Cantley, Quebec, Canada, is a rural municipality north of the city of Gatineau, east of the Gatineau River, located within Canada's National Capital Region approximately 17 km (11 mi) from Parliament Hill. Its roots are in farmland, but recent housing projects since its creation in 1989 have resulted in a high rate of population growth. The population at the 2016 Canadian Census was 10,699, an increase of 8.2% from the 2011 population of 9,888. French is the first language of 86.7% of Cantley's residents.
Cantley Town Hall
Location within Les Collines-de-l'Outaouais RCM.
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Constituted||January 1, 1989|
|• Mayor||Madeleine Brunette|
|• Federal riding||Pontiac|
|• Prov. riding||Gatineau|
|• Total||134.10 km2 (51.78 sq mi)|
|• Land||128.36 km2 (49.56 sq mi)|
|• Density||83.4/km2 (216/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC−05:00 (EST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−04:00 (EDT)|
The town of Cantley was founded in the 1830s by Colonel Cantley, a subordinate of Colonel John By during the period that included the birth of the city of Bytown (now Ottawa). During this time, Colonel Cantley went north and set foot in land several kilometres from Bytown where he remained until his death. In the 1850s, the area started to develop with the construction of its post office in honour of Cantley and a mass arrival of Irish descendants. Education started to play a role in the same period when a Roman Catholic chapel and school were built as a result of the increasing number of residents in the area. Another school was built on a farmer's land in 1858.
In 1925, two hydroelectric dams were constructed along the Gatineau River, making them the biggest economic and industrial project of the town's history. These are now known today as the Chelsea and Rapides-Farmers Hydroelectric Stations (Centrale Chelsea and Centrale Rapides-Farmers). The latter station is now within the city of Gatineau limits.
The Mont Cascades resort opened in 1976 and represents a major part of the town's recreational and touristic assets.
Previously, Cantley was a rural village within Touraine, previously Hull-Est, until the merger that created the original city of Gatineau in 1975. This move proved highly unpopular with Cantley's rural residents who worked to petition the provincial government to recreate an independent municipality. In 1989, Cantley became an independent rural community.
Cantley's main artery is Route 307 also known as Montée de la Source (formerly known as la rue Principale) which is the extension of Rue Saint-Louis in Gatineau. Major collector roads include Chemin du Mont-Cascades, Chemin Ste-Élisabeth, Montée des Érables and Montée St-Amour. Most of the roads in the town connect to Route 307 and most of them are dead-ends. There are very few that connect to secondary roads.
Beginning June 15, 2015, Transcollines provides public transportation services in Cantley. Routes 931 and 933 replace the previous Société de transport de l'Outaouais (STO) routes 15 and 16, providing weekday service between Cantley and the De La Gappe Rapibus station with connections to Ottawa and the Hull and Gatineau sectors of Gatineau. Route 934 provides reverse service during peak periods. Route 935 provides peak period service between Cantley's eastern sector and the STO De La Cité Rapibus station. Route 936 provides morning and afternoon connector service between the Mont Cascades sector and the Hogan Park and Ride lot. Route 946 provides peak period service between Poltimore and Cantley, connecting to service to Gatineau. Route 960 provides midday service between Cantley and La Peche, via Gatineau (Rapibus stations De La Gappe and Les Galeries de Hull). Park and Ride lots are available on rue Hogan (at Montée de la Source), at the Town Hall (rue River), on rue Mont-Joel (at rue Marsolais), rue Denis (at Parc Denis) and at the Mont Cascades ski resort.
Chemin du Mont-Cascades gives access to the Mont Cascades Ski Resort and Waterpark, as well as the Mont Cascades Golf Club. The waterpark is the largest in the Outaouais region while the Ski Resort offers 20 ski trails. Cantley is also home to Nakkertok, the largest cross country ski club in the National Capital Region. Cantley is centrally located with easy access to many recreational activities within the National Capital Region. These include the Gatineau Park, ski resorts such as Sommet Edelweiss (Edelweiss Valley) and Vorlage in La Pêche (Wakefield), Camp Fortune in Chelsea and Mont Ste-Marie in Lac Ste-Marie.
English language education is provided by the Western Québec School Board. Students attend school in neighbouring communities, such as Chelsea, since there are no English-language schools in Cantley.
Cantley is governed by a seven member council consisting of six councillors, each representing a district, and the mayor. The districts and current councillors are as follows:
|1||District des Monts||Aimé Sabourin|
|2||District des Prés||Jocelyne Leroux Lapierre|
|3||District de la Rive||Jean-Benoit Trahan|
|4||District du Parc||Sarah Plamondon|
|5||District des Érables||Louis Simon Joanisse|
|6||District des Lacs||Jean-Nicolas De Bellefeuille|
Cantley dry materials dump issueEdit
From 2005 to 2007 controversy arose concerning a dry materials dump located in the northern end of the town. Nearby residents complained about toxic pollutants generated by the dump that caused effects on their health. Many residents and mayor Steve Harris firmly requested the closure of the dump. In late 2005, a fire broke out underneath the material for several weeks and caused an evacuation from the nearby residents The fire was initially thought to be caused by combustible fuel, but according to the owners of the dump, a criminal act may have been involved.
Several lawsuits were planned by residents against the owner and on July 11, 2006, the town went to court against the dump for a compensation of over $55,000 for the fire and cover costs for the evacuation process and firefighters salary Tensions rose once more when the owner, Gilles Proulx, launched a $750,000 lawsuit against a local couple. Proulx claimed that the couple had made comments against his reputation.
The Quebec Ministry of Environment forced the owners to adopt measures to reduce the amount of toxic pollutants and gave them several delays to comply. About a year later, it received a second warning and was giving another 10-day notice to meet the Ministry's standards or it would be forced to shut down its operations.
On September 21, 2006, the Minister Claude Béchard ordered its closure but as the owners challenged the decision to court, it was re-opened occasionally. The site is currently not in operation as the case is still under study by a provincial court, but the Tribunal administratif du Québec supported in October 2007 the Minister's decision. An appeal to that decision did not lead to changes, and the landfill operator further appealed to the Quebec Superior Court, to no avail.
Due to its closure, it created a significant waste problem across the region as only one landfill site remains in operation in Val-des-Monts. Many businesses are forced to travel longer for waste disposals while costs skyrocketed. In some occasions, various materials were dumped in many fields and lands.
- Reference number 234319 of the Commission de toponymie du Québec (in French)
- Geographic code 82020 in the official Répertoire des municipalités (in French)
- "Census Profile, 2016 Census: Cantley, Municipalité [Census subdivision], Quebec". 2016 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. Retrieved July 27, 2019.
- "Chelsea and Farmers Hydroelectric Dams". Retrieved January 22, 2016.
- "Gatineau Station". Retrieved November 12, 2014.
- Bus routes 14,15,16 - Modification of route 15 and withdrawal of routes 14 and 16 as of June 15
- Schedules and Routes
- "Écoles primaires de la Commission scolaire des Draveurs". Retrieved November 13, 2014.
- "Western Quebec School Board School Locator". Archived from the original on December 21, 2014. Retrieved November 13, 2014.
- "Cantley - Résultats - Élections municipales 2017 (in French)". Retrieved December 11, 2017.
- Bouchard, Régis, "Cantley poursuit les propriétaires du dépotoir" (Translation : Cantley sues dump yard owners), Le Droit, July 11, 2006, page 4
- Bouchard, Régis, "Le dépotoir de Cantley poursuit deux voisins en diffamation" (Cantley dump yard sues two neighbors for slandering), Le Droit, August 26, 2006, page 2
- La Haye, Dominique, "Encore des odeurs au dépotoir de Cantley" (Persistent odors at Cantley dump yard), Le Droit, April 10, 2006, page 8
- Bélanger, Mathieu, "Dépotoir de Cantley : Québec se fache et émet un deuxième ultimatum" (Cantley Dump Yard: angry Quebec government gives a second ultimatum), Le Droit, September 7, 2006, page 7
- Thériault, Charles, Claude Béchard met fin à la saga du dépotoir de Cantley (Claude Bechard ends the Cantley dump saga), Le Droit, September 22, 2006, page 3.
- 2332-4197 Québec inc. c. Québec (Ministre du Développement durable, de l'Environnement et des Parcs) 2007 QCTAQ 10347
- 2332-4197 Québec inc. c. Québec (Ministre du Développement durable, de l'Environnement et des Parcs) 2008 QCTAQ 0761
- 2332-4197 Québec inc. c. Tribunal administratif du Québec 2009 QCCS 1059
- Ébacher, Louis-Denis (2006-10-16). "Réouverture du dépotoir : le maire de Cantley garde espoir". Le Droit.
- Theriault, Charles (2007-10-17). "Le dépotoir de Cantley doit fermer". Le Droit.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2018-02-28. Retrieved 2018-02-27.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)