Open main menu

Château-Thierry (French: [ʃato tjeʁi]) is a French commune situated in the department of the Aisne, in the administrative region of Hauts-de-France and in the historic Province of Champagne.

Château-Thierry
Town hall
Town hall
Coat of arms of Château-Thierry
Coat of arms
Location of Château-Thierry
Château-Thierry is located in France
Château-Thierry
Château-Thierry
Château-Thierry is located in Hauts-de-France
Château-Thierry
Château-Thierry
Coordinates: 49°02′N 3°24′E / 49.04°N 3.40°E / 49.04; 3.40Coordinates: 49°02′N 3°24′E / 49.04°N 3.40°E / 49.04; 3.40
CountryFrance
RegionHauts-de-France
DepartmentAisne
ArrondissementChâteau-Thierry
CantonChâteau-Thierry
IntercommunalityChâteau-Thierry
Government
 • Mayor (2017–2020) Sébastien Eugène (PRG)
Area
1
16.55 km2 (6.39 sq mi)
Population
 (2016-01-01)[1]
15,262
 • Density920/km2 (2,400/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
02168 /02400
Elevation59–222 m (194–728 ft)
(avg. 63 m or 207 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

The origin of the name of the town is unknown. The local tradition attributes it to Theuderic IV, the penultimate Merovingian king, who was imprisoned by Charles Martel, without a reliable source. Château-Thierry is the birthplace of Jean de La Fontaine and was the location of the First Battle of the Marne and Second Battle of the Marne. The region of Château-Thierry (the arrondissement, to be exact) is called the country of Omois. Château-Thierry is one of 64 French towns to have received the Legion of Honour.

HistoryEdit

 
Postcard from World War I showing the mounting of the Paris Gun
 
Battlefield of Chateau-Thierry in 1920.

In the late years of the western Roman empire, a small town called Otmus was settled on a site where the Soissons-Troyes road crossed the Marne river.

During the 8th century, Charles Martel kept king Theuderic IV prisoner in the castle of Otmus. At this time, the town took the name of Castrum Theodorici, later transformed in Château-Thierry (Castle of Thierry, Thierry is the French or early Roman language translation of Theuderic).

In 946, the castle of Château-Thierry was the home of Herbert le-Vieux, Count of Omois (Fr: comte d'Omois) of the House of Vermandois & Soissons.[2]

Château-Thierry was the site of two important battles. The Battle of Château-Thierry (1814) in the Napoleonic Wars between France and Prussia, and Battle of Château-Thierry (1918) in World War I, between the United States and Germany.[3]

In 1918, a mounting for the infamous Paris Gun was found near the castle, though the cannon itself had apparently been moved prior to the emplacement's discovery.[4]

GeographyEdit

Château-Thierry is situated on the Marne River. Chateau-Thierry is situated at 90 kilometres (56 mi) from Paris.

 
Château-Thierry

TransportEdit

Château-Thierry is the terminus station of a regional railway line starting from the Gare de l'Est in Paris. It is also one of the exits of the A4 motorway that links Paris with the east part of France. Transval operates the local bus routes.[5]

PersonalitiesEdit

Château-Thierry was the birthplace of Jean de La Fontaine.

PopulationEdit

SightsEdit

Twin townsEdit

Château-Thierry is twinned with:[7]

Since 2009, a significant rapprochement has also been performed with the City of Indianapolis, IN, USA.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2016". INSEE. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
  2. ^ mycruisewebsite.co.uk
  3. ^ Warnes, Kathy. "In 1919, Villagers and soldiers helped rebuild chateau-thierry". Windows to World History. Archived from the original on 7 May 2016.
  4. ^ Columbia Alumni News. Alumni Council of Columbia University (Vol. 10, No. 30). 1918. p. 937.
  5. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-07-20. Retrieved 2010-08-22.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ "Auguste Jordan, un Autrichien sous le maillot tricolore au temps des années noires". wearefootball.org. Retrieved 21 July 2014.
  7. ^ Inovagora. "Associations jumelage international". Archived from the original on 2011-07-18. Retrieved 2010-08-26.

External linksEdit