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Center for Military Readiness

The Center for Military Readiness is a tax-exempt, non-profit organization founded by Elaine Donnelly, which opposes the service of gay and transgender people and favors limiting the positions open to women in the United States military.[1][2][3][4] It has been described as a right-wing organisation by the SPLC and other sources.[5][6][7]

The Center was established in 1993 following the implementation of the "Don't ask, don't tell" policy under President Bill Clinton.[8][9] It is headquartered in Livonia, Michigan.[10] Its Board members include Allan C. Carlson, Frank Gaffney, David Horowitz, Frederick Kroesen, John Lenczowski, Kate O'Beirne, Carlisle Trost, Claudius E. Watts III, Faith Whittlesey, and Walter E. Williams, among others.[11] Other members at large have included Linda Chavez, Beverly LaHaye, Phyllis Schlafly, and Wally Schirra.[9][12]

It opposes allowing gay and transgender persons to serve in the military[8][13][4] and aims to limit the number of women in the military as well as the positions open to them.[8][14] Founder and president Donnelly has argued that "[w]omen in combat units endanger male morale and military performance."[15] A 2004 study of the role of women in the U.S. military called it "the most significant organization... representing the interests of individuals opposed to the expansion of women's military opportunities that might affect troop readiness."[16]

According to the Washington Post, after the death of pilot Kara Hultgreen "Donnelly in January 1995 began circulating leaked copies of Lorenz's confidential records in news releases and center reports. At the time, Lorenz was referred to as "Pilot B."[17] She then published a report that alleged that the Navy showed favoritism toward one of the first female combat pilots during training. Susan Barnes, Lorenz's attorney stated that "the Report MISREPRESENTS the content of those training records. I know. I have read the Report and have compared it to the content of the training records.” She also described the CMR as "a radical right front for a woman named Elaine Donnelly who has a long, and very public, record of opposition to military women.”[18] The pilot subsequently brought a suit for defamation against the Center, but lost because the court determined that, by virtue of her status as one of the first women to attempt to qualify as a carrier combat pilot, she was a "public figure" and needed to prove malice on the part of those who published the charge of favoritism. She appealed but the appeal was denied, with a statement that "Our conclusion about Lt. Lohrenz's public figure status does not suggest that she was not a good Naval aviator trying to do her job, and it does not penalize her for acting with 'professionalism".[19]

In 2011 the Center boycotted the Conservative Political Action Conference due to the participation of GOProud, an LGBT membership group within the Republican Party.[20]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Military gender ideologies in the media, Gender Ideologies and Military Labor Markets in the U.S.
  2. ^ Breaking Out: VMI and the Coming of Women
  3. ^ Same-Sex Marriage Faces Military Limits
  4. ^ a b "Trump directive sparks criticism among transgender troops". Washington Post. Retrieved August 27, 2017.
  5. ^ "Anti-LGBT Roundup of Events and Activities 6.26.17". Southern Poverty Law Center. Retrieved October 8, 2017.
  6. ^ Stachowitsch, Saskia (2011). Gender Ideologies and Military Labor Markets in the U.S. Routledge. p. 104. ISBN 978-0415667074. Retrieved October 8, 2017.
  7. ^ Timothy Kaufman-Osborn. Ferguson, Michaele L. Ferguson; Marso, Lori Jo Marso (eds.). W Stands for Women: How the George W. Bush Presidency Shaped a New Politics of Gender. Duke University Press. p. 143. ISBN 978-0822340645. Retrieved October 8, 2017.
  8. ^ a b c Andrea Stone, 'Center For Military Readiness Criticized For Lax Oversight', in The Huffington Post, July 20, 2011, [1]
  9. ^ a b NNDB webpage[unreliable source?]
  10. ^ New York Times: John Files, "Advocates Hope Supreme Court Ruling Can Renew Attention to 'Don't Ask, Don't Tell'," 13 March 2006, accessed February 19, 2012
  11. ^ "Official website, Board". Archived from the original on June 16, 2002. Retrieved October 29, 2011.
  12. ^ "Archived copy". December 15, 2001. Archived from the original on December 15, 2001. Retrieved June 26, 2019.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  13. ^ Official web site
  14. ^ Andrea Barnes (2005). The handbook of women, psychology, and the law. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, p. 345. ISBN 9780787970604.
  15. ^ Donnelly quoted in Neroni, Hilary (2005). The violent woman: femininity, narrative, and violence in contemporary American cinema. Albany: State University of New York Press, p. 135. ISBN 9780791463833.
  16. ^ Deborah G. Douglas, Amy E. Foster, American Women and Flight Since 1940 (University Press of Kentucky, 2004), p. 302, available online, accessed March 26, 2012
  17. ^ Priest, Dana (June 21, 1997). "Grounded Female Navy Pilot Is Returned To Flight Status". Washington Post. Retrieved October 8, 2017.
  18. ^ Skaine, Rosemarie Skaine (1998). Women at War: Gender Issues of Americans in Combat. McFarland & Co. p. 181. ISBN 978-0786405701.
  19. ^ Kirkland, Michael (December 12, 2003). "Court rejects ex-F-14 woman pilot's case". UPI.
  20. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on August 11, 2016. Retrieved June 13, 2016.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

External linksEdit