Carvin (French pronunciation: [kaʁvɛ̃] (listen)) is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Hauts-de-France region of France.[3]

Carvin
The town hall of Carvin
The town hall of Carvin
Flag of Carvin
Coat of arms of Carvin
Location of Carvin
Carvin is located in France
Carvin
Carvin
Carvin is located in Hauts-de-France
Carvin
Carvin
Coordinates: 50°29′38″N 2°57′32″E / 50.4939°N 2.9589°E / 50.4939; 2.9589Coordinates: 50°29′38″N 2°57′32″E / 50.4939°N 2.9589°E / 50.4939; 2.9589
CountryFrance
RegionHauts-de-France
DepartmentPas-de-Calais
ArrondissementLens
CantonCarvin
IntercommunalityHénin-Carvin
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Philippe Kemel[1]
Area
1
21.03 km2 (8.12 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2019)[2]
17,557
 • Density830/km2 (2,200/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
62215 /62220
Elevation17–42 m (56–138 ft)
(avg. 28 m or 92 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

GeographyEdit

 
East of Pas-de-Calais (Béthune, Lens, Hénin-Beaumont)

An ex-coalmining commune, now a light industrial and farming town, situated some 14 miles (23 km) northeast of Lens, completely encircled by the N17 and D919 ring road.

HistoryEdit

Major excavations have recently revealed occupation going back to Neolithic times. This settlement is linked to the existence of the vast wet depression around the now-disappeared castle of Epinoy. In the early 12th century, the hamlet of Épinoy, now the east part of the commune, was the home of the hermit Saint Druon of Sebourg.

The history of this market town, located on the road between Arras, Lille and Tournai, was then marked by coal mining, starting in the mid-nineteenth century and ending in 1975. One of the smaller mining companies had its headquarters in Carvin. At nationalization, the pits and mining facilities were consolidated within the Oignies group.

During World War I, from October 1914 to October 1918, Carvin was occupied by the Germans. Located at the rear of the front as a garrison town for both German military and civilians. The bodies of over 6,000 soldiers are laid to rest in one of the largest German cemeteries in the Nord-Pas-de-Calais region.

Carvin was awarded the Croix de Guerre on September 28, 1920.

In May 1940, during the German invasion of France, Carvin's town centre was the scene of a major battle that allowed the bulk of British and French troops to get to Dunkirk and freedom. Once the allies had gone, the troops of the Wehrmacht delivered fierce reprisals on the population of the towns of mining pit 4: Carvin, Courrières and Oignies. Following the miners' strike in May and June 1941 which spread throughout the Nord-Pas-de-Calais, many miners (mostly communists) were arrested and executed at Arras.

In 1947, Carvin lost nearly a third of its territory with the separation of the commune of Libercourt, which claimed its independence. The town lost much of its industry during the years 1970 to 1990. Mining, construction and engineering were all reduced in size. Much of the railway network was dismantled in the early 1990s. Today it is mostly a services and residential commune for the regional capital, Lille.

PopulationEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1793 3,760—    
1800 3,670−0.35%
1806 4,522+3.54%
1821 4,686+0.24%
1831 4,995+0.64%
1836 4,953−0.17%
1841 5,053+0.40%
1846 5,120+0.26%
1851 5,022−0.39%
1856 5,426+1.56%
1861 6,094+2.35%
1866 6,546+1.44%
1872 7,024+1.18%
1876 7,471+1.55%
1881 7,759+0.76%
1886 7,808+0.13%
1891 8,000+0.49%
1896 8,614+1.49%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901 9,391+1.74%
1906 10,736+2.71%
1911 11,846+1.99%
1921 11,775−0.06%
1926 16,664+7.19%
1931 19,543+3.24%
1936 18,696−0.88%
1946 20,294+0.82%
1954 15,780−3.10%
1962 16,139+0.28%
1968 17,097+0.97%
1975 15,601−1.30%
1982 16,206+0.55%
1990 17,059+0.64%
1999 17,772+0.46%
2007 17,485−0.20%
2012 17,198−0.33%
2017 17,124−0.09%
Source: EHESS[4] and INSEE (1968-2017)[5]

Places of interestEdit

Notable peopleEdit

  • Jacques Secrétin, international table tennis player, was born in Carvin in 1949.

International relationsEdit

Carvin is twinned with:

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Répertoire national des élus: les maires". data.gouv.fr, Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises (in French). 2 December 2020.
  2. ^ "Populations légales 2019". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 29 December 2021.
  3. ^ INSEE commune file
  4. ^ Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui: Commune data sheet Carvin, EHESS. (in French)
  5. ^ Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE

External linksEdit