Carlo Chiarlo

Carlo Chiarlo (4 November 1881 – 21 January 1964) was an Italian cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. He served as nuncio to several countries, mostly Latin American, and was elevated to the cardinalate in 1958.


Carlo Chiarlo
Cardinal-Priest of Santa Maria in Campitelli "pro hac vice"
Carlo Chiarlo.jpg
Portrait.
ChurchRoman Catholic Church
Appointed18 December 1958
Term ended21 January 1964
PredecessorMassimo Massimi
SuccessorCharles Journet
Orders
Ordination28 May 1904
Consecration11 November 1928
by Pietro Gasparri
Created cardinal15 December 1958
by Pope John XXIII
RankCardinal-Priest
Personal details
Born
Carlo Chiarlo

4 November 1881
Died21 January 1964(1964-01-21) (aged 82)
Lucca, Italy
Previous post(s)
Alma materPontifical University of Saint Thomas Aquinas
MottoLatin: Mea Lux Dominus
Coat of armsCarlo Chiarlo's coat of arms
Styles of
Carlo Chiarlo
Coat of arms of Carlo Chiarlo.svg
Reference styleHis Eminence
Spoken styleYour Eminence
Informal styleCardinal
Seenone

BiographyEdit

Born in Pontremoli, Chiarlo studied at the seminary in Lucca and the Pontifical University of St. Thomas Aquinas (Angelicum) in Rome before being ordained to the priesthood on 28 May 1904. He then taught at the seminary and did pastoral work in Lucca until 1917. Chiarlo was secretary and later chargé d'affaires of the nunciature to Peru from 1917 to 1922, when he was named Auditor of the Polish nunciature.

He was raised to the rank of Privy Chamberlain of His Holiness on 26 May 1918 while secretary in Peru.[1]

On 12 October 1928, Chiarlo was appointed Titular Archbishop of Amida by Pope Pius XI.[2] He received his episcopal consecration on the following 12 November from Cardinal Pietro Gasparri, with Archbishop Giovanni Volpi and Bishop Theodor Kubina serving as co-consecrators, in the chapel of the Collegio Pio-Latinoamericano in Rome. He was named Nuncio to Bolivia on 12 November.[a]

On 28 January 1932, Chiarlo was made Apostolic Internuncio to Central America, with responsibility as Nuncio to Costa Rica, Honduras, Nicaragua, El Salvador, and Panama, as well as Apostolic Delegate to Guatemala.[3] His role was then modified on 30 September 1933 with the erection of nunciatures, leaving him Apostolic Nuncio to Costa Rica, Nicaragua, and Panama, with his role as Nuncio to El Salvador and Honduras and Delegate to Guatemala assigned to Albert Levame later that year.[3][4]

Returning to Rome, he was charged with the special mission of assisting prisoners of World War II on 3 December 1941. He was named head of the pontifical mission to Germany in 1945.

He was appointed Nuncio to Brazil, where he would be a beloved figure,[5] on 19 March 1946.[6] He was replaced in Brazil by Armando Lombardi on 22 September 1954[7] and remained a nuncio at the disposition of the Secretariat of State.

Pope John XXIII created him cardinal-priest of S. Maria in Portico in the consistory of 15 December 1958. Cardinal Chiarlo lived long enough to attend only the first two sessions of the Second Vatican Council from 1962 to 1963, and serve as a cardinal elector in the 1963 papal conclave that selected Pope Paul VI.

He died in Lucca at age 82 and is buried in an urban cemetery there.

NotesEdit

  1. ^ The Acta Apostolicae Sedis identifies him as Nuncio to Bolivia on 12 October and describes his appointment to that office on 12 November.[2]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Acta Apostolicae Sedis (PDF). Vol. X. 1918. p. 271. Retrieved 15 July 2020.
  2. ^ a b Acta Apostolicae Sedis (PDF). Vol. XX. 1928. pp. 358, 402, 410. Retrieved 15 July 2020.
  3. ^ a b De Marchi, Giuseppe (1957). Le Nunziature Apostoliche dal 1800 al 1956 (in Italian). Libreria Editrice Vaticana. p. 105. Retrieved 15 July 2020.
  4. ^ Acta Apostolicae Sedis (PDF). Vol. XXVI. 1934. pp. 10, 203. Retrieved 18 December 2019.
  5. ^ "The New Cardinals". Time. 22 December 1958.
  6. ^ Acta Apostolicae Sedis (PDF). Vol. XXXVIII. 1946. p. 164. Retrieved 15 July 2020.
  7. ^ Acta Apostolicae Sedis (PDF). Vol. XLVII. 1955. p. 159. Retrieved 15 July 2020.

External linksEdit

Catholic Church titles
Preceded by — TITULAR —
Archbishop of Amida
1928–1958
Succeeded by
Preceded by Cardinal-priest of Santa Maria in Campitelli
1958–1964
Succeeded by
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by Apostolic Nuncio to Bolivia
1928–1932
Succeeded by
Preceded by Apostolic Delegate to Guatemala
1932–1933
Succeeded by
Preceded by Apostolic Internuncio to Central America
1932–1933
Succeeded by
vacant
Preceded by
vacant
Apostolic Nuncio to Costa Rica
1933–1941
Succeeded by
Preceded by
vacant
Apostolic Nuncio to Nicaragua
1933–1941
Preceded by
vacant
Apostolic Nuncio to Panama
1933–1941
Preceded by Apostolic Nuncio to Brazil
1946–1954
Succeeded by