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Chairman of the NATO Military Committee

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The Chairman of the NATO Military Committee (CMC) is the head of the NATO Military Committee, which advises the North Atlantic Council (NAC) on military policy and strategy. The Chairman is one of the foremost officials of NATO, next to the Secretary General and the Supreme Allied Commander. He is assisted by the Deputy Chairman who advises the Deputy Secretary General and serves as the principal agent for coordination of nuclear, biological, and chemical matters for the Military Committee.[1]

Chairman of the NATO Military Committee
Chairman of the NATO Military Committee Shield.svg
CMC shield
Dragoon Ride 2015 - Pavel (cropped).JPG
Incumbent
General Petr Pavel

since 26 June 2015
NAC
Member of Czech Republic Czech Republic
Reports to Secretary General of NATO
Formation 1949
First holder General Omar Bradley
Deputy Deputy Chairman of the NATO Military Committee
Website NATO

The current Chairman of the NATO Military Committee is Petr Pavel, former Chief of the General Staff of the Army of the Czech Republic, who took office on June 26, 2015. The next Chairman from June 2018 will be Air Chief Marshal Sir Stuart Peach from the United Kingdom.[2]

Contents

OriginsEdit

In accordance with Article 9 of the North Atlantic Treaty and the guidance given by the Working Group on the North Atlantic Treaty Organization during the first Council session in Washington in 1949, the Defence Committee rapidly established the Military Committee.[3] During its few sessions held behind closed doors in Washington, the Military Committee gave policy guidance on military matters to the Standing Group, and advice on military questions to the Defence Committee and other bodies, and it recommended military measures for the unified defence of the North Atlantic region to the Defence Committee. The Military Committee was directly subordinate to the Defence Committee, and each member nation was represented by its chief of staff or a deputy. Iceland, which had no military forces, was represented by a civilian. Each member state in turn held the Chair of the Military Committee for one year (C1 D-1/2,[4] DC 1/2[5]).

Two other groups which also sat in Washington came directly under the Military Committee:

  • the Standing Group, the executive body, set up at the beginning, responsible for Military Committee everyday business;
  • the Military Representatives Committee (MRC), created at the end of 1950, to ensure communication of information and points of view between the Standing Group and Alliance member states not represented on it.

RepresentativesEdit

The principal military member of each NATO country's delegation is the Military Representative, a senior officer from each country's armed forces, supported by the International Military Staff. Together the Military Representatives form the Military Committee (MC), a body responsible for assisting and advising the North Atlantic Council, Defence Planning Committee, and Nuclear Planning Group on military matters.[6] Its principal role is to provide direction and advice on military policy and strategy. It provides guidance on military matters to the NATO Strategic Commanders, whose representatives attend its meetings, and is responsible for the overall conduct of the military affairs of the Alliance under the authority of the Council.

Like the Council, from time to time the Military Committee also meets at a higher level, namely at the level of Chiefs of Defence, the most senior military officer in each nation's armed forces. Until 2008 the Military Committee excluded France, due to that country's 1966 decision to remove itself from NATO's integrated military structure, which it rejoined in 1995. Until France rejoined NATO, it was not represented on the Defence Planning Committee, and this led to conflicts between it and NATO members. Such was the case in the lead up to Operation Iraqi Freedom.[7]

The operational work of the Committee is supported by the International Military Staff.[8]

The Chairman of the Military Committee is elected from among the NATO Chiefs of Defence and appointed for a three-year term of office. He must have served as Chief of defence – or an equivalent capacity – in his own country and is traditionally a non-US officer of four-star rank or national equivalent.[9]

The Chairman of the Military Committee chairs all meetings and acts in an international capacity. In his absence, the Deputy Chairman of the Military Committee takes the chair. The current Chairman is Czech General Petr Pavel.

ListEdit

Since the formation of NATO, its Military Chairmen have been:[10]

NATO Military Committee in Chiefs-of-Staff Session (1949-1963)Edit

Chairman of the NATO Military Committee Took office Left office Time in office Defence branch Nationality
1
Bradley, OmarGeneral of the Army
Omar Bradley
(1893–1981)
4 April 1949 2 April 1951 1 year, 363 days  
US Army
United States  United States
2
Baele, EtienneLt. General
Etienne Baele
(1891–1975)
2 April 1951 1952 0–1 years  
Belgian Army
Belgium  Belgium
3
Foulkes, CharlesLt. General
Charles Foulkes
(1903–1969)
1952 1953 0–1 years  
Canadian Army
Canada  Canada
4
Qvistgaard, E.J.C.Admiral
Erhard J.C. Qvistgaard
(1898–1980)
1953 1954 0–1 years  
Royal Danish Navy
Denmark  Denmark
5
Guillaume, AugustinGeneral
Augustin Guillaume
(1895–1983)
1954 1955 0–1 years  
French Army
France  France
6
Pallis, StylianosGeneral
Stylianos Pallis
1955 1956 0–1 years  
Hellenic Army
Greece  Greece
7
Mancinelli, GiuseppeGeneral
Giuseppe Mancinelli
(1895–1976)
1956 1 January 1957 0–1 years  
Italian Army
Italy  Italy
8
Hasselman, BenGeneral
Ben Hasselman
(1898–1984)
1 January 1957 1 February 1958 1 year, 31 days  
Royal Netherlands Army
Netherlands  Netherlands
9
Øen, BjarneLt. General
Bjarne Øen
(1898–1994)
1 February 1958 1959 0–1 years  
Royal Norwegian Air Force
Norway  Norway
10
Ferraz, J.A. BelezaGeneral
J.A. Beleza Ferraz
(1901–?)
1959 1960 0–1 years  
Portuguese Army
Portugal  Portugal
11
Erdelhun, RüştüGeneral
Rüştü Erdelhun
(1894–1983)
1960 3 June 1960 0 years  
Turkish Land Forces
Turkey  Turkey
12
Mountbatten, LouisAdmiral of the Fleet
Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma
(1900–1979)
3 June 1960 1961 0–1 years  
Royal Navy
United Kingdom  United Kingdom
13
Lemnitzer, LymanGeneral
Lyman Lemnitzer
(1899–1988)
1961 1962 0–1 years  
US Army
United States  United States
14
de Cumont, Charles PaulLt. General
Charles Paul de Cumont
(1902–1990)
1962 December 1963 0–1 years  
Belgian Army
Belgium  Belgium

NATO Military Committee in Permanent Session (1958-1963)Edit

Chairman of the NATO Military Committee Took office Left office Time in office Defence branch Nationality
1
Hasselman, BenGeneral
Ben Hasselman
(1898–1984)
1 February 1958 April 1961 3 years, 2 months  
Royal Netherlands Army
Netherlands  Netherlands
2
Heusinger, AdolfGeneral
Adolf Heusinger
(1897–1982)
April 1961 December 1963 2 years, 8 months  
West German Army
Germany  West Germany

NATO Military Committee (1963-present)Edit

Chairman of the NATO Military Committee Took office Left office Time in office Defence branch Nationality
1
Heusinger, AdolfGeneral
Adolf Heusinger
(1897–1982)
December 1963 1 April 1964 4 months  
West German Army
Germany  West Germany
2
de Cumont, Charles PaulLt. General
Charles Paul de Cumont
(1902–1990)
1 April 1964 1 June 1968 4 years, 61 days  
Belgian Army
Belgium  Belgium
3
Henderson, NigelAdmiral
Sir Nigel Henderson
(1909–1993)
1 June 1968 1 April 1971 2 years, 304 days  
Royal Navy
United Kingdom  United Kingdom
4
Steinhoff, JohannesGeneral
Johannes Steinhoff
(1913–1994)
1 April 1971 28 June 1974 3 years, 88 days  
West German Air Force
Germany  West Germany
5
Hill-Norton, PeterAdmiral of the Fleet
Sir Peter Hill-Norton
(1915–2004)
28 June 1974 20 March 1977 2 years, 265 days  
Royal Navy
United Kingdom  United Kingdom
6
Zeiner-Gundersen, Herman FredrikGeneral
Herman Fredrik Zeiner-Gundersen
(1915–2002)
20 March 1977 1980 2–3 years  
Norwegian Army
Norway  Norway
7
Falls, Robert HilbornAdmiral
Robert Hilborn Falls
(1924–2009)
1980 November 1983 2–3 years  
Canadian Maritime Command
Canada  Canada
8
de Jager, CornelisGeneral
Cor de Jager
(1925–2001)
November 1983 30 September 1986 2 years, 333 days  
Royal Netherlands Army
Netherlands  Netherlands
9
Altenburg, WolfgangGeneral
Wolfgang Altenburg
(born 1928)
30 September 1986 5 September 1989 2 years, 340 days  
West German Army
Germany  West Germany
10
Eide, VigleikGeneral
Vigleik Eide
(1933–2011)
5 September 1989 31 December 1992 3 years, 117 days  
Norwegian Army
Norway  Norway
11
Vincent, RichardField Marshal
Sir Richard Vincent
(born 1931)
1 January 1993 14 February 1996 3 years, 45 days  
British Army
United Kingdom  United Kingdom
12
Naumann, KlausGeneral
Klaus Naumann
(born 1939)
14 February 1996 6 May 1999 3 years, 81 days  
German Army
Germany  Germany
13
Venturoni, GuidoAdmiral
Guido Venturoni
(born 1934)
6 May 1999 30 June 2002 3 years, 55 days  
Italian Navy
Italy  Italy
14
Kujat, HaraldGeneral
Harald Kujat
(born 1942)
1 July 2002 17 June 2005 2 years, 351 days  
German Air Force
Germany  Germany
15
Henault, RaymondGeneral
Raymond Henault
(born 1949)
17 June 2005 27 June 2008 3 years, 10 days  
Canadian Air Command
Canada  Canada
16
Di Paola, GiampaoloAdmiral
Giampaolo Di Paola
(born 1944)
27 June 2008 18 November 2011 3 years, 144 days  
Italian Navy
Italy  Italy
-
Gaskin, Walter E.Lt. General
Walter E. Gaskin
(born 1951)
Acting
18 November 2011 2 January 2012 45 days  
United States Marine Corps
United States  United States
17
Bartels, KnudGeneral
Knud Bartels
(born 1952)
2 January 2012 26 June 2015 3 years, 175 days  
Royal Danish Army
Denmark  Denmark
18
Pavel, PetrGeneral
Petr Pavel
(born 1961)
26 June 2015 Incumbent 2 years, 357 days  
Army of the Czech Republic
Czech Republic  Czech Republic

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ https://www.nato.int/cps/en/natohq/topics_69471.htm, NATO: Deputy Chairman of the Military Committee (DCMC), Jan 19, 2016, retrieved Feb 22, 2018.
  2. ^ "UK Defence Chief appointed as NATO Chairman of Military Committee". Gov.uk. UK Ministry of Defence. Retrieved 17 September 2017. 
  3. ^ Description at NATO Archives site. http://archives.nato.int/military-committee;isad
  4. ^ "FIRST SESSION - REPORT OF THE WORKING GROUP ON ORGANISATION AS ADOPTED BY THE COUNCIL ON SEPTEMBER 17TH, 1949 - NATO Archives Online". Archives.nato.int. Retrieved 2017-09-19. 
  5. ^ "Directive To The Military Committee (Mc) - Nato Archives Online". Archives.nato.int. Retrieved 2017-09-19. 
  6. ^ NATO Handbook, 50th Anniversary Edition, 1998-99, 234.
  7. ^ Fuller, Thomas (18 February 2003). "Reaching accord, EU warns Saddam of his 'last chance'". International Herald Tribune. Archived from the original on 12 October 2007. Retrieved 15 July 2007. 
  8. ^ https://www.nato.int/cps/en/natohq/topics_64557.htm?selectedLocale=en, International Military Staff, Jun 15, 2017, retrieved Feb 20, 2018.
  9. ^ https://www.nato.int/cps/en/natohq/topics_49152.htm?selectedLocale=en, NATO: Chairman of the Military Committee, Dec 7, 2017, retrieved Feb 20, 2018.
  10. ^ NATO. "Chairmen of the NATO Military Committee". NATO. Retrieved 14 February 2018. 

Further readingEdit

  • Douglas S. Bland, 'The Military Committee of the North Atlantic Alliance: A Study of Structure and Strategy,' New York, Praeger, 1991.