Sassuolo

Sassuolo (Italian pronunciation: [sasˈswɔːlo]; Modenese: Sasól [saˈsoːl]) is an Italian town, comune, and industrial centre of the Province of Modena in Emilia-Romagna. The town stands on the right bank of the river Secchia some 17 kilometres (11 mi) southwest of Modena. As of 2019, its population was 40,278.[4]

Sassuolo

Sasól  (Emilian)
Città di Sassuolo
The Ducal palace
The Ducal palace
Coat of arms of Sassuolo
Coat of arms
Motto(s): 
Sic ex murice gemmae [1]
Sassuolo within the Province of Modena
Sassuolo within the Province of Modena
Location of Sassuolo
Sassuolo is located in Italy
Sassuolo
Sassuolo
Location of Sassuolo in Italy
Sassuolo is located in Emilia-Romagna
Sassuolo
Sassuolo
Sassuolo (Emilia-Romagna)
Coordinates: 44°33′N 10°47′E / 44.550°N 10.783°E / 44.550; 10.783Coordinates: 44°33′N 10°47′E / 44.550°N 10.783°E / 44.550; 10.783
CountryItaly
RegionEmilia-Romagna
ProvinceModena (MO)
FrazioniMontegibbio, Salvarola Terme, San Michele dei Mucchietti
Government
 • MayorGianfrancesco Menani (League)
Area
 • Total38.56 km2 (14.89 sq mi)
Elevation
121 m (397 ft)
Population
 (2019)[4]
 • Total40,278
 • Density1,000/km2 (2,700/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Sassolesi
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
41049
Dialing code0536
Patron saintSt. George
Saint dayApril 23
WebsiteOfficial website
View of Via Ciro Menotti in the town's centre

EtymologyEdit

The exact origin of the toponym Sassuolo is unclear. One theory is that it might derive from the abundant deposits of petroleum found in the area. This is because petroleum is anciently known as "stone oil" or "olio di sasso" in Italian, from which the composite word Sassuolo (sasso + olio) may have been created.

Another hypothesis is that the name derives from the Latin words saxum solum meaning "rocky soil". This last theory seems to have inspired both the coat of arms and the town's motto - sic ex muricae gemmae - which is Latin for "from the rock, buds".[5]

HistoryEdit

The territory was inhabited in ancient times by the pile-dwelling terramare civilization, then by an Eastern Ligurian tribe - the Friniates - during the Iron Age. The Celt Boii then settled this land around 400 BC, overlapping with the Friniates. The Boii were the most powerful and numerous Celtic tribe of Northern Italy, or Cisalpine Gaul, which they fiercely defended from the Romans.

Although the archeological evidence is scarce, it is hypothesized that a roman castrum may have been built in the area because of its strategic position.

The first historical mention of the current settlement dates back to 980. In 1039 the town became part of the domains of Boniface of Canossa and was thus inherited by his daughter Matilda in 1076. In 1078, the consuls of Sassuolo swore loyalty to the commune of Modena. When Matilda died in 1115, the town became independent both from Tuscany and Modena.

In 1373, the city was given to the Este family at the request of the citizens themselves, in exchange for the right to extract water from the river Secchia. The town was then ruled by the Este family until 1499, when it became the capital of the homonymous signoria - which also included the town of Soliera - ruled by the house of Pio. In 1599 the signoria was directly annexed to the Duchy of Modena and Reggio of which it remained a possession until the Italian Unification.[6]

GeographyEdit

Located in the central-western area of its province, at the border with Reggio Emilia, Sassuolo borders with the municipalities of Casalgrande (RE), Castellarano (RE), Fiorano Modenese, Formigine, Prignano sulla Secchia and Serramazzoni.[7] It counts the hamlets (frazioni) of Montegibbio, Salvarola Terme and San Michele dei Mucchietti.

Main sightsEdit

 
the Ducal palace of Sassuolo

EconomyEdit

The industrial growth of Sassuolo began in the 1950s. Eighty percent of all Italian ceramic tiles are produced here, with more than 300 ceramic factories operating in the Sassuolo district (as Marazzi Group, Refin and Marca Corona,). The city is currently the centre of Italian tile industry and one of the most important tile producers in the world.[9]

PeopleEdit

SportEdit

Sassuolo is the home town of Serie A side U.S. Sassuolo Calcio; it also includes the stadium Stadio Enzo Ricci. However, the team no longer play games in the city, having moved first to Stadio Alberto Braglia in Modena which was Sassuolo's temporary home while playing in Serie B from 2008 and subsequently to Reggio Emilia at the renovated Stadio Città del Tricolore (formerly Stadio Giglio) in a venue-sharing agreement with Lega Pro Prima Divisione club Reggiana.[10] Upon their promotion to Serie A in 2013 U.S. Sassuolo Calcio; joined a select group of teams not belonging to a provincial capital city: Empoli, Legnano, Pro Patria, Carpi and Casale.[11]

Volley Sassuolo is the local volleyball team.[12]

The Memorial Argo Manfredini tennis tournament is played in the city.

Typical productsEdit

Twin townsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ (in Italian) Comune di Sassuolo
  2. ^ "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Istat. Retrieved March 16, 2019.
  3. ^ "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Istat. Retrieved March 16, 2019.
  4. ^ a b (in Italian) Source: Istat 2019
  5. ^ "(in Italian) Dalle origini alla fine della Signoria Pio www.sassuolonline.it". Archived from the original on March 3, 2008.
  6. ^ "(in Italian) Dalle origini alla fine della Signoria Pio www.sassuolonline.it". Archived from the original on March 3, 2008.
  7. ^ 43229 (x a j h) Sassuolo on OpenStreetMap
  8. ^ "(in Italian) IL CASTELLO DI MONTEGIBBIO - www.sassuoloturismo.it". Archived from the original on January 9, 2017.
  9. ^ Sassuolo, the tile valley
  10. ^ http://www.gazzetta.it/Calcio/Squadre/Sassuolo/notizie/24-06-2013/sassulo-trofeo-tim-juve-milan-20647501610.shtml
  11. ^ "Non solo Sassuolo, quando la "provincia" arriva in Serie A". Sky Italia. May 10, 2013. Retrieved December 6, 2014.
  12. ^ (in Italian) Volley Sassuolo official website
  13. ^ (in Italian) Gastronomia sassolese
  14. ^ "(in Italian) "Sassuolo è ufficialmente gemellata con il Comune di Lucoli" www.modena2000.it. 28th September, 2011".

External linksEdit