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Camillo Ruini (Italian pronunciation: [kaˈmillo ruˈini]; born 19 February 1931) is an Italian prelate of the Catholic Church who was made a cardinal in 1991. He served as president of the Italian Episcopal Conference from 1991 to 2007 and as Vicar General of the Diocese of Rome from 1991 to 2008.
|Cardinal Vicar Emeritus of Rome|
|Church||Roman Catholic Church|
|Other posts||Cardinal-Priest of Sant'Agnese fuori le Mura (1991–present)|
|Ordination||8 December 1954|
by Luigi Traglia
|Consecration||29 June 1983|
by Gilberto Baroni
|Created cardinal||28 June 1991|
by Pope John Paul II
|Birth name||Camillo Ruini|
|Born||19 February 1931|
Sassuolo, Kingdom of Italy
|Denomination||Catholic (Roman Rite)|
|Motto||Veritas liberabit nos (the truth will free us)|
|Coat of arms|
|Reference style||His Eminence|
|Spoken style||Your Eminence|
He was very active as a spokesperson for the Church and was one of the Church officials who most often appeared on Italian television, newspapers and magazines.
He was ordained to the priesthood on 8 December 1954 by Archbishop Luigi Traglia. He taught philosophy at the diocesan seminary in Emilia Romagna from 1957 to 1968. From 1958 to 1966 he served as chaplain to university students and from 1966 to 1970 he served as a delegate for Azione Cattolica.
On 16 May 1983, Pope John Paul II named him auxiliary bishop of Reggio Emilia and titular bishop of Nefta. He was consecrated a bishop by Bishop Gilberto Baroni on 29 June. As vice president of the Preparatory Committee, he contributed to the realization of the Ecclesial Convention of Loreto (1985), which has become a reference point in the dialogue between the Church and Italian society following their difficult relationship of the 1960s and 1970s.
In January 1991 he was named auxiliary bishop and pro-vicar general for the Diocese of Rome. In March 1991 he became president of the Italian bishops conference. He was made Cardinal-Priest of Sant'Agnese fuori le mura on 28 June 1991 and named Vicar General of the Diocese of Rome and archpriest of the Basilica di San Giovanni in Laterano on 1 July 1991.  He was also grand chancellor of the Lateran University and the Pontifical John Paul II Institute for Studies on Marriage and Family.
Ruini was also a member of the Congregation for Bishops, the Pontifical Council for the Laity, the Administration of the Patrimony of the Holy See, and the Council of Cardinals for the Study of Organizational and Economic Affairs of the Holy See.
On 17 March 2010 the Vatican formed a commission to look into the phenomenon of Medjugorje, Bosnia-Herzegovina, where six young people have said they have had visions of Mary since the early 1980s. Ruini was its president. In January 2014 the commission submitted its findings to the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith.
Ruini was instrumental in the production of a documentary film of the life of Pope John Paul II.
Ruini was seen as a social and political conservative, close to the positions of Popes John Paul II and Benedict XVI. He was very active in the mass media and was the strongest voice of the Church against the spring 2005 referendum for the liberalization of Italy's legal restrictions on artificial insemination. He commented upon the issue of the 1999 French Pacte civil de solidarité for unmarried couples of the same or opposite sex. In 2007 a bill was proposed in the Italian Senate for a law on civil unions. The bishops conference opposed this proposal.
On 7 March 2007, Pope Benedict XVI named Archbishop Angelo Bagnasco to succeed Ruini as President of the Italian Episcopal Conference. His resignation from his other positions was accepted by Pope Benedict XVI on 27 June 2008.
- Acta Apostolicae Sedis (PDF). LXXXIII. 1991. p. 630. Retrieved 4 November 2019.
- Acta Apostolicae Sedis (PDF). LXXXIII. 1991. p. 631. Retrieved 4 November 2019.
- Pentin, Edward (28 January 2014). "Vatican Commission Completes Medjugorje Investigation". National Catholic Register. Retrieved 27 May 2017.
- "Nota del Consiglio Episcopale Permanente a riguardo della famiglia fondata sul matrimonio e di iniziative legislative in materia di unioni di fatto" (PDF) (in Italian). 28 March 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 20 July 2007.
- "Rinunce e Nomine, 07.03.2007" (Press release) (in Italian). Holy See Press Office. 7 March 2007. Retrieved 4 November 2019.
- "Rinunce e Nomine, 27.06.2008" (Press release) (in Italian). Holy See Press Office. 27 June 2008. Retrieved 4 November 2019.
- http://attualita.vatican.va/sala-stampa/bollettino/2013/06/21/news/31229.html[permanent dead link]
- "Ruini Card. Camillo". Holy See Press Office. Archived from the original on 4 September 2017. Retrieved 4 November 2017.
|Catholic Church titles|
| Secretary-General of the Italian Episcopal Conference
28 June 1986 – 7 March 1991
| Archpriest of the Basilica of St. John Lateran
1 July 1991 – 27 June 2008
| President of the Italian Episcopal Conference
March 1991 – 7 March 2007
| Vicar General of His Holiness for the Diocese of Rome
1 July 1991 – 27 June 2008
| Cardinal Priest of Sant'Agnese fuori le mura
28 June 1991–