Candes-Saint-Martin

Candes-Saint-Martin (Latin: Candia Sanctus Martinus) is a commune in the Indre-et-Loire department in central France. It overlooks the confluence of the Vienne and Loire rivers from a steep hill on the left bank of the Loire, and marks the boundary between the modern departments of Indre-et-Loire to the east, and Maine-et-Loire to the west.

Candes-Saint-Martin
View over the Loire
View over the Loire
Coat of arms of Candes-Saint-Martin
Coat of arms
Location of Candes-Saint-Martin
Candes-Saint-Martin is located in France
Candes-Saint-Martin
Candes-Saint-Martin
Candes-Saint-Martin is located in Centre-Val de Loire
Candes-Saint-Martin
Candes-Saint-Martin
Coordinates: 47°12′42″N 0°04′27″E / 47.2117°N 0.0742°E / 47.2117; 0.0742Coordinates: 47°12′42″N 0°04′27″E / 47.2117°N 0.0742°E / 47.2117; 0.0742
CountryFrance
RegionCentre-Val de Loire
DepartmentIndre-et-Loire
ArrondissementChinon
CantonChinon
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Lise Couëdy-Gruet
Area
1
5.77 km2 (2.23 sq mi)
Population
 (2017-01-01)[1]
199
 • Density34/km2 (89/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
37042 /37500
Elevation27–101 m (89–331 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

NameEdit

The name Candes is thought to derive from a Gallic word for confluence, and is found in several other similarly sited towns in the region; the termination Saint-Martin was formally added in 1949, although it had been in common usage for many years. Evidence of Gallo-Roman occupation was found in 19th century excavations, particularly in the grounds of the Bishop's Palace which crowns the hill.

The village takes its name - and its main claim to fame- from the magnificent church which has succeeded the 4th century monastery where St Martin, Bishop of Tours and 'Apostle to the Gauls', died in 397.

PopulationEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1793638—    
1800525−17.7%
1806631+20.2%
1821719+13.9%
1831748+4.0%
1836750+0.3%
1841749−0.1%
1846721−3.7%
1851711−1.4%
1856664−6.6%
1861630−5.1%
1866613−2.7%
1872518−15.5%
1876482−6.9%
1881437−9.3%
1886420−3.9%
1891412−1.9%
1896388−5.8%
1901362−6.7%
1906320−11.6%
1911327+2.2%
1921291−11.0%
1926238−18.2%
1931222−6.7%
1936250+12.6%
1946252+0.8%
1954313+24.2%
1962294−6.1%
1968264−10.2%
1975269+1.9%
1982268−0.4%
1990244−9.0%
1999227−7.0%
2006222−2.2%
2009222+0.0%

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2017". INSEE. Retrieved 6 January 2020.