Cerrigydrudion

Cerrigydrudion, sometimes spelt Cerrig-y-drudion, (Welsh pronunciation) is a village and community in Conwy, Wales. Until 1974 it was part of the historic county Denbighshire, when it became part of the newly formed county of Clwyd. When the county of Clwyd was abolished in 1996, the village was transferred to the new Conwy County Borough. The village formerly lay on the A5, but a short by-pass now takes the road along the south-western edge of the village. Prior to the by-pass being built, Cerrigydrudion was the highest village on the A5 between London and Holyhead. The community includes the hamlets of Cefn Brith, Glasfryn [cy] and Pentre-Llyn-Cymmer with the village having a population of around 289.[2] The community is sparsely populated and covers over 60 square kilometres.[3]

Cerrigydrudion
Cerrigydrudion.jpg
Cerrigydrudion
Cerrigydrudion is located in Conwy
Cerrigydrudion
Cerrigydrudion
Location within Conwy
Area61.28 km2 (23.66 sq mi)
Population740 (2011)[1]
• Density12/km2 (31/sq mi)
OS grid referenceSH952488
Community
  • Cerrigydrudion
Principal area
Ceremonial county
CountryWales
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townCORWEN
Postcode districtLL21
Dialling code01490
PoliceNorth Wales
FireNorth Wales
AmbulanceWelsh
UK Parliament
Senedd Cymru – Welsh Parliament
List of places
UK
Wales
Conwy
53°01′34″N 3°33′43″W / 53.026°N 3.562°W / 53.026; -3.562Coordinates: 53°01′34″N 3°33′43″W / 53.026°N 3.562°W / 53.026; -3.562

Geography and historyEdit

Geographically the area is classed as moorland and less favourable grassland. It is on the outskirts of Mynydd Hiraethog, and the southern half of Llyn Brenig and also Alwen Reservoir lie in the community. The oldest feature of the village is the parish church dedicated to Saint Mary Magdalene. It is believed to have existed in 440 AD. It is also mentioned in the 'Norwich Taxation' of 1254. The village is the largest in the area known as Uwchaled which also includes Llangwm, Pentrefoelas, Pentre-llyn-cymer, Dinmael, Glasfryn, Cefn Brith, Llanfihangel.G.M and Cwm Penanner. Llangwm and Pentrefoelas are stand-alone parishes whilst the remainder fall within the parish of Cerrigydrudion. However, there are multiple Nonconformist chapels throughout the area of Uwchaled, located in many of the minor villages and hamlets.

The village was mentioned in the writings of several noted travellers including Edward Lhuyd and George Borrow. It attained a certain significance in the 18th century when Thomas Telford built the A5 turnpike Toll road between London and Holyhead. This would be the main route to Ireland. The road passed through the village. In the farmhouse of Ceirnioge Mawr, where the stagecoach and Mail coach horses were changed, there is a plaque marking the fact that Queen Victoria stopped there en route to Ireland.

The current population of the community stands at 692 residents.[4] The community remains one of the heartlands of the Welsh language and in the last census in 2001, 80% stated they had some knowledge of the language and over 76% stated that they used spoken Welsh in their normal every-day life.

Remnants of human habitation have been found in the area dating back to the Mesolithic era. Many of these were found in the area of Llyn Brenig, a manmade reservoir to the north of the village. The reservoir was built between 1973 and 1976 and was one of the major British engineering projects of that era. Today it is the most important tourist attraction in the area and provides competition class fly fishing facilities for many visitors.

One of the most famous sons of the parish is Jac Glan-y-Gors, who was a leading Radical at the end of the 18th century. His ideas were published in the polemical pamphlets Seren tan Gwmwl ("Star under a Cloud") and Toriad y Dydd ("Break of Day").

Cerrigydruidion Golf Club (now defunct) was founded in 1898. The club and course disappeared at the time of WW2.[5]

Heading out of Cerrigydrudion up a minor road off the B5105 is an Iron Age hillfort called Caer Caradog [cy].[6] This fort dates to pre Roman times and although the origin of the fort's name is unclear,[7] as Caradog can be latinised as Caratacus, it possibly refers to the 1st century warrior Caratacus who fought against the Romans. A novel published in 2018 called Swords and Slavery describes a battle between Celts and Romans at this fort.[8]

ClimateEdit

The Cerrigydrudion area possesses an oceanic climate (Köppen climate classification Cfb) similar to almost all of the United Kingdom. Due to its upland setting, it tends to be cooler than coastal areas of Wales throughout the year, and heavy snowfall can occur during winter months. The nearest MetOffice weather station[9] at Alwen, about 2.5 miles to the North, holds the Welsh record for the coldest day for the months of June, September and October[10]

Climate data for Alwen, 2.5 miles North of Cerrigydrudion, elevation 345m, 1991-2020, extremes 1960-
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 14.8
(58.6)
16.1
(61.0)
21.1
(70.0)
22.5
(72.5)
24.4
(75.9)
30.0
(86.0)
31.4
(88.5)
30.8
(87.4)
28.0
(82.4)
22.8
(73.0)
15.5
(59.9)
13.5
(56.3)
31.4
(88.5)
Average high °C (°F) 6.3
(43.3)
6.4
(43.5)
8.4
(47.1)
11.1
(52.0)
14.4
(57.9)
16.6
(61.9)
18.4
(65.1)
17.8
(64.0)
15.8
(60.4)
12.2
(54.0)
9.0
(48.2)
6.8
(44.2)
11.9
(53.5)
Average low °C (°F) 0.0
(32.0)
0.1
(32.2)
0.9
(33.6)
2.6
(36.7)
5.3
(41.5)
8.0
(46.4)
10.1
(50.2)
9.8
(49.6)
7.8
(46.0)
5.4
(41.7)
2.7
(36.9)
0.5
(32.9)
4.4
(40.0)
Record low °C (°F) −16.7
(1.9)
−16.7
(1.9)
−17.2
(1.0)
−9.5
(14.9)
−6.1
(21.0)
−2.5
(27.5)
−1.1
(30.0)
−1.1
(30.0)
−3.3
(26.1)
−5
(23)
−9.7
(14.5)
−16.8
(1.8)
−17.2
(1.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 149.4
(5.88)
116.0
(4.57)
96.5
(3.80)
90.4
(3.56)
87.6
(3.45)
81.0
(3.19)
84.6
(3.33)
90.9
(3.58)
104.2
(4.10)
141.8
(5.58)
152.7
(6.01)
178.2
(7.02)
1,373.3
(54.07)
Average rainy days 18.1 15.3 15.0 13.8 13.4 11.8 13.3 14.3 14.0 16.8 19.6 19.1 184.5
Source 1: Royal Dutch Meteorological Institute/KNMI[11]
Source 2: Meteoclimat[12]

Economy and daily lifeEdit

 
Saint Mary Magdalene Parish Church
 
The White Lion

The biggest employer in the parish remains agriculture, although tourism-related work is becoming common.

Apart from the church the village has two active Nonconformist chapels. These are Jerusalem, which is dedicated to the Methodist Calvinist group, and Moriah which follows the Congregational path. A third chapel, Seion, which was part of the Wesleyan tradition, was closed in 2002.

The village has one public house, The White Lion this was owned in the 1970s by the famous Welsh entertainer Ronnie Williams who formed half of the duo Ryan and Ronnie. It once received as a guest the British Prime Minister David Lloyd George when he was unable to return home due to heavy snowfall. Across the road from The White Lion is The Queens Head, which closed in the 1990s.

Other facilities include a cafe on the A5 main road called Ty Tan Llan Cafe, public toilets, library, a grocery shop and post office called Siop Uwchaled.

Nearby is the older Alwen Reservoir, built between 1909 and 1921 to provide drinking water for the English town of Birkenhead. At its conception the engineer who designed the dam, George Deacon, also planned Llyn Brenig, built over half a century later.

One of the most popular social gatherings in the village occurs on the first Saturday in September when the local Agricultural Show takes place. This attracts upwards of 3,000 people and is one of the most successful non-county shows in Wales.

Popular cultureEdit

The village is the setting for the song "A Child Is Born In Cerrig-Y-Drudion", on Julian Cope's 2007 album You Gotta Problem with Me.[13]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Community population 2011". Retrieved 22 May 2015.
  2. ^ UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Cerrigydrudion village population (W37000374)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 6 May 2019.
  3. ^ "Custom report - Nomis - Official Labour Market Statistics".
  4. ^ "Office for National Statistics : Census 2001 : Parish Headcounts : Conwy". Archived from the original on 29 August 2012. Retrieved 8 November 2010.
  5. ^ “Cerrigydruidion Golf Club”, “Golf’s Missing Links”.
  6. ^ "Caer Caradog Hillfort". The Megalithic Portal. 24 October 2012.
  7. ^ "Caer Caradog - Recorded name". Historic Place Names.
  8. ^ "Swords and Slavery". davidclees.wixsite.com.
  9. ^ "Station Location". Archived from the original on 28 October 2012. Retrieved 31 October 2011.
  10. ^ "Monthly Records". Archived from the original on 6 February 2012. Retrieved 31 October 2011.
  11. ^ "Climate Normals 1971–2000". KNMI. Retrieved 31 October 2011.
  12. ^ "Climate Normals 1991-2020". Meteoclimat. Retrieved 7 July 2021.
  13. ^ "Julian Cope - You Gotta Problem With Me" – via www.discogs.com.

External linksEdit