Château-Thierry

Château-Thierry (French: [ʃɑto tjeʁi]) is a French commune situated in the department of the Aisne, in the administrative region of Hauts-de-France and in the historic Province of Champagne.

Château-Thierry
Subprefecture
Town hall
Town hall
Coat of arms of Château-Thierry
Location of Château-Thierry
Château-Thierry is located in France
Château-Thierry
Château-Thierry
Château-Thierry is located in Hauts-de-France
Château-Thierry
Château-Thierry
Coordinates: 49°02′N 3°24′E / 49.04°N 3.40°E / 49.04; 3.40Coordinates: 49°02′N 3°24′E / 49.04°N 3.40°E / 49.04; 3.40
CountryFrance
RegionHauts-de-France
DepartmentAisne
ArrondissementChâteau-Thierry
CantonChâteau-Thierry
IntercommunalityRégion de Château-Thierry
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Sébastien Eugène (PRG)
Area
1
16.55 km2 (6.39 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2019)[1]
15,254
 • Density920/km2 (2,400/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
02168 /02400
Elevation59–222 m (194–728 ft)
(avg. 63 m or 207 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

The origin of the name of the town is unknown. The local tradition attributes it to Theuderic IV, the penultimate Merovingian king, who was imprisoned by Charles Martel, without a reliable source. Château-Thierry is the birthplace of Jean de La Fontaine and was the location of the First Battle of the Marne and Second Battle of the Marne. The region of Château-Thierry (the arrondissement, to be exact) is called the country of Omois. Château-Thierry is one of 64 French towns to have received the Legion of Honour.

HistoryEdit

 
Postcard from World War I showing the mounting of the Paris Gun
 
Battlefield of Chateau-Thierry in 1920.

In the late years of the western Roman empire, a small town called Otmus was settled on a site where the Soissons-Troyes road crossed the Marne river. During the 8th century, Charles Martel kept king Theuderic IV prisoner in the castle of Otmus. At this time, the town took the name of Castrum Theodorici, later transformed in Château-Thierry (Castle of Thierry, Thierry is the French or early Roman language translation of Theuderic).

In 946, the castle of Château-Thierry was the home of Herbert le-Vieux, Count of Omois of the House of Vermandois and Soissons.[2]

Château-Thierry was the site of two important battles: the Battle of Château-Thierry (1814) in the Napoleonic Wars between France and Prussia, and the Battle of Château-Thierry (1918) in World War I between the United States and Germany.[3]

In 1918, a mounting for the Paris Gun was found near the castle, though the cannon itself had apparently been moved prior to the emplacement's discovery.[4]

GeographyEdit

Château-Thierry is situated on the river Marne, at 90 kilometres (56 mi) from Paris.

 
Château-Thierry

TransportEdit

Château-Thierry station is the terminus station of a regional railway line starting from the Gare de l'Est in Paris. Furthermore, it has rail connections to Châlons-en-Champagne, Nancy and Strasbourg. It is also one of the exits of the A4 autoroute that links Paris with the east part of France. Transval operates the local bus routes.[5]

PersonalitiesEdit

Château-Thierry was the birthplace of Jean de La Fontaine.

PopulationEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1793 4,080—    
1800 4,160+0.28%
1806 4,730+2.16%
1821 4,422−0.45%
1831 4,697+0.61%
1836 4,761+0.27%
1841 4,995+0.96%
1846 5,413+1.62%
1851 5,629+0.79%
1856 5,381−0.90%
1861 5,761+1.37%
1866 6,519+2.50%
1872 6,623+0.26%
1876 6,902+1.04%
1881 7,015+0.33%
1886 7,296+0.79%
1891 6,863−1.22%
1896 7,063+0.58%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901 7,083+0.06%
1906 7,347+0.73%
1911 7,771+1.13%
1921 7,751−0.03%
1926 8,266+1.29%
1931 8,154−0.27%
1936 7,928−0.56%
1946 8,094+0.21%
1954 8,841+1.11%
1962 10,006+1.56%
1968 11,049+1.67%
1975 13,491+2.89%
1982 14,557+1.09%
1990 15,312+0.63%
1999 14,967−0.25%
2007 14,794−0.15%
2012 14,329−0.64%
2017 15,107+1.06%
Source: EHESS[8] and INSEE (1968-2017)[9]

SightsEdit

Twin towns – sister citiesEdit

Château-Thierry is twinned with:[10]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2019". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 29 December 2021.
  2. ^ "mycruisewebsite.co.uk". Archived from the original on 2017-12-15. Retrieved 2017-12-15.
  3. ^ Warnes, Kathy. "In 1919, Villagers and soldiers helped rebuild chateau-thierry". Windows to World History. Archived from the original on 7 May 2016.
  4. ^ Columbia Alumni News. Alumni Council of Columbia University (Vol. 10, No. 30). 1918. p. 937.
  5. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-07-20. Retrieved 2010-08-22.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ ""Le Castel" de Château-Thierry - Gâteau de voyage Le Castel". Archived from the original on April 12, 2020.
  7. ^ "Auguste Jordan, un Autrichien sous le maillot tricolore au temps des années noires". wearefootball.org. Retrieved 21 July 2014.
  8. ^ Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui: Commune data sheet Château-Thierry, EHESS. (in French)
  9. ^ Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE
  10. ^ "Relations internationales" (in French). Château-Thierry. Retrieved 2022-04-05.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Château-Thierry at Wikimedia Commons