs-of-Staff Session (1949-1963)Edit

Chairman of the NATO Military Committee Took office Left office Time in office Defence branch Nationality
1Bradley, OmarGeneral of the Army
Omar Bradley
(1893–1981)
4 April 19492 April 19511 year, 363 days 
United States Army
United States  United States
2Baele, EtienneLt. General
Etienne Baele
(1891–1975)
2 April 195119520–1 years 
Belgian Army
Belgium  Belgium
3Foulkes, CharlesLt. General
Charles Foulkes
(1903–1969)
195219530–1 years 
Canadian Army
Canada  Canada
4Qvistgaard, E.J.C.Admiral
Erhard J.C. Qvistgaard
(1898–1980)
195319540–1 years 
Royal Danish Navy
Denmark  Denmark
5Guillaume, AugustinGeneral
Augustin Guillaume
(1895–1983)
195419550–1 years 
French Army
France  France
6Pallis, StylianosGeneral
Stylianos Pallis
195519560–1 years 
Hellenic Army
Greece  Greece
7Mancinelli, GiuseppeGeneral
Giuseppe Mancinelli
(1895–1976)
19561 January 19570–1 years 
Italian Army
Italy  Italy
8Hasselman, BenGeneral
Ben Hasselman
(1898–1984)
1 January 19571 February 19581 year, 31 days 
Royal Netherlands Army
Netherlands  Netherlands
9Øen, BjarneLt. General
Bjarne Øen
(1898–1994)
1 February 195819590–1 years 
Royal Norwegian Air Force
Norway  Norway
10Ferraz, J.A. BelezaGeneral
J.A. Beleza Ferraz
(1901–?)
195919600–1 years 
Portuguese Army
Portugal  Portugal
11Erdelhun, RüştüGeneral
Rüştü Erdelhun
(1894–1983)
19603 June 19600 years 
Turkish Land Forces
Turkey  Turkey
12Mountbatten, LouisAdmiral of the Fleet
Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma
(1900–1979)
3 June 196019610–1 years 
Royal Navy
United Kingdom  United Kingdom
13Lemnitzer, LymanGeneral
Lyman Lemnitzer
(1899–1988)
196119620–1 years 
United States Army
United States  United States
14de Cumont, Charles PaulLt. General
Charles Paul de Cumont
(1902–1990)
1962December 19630–1 years 
Belgian Army
Belgium  Belgium

NATO Military Committee in Permanent Session (1958-1963)Edit

Chairman of the NATO Military Committee Took office Left office Time in office Defence branch Nationality
1Hasselman, BenGeneral
Ben Hasselman
(1898–1984)
1 February 1958April 19613 years, 2 months 
Royal Netherlands Army
Netherlands  Netherlands
2Heusinger, AdolfGeneral
Adolf Heusinger
(1897–1982)
April 1961December 19632 years, 8 months 
West German Army
Germany  West Germany

NATO Military Committee (1963-present)Edit

Chairman of the NATO Military Committee Took office Left office Time in office Defence branch Nationality
1Heusinger, AdolfGeneral
Adolf Heusinger
(1897–1982)
December 19631 April 19644 months 
West German Army
Germany  West Germany
2de Cumont, Charles PaulLt. General
Charles Paul de Cumont
(1902–1990)
1 April 19641 June 19684 years, 61 days 
Belgian Army
Belgium  Belgium
3Henderson, NigelAdmiral
Sir Nigel Henderson
(1909–1993)
1 June 19681 April 19712 years, 304 days 
Royal Navy
United Kingdom  United Kingdom
4Steinhoff, JohannesGeneral
Johannes Steinhoff
(1913–1994)
1 April 197128 June 19743 years, 88 days 
West German Air Force
Germany  West Germany
5Hill-Norton, PeterAdmiral of the Fleet
Sir Peter Hill-Norton
(1915–2004)
28 June 197420 March 19772 years, 265 days 
Royal Navy
United Kingdom  United Kingdom
6Zeiner-Gundersen, Herman FredrikGeneral
Herman Fredrik Zeiner-Gundersen
(1915–2002)
20 March 197719802–3 years 
Norwegian Army
Norway  Norway
7Falls, Robert HilbornAdmiral
Robert Hilborn Falls
(1924–2009)
1980November 19832–3 years 
Canadian Maritime Command
Canada  Canada
8de Jager, CornelisGeneral
Cor de Jager
(1925–2001)
November 198330 September 19862 years, 333 days 
Royal Netherlands Army
Netherlands  Netherlands
9Altenburg, WolfgangGeneral
Wolfgang Altenburg
(born 1928)
30 September 19865 September 19892 years, 340 days 
West German Army
Germany  West Germany
10Eide, VigleikGeneral
Vigleik Eide
(1933–2011)
5 September 198931 December 19923 years, 117 days 
Norwegian Army
Norway  Norway
11Vincent, RichardField Marshal
Sir Richard Vincent
(born 1931)
1 January 199314 February 19963 years, 45 days 
British Army
United Kingdom  United Kingdom
12Naumann, KlausGeneral
Klaus Naumann
(born 1939)
14 February 19966 May 19993 years, 81 days 
German Army
Germany  Germany
13Venturoni, GuidoAdmiral
Guido Venturoni
(born 1934)
6 May 199930 June 20023 years, 55 days 
Italian Navy
Italy  Italy
14Kujat, HaraldGeneral
Harald Kujat
(born 1942)
1 July 200217 June 20052 years, 351 days 
German Air Force
Germany  Germany
15Henault, RaymondGeneral
Raymond Henault
(born 1949)
17 June 200527 June 20083 years, 10 days 
Canadian Air Command
Canada  Canada
16Di Paola, GiampaoloAdmiral
Giampaolo Di Paola
(born 1944)
27 June 200818 November 20113 years, 144 days 
Italian Navy
Italy  Italy
-Gaskin, Walter E.Lt. General
Walter E. Gaskin
(born 1951)
Acting
18 November 20112 January 201245 days 
United States Marine Corps
United States  United States
17Bartels, KnudGeneral
Knud Bartels
(born 1952)
2 January 201226 June 20153 years, 175 days 
Royal Danish Army
Denmark  Denmark
18Pavel, PetrGeneral
Petr Pavel
(born 1961)
26 June 201529 June 20183 years, 3 days 
Army of the Czech Republic
Czech Republic  Czech Republic
19Peach, StuartAir Chief Marshal
Sir Stuart Peach
(born 1956)
29 June 2018Incumbent18 days 
Royal Air Force
United Kingdom  United Kingdom

Deputy ChairmanEdit

Deputy Chairman of the NATO Military Committee
 
Coat of arms
Incumbent
Lt Gen Steven Shepro

since Nov 4, 2016[8]
Member of   NATO
Reports to Chairman of the NATO Military Committee, Deputy Secretary General of NATO
Formation 1967
First holder Lt Gen T. R. Milton [9]
Website NATO

The Deputy Chairman of the NATO Military Committee (DCMC) is the deputy head of the NATO Military Committee.

The current Deputy Chairman of the NATO Military Committee is Lieutenant General Steven Shepro, former Vice Director of Strategic Plans and Policy (J5) of the U.S. Joint Staff in Washington, D.C. He is the 21st Deputy Chairman and took office on November 4, 2016.

RoleEdit

The DCMC assists the Chairman, advises the Deputy Secretary General[10] and serves as the principal agent for coordination of nuclear, biological, and chemical matters for the Military Committee.[11] Finally, in the Chairman's absence, the Deputy Chairman directs the daily operations and business of the Military Committee, NATO's highest military authority.[12][13]

The Deputy Chairman, always a US general or flag officer, provides a particular and ideal vantage point to serve the Alliance's Transatlantic bond. Having unique and relevant access to U.S. nuclear information coupled with an intimate relationship with NATO's 29 members offers distinctive opportunities to provide best military advice, especially pertaining to nuclear matters.[14] While being a U.S. officer, the individual serves in an international capacity to represent the interests of the Alliance.

HistoryEdit

A Chairman position was initially established without a Deputy, but as the command structure evolved and the demands on the Chairman increased, the need for a Deputy became obvious.

The Deputy's origins come from within the structure of the International Military Staff[15] (IMS) as the 1963 Military Committee reforms provided the Director of the IMS a vice-director who held "special responsibilities for nuclear matters."[16] This office was always an American to link the United States and NATO in nuclear strategy.[17] Two dynamics served as the catalyst to establish the Deputy Chairman position on the Military Committee as it reflects today: 1. When the Chairman was away from Brussels, using a Military Representative within the Military Committee as a substitute proved unviable due to the conflict of simultaneously representing the interests of the Military Committee at large and one's own national interests and 2. the Military Committee did not want to create additional high-ranking officer positions to resolve the first issue. As a solution, the Military Committee elected to eliminate the Vice Director of the IMS position and simultaneously establish a new post of Deputy Chairman of the Military Committee. The Deputy position would still maintain the special responsibility for nuclear matters and remain a U.S. officer as established for the Vice-Director position. The NAC approved the proposal on January 6, 1967, to formally establish the position of Deputy Chairman of the Military Committee.[18]

ListEdit

Since the establishment of the Deputy Chairman position in 1967, there have been 9 from the Air Force, 5 from the Army, 4 from the Navy, and 2 from the Marine Corps. The deputy chairman have been: [19]

Deputy Chairman of the NATO Military Committee Took office Left office Time in office Defence branch Nationality
1Milton, T. R.Lieutenant General
T. R. Milton[20]
(1915–2010)
March 1969August 19712.5 years 
United States Air Force
United States  United States
2Rowny, EdwardLieutenant General
Edward Rowny
(1917–2017)
August 1971March 19731.5 years 
United States Army
United States  United States
3Minter, C. S.Vice Admiral
Charles. S. Minter
(1915–2008)
March 1973August 19741.5 years 
United States Navy
United States  United States
4Schaefer, RichardLieutenant General
Richard F. Schaefer[21]
(born 1919)
August 1974June 19751 year 
United States Air Force
United States  United States
5Colladay, MartinLieutenant General
Martin G. Colladay[22]
(1925–2003)
June 1975August 19772 years 
United States Air Force
United States  United States
6Cantlay, GeorgeLieutenant General
George G. Cantlay[23]
(1938–1999)
August 1977August 19792 years 
United States Army
United States  United States
7Faurer, LincolnLieutenant General
Lincoln D. Faurer
(1928–2014)
August 1979March 19811.5 years 
United States Air Force
United States  United States
8Melner, S.Lieutenant General
Sinclair L. Melner
June 1981June 19843 years 
United States Army
United States  United States
9Williams, P.Lieutenant General
P. S. Williams
June 1984May 19862 years 
United States Army
United States  United States
10Howe, J.Vice Admiral
J. T. Howe
June 1986June 19871 year 
United States Navy
United States  United States
11Beckel, RobertLieutenant General
Robert D. Beckel[24]
(born 1937)
June 1987January 19902.5 years 
United States Air Force
United States  United States
12Otstott, CharlesLieutenant General
Charles P. Otstott
(born 1937)
February 1990June 19922.5 years 
United States Army
United States  United States
13Ray, N. W.Vice Admiral
N. W. Ray
February 1992November 1995>2 years 
United States Navy
United States  United States
14Kehoe, NicholasLieutenant General
Nicholas Kehoe
(born 1943)
November 1995September 19983 years 
United States Air Force
United States  United States
15Byron, MichaelLieutenant General
Michael J. Byron[25]
(born 1941)
September 1998April 20012.5 years 
United States Marine Corps
United States  United States
16Fages, MalcolmVice Admiral
Malcolm I. Fages[26]
May 2001April 20043 years 
United States Navy
United States  United States
17Baptiste, ThomasLieutenant General
Thomas L. Baptiste[27]
April 2004April 20073 years 
United States Air Force
United States  United States
18Eikenberry, KarlLieutenant General
Karl W. Eikenberry
(born 1951)
April 2007May 20092 years 
United States Army
United States  United States
19Gaskin, WalterLieutenant General
Walter E. Gaskin
May 2010August 20133 years 
United States Marine Corps
United States  United States
20Schissler, MarkLieutenant General
Mark O. Schissler[28]
August 2013November 20163 years 
United States Air Force
United States  United States
21Shepro, StevenLieutenant General
Steven M. Shepro[29]
November 2016Incumbent>1 year 
United States Air Force
United States  United States

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ https://www.nato.int/cps/en/natohq/topics_69471.htm, NATO: Deputy Chairman of the Military Committee (DCMC), Jan 19, 2016, retrieved Feb 22, 2018.
  2. ^ https://www.defensenews.com/smr/nato-priorities/2018/06/29/nato-has-a-new-top-military-adviser/
  3. ^ Description at NATO Archives site. http://archives.nato.int/military-committee;isad
  4. ^ "FIRST SESSION - REPORT OF THE WORKING GROUP ON ORGANISATION AS ADOPTED BY THE COUNCIL ON SEPTEMBER 17TH, 1949 - NATO Archives Online". Archives.nato.int. Retrieved 2017-09-19. 
  5. ^ "Directive To The Military Committee (Mc) - Nato Archives Online". Archives.nato.int. Retrieved 2017-09-19. 
  6. ^ https://www.nato.int/cps/en/natohq/topics_49152.htm?selectedLocale=en, NATO: Chairman of the Military Committee, Dec 7, 2017, retrieved Feb 20, 2018.
  7. ^ NATO. "Chairmen of the NATO Military Committee". NATO. Retrieved 14 February 2018. 
  8. ^ https://www.nato.int/cps/en/natohq/news_137234.htm, NATO, Nov 4, 2016, retrieved Feb 15, 2018.
  9. ^ https://www.nato.int/cps/en/natohq/who_is_who_139939.htm, NATO, Jan 10, 2017, retrieved Feb 15, 2018.
  10. ^ https://www.nato.int/cps/en/natolive/who_is_who_62218.htm, NATO Deputy Secretary General, Feb 14, 2012, retrieved Feb 15, 2018.
  11. ^ https://www.nato.int/cps/en/natohq/topics_69471.htm, Deputy Chairman of the Military Committee (DCMC), Jan 19, 2016, retrieved Feb 15, 2018.
  12. ^ https://www.nato.int/nato_static_fl2014/assets/pdf/pdf_publications/20170213_2016-nato-encyclopedia-eng.pdf, NATO Encyclopedia, 2016, p. 338, retrieved Feb 15, 2018.
  13. ^ https://www.nato.int/cps/en/natohq/topics_49152.htm,NATO: Chairman of the Military Committee, Dec 7, 2017, retrieved Feb 15, 2018
  14. ^ Douglas S. Bland, 'The Military Committee of the North Atlantic Alliance: A Study of Structure and Strategy,' New York, Praeger, 1991, p. 182.
  15. ^ https://www.nato.int/cps/en/natohq/topics_64557.htm?, NATO International Military Staff, Jun 15, 2017, retrieved Feb 15, 2018.
  16. ^ Douglas S. Bland, 'The Military Committee of the North Atlantic Alliance: A Study of Structure and Strategy,' New York, Praeger, 1991, p. 181.
  17. ^ Douglas S. Bland, 'The Military Committee of the North Atlantic Alliance: A Study of Structure and Strategy,' New York, Praeger, 1991, p. 181.
  18. ^ Douglas S. Bland, 'The Military Committee of the North Atlantic Alliance: A Study of Structure and Strategy,' New York, Praeger, 1991, p. 182.
  19. ^ https://www.nato.int/cps/en/natohq/topics_69471.htm, NATO, Jan 10, 2016, retrieved Feb 15, 2018.
  20. ^ http://www.af.mil/About-Us/Biographies/Display/Article/106228/general-tr-milton/, General T. R. Milton Biography, retrieved Feb 15, 2018.
  21. ^ http://www.af.mil/About-Us/Biographies/Display/Article/105652/lieutenant-general-richard-f-shaefer/,US Air Force, retrieved Feb 15, 2018
  22. ^ http://www.af.mil/About-Us/Biographies/Display/Article/107427/lieutenant-general-martin-g-colladay/,US Air Force Biographies, retrieved Feb 15, 2018
  23. ^ http://apps.westpointaog.org/Memorials/Article/13573/,US Military Academy Association of Graduates,Cullum No. 13573, retrieved Feb 15, 2018
  24. ^ http://www.af.mil/About-Us/Biographies/Display/Article/107761/lieutenant-general-robert-d-beckel/,US Air Force Biographies, retrieved Feb 15, 2018
  25. ^ https://www.nato.int/cv/milrep/us/byron-e.htm,NATO,Nov 16, 1999, retrieved Feb 15, 2018
  26. ^ https://www.nato.int/cv/dmilcom/fages.htm,NATO, Sep 12, 2002, retrieved Feb 15, 2018
  27. ^ http://www.af.mil/About-Us/Biographies/Display/Article/107764/lieutenant-general-thomas-l-baptiste/,US Air Force Biographies, retrieved Feb 15, 2018
  28. ^ p://www.af.mil/About-Us/Biographies/Display/Article/107994/lieutenant-general-mark-o-schissler/,US Air Force Biographies, retrieved Feb 15, 2018
  29. ^ http://www.af.mil/About-Us/Biographies/Display/Article/108594/brigadier-general-steven-m-shepro/,US Air Force Biographies, retrieved Feb 15, 2018

Further readingEdit

  • Douglas S. Bland, 'The Military Committee of the North Atlantic Alliance: A Study of Structure and Strategy,' New York, Praeger, 1991.