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Carlo Chiarlo (4 November 1881 – 21 January 1964) was an Italian cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. He served as nuncio to several countries, mostly Latin American, and was elevated to the cardinalate in 1958.
|Cardinal-Priest of Santa Maria in Campitelli "pro hac vice"|
|Church||Roman Catholic Church|
|Appointed||18 December 1958|
|Term ended||21 January 1964|
|Ordination||28 May 1904|
|Consecration||11 November 1928|
by Pietro Gasparri
|Created cardinal||15 December 1958|
by Pope John XXIII
4 November 1881
|Died||21 January 1964 (aged 82)|
|Alma mater||Pontifical University of Saint Thomas Aquinas|
|Motto||Latin: Mea Lux Dominus|
|Coat of arms|
|Reference style||His Eminence|
|Spoken style||Your Eminence|
Born in Pontremoli, Chiarlo studied at the seminary in Lucca and the Pontifical University of St. Thomas Aquinas (Angelicum) in Rome before being ordained to the priesthood on 28 May 1904. He then taught at the seminary and did pastoral work in Lucca until 1917. Chiarlo was secretary and later chargé d'affaires of the nunciature to Peru from 1917 to 1922, when he was named Auditor of the Polish nunciature.
On 12 October 1928, Chiarlo was appointed Titular Archbishop of Amida by Pope Pius XI. He received his episcopal consecration on the following 12 November from Cardinal Pietro Gasparri, with Archbishop Giovanni Volpi and Bishop Theodor Kubina serving as co-consecrators, in the chapel of the Collegio Pio-Latinoamericano in Rome. He was named Nuncio to Bolivia on 12 November.[a]
On 28 January 1932, Chiarlo was made Apostolic Internuncio to Central America, with responsibility as Nuncio to Costa Rica, Honduras, Nicaragua, El Salvador, and Panama, as well as Apostolic Delegate to Guatemala. His role was then modified on 30 September 1933 with the erection of nunciatures, leaving him Apostolic Nuncio to Costa Rica, Nicaragua, and Panama, with his role as Nuncio to El Salvador and Honduras and Delegate to Guatemala assigned to Albert Levame later that year.
Returning to Rome, he was charged with the special mission of assisting prisoners of World War II on 3 December 1941. He was named head of the pontifical mission to Germany in 1945.
He was appointed Nuncio to Brazil, where he would be a beloved figure, on 19 March 1946. He was replaced in Brazil by Armando Lombardi on 22 September 1954 and remained a nuncio at the disposition of the Secretariat of State.
Pope John XXIII created him cardinal-priest of S. Maria in Portico in the consistory of 15 December 1958. Cardinal Chiarlo lived long enough to attend only the first two sessions of the Second Vatican Council from 1962 to 1963, and serve as a cardinal elector in the 1963 papal conclave that selected Pope Paul VI.
He died in Lucca at age 82 and is buried in an urban cemetery there.
- The Acta Apostolicae Sedis identifies him as Nuncio to Bolivia on 12 October and describes his appointment to that office on 12 November.
- Acta Apostolicae Sedis (PDF). Vol. X. 1918. p. 271. Retrieved 15 July 2020.
- Acta Apostolicae Sedis (PDF). Vol. XX. 1928. pp. 358, 402, 410. Retrieved 15 July 2020.
- De Marchi, Giuseppe (1957). Le Nunziature Apostoliche dal 1800 al 1956 (in Italian). Libreria Editrice Vaticana. p. 105. Retrieved 15 July 2020.
- Acta Apostolicae Sedis (PDF). Vol. XXVI. 1934. pp. 10, 203. Retrieved 18 December 2019.
- "The New Cardinals". Time. 22 December 1958.
- Acta Apostolicae Sedis (PDF). Vol. XXXVIII. 1946. p. 164. Retrieved 15 July 2020.
- Acta Apostolicae Sedis (PDF). Vol. XLVII. 1955. p. 159. Retrieved 15 July 2020.